The Temple

Brethren, the physical Tabernacle and Temple were much more than physical structures, they are instructional allegories of spiritual reality, and even beyond that they are prophetic for eternity and The Feast of the Eighth Day.

Somewhere in the vastness of time itself God built his spiritual heavenly Temple which was to be his personal Palace or residence in heaven, from which he would create, maintain and rule over the universe.  Then during the days of Moses, God [Messiah the Christ] commanded that a Tabernacle be built to represent his presences among people that He had called out from bondage in Egypt and married at Sinai.  God then informed David that he had chosen a place at Jerusalem for the permanent Temple which David desired to build for God. 

The Tabernacle or Temple was the House or dwelling place of God among His people.  It was a place where the people could come before God and be at one with God their Husband.   

In the Moffatt paraphrase the Tabernacle is called “The Tryisting Tent”, focusing on the meaning of the word  Tabernacle [later the Jerusalem Temple] as a place where the bride, Israel, could come before, and show herself fully submissive to, and be at one with her Husband.  

a private, romantic rendezvous between lovers.
“a moonlight tryst”
keep a private, romantic rendezvous.
“a trysting place”

The Tabernacle or Temple represented the dwelling place of God, and as such was a figurative type of the presence of God, for God is not confined to live in buildings made by the hands of men.

The word Temple was first used of the tabernacle, which is called “the Temple of the Lord” ( 1 Samuel 1:9 ). In the New Testament the word is used figuratively of Christ’s human body as the Temple of God’s Spirit, as an instruction that all of God’s faithful will become the spiritual Temple of  God  ( John 2:19 John 2:21 ).

Faithful Believers are called “the Temple of God” because God will dwell in them through the Holy Spirit, just as God dwelt in the Tabernacle and the Jerusalem Temple via His Holy Spirit (1 Corinthians 3:16 1 Corinthians 3:17). The collective faithful are designated “an Holy Temple in the Lord” ( Ephesians 2:21 ). 

The physical Tabernacle and Temple on the earth along with the faithful as being a spiritual Temple; are the dwelling place of God through the presence of God’s Holy Spirit, but the literal dwelling place of God is a heavenly Temple ( Revelation 7:5 ).

This word Temple, is generally used in Scripture of the sacred house erected on the summit of Mount Moriah for the worship of God. It is called “the temple” (1 Kings 6:17 );  (2 Kings 11:10); “thy holy temple” (Psalms 79:1); “the house of the Lord” (2 Chronicles 23:5 2 Chronicles 23:12); “the house of the God of Jacob” ( Isaiah 2:3 ); “the house of my glory”  (Is 60:7);  an “house of prayer” (Is 56:7; Matthew 21:13); “an house of sacrifice” (2 Chronicles 7:12); “the house of their sanctuary” ( 2 Chronicles 36:17 ); “the mountain of the Lord’s house” (Isaiah 2:2); “our holy and our beautiful house” (Is 64:11 ; “the holy mount” (Is 27:13); “the palace for the Lord God” (1 Chronicles 29:1); “the tabernacle of witness” (2 Chronicles 24:6); “Zion” (Psalms 74:2 ; 84:7). Christ calls it “my Father’s house” (John 2:16).


The Physical Temple

Moses was given a pattern to follow in building a movable Tabernacle, representing the abode of God among the journeying people of Israel.  Later God gave David the pattern according to which Solomon was to build a fixed Temple at Jerusalem (1 Chron 28:19). 

The pattern of the physical Temple was based on the plan of the Temple of God in heaven, but the physical Temple’s in their glory still did not begin to compare to the glory of the spiritual Temple in heaven. 

The pattern of the Temple consisted of a Most Holy Place in which the Ark of the Covenant was placed.  This physical Most Holy Place was analogous to the very throne room of God the Father the king of the Universe in the heavenly  spiritual Temple, and the Ark of the Covenant called “The Mercy seat”  in the physical earthly Temple represents the very Throne of God the Father in heaven.  The Throne of God the Father being called “The Mercy Seat” because of the bountiful mercies of our Great and Mighty God.


Solomon’s Temple

It was David who first proposed to replace the Tabernacle with a more permanent building, but was forbidden for the reasons explained by the prophet Nathan, ( 2 Samuel 7:5 ) etc.; and though he collected materials and made arrangements, the execution of the task was left for his son Solomon.

Solomon, with the assistance of Hiram king of Tyre, commenced this great undertaking in the fourth year of his reign, B.C. 960, and completed it in seven years, B.C. 953.

