2 Samuel 7
David begins to think about building a temple for the Ark
2 Samuel 7:1 And it came to pass, when the king sat in his house, and the LORD had given him rest round about from all his enemies; 7:2 That the king said unto Nathan the prophet, See now, I dwell in an house of cedar, but the ark of God dwelleth within curtains. 7:3 And Nathan said to the king, Go, do all that is in thine heart; for the LORD is with thee.
The word of YHVH [who later became flesh as Jesus Christ: Hebrew: Yeshua Messiah] did not come directly to David but to Nathan
7:4 And it came to pass that night, that the word of the LORD came unto Nathan, saying,
7:5 Go and tell my servant David, Thus saith the LORD, Shalt thou build me an house for me to dwell in? 7:6 Whereas I have not dwelt in any house since the time that I brought up the children of Israel out of Egypt, even to this day, but have walked in a tent and in a tabernacle.
7:7 In all the places wherein I have walked with all the children of Israel spake I a word with any of the tribes of Israel, whom I commanded to feed my people Israel, saying, Why build ye not me an house of cedar? 7:8 Now therefore so shalt thou say unto my servant David, Thus saith the LORD of hosts, I took thee from the sheepcote, from following the sheep, to be ruler over my people, over Israel: 7:9 And I was with thee whithersoever thou wentest, and have cut off all thine enemies out of thy sight, and have made thee a great name, like unto the name of the great men that are in the earth.
An inset prophecy of the coming of Messiah, the resurrection of David and the ultimate repentance of Israel
7:10 Moreover I will appoint a place for my people Israel, and will plant them, that they may dwell in a place of their own, and move no more; neither shall the children of wickedness afflict them any more, as beforetime,
God had never asked for a fixed house before, but had required a tabernacle [meeting tent].
7:11 And as since the time that I commanded judges [rulers, non dynastic kings] to be over my people Israel, and have caused thee to rest from all thine enemies.
Because David had wanted to build a temple for God, God promised that God will build the house [family] of David and that David’s son shall build a temple for God.
Jesus Christ will build the Ezekiel Temple and he will rule all humanity for God the Father forever.
. . . Also the LORD telleth thee that he will make thee an house. 7:12 And when thy days be fulfilled, and thou shalt sleep with thy fathers [after David dies], I will set up thy seed after thee, which shall proceed out of thy bowels, and I will establish his kingdom. 7:13 He shall build an house for my name [Solomon], and I will stablish the throne of his kingdom for ever.
This promise concerned the throne of David which David would receive in the resurrection.
We are also called out to be kings and priests and if we turn aside to our own ways and traditions contrary to the whole Word of God, we shall also be corrected.
Just like God chastened the Mosaic Covenant kings for their sins, God our Father will surely chasten the New Covenant called out to be kings, for our idolatry and sins if we will not repent on our own.
7:14 I will be his father, and he shall be my son. If he commit iniquity, I will chasten him with the rod of men, and with the stripes of the children of men: 7:15 But my mercy shall not depart away from him, as I took it from Saul, whom I put away before thee.
Here is a promise that Solomon would be king and would build the Jerusalem Temple, and; second that God would not abandon Solomon.
Take careful note here that God does NOT say that Solomon’s kingdom or lineage would endure forever, the promise is that God would not abandon Solomon himself.
God means what God says; and forever means far more than a mere physical lineage of rulers; forever means for all eternity!
Now God makes a third promise directly to David and it does NOT say that David’s physical lineage would be established: rather God promises that David’s throne would be established FOREVER
7:16 And thine house and thy kingdom shall be established for ever before thee: thy throne shall be established for ever [for eternity]. 7:17 According to all these words, and according to all this vision, so did Nathan speak unto David.
- God promises David that his son Solomon would be given the throne of Israel,
- That God would be like a father to Solomon and would correct him, but would not abandon him if he sinned, and then
- God promised David an eternal throne.
