In his introduction Paul calls himself an apostle [messenger] of the Word of God, to whom was committed the preaching of the whole Word of God. He calls Titus his own son in the faith.
Titus 1:1 Paul, a servant of God, and an apostle of Jesus Christ, according to the faith of God’s elect, and the acknowledging of the truth which is after godliness; 1:2 In hope of eternal life, which God, that cannot lie, promised before the world began; 1:3 But hath in due times manifested his word through preaching, which is committed unto me according to the commandment of God our Saviour; 1:4 To Titus, mine own son after the common faith: Grace, mercy, and peace, from God the Father and the Lord Jesus Christ our Saviour.
Paul had left Titus remaining in Crete for the purpose of establishing congregations in every city.
1:5 For this cause left I thee in Crete, that thou shouldest set in order the things that are wanting, and ordain elders in every city, as I had appointed thee:
Paul then begins to lay out for Titus [who was tasked with establishing congregations and ordaining elders in Crete] as he had to Timothy, the qualifications required in those acceptable for ordination as elders in the faith.
First they must be blameless according to the whole Word of God, pure from all sin so that they are a Shining Example to the brethren.
Second they must have proved their capability to lead by having one wife, [or having had a wife in the case of widowers], and by having older children who although they may not be called by God have still been raised wisely.
Let me say here that occasionally, especially in today’s society immersed in so much wickedness, not all of our children will grow into moral adults. However if they have been encouraged and taught godliness [which is a real struggle since our modern education system teaches them to be wicked]; once they have experienced the sufferings of the dark side of life and are called by God in their due time they will be saved. I know that many agonize over wayward children and other family members: however if we teach them godliness by our example and instruction we have the hope that in due time they will be saved by our Mighty God. This is about how the parent as a candidate for ordination, leans to teach godliness to the brethren by first teaching godliness to their children.
1:6 If any be blameless, the husband of one wife, having faithful children not accused of riot or unruly.
An elder must be blameless in the zealous keeping of the whole Word of God as a Shining Light of example for the brethren and for the worldly as well.
1:7 For a bishop must be blameless, as the steward of God; not selfwilled [stubborn], not soon angry, not given to wine, no striker, not given to filthy lucre;
Then the positive character qualities needed are listed.
1:8 But a lover of hospitality, a lover of good [wise in godliness] men, sober [moderate in all things], just [fair, balanced and not a respecter of persons in any matter], holy [zealous to live by every Word of God and to internalize the nature of God], temperate [moderate]; 1:9 Holding fast the faithful word [the whole Word of God] as he hath been taught [This does NOT refer to any corporate traditions; it refers to being taught the Holy Scriptures and being fully grounded in sound doctrine.], that he may be able by sound doctrine both to exhort and to convince the gainsayers.
Even in Paul’s day there were many false teachers creeping in and deceiving many brethren in the Ekklesia. This is a specific warning to Titus about Crete, however we are warned in many scriptures that this deceiving and falling away will increase until it climaxes among the latter day brethren.
1:10 For there are many unruly and vain talkers and deceivers, specially they of the circumcision: 1:11 Whose mouths must be stopped, who subvert whole houses, teaching things which they ought not, for filthy lucre’s sake. 1:12 One of themselves, even a prophet [proper translation: a “poet”] of their own, said, The Cretians are alway liars, evil beasts, slow bellies.
True men of God are commanded to sharply rebuke all sin and willful sinners; especially those in the ministry who have a greater responsibility, being teachers of others.
1:13 This witness is true. Wherefore rebuke them sharply, that they may be sound in the faith;
All of God’s called pout are called to become priests of God and teachers of godliness, yet some are intended as older brothers to help the brethren achieve that purpose. The job of leaders, elders and teachers is to keep the brethren focused on God and godliness; God’s called out must never follow the false traditions of men or fall into the idolatry of allowing men to come between us and God.
God’s called out are NOT to follow any deceivers who teach anything contrary to the whole Word of God, like many of today’s leaders in the spiritual Ekklesia who teach the brethren to follow themselves and to reject any zeal to live by every Word of God (Mat 4:4).
1:14 Not giving heed to Jewish fables, and commandments of men, that turn from the truth.
True godliness means never accepting the non-scriptural traditions of any person or organization.
1:15 Unto the pure [godly] all [godly] things are pure: but unto them that are defiled [by wickedness and rejection of zeal to keep God’s Word] and unbelieving is nothing pure [the mind of the wicked person is unclean and impure]; but even their mind and conscience is defiled.
Here Paul absolutely accurately describes today’s called out brethren, who call the Sabbath holy as they trample all over it, rejecting any zeal to live by every Word of God in order to follow idols of men.
1:16 They profess that they know God; but in works they deny him, being abominable, and disobedient, and unto every good work reprobate.
This is what the elders are commanded to teach the brethren. First the sound doctrine of the Holy Scriptures is to be taught to and followed by everyone.
Titus 2:1 But speak thou the things which become sound doctrine: 2:2 That the aged men be sober [self-controlled], grave [serious], temperate [moderate], sound in [full of] faith [which includes the works of faith], in charity [Godly love which is the zealous keeping of every Word of God.], in patience.
Older women are to teach the younger women to be self-controlled, and to teach them how to love others more than themselves.
2:3 The aged women likewise, that they be in behaviour as becometh holiness [godliness], not false accusers, not given to much wine, teachers [the women are to teach, yet they are not to usurp the authority of their men] of good things [being teachers of all things consistent with godliness and God’s Word]; 2:4 That they may teach the young women to be sober [self-controlled], to love their husbands, to love their children [to be unselfish and caring], 2:5 To be discreet, chaste, keepers at home [this refers to avoiding wantonness and not to gainful work with the husband’s consent], good [godly], obedient to their own husbands, that the word of God be not blasphemed.