(There were 183,000 Jews and strangers employed on it –of Jews 30,000, by rotation 10,000 a month; of Canaanites 153,600, of whom 70,000 were bearers of burdens, 80,000 hewers of wood and stone, and 3,600 overseers.

The parts were all prepared at a distance from the site of the building, and when they were brought together the whole immense structure was erected without the sound of hammer, axe or any tool of iron ( 1 Kings 6:7 ).

The building occupied the site prepared for it by David, which had formerly been the threshing-floor of the Jebusite Ornan or Araunah, on Mount Moriah.

The whole area enclosed by the outer walls formed a square of about 600 feet; but the sanctuary itself was comparatively small, being only for the priests, the congregation of the people assembling in the courts [courtyards].

The Temple building itself without the outer Court, consisted of three parts, the porch, the holy place, and the Holy of Holies. The front of the porch was supported by the two great brazen pillars, Jachin and Boaz, 18 cubits high, with capitals of 5 cubits more, adorned with lily-work and pomegranates. ( 1 Kings 7:15-22 ) 

The Holy of Holies, also called the “Most Holy Place”, was 20 cubits in length, breadth, and height. The usual explanation for the discrepancy between its height and the 30-cubit height of the temple is that the Most Holy Place was elevated. 

The Most Holy Place contained two cherubim of olive-wood, each 10 cubits [about 15 feet]  high (1 Kings 6:16, 20, 21, 23–28), each having outspread wings of 10 cubits span, so that, the wings touched the wall on either side and met in the center of the room over the Ark. There was a veil of tekhelet (blue), purple, and crimson and fine linen (2 Chronicles 3:14; compare Exodus 26:33) before the Most Holy Place which had no windows (1 Kings 8:12) and was considered the dwelling-place of the “name” [ie presence, the Holy Spirit] of God.

The Hekhal [Sanctuary], or Holy Place, attached to the Most Holy Place and someti8mes called “the greater house” (2 Chr. 3:5) and the “temple” (1 Kings 6:17); the word also means “palace”, was of the same width and height as the Holy of Holies, but was 40 cubits in length. Its walls were lined with cedar, on which were carved figures of cherubim, palm-trees, and open flowers, which were overlaid with gold.  The floor of the Temple building [the Holy Place and the Most Holy Place] was of fir-wood overlaid with gold. The door-posts, of olive-wood, supported folding-doors of fir. The doors of the Sanctuary were of olive-wood. On both sets of doors were carved cherubim, palm-trees, and flowers, all being overlaid with gold (1 Kings 6:15 et seq.)

The Holy Place just outside of the Most Holy Place was also called “the Sanctuary” where the lampstands were placed, the light produced by the burning of pure olive oil representing the light of example from God’s people produced through using God’s Holy Spirit. 

According to 1 Kings 7:48 there stood just outside the Holy of Holies [in the Sanctuary] a golden altar of incense and a table for the show bread [the unleavened bread representing the presence of God in all the tribes of Israel] . This table was of gold, as were also the five candlesticks on each side of it.

The Ulam, or porch, acted as an entrance before the Sanctuary on the east (1 Kings 6:3; 2 Chr. 3:4; 9:7). This was 20 cubits long (corresponding to the width of the Temple) and 10 cubits deep (1 Kings 6:3). (ESV 2 Chr. 3:4) notes that this porch was 120 cubits high. 

In the porch stood the two pillars Jachin and Boaz (1 Kings 7:21; 2 Kings 11:14; 23:3), which were 18 cubits in height.

Two courts surrounded the Temple. The Inner Court (1 Kings 6:36), or Court [courtyard] of the Priests (2 Chr. 4:9) contained the Altar of burnt-offering (2 Chr. 15:8), the Brazen Sea laver (4:2–5, 10) and ten other lavers (1 Kings 7:38, 39). A brazen altar stood before the Temple (2 Kings 16:14), its dimensions 20 cubits square and 10 cubits high (2 Chr. 4:1).

The Great Court [courtyard of the people] surrounded the whole Temple (2 Chr. 4:9). It was here that people assembled to worship. (Jeremiah 19:14; 26:2). Chambers were built around the Temple on the southern, western and northern sides (1 Kings 6:5–10). These formed a part of the building

The large basin known as the “Brazen Sea” measured 10 cubits wide brim to brim, 5 cubits deep and with a circumference of 30 cubits around the brim, rested on the backs of twelve oxen (1 Kings 7:23–26). The Book of Kings states that it contains 2,000 baths (90 cubic meters, while Chronicles (2 Chr. 4:5–6) states it can hold up to 3,000 baths (136 cubic meters) and states that its purpose was to afford opportunity for the purification by immersion of the body of the priests. 