So far so good, but this scripture must be taken in the context with other scriptures on the same subject; for God later speaks to Solomon, making the promise of a line of kings descending from Solomon, absolutely conditional on Solomon living by every Word of God
1 Chronicles 28:1 And David assembled all the princes of Israel, the princes of the tribes, and the captains of the companies that ministered to the king by course, and the captains over the thousands, and captains over the hundreds, and the stewards over all the substance and possession of the king, and of his sons, with the officers, and with the mighty men, and with all the valiant men, unto Jerusalem.
28:2 Then David the king stood up upon his feet, and said, Hear me, my brethren, and my people: As for me, I had in mine heart to build an house of rest for the ark of the covenant of the Lord, and for the footstool of our God, and had made ready for the building: 28:3 But God said unto me, Thou shalt not build an house for my name, because thou hast been a man of war, and hast shed blood.
28:4 Howbeit the Lord God of Israel chose me before all the house of my father to be king over Israel for ever: for he hath chosen Judah to be the ruler; and of the house of Judah, the house of my father; and among the sons of my father he liked me to make me king over all Israel:
28:5 And of all my sons, (for the Lord hath given me many sons,) he hath chosen Solomon my son to sit upon the throne of the kingdom of the Lord over Israel. 28:6 And he said unto me, Solomon thy son, he shall build my house and my courts: for I have chosen him to be my son, and I will be his father.
The promise to David was unconditional because David had already proved himself, but the promise to Solomon was very much conditional!
28:7 Moreover I will establish his kingdom for ever, IF he be constant to do my commandments and my judgments, as at this day. [but most of David’s line were not constant to do God’s commandments except Hezekiah, Jehoshaphat, Josiah and a few others temporarily]
28:8 Now therefore in the sight of all Israel the congregation of the Lord, and in the audience of our God, keep and seek for all the commandments of the Lord your God: that ye may possess this good land, and leave it for an inheritance for your children after you for ever.
28:9 And thou, Solomon my son, know thou the God of thy father, and serve him with a perfect heart and with a willing mind: for the Lord searcheth all hearts, and understandeth all the imaginations of the thoughts: if thou seek him, he will be found of thee; but if thou forsake him, he will cast thee off for ever. 28:10 Take heed now; for the Lord hath chosen thee to build an house for the sanctuary: be strong, and do it.
This is a very conditional promise by God to Solomon.
1 Kings 9:4 And IF thou wilt walk before me, as David thy father walked, in integrity of heart, and in uprightness, to do according to all that I have commanded thee, and wilt keep my statutes and my judgments: 9:5 Then I will establish the throne of thy kingdom [the throne of Solomon, as opposed to David’s throne] upon Israel for ever, as I promised to David thy father, saying, There shall not fail thee a man upon the throne of Israel.
9:6 But if ye shall at all turn from following me, ye or your children, and will not keep my commandments and my statutes which I have set before you, but go and serve other gods, and worship them: 9:7 Then will I cut off Israel out of the land which I have given them; and this house, which I have hallowed for my name, will I cast out of my sight; and Israel shall be a proverb and a byword among all people: 9:8 And at this house, which is high, every one that passeth by it shall be astonished, and shall hiss; and they shall say, Why hath the Lord done thus unto this land, and to this house? 9:9 And they shall answer, Because they forsook the Lord their God, who brought forth their fathers out of the land of Egypt, and have taken hold upon other gods, and have worshipped them, and served them: therefore hath the Lord brought upon them all this evil.
Notice that David’s throne was already established forever, the promise will be fulfilled by the resurrected David’s rule over a united Israel for all eternity; but Solomon’s throne and dynasty was absolutely CONDITIONAL on his living by every Word of God.
How can this be and what does this mean? This is so important, that God repeats the warning to Solomon when the Temple is dedicated.
2 Chronicles 7:17 And as for thee, if thou wilt walk before me, as David thy father walked, and do according to all that I have commanded thee, and shalt observe my statutes and my judgments; 7:18 Then will I stablish the throne of thy kingdom, according as I have covenanted with David thy father, saying, There shall not fail thee a man to be ruler in Israel.
