Last time we saw how Solomon had married a thousand wives and concubines most of them unconverted and God was very displeased with that.
We know that this was not a racial issue because Salmon of Judah married Rehab the Canaanite from Jericho and she became the mother of Boaz who married Ruth who became the mother of Obed and Obed sired Jesse who was the father of David.
Nowhere in all the Bible is Salmon condemned or criticized for marrying Rahab and nowhere is Boaz condemned or criticized for marrying Ruth why because both of these women had committed themselves to the religion of Israel to serve the eternal God of Israel with a whole heart and they did so throughout their lives being shining examples of godly righteousness for all people.
The issue with Solomon was not a matter of race, it was a matter of married unconverted wives who then either enticed or pressured him to build houses of worship for their own national gods their idols.
Solomon built these houses of worship for their national gods and allowed them to worship these idols within the city of Jerusalem the city which was supposed to be the City of God.
This was the visible sin of Solomon but underneath of that visible sin there was
a basic foundational sin which was simply that Solomon being very wise and
very rich began to lean to his own understanding began to depend upon his own wisdom instead of living by every word of God.
Depending on his own wisdom Solomon married many unconverted women
to cement international treaties and business arrangements, when God had said
you shall not marry unconverted wives lest they lead you away from the Eternal.
Solomon was led away by these unconverted wives and was enticed into building temples for idols and supporting idol worship within the city of Jerusalem and within the nation of Israel.
This did not please the Eternal who had given Solomon his wisdom and his wealth to begin with. God was very angry with Solomon and determined to end
his dynasty however for David’s sake God gave Solomon’s son Rehoboam two tribes in Israel the tribe of Judah and the tribe of Benjamin while God took ten tribes and
gave them to Jeroboam of Ephraim.
It is thought that after God passed this judgment on Solomon that Solomon
sincerely and wholeheartedly repented and later wrote the books of Proverbs
Solomon leaned to his own understanding and began to do what he thought was right according to his own wisdom instead of living by every word of God. Solomon with all his awesome wisdom made a terrible mess of things and yet today dear friends today’s Spiritual Ekklesia is full of the same sin of doing what we think is right
instead of living by every word of God.
When Jeroboam became king of the ten tribes he reasoned in his own heart that
if the people went down to Jerusalem to worship God at the festivals that they would not return to him and he would lose his kingdom and therefore he turned against the very God who had given him the kingdom.
Jeroboam had set his capital in the city of Samaria and from then on the northern kingdom of the ten tribes was called the kingdom of Israel or sometimes simply Samaria after its capital. This as opposed to the two tribes of Judah and Benjamin who were now called the kingdom of Judah.
King Jeroboam fearing that if the people went down to Jerusalem to worship God would not return to him he set up two golden calves fashioned after the Egyptian bull
God Apis and he told the people these be your gods.
Jeroboam then sought out priests for his new God and he called upon the priests and Levites in the various Levitical cities to become priests of his new golden calves gods and the Levites and priests were faced with a decision: obey the king and become priests of this new God or be faithful to the Eternal.
So those who were faithful to godliness went down to the temple at Jerusalem and they went down to join with the kingdom of Judah and the basest and lowest of the Levites consented to become the ministers the priests and Levites of Jeroboam’s new calf gods.
At the same time it should be understood that there were others in Israel besides the priests and Levites who would have wanted to be faithful to God and who would have gone down to Judah accompanying those faithful priests and Levites, and so a certain
number of the various ten tribes of Israel would have fled the kingdom of Samaria the kingdom of Jeroboam and would have joined with Judah.
From this time onward the kings of Judah considered the kings of Israel to be in
rebellion against them; the kings of Judah considered themselves to be the rightful
kings of all twelve tribes and therefore they considered the nation of the ten
tribes of Israel to be in a state of rebellion against the house of David and
against the kingdom of Judah.
Because of this there was a nearly constant state of strife between the kingdom of Israel and the kingdom of Judah and this is recorded in the books of kings and
After this break between Israel and Judah there were nearly 200 years of several different dynasties and many different kings in Israel, all of whom were wicked some maybe a little less wicked and some very wicked but there were none righteous.
During this time God sent his prophets to warn the kings of Israel; many prophets came and went during this time, one of the more famous among them is Elijah and
Elijah had felt so alone he thought he was the only one left until God informed
them that God had reserved seven thousand faithful amongst the people of
the ten tribes of Israel.
Then God had finally had enough of Israel and in 738 B.C. during the reign of King Menahem of Israel Ahaz the king of Judah engaged in war against Israel and Syria and he appealed for help to the Assyrian King and gave him presence of gold and silver.
The Assyrian King Tiglath-pileser III accordingly marched against Damascus and invaded Israel and deported all the tribes of Israel who resided east of the Jordan River and north of the Golan, that is those tribes who lived between the Jordan River north up to the Euphrates River, what is now modern-day Syria.
Then instead of repenting in 725 B.C. King Hoshea king of of Israel allied himself with Egypt against Assyria and suspended paying tribute to Assyria and this led to Shalamesar invading and besieging Samaria the capital city of Israel and he laid siege to the city for three years.