The lavers, each of which held “forty baths” (1 Kings 7:38), rested on portable holders made of bronze, provided with wheels, and ornamented with figures of lions, cherubim, and palm-trees. The author of the books of the Kings describes their minute details with great interest (1 Kings 7:27–37).

1 Kings 8:10-66 and 2 Chronicles 6:1-42 recount the events of the temple’s dedication. When the priests emerged from the holy of holies after placing the Ark there, the Temple was filled with an overpowering cloud which interrupted the dedication ceremony, “for the glory of the Lord had filled the house of the Lord” (1 Kings 8:10–11; 2 Chronicles 5:13, 14).


The Thick Darkness

Solomon said,

1 Kings 8:12-13  The Lord has said that he would dwell in thick darkness.
I have built you an exalted house, a place for you to dwell in forever. 

Alluding to Leviticus 16:2  The Lord said to Moses: Tell your brother Aaron not to come just at any time into the sanctuary inside the curtain before the mercy seat that is upon the ark, or he will die; for I appear in the cloud upon the mercy seat. 

The dedication of the Tabernacle and later the Temple was complicated by the fact that no one was to look upon God dwelling there.  Before the Tabernacle and Temple could receive God’s presence the construction had to be completed and the Most Holy Place closed up, only then would the presence of God fall on the Most Holy Place.

God did not literally personally dwell in the Most Holy Place, God dwelt there through the presence of His Holy Spirit which was called the Shekinah or the Presence of God [the Holy Spirit], and that presence of God dwelt in a thick cloud inside the Most Holy Place. 

The meaning is that while the people were the people of the One who later gave up his God-hood to become flesh, they were still cut off from God the Father and the coming spiritual New Covenant of Ezekiel 36 and Jeremiah 31.   

Now, since the Most Holy Place represented the seat of God the Father and the people had been cut off from him by their sins, the impure eye [the sinner] could not look upon the Father and live.  Therefore in the Tabernacle and Temple the “Presence of God” was shrouded in thick cloud.

In the priesthood the physical high priest acted out the spiritual reality that the very Husband of Israel would later give up his God-hood to be made flesh to die for the sins of the people and would then be resurrected to become the spiritual High Priest of a New Covenant (Jer 31).   

By his perfect sacrifice Jesus Christ the very Lamb of God would rend the veil of sin that separates us from God the Father, atoning for all sincerely repented sin and redeeming us from eternal death, and opening the way for the sincerely repentant to be reconciled with and to directly access God the Father.

Matthew 27:51 And, behold, the veil of the temple was rent in twain from the top to the bottom; and the earth did quake, and the rocks rent;

Beyond the Sanctuary, was the Court [or courtyard] of the priests, where the altar stood and where the priests offered sacrifices on behalf of the nation and repentant individuals. 

While the Outer Courtyard was for the masses of people to gather together. 


The Ezekiel Temple and the Priesthood of Zadok

Below is a plan of the coming Ezekiel Temple which will be built by Christ at his coming.



God has given a prophetic pledge of a New Covenant Temple and of the renewal of physical sacrifices, Ezekiel 40-44; and included in that prophecy was a promise that physical Levites and physical Priests from Zadok [a descendant of Levi] would be called into the New Covenant to serve as a part of the priesthood of Jesus Christ.  

That is not a promise of a restoration of the priesthood of Aaron at all!  It is a promise to the descendants of faithful Zadok ONLY!  

The promise to Zadok is not a promise of the restoration of the Aaronic priesthood, because the promise was not given to Aaron and to all the sons of Aaron, most of whom had not been faithful in their service and fell away time after time! 

The promise was given to Zadok and to the descendants of Zadok ONLY!   This because of the loyalty of Zadok and his sons to God and to David during the kingdom of David beginning in 2 Samuel 15 and continuing into 1 Kings.

The promise to Zadok does not mean that the Mosaic Covenant will be restored or that they will be Aaronic priests of the Mosaic Covenant!  To think so, one would have to reject the entire book of Hebrews!  For Paul tells us several times and in various ways in the book of Hebrews that the Mosaic Covenant with its Aaronic  priesthood has ended and has been replaced by the High Priesthood of Jesus Christ! 