7:19 But if ye turn away, and forsake my statutes and my commandments, which I have set before you, and shall go and serve other gods, and worship them; 7:20 Then will I pluck them up by the roots out of my land which I have given them; and this house, which I have sanctified for my name, will I cast out of my sight, and will make it to be a proverb and a byword among all nations.
7:21 And this house, which is high, shall be an astonishment to every one that passeth by it; so that he shall say, Why hath the Lord done thus unto this land, and unto this house? 7:22 And it shall be answered, Because they forsook the Lord God of their fathers, which brought them forth out of the land of Egypt, and laid hold on other gods, and worshipped them, and served them: therefore hath he brought all this evil upon them.
Notice that David’s throne was already established forever [for all eternity], but Solomon’s throne was absolutely CONDITIONAL on his living by every Word of God.
How can this be and what does this mean?
The answer is that David was already promised to be resurrected to eternal life and to receive an eternal kingdom, because he had already proved that he was zealous to live by every Word of God. Therefore God promised David a resurrection to spirit so that he could personally rule the united house of Israel forever. While the promise to Solomon was a conditional promise [which failed because of Solomon’s sins] concerned the physical line of Solomon!
Messiah the Christ will come as King of all kings and with him will come a resurrected David as king over the once again united whole house of Israel!
Paul wrote of David in Hebrews 11, that David had died NOT having received the promises and that David would be resurrected to spirit with all God’s faithful.
Hebrews 11:32 And what shall I more say? for the time would fail me to tell of Gedeon, and of Barak, and of Samson, and of Jephthae; of David also, and Samuel, and of the prophets:
The promise of an eternal throne made to David, was a promise of a resurrection to eternal life, to sit upon his throne FOREVER!
David was a man after God’s own heart (Acts 13:22) because he NEVER worshiped other gods, and because whenever he sinned he quickly and sincerely repented just as soon as he realized that he had sinned.
Speaking of the post resurrection millennium: Hosea 3:5 Afterward shall the children of Israel return, and seek the Lord their God, and David their king; and shall fear the Lord and his goodness in the latter days.
When Christ comes, he will set a resurrected David back upon his throne, to rule all Israel FOREVER, thus fulfilling God’s promise to David!
Ezekiel 34:23 And I will set up one shepherd over them, and he shall feed them, even my servant David; he shall feed them, and he shall be their shepherd. 34:24 And I the Lord will be their God, and my servant David a prince among them; I the Lord have spoken it.
Ezekiel 37:24 And David my servant shall be king over them; and they all shall have one shepherd: they shall also walk in my judgments, and observe my statutes, and do them [thus showing that the whole law and every Word of God will also be kept forever!]. 37:25 And they shall dwell in the land that I have given unto Jacob my servant, wherein your fathers have dwelt; and they shall dwell therein, even they, and their children, and their children’s children for ever: and my servant David shall be their prince for ever.
Jeremiah 33:17 For thus saith the Lord; David shall never want a man to sit upon the throne of the house of Israel;
How is this promise to be fulfilled? Solomon turned away from God and was disqualified, therefore God’s promise to David will be fulfilled by the resurrection of David himself!
Quoting Amos 9:11 Luke writes in Acts 15:16 After this I will return, and will build again the tabernacle of David, which is fallen down; and I will build again the ruins thereof, and I will set it up:
Amos 9:11 In that day will I raise up the tabernacle of David [the Davidic line] that is fallen, and close up the breaches thereof; and I will raise up his ruins, and I will build it as in the days of old:
After the coming of Christ, Israel will again be united and will turn to the Eternal, and the resurrected David will be king over all Israel; and God’s promise of a perpetual Davidic throne over Israel will be fulfilled!
Jeremiah 30:9 But they shall serve the Lord their God, and David their king, whom I will raise up unto them.