Shalamesar V died suddenly in 722 B.C. during the siege of Samaria and Sargon
took over the kingdom of Assyria and during this break in hostilities those
in the ten tribes who had been faithful to God and who had heard the warnings of
the prophets and listened to them fled south to Judah escaping the army of
Then Tartanu called in the Bible Tartan the field marshal and commander of the army of Assyria took the city of Samaria and deported the inhabitants to Assyria and he replaced the people of the ten tribes of Israel in Samaria with people from the
Euphrates valley in what is now modern-day Iraq.
These people from Mesopotamia settled in the area of the ten tribes and became known as the Samaritans because they were not Israelites and yet their centre was
Can you imagine the thoughts of the king of Judah? At this time thousands
of the ten tribes of Israel had fled down to Judah and the rest of the ten
tribes had been deported by the Assyrians.
The kings of Judah had always regarded the northern ten tribes as being in rebellion and now with the northern kingdom crushed destroyed and many or at least some of their citizens having fled down to take refuge in Judah the king of Judah would have considered his position as king of a united Israel restored.
But the land which he regarded as his that is the land from Jerusalem
north to the Euphrates the land of the ten tribes was now occupied by the
So the strife which had gone on between Judah and the ten tribes over
control the land now passed on and became strife between Judah and the
Samaritans over control of this land. However Judah could do very little
because the Samaritans were under the protection of the Assyrian Empire at
The kings of Judah would think themselves kings over a united Israel and
Judah and therefore have a right a God-given right to all the land from Egypt to the Euphrates; meanwhile the Samaritans could also rightly claim that God had removed the ten tribes and given them the land because of the wickedness
of the ten tribes.
Friends this situation is the very root and heart and core of the trouble in the Middle East today
When the people of Judah began to return to Palestine in the late 1800s they
regarded themselves as all of Israel, having a right a God-given right to all
of the land from Egypt to the Euphrates, because living amongst the Jews is
a remnant of the other ten tribes of Israel: Meanwhile the Palestinians firmly believe that God has given them the land.
Today the Jews call the Palestinians Arabs but they are not Arabs.
Just who are the Palestinians? They are the ancient Samaritans!
The ancient Samaritans occupied the land from the time that God inspired the
Assyrians to plant them there and they would remain there until the ten tribes
returned in their fullness, which has not happened yet because the prophets tell
us that the division between Israel and Judah will not be healed will not be
fully healed, until Messiah comes with a resurrected King David who will rule
over a reunited Israel and Judah.
Historically the vast majority of Samaritans converted to Islam in the eighth century when the religion of Islam swept through the region. Later when the Crusades came some of those people converted to Catholicism.
Today very few Samaritans adhere to the original Samaritan religion, the vast
majority are converts to Islam and Catholicism.
Today’s Palestinians are those ancient Samaritans who have converted to Islam or Catholicism. They were planted in the land by God through the agency of ancient Assyria.
Today’s problems between the Palestinians and the Israelis is the same problem which
has existed for thousands of years ever since the Samaritans were planted in the
land by the Assyrians.
I have said that a substantial number of people from the ten tribes of Israel had over the years from the very beginning of the reign of Jeroboam, fled south to stay with the Jews in the kingdom of Judah. In fact the Assyrians deported the residents of the
capital city Samaria and the people of the major cities in the ten tribes of Israel,
We know this because the people of Samaria and the major cities in Israel
were deported in 718 B.C. and three years later in 715 B.C. Hezekiah became King of
Now during this time the Egyptians had been agitating against the Assyrians fearing the Assyrian Empire and they encouraged the local peoples to revolt and Assyria came and conquered all of the Gaza region and laid siege to Jerusalem.
This is graphically described in Isaiah 10 and we are told in the Bible that the
Assyrians came up against Hezekiah and he paid tribute to them and later they
came up again and when Hezekiah prayed in the temple the angel of the Lord
killed 185 thousand Assyrians. What has this got to do with many from the ten
tribes of Israel remaining in the land after the Assyrian deportations in 718
B.C.? Because Hezekiah later cleansed the temple and tried hard to revive true religion in Judah.
We find in Second Chronicles 30: and Hezekiah sent to all Israel and Judah and wrote letters also to Ephraim and Manasseh that they should come to the house of the Lord at Jerusalem to keep the Passover unto the Lord God of Israel.
Hezekiah did not only write to the people in his own Kingdom of Judah, he wrote also to Ephraim and Manasseh.
Now in verse 10 so the posts passed from city to city through the country of Ephraim and Manasseh even under Zebulon but they’ve laughed them to scorn and mocked them nevertheless diverse of Asher and and of Zebulun humbled themselves and
came to Jerusalem.
Hezekiah’s great Passover should make it very clear that there were substantial numbers of people from the ten tribes of Israel remaining in the land many years after the deportation of Samaria by the Assyrians.
Next time Judah and the Babylonian captivity