This promise to the descendants of Zadok means that men who are the descendants of the faithful sons of Zadok, will be called into the New Covenant; and will serve in the Ezekiel Temple as the priests of the New Covenant officiating over the physical things of the physical Ezekiel Temple. 

This promise has two distinct meanings:  

1  That some of the descendants of Zadok would be among the called out and the Chosen in the resurrection to spirit, and be among the spirit priesthood of Jesus Christ in that way,

2  That some of the descendants of Zadok will live on into the Millennial Kingdom and will serve in the Ezekiel Temple in the physical necessities of that Temple trough th emillennium and then through the seven thousand year’s of the main harvest [pictured by the Feast of Tabernacles] of humanity! 

In BOTH cases they will be priests of the the New Covenant  priesthood of Jesus Christ and not priests of Aaronic priesthood! 

David was loyal to God and he will rule Israel forever as a resurrected spirit; Zadok and his sons were loyal to God and to David and Solomon and they shall serve God in the physical Ezekiel Temple as priests of Jesus Christ in the Ezekiel Temple.

Zadok has a promise from Almighty God, that because of his and his son’s faithfulness [trained up to be faithful by Zadok] in service to God under the Mosaic Covenant; his descendants will be called into the New Covenant and will serve in the New Covenant Ezekiel Temple! 

The physical sacrifices of the Mosaic Covenant were an allegory of the sacrifice of Jesus Christ; to teach us that the wages of sin is death, and to teach Israel about the need for a better and more perfect sacrifice for sin. 

Physical sacrifices will be restored in the Ezekiel Temple for the same reason; as a practical demonstration and object lesson and teaching tool.  

The descendants of Zadok will officiate in the physical sacrifices and the physical things of the Ezekiel Temple and will teach these principles. While the resurrected spirit priests and kings will teach the spiritual understandings of these things. 

God gave the Mosaic Covenant as an allegory and foundation of the New Covenant. 

The New Covenant is merely the Mosaic Covenant with a better sacrifice and better promises and the addition of the Holy Spirit to write the whole Word of God in our minds and on our hearts so that we may keep them. 

The New Covenant being a much better Covenant, the old Mosaic Covenant by reason of its weakness has passed away and been replaced by the New as Paul teaches through the whole book of Hebrews. 

Jeremiah 31:31   Behold, the days come, saith the Lord, that I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel, and with the house of Judah:  31:32 Not according to the covenant that I made with their fathers in the day that I took them by the hand to bring them out of the land of Egypt; which my covenant they brake, although I was an husband unto them, saith the Lord31:33  But this shall be the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel; After those days, saith the Lord, I will put my law in their inward parts, and write it in their hearts; and will be their God, and they shall be my people.

Jeremiah 33:16 In those days shall Judah be saved, and Jerusalem shall dwell safely: and this is the name wherewith she shall be called, The LORD our righteousness [The righteousness of the LORD is there.]. 33:17  For thus saith the LORD; David shall never want a man to sit upon the throne of the house of Israel [referring to the now spirit and eternal David himself] 33:18 Neither shall the priests the Levites [through the descendants of Zadok] want a man before me to offer burnt offerings, and to kindle meat offerings, and to do sacrifice continually

This is a promise that the descendants of Zadok will yet serve God and offer sacrifices in the New Covenant.  It is not a promise that the Mosaic Covenant will endure, for Jeremiah 31:31 plainly speaks of a New Covenant; and the Old is replaced by the New as Paul plainly says in Hebrews.

Jeremiah  33:20 Thus saith the LORD; if ye can break my covenant of the day, and my covenant of the night, and that there should not be day and night in their season;  33:21 Then may also my covenant be broken with David my servant, that he should not have a son to reign upon his throne; and with the Levites the priests, my ministers. 33:22 As the host of heaven cannot be numbered, neither the sand of the sea measured: so will I multiply the seed of David my servant, and the Levites that minister unto me.

This is NOT speaking of the Mosaic Covenant but is speaking of a New Covenant; the entire context of Jeremiah 33 is the restoration of Israel in the millennium New Covenant Kingdom of God. 

We know this is speaking of the New Covenant because the gift of the Holy Spirit which was never promised in the Mosaic Covenant and is a promise exclusive to the New Covenant, will be poured out on all flesh Joel 2:8 in the Millennial New Covenant Kingdom of God!

Zadok (a descendant of Aaron (1 Chron 6:50-53) and his sons, served in Solomon’s Temple and the son’s of Zadok will serve in Ezekiel’s Temple, in place of the other sons of Aaron! 