They are to set a godly example so that others may see their Light Shine; instead of setting a bad example while claiming to be godly and thus causing others to say evil things about God and this way.
2:6 Young men likewise exhort to be sober minded [to be self-controlled and full of the mind of God].
The elders are to be a pattern [example of godliness] demonstrating the works of faith, standing on and living by the sound doctrine of the whole Word of God without any corruption of error.
2:7 In all things shewing thyself a pattern of good works: in doctrine shewing uncorruptness, [without any hint of corruption or false teachings] gravity, sincerity, 2:8 Sound speech [sound words consistent with the whole Word of God], that cannot be condemned [by God]; that he that is of the contrary part may be [ultimately] ashamed [when his eyes are opened, having no evil thing to say of you.
2:9 Exhort servants to be obedient unto their own masters, and to please them well in all things; not answering again [not arguing or resisting authority as long as they are not being told to sin]; 2:10 Not purloining [stealing], but shewing all good fidelity [loyalty]; that they may adorn [be a Shining Example of godliness] the doctrine of God our Saviour in all things.
2:11For the grace [forgiveness of repented PAST sins, through the sacrifice of Christ] of God that bringeth salvation hath appeared [will be revealed in due time] to all men,
We are to reject all worldliness and sin, and we are to continue in godly living for our salvation at the coming of Christ.
2:12 Teaching us that, denying ungodliness [we must reject all things which are contrary to any part of the whole Word of God] and worldly lusts [temptations], we should live soberly [with self-control], righteously [zealously living by every Word of God], and godly, in this present world;
2:13 Looking for that blessed hope, and the glorious appearing of the great God and our Saviour Jesus Christ; 2:14 Who gave himself for us, that he might redeem us from all iniquity, and purify unto himself a peculiar people [a special set apart people, made pure from all sin], zealous of good works [the good works of faith are to learn and to live by every Word of God].
True men of God will teach these things fearlessly, rebuking all sin without any hint of compromise; by the authority of Almighty God, knowing that godliness is our salvation.
2:15 These things speak, and exhort, and rebuke with all authority. Let no man despise thee.
Obey all godly, lawful, laws of man; and do not be given to fighting, nevertheless do take a stand on God’s Word and do rebuke all sin.
Titus 3:1 Put them in mind to be subject to principalities and powers, to obey magistrates, to be ready to [do] every good work [live consistent with godliness], 3:2To speak evil [condemn] of no man, to be no brawlers, but gentle, shewing all meekness unto all men.
3:3 For we ourselves also were sometimes foolish, disobedient, deceived, serving divers lusts and pleasures, living in malice and envy, hateful, and hating one another.
We are called out of sin by the mercy of God, and if we sincerely repent of our past sins and commit to “sin no more,” our PAST sins are paid for and our indictment is swept clean by the application of the sacrifice of Christ! From that moment forward as we rise from baptism a new person, we are to diligently root out all sin, learning and living by every Word of God.
We are justified by the mercy of God, and we are to go forward into godliness by learning and keeping the whole Word of God just as Jesus Christ did: Never turning back into the bondage of sin that God has mercifully delivered us out of.
3:4 But after that the kindness and love of God our Saviour toward man appeared, 3:5 Not by works of righteousness which we have done, but according to his mercy he saved us, by the washing of regeneration, and renewing of the Holy Ghost; 3:6 Which he shed on us abundantly through Jesus Christ our Saviour; 3:7 That being justified by his grace, we should be made heirs according to the hope of eternal life.
3:8 This is a faithful saying, and these things I will that thou affirm constantly, that they which have believed in God might be careful to maintain good works [Good works are the works of faith and godliness, which is living by every Word of God.]. These things are good and profitable unto men.
Avoid arguing about insignificant things
3:9 But avoid foolish questions, and genealogies, and contentions, and strivings about the law [A reference to the conflicts between the Jews and the Gentiles over various Jewish non scriptural traditions like weekly fasting’s, refusing to enter a Gentile convert’s home, the circumcision controversy and the other issues that Paul had been forced to deal with. Paul is informing Timothy that these things had been dealt with and were not to be debated any further.]; for they are unprofitable and vain [a waste of time].
The sinful [especially sinful elders] are to be warned and counseled, instructed and gently admonished the first time. The second time they are to be rebuked and warned that after another such sin they will be expelled. Then if they try to justify their sin or their sin continues, they are to be expelled from the assemblies until they sincerely repent and stop the sin; and if they sincerely repent and stop the sin they should then be forgiven and welcomed back into the assembly.
Elders who have justified their sins and rejected godliness should be rejected from being elders.
3:10 A man that is an heretick after the first and second admonition reject; 3:11 Knowing that he that is such is subverted, and sinneth, being condemned of himself.
Paul is writing from Nicopolis
3:12 When I shall send Artemas unto thee, or Tychicus, be diligent to come unto me to Nicopolis: for I have determined there to winter. 3:13 Bring Zenas the lawyer and Apollos on their journey diligently, that nothing be wanting unto them.
All of the brethren are encouraged to be full of the good works of godliness and faith.
3:14 And let our’s [all the brethren] also learn to maintain good works [living by the works of faith and godliness] for necessary uses, that they be not unfruitful.
3:15 All that are with me salute thee. Greet them that love us in the faith. Grace be with you all. Amen.