However they will not serve as Mosaic Aaronic priests, but will serve as the physical priests of the priesthood of Jesus Christ of the New Covenant!

God promises that the descendants of the priests who remained faithful when the other Mosaic priests went astray, will serve in the physical things of the New Covenant Ezekiel Temple.

This is not a promise of a continuing Mosaic Covenant and it does not mean that they shall be Aaronic priests of the Mosaic Covenant:  it is a promise that they will be called into the priesthood of Jesus Christ and will serve as the physical priests of the New covenant!

Most of the physical priesthood of Aaron was rejected for their continual rebellion against God; while Zadok and his sons were faithful and have a promise from God, that for their faithfulness, their descendants will serve as physical priests of the New Covenant in the Ezekiel Temple.

Ezekiel 44:15 But the priests the Levites, the sons of Zadok, that kept the charge of my sanctuary when the children of Israel went astray from me, they shall come near to me to minister unto me, and they shall stand before me to offer unto me the fat and the blood, saith the Lord GOD:

In the consecration of the altar, blood is the means by which it is purified and atoned for, just as it is by the shed blood of Jesus Christ that the sincerely repentant are spiritually atoned for and redeemed from death for our past sins :

Leviticus 8:15 And he slew it; and Moses took the blood, and put it upon the horns of the altar round about with his finger, and purified the altar, and poured the blood at the bottom of the altar, and sanctified it, to make reconciliation upon it.

The Ezekiel Temple will also be sanctified by the blood of sacrifices – as an allegory of the sacrifice of Christ – and will be a place of sacrifice.  Therefore it is needful that physical priests of the New Covenant serve in the Ezekiel Temple.

Ezekiel 43:20 You are to take some of its blood and put it on the four horns of the altar and on the four corners of the upper ledge and all around the rim, and so purify the altar and make atonement for it.

The sacrifices to be offered in the Ezekiel Temple in the New Covenant, are the same as those offered in the Mosaic Covenant, as recognized in this list:

Ezekiel 45:17 And it shall be the prince’s part to give burnt offerings, and meat offerings, and drink offerings, in the feasts, and in the new moons, and in the sabbaths, in all solemnities of the house of Israel: he shall prepare the sin offering, and the meat offering, and the burnt offering, and the peace offerings, to make reconciliation for the house of Israel.

The personal offerings for cleansing/atonement for impurity and sin are also New Covenant offerings: regarding the Ezekiel Temple:

Ezekiel 44:25 And they shall come at no dead person to defile themselves: but for father, or for mother, or for son, or for daughter, for brother, or for sister that hath had no husband, they may defile themselves.  44:26 And after he is cleansed, they shall reckon unto him seven days. 44:27 And in the day that he goeth into the sanctuary, unto the inner court, to minister in the sanctuary, he shall offer his sin offering, saith the Lord GOD.

Ezekiel 40:39 And in the porch of the gate were two tables on this side, and two tables on that side, to slay thereon the burnt offering and the sin offering and the trespass offering.

From the formula for the trespass offering from Leviticus:

Leviticus 5:16 and the priest shall make an atonement for him with the ram of the trespass offering, and it shall be forgiven him.

The physical priests that will perform the sacrificial services in the Ezekiel Temple, are physical helpers of the New Covenant priesthood of Jesus Christ, serving in the physical things of the Ezekiel Temple and are not priests of the Mosaic Covenant, but are converted into the New Covenant!

These physical priests of the New Covenant will also be teaching:  which is what offering sacrifices really is:

Leviticus 10:8 And the LORD spake unto Aaron, saying,  10:9 Do not drink wine nor strong drink, thou, nor thy sons with thee, when ye go into the tabernacle of the congregation, lest ye die: it shall be a statute for ever throughout your generations:  10:10 And that ye may put difference between holy and unholy, and between unclean and clean;  10:11 And that ye may teach the children of Israel all the statutes which the LORD hath spoken unto them by the hand of Moses.

Ezekiel speaks of the physical priests of the New Covenant, the descendants of Zadok; as teachers also.

Ezekiel 44:22 Neither shall any priest drink wine, when they enter into the inner court [Millennial Temple].  44:23 And they shall teach my people the difference between the holy and profane, and cause them to discern between the unclean and the clean.

Moses prophesies of the New Covenant in this manner

Deuteronomy 30:1 And it shall come to pass, when all these things [specifically the great tribulation] are come upon thee, the blessing and the curse, which I have set before thee, and thou [they shall remember the whole Word of God to keep it]  shalt call them to mind among all the nations, whither the LORD thy God hath driven thee,  30:2 And shalt return unto the LORD thy God, and shalt obey his voice according to all that I command thee this day, thou and thy children, with all thine heart, and with all thy soul; 30:3 That then the LORD thy God will turn thy captivity, and have compassion upon thee, and will return and gather thee from all the nations, whither the LORD thy God hath scattered thee.  30:4 If any of thine be driven out unto the outmost parts of heaven, from thence will the LORD thy God gather thee, and from thence will he fetch thee:

Deuteronomy 30:5 And the LORD thy God will bring thee into the land which thy fathers possessed, and thou shalt possess it; and he will do thee good, and multiply thee above thy fathers. 30:6 And the LORD thy God will circumcise thine heart, and the heart of thy seed, to love the LORD thy God with all thine heart, and with all thy soul, that thou mayest live. 30:7 And the LORD thy God will put all these curses upon thine enemies, and on them that hate thee, which persecuted thee.

Deuteronomy 30:8 And thou shalt return and obey the voice of the LORD, and do all his commandments which I command thee this day.

Which is a prophecy of the New Covenant Kingdom of God

As a matter of interest the Temple Faithful consist of one core family who are preparing to serve in the coming Ezekiel Temple.  They are filled with zeal to serve in the Millennial Temple which will be built by Messiah after he comes.  Could they be the descendants of Zadok who will serve in the new Ezekiel Temple after they have been brought into the New Covenant when Messiah comes?   

The Temple in Prophecy   

The Temple is the dwelling place of God.  Until now the highest heaven has been the literal dwelling place of God, and God has dwelt in the physical Mosaic Covenant Tabernacle and Jerusalem Temple via the presence of His Holy Spirit. 

When that Mosaic Marriage Covenant ended with the death of Israel’s Husband, who had given up his Godhood to become flesh and die for the sins of the world, the Temple veil was rent in two signifying a way into the Most Holy Place, the presence of God the Father through sincere repentance and the application of the sacrifice of the Lamb of God. 

The Mosaic Covenant God would no longer dwell in the Mosaic Temple through the Holy Spirit and God allowed that Temple to be destroyed by the Roman prince Titus, prophesying through Daniel that the Jerusalem Temple would not be rebuilt until Messiah would come and build the Ezekiel Temple.

Titus Destroyed the Jerusalem Temple and Ended the Daily Sacrifice

Daniel 9:25 And the people of the prince that shall come shall destroy the city and the sanctuary: and the end thereof shall be with a flood, and unto the end of the war desolations are determined.

And He [Messiah] shall CONFIRM A COVENANT [the New Covenant] for one week [seven years]: 

The prophecy now addresses the siege of Jerusalem by Prince Titus

. . .  and in the midst of the week [at the end of the first 3 1/2 years, after a 42 month siege during which the Ekklesia had fled to Pella];  He [the Roman Prince Titus besieged Jerusalem and after 42 months the city fell and the Temple was burned stopping the daily sacrifice]  shall cause the sacrifice and oblation to cease and for the overspreading of abominations He shall make it desolate [this was fulfilled at the end of the first half of the week when God allowed Prince Titus to destroy the temple], even until the consummation [the Temple will remain destroyed and the daily sacrifice stopped until the end of the age and the completion of the seventy weeks, when Christ comes to build the Ezekiel Temple!], and that determined shall be poured upon the desolator [the final abomination will be destroyed at the coming of Messiah, Daniel 9:27].

At that time, the New Covenant of espousal between Jesus Christ and the called out was confirmed for the first half of the 70th week when the Ekklesia fled to Pella about c 66 A.D., to be preserved from the destruction of the Roman war against Jerusalem!  This fulfilled the first 3 1/2 years or the first half of the 70th week, as I shall presently show!

Once the Romans had destroyed the temple and ended the Daily Sacrifice; at the END of three and a half years of war [in the midst of the week]; it is prophesied that the temple will not be rebuilt, and that the Daily Sacrifice will not be renewed and cannot resume; until the end of the second half of the week and the coming of Messiah:“Until the consummation,” or end, of the 70 weeks and the coming of Christ!


The Time Line of The Seventy Weeks Prophecy

1) The decree goes out to build the city; Messiah appears and begins his ministry in autumn 27 A.D. 483 years after the command to rebuild the city,

He is cut off 3 1/2 years later and resurrected; only then does the New Covenant officially begin, and verse 27, 

2)  Jesus Christ confirms the New Covenant with many by taking them and preserving them in Pella during the 42 month siege of Jerusalem for the first half of a week or 3 1/2 years, fulled in years for days!

3)  Then after a 3 1/2 year siege,  at the end of the first half of the seventieth week and before the second half of the seventieth week, God caused the  sacrifice and oblation to cease by allowing Prince Titus to conquer Jerusalem and destroy the city and the temple; stopping the daily sacrifice! 

Brethren, the physical daily sacrifice has already been stopped! and it is to remain stopped until the consummation of the end of the 70th week and the coming of Christ!


Messiah will come to his [God’s] Temple

The prophecy in Daniel says that the temple will be destroyed and remain desolate until the consummation when Messiah comes and builds the Ezekiel Temple, yet it is also written that:  

Malachi 3:1 Behold, I will send my messenger, and he shall prepare the way before me: and the Lord, whom ye seek, shall suddenly [unexpectedly, catching many by surprise] come to his temple, even the messenger of the covenant, whom ye delight in: behold, he shall come, saith the Lord of hosts.  

How can Christ come to his Temple if the Jerusalem Temple is to remain desolate until after he comes?  

The answer is that both prophecies will be fulfilled because Malachi was writing metaphorically about a spiritual Temple.  

The Temple was the house of dwelling place of God, and on the Feast of Pentecost God officially moved out of the physical Temple building and into the Temple of his faithful.

1 Corinthians 3:16 Know ye not that ye are the temple of God, and that the Spirit of God dwelleth in you?

1 Corinthians 3:17 If any man defile the temple of God, him shall God destroy; for the temple of God is holy, which temple ye are.

1 Corinthians 6:19 What? know ye not that your body is the temple of the Holy Ghost which is in you, which ye have of God, and ye are not your own?  

When Malachi writes that Messiah would come to his Temple, he was not referring to a physical building, which God told Daniel would not be restored until after Messiah comes to build the Ezekiel Temple;  Malachi was referring to the dwelling place of God’s Spirit, the faithful Ekklesia who live by every Word of God!

Jesus Christ the Messiah will not come to a physical Temple building; He will come to His people, the Temple of God’s Holy Spirit!  


The Spiritual Temple 

We know that spiritual things are spiritually discerned [understood] and that no one without God’s Spirit can understand spiritual things.  We also know that God has been calling a kind of first fruits of individuals out from bondage to sin for the past 6,000 years. 

For the past 6,000 years God has dwelt within his called out faithful via the gift of His Holy Spirit.  Abel, Enoch, Noah, Moses, Elijah, David, Daniel, John Baptist and many others had God’s Spirit and will be in the first resurrection to spirit.  And if God’s Spirit dwells in us, then we are the dwelling place [the spiritual Temple] of God! 

1 Corinthians 3:16 Know ye not that ye are the temple of God, and that the Spirit of God dwelleth in you?  3:17 If any man defile the temple of God [by willfully sinning], him shall God destroy; for the temple of God is holy [God and the Spirit of God will not coexist with sin], which temple ye are.

1 Corinthians 6:19 What? know ye not that your body is the temple of the Holy Ghost which is in you, which ye have of God, and ye are not your own? 

God dwelt in the Tabernacle and later the Temple at Jerusalem through the presence of His Holy Spirit, and God dwells in his faithful people in the very same way, through the presence of God’s Holy Spirit. 

As the Tabernacle and the Jerusalem Temple were dwelling places of God through the presence of the Holy Spirit, God’s faithful are also the dwelling places of God through the indwelling of the Holy Spirit; therefore God’s faithful through all ages are the dwelling place and Temple of God!  God’s Spirit also dwelling in the Tabernacle and the Jerusalem Temple when they stood. 

God will also dwell in all flesh as well as in the coming Ezekiel Temple during the millennium and the main harvest of humanity  (Joel 2:28, Jer 31:31-34 and Ezek 36).



The physical Ezekiel Temple which is to be built by Messiah the Christ will stand through the 1,000 year millennium and through the seven thousand year Main Harvest of Humanity [see the Fall Festival studies]. 

Then after the completion of the plan of God for physical humanity when all humanity has either been changed to spirit or destroyed for unrepentant wickedness, the entire surface of the earth including the atmosphere will be cleansed by fire. 

Finally, as represented by The Feast of the Eighth Day, after the physical earth has been cleansed by fire, God the Father himself will descend to the earth with the heavenly city the New Jerusalem, and from there God the Father with the son Jesus Christ, and all those  when have been changed to spirit to become the spirit born children of God; will oversee the entire universe!   See also The Tree of Life article.

On the newly resurfaced earth there will be no more physical Temple, because the New Jerusalem on the earth will be the specific literal dwelling place of God the Father, the Eternal Almighty One!   God the Father will also dwell within every person on the earth through the presence of the Holy Spirit, so that God the Father will fill the whole earth as his dwelling place! 


The Prophetic Mystery of the Temple 

  1. The actual Temple building of the Sanctuary, consisting of the priestly Holy Place and the Most Holy Place, represents the New Jerusalem, which will be the dwelling place of God the Father on the earth; and the dwelling place of the resurrected first fruits  overcomers. This includes all of those first fruits who have been called and have overcome and are chosen to become priest/kings (Rev 1:6),  from righteous Abel.  Every person who has overcome during the seven thousand year early calling of first fruits, represented by the Feast of Unleavened Bread will be made spirit priest/kings to rule with God the Father and the Son from the New Jerusalem!
  2. The outer courtyard around the Sanctuary Building, represents the rest of the earth and the main harvest of humanity, which will be subject to God the Father and the Lamb, and the resurrected first fruits children of God; and will be another tier under them,  governing, maintaining, completing and perfecting  the entire universe! 

The Most Holy Place is the throne room or dwelling place of God the Father [through the Holy Spirit], while the Holy Place [just outside the veil covering the Most Holy Place] is where the priest’s worked.  The actual physical Temple building was always just one room, which in the past was divided by the veil, and will become one room with the complete removal of the dividing spiritual veil between man made spirit and God. 

The Temple is symbolic of the New Jerusalem where God the Father will  literally dwell on the earth in the New Jerusalem with his changed to spirit  first fruits, with the also changed to spirit main harvest living on the earth outside of the New Jerusalem city.  

  1. The chosen and changed to spirit first fruits will serve God in the New Jerusalem, of which the Temple building was a type;  just as the physical priests served in the Jerusalem Temple building.   
  2. The court or courtyard of the Temple is the paved expanse just outside of and around the Temple building and represents the main harvest of humanity. 

We are told that there will be no Temple in the coming New Jerusalem because God the Father and the Lamb will be the Temple of it.  This is a little awkward since how can God be his own Temple?   

In this verse the word “Temple” is easier understood if  “Temple”, which makes one think of a building, is rendered as “the dwelling place of God”.   The meaning that the New Jerusalem is the dwelling place of God the Father and the Lamb then becomes clear.

Revelation 21:22 And I saw no temple therein: for the Lord God Almighty and the Lamb are the temple of  [the entire city being the dwelling place of God, as opposed to one building complex] it. 21:23 And the city had no need of the sun, neither of the moon, to shine in it: for the glory of God did lighten it, and the Lamb is the light thereof. 21:24 And the nations of them which are saved shall walk in the light of it [live by the light of every Word of God, which comes out from the New Jerusalem]: and the kings of the earth do bring their glory and honour into it. 21:25 And the gates of it shall not be shut at all by day: for there shall be no night there. 21:26 And they shall bring the glory and honour of the nations into it. 21:27 And there shall in no wise enter into it any thing that defileth, neither whatsoever worketh abomination, or maketh a lie: but they which are written in the Lamb’s book of life. Authorized KJV  

The city of God, the New Jerusalem will come down to the earth as the dwelling place of God the Father on the earth, and just as the priests stood in the sanctuary, God’s first fruits will dwell in the eternal New Jerusalem on the earth as well. 

As God is the Father of those who live by every Word of God, The New Jerusalem from which the Word and Spirit of God flows, is the mother of the faithful.

Galatians 4:26 But Jerusalem which is above is free [free of all sin; and God’s Word and Spirit are freely given to all sincerely repentant persons], which is the mother of us all.  See “The Mother of Us All” article for more.

The Temple is a type of the coming eternal arrangement; with God and His priest/kings ruling from the New Jerusalem, that city as the dwelling place of God being equivalent to the Temple building or sanctuary; and the vast numbers of the main harvest of humanity dwelling on the rest of the earth represented by the courtyard outside the actual temple building.     

From the earth all humanity will oversee God’s plan for the entire universe!


The physical Ezekiel Temple is a type of the earth, with the Temple building representing the New Jerusalem as God’s dwelling place; and the outer court[yard] represents the rest of the earth from which the entire universe will be completed and perfected.


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