David responds to God
2 Samuel 7:18 Then went king David in, and sat before the LORD, and he said, Who am I, O Lord GOD? and what is my house, that thou hast brought me hitherto? 7:19 And this was yet a small thing in thy sight, O Lord GOD; but thou hast spoken also of thy servant’s house for a great while to come. And is this the manner of man, O Lord GOD? 7:20 And what can David say more unto thee? for thou, Lord GOD, knowest thy servant.
7:21 For thy word’s sake, and according to thine own heart, hast thou done all these great things, to make thy servant know them.
7:22 Wherefore thou art great, O LORD God: for there is none like thee, neither is there any God beside thee, according to all that we have heard with our ears.
David acknowledged that God had delivered physical Israel out of Egypt and had given them that land and we must acknowledge that we have been called out of the bondage of spiritual Egypt and delivered by God Almighty. We are to overcome all sin to take possession of an eternal Promised Land, in which we shall be kings and priests forever if we overcome and faint not.
What people in all the earth is like those who are faithful and passionately zealous to follow God, and to live by every Word of God to learn and to keep it?
Not that the spiritual Ekklesia are great in themselves; but that God will exalt them IF they are completely submissive and dedicatedly loyal to love and follow the Rock of our Salvation with wholehearted sincerity forever; abundantly faithful to follow the Great and Mighty God of Jacob!
Yet like physical Israel, today spiritual Israel has fallen very far away from their God.
7:23 And what one nation in the earth is like thy people, even like Israel, whom God went to redeem for a people to himself, and to make him a name, and to do for you great things and terrible, for thy land, before thy people, which thou redeemedst to thee from Egypt, from the nations and their gods? 7:24 For thou hast confirmed to thyself thy people Israel to be a people unto thee for ever: and thou, LORD, art become their God.
7:25 And now, O LORD God, the word that thou hast spoken concerning thy servant, and concerning his house, establish it for ever, and do as thou hast said.
May God bring us back to him in sincere repentance and be merciful to us.
7:26 And let thy name be magnified for ever, saying, The LORD of hosts is the God over Israel: and let the house of thy servant David be established before thee.
Jesus Christ promised to build the house of David and he has promised to build God’s faithful into a holy priesthood and give them offices in his eternal kingdom.
7:27 For thou, O LORD of hosts, God of Israel, hast revealed to thy servant, saying, I will build thee an house: therefore hath thy servant found in his heart to pray this prayer unto thee. 7:28 And now, O Lord GOD, thou art that God, and thy words be true, and thou hast promised this goodness unto thy servant:
7:29 Therefore now let it please thee to bless the house of thy servant, that it may continue for ever before thee: for thou, O Lord GOD, hast spoken it: and with thy blessing let the house of thy servant be blessed for ever.
2 Samuel 8
David destroys the enemies of Israel and conquers the full extent of the land promised to Israel.
2 Samuel 8:1 And after this it came to pass that David smote the Philistines, and subdued them: and David took Methegammah out of the hand of the Philistines. 8:2 And he smote Moab, and measured them with a line, casting them down to the ground; even with two lines measured he to put to death, and with one full line to keep alive. And so the Moabites became David’s servants, and brought gifts [tribute].
David carried his campaign right to the Euphrates, building a kingdom for his son Solomon so that Solomon could be a man of peace.
8:3 David smote also Hadadezer, the son of Rehob, king of Zobah, as he went to recover his border at the river Euphrates. 8:4 And David took from him a thousand chariots, and seven hundred horsemen, and twenty thousand footmen: and David houghed all the chariot horses, but reserved of them for an hundred chariots.
Hough hamstring, i.e., sever the “tendon of Achilles” the hock of the foot of the hinder legs of captured horses ( Joshua 11:6 ; 2 Sam 8:4 ; 1 Chronicles 18:4 ), so as to render them useless.
David also defeated Damascus and Syria.
8:5 And when the Syrians of Damascus came to succour Hadadezer king of Zobah, David slew of the Syrians two and twenty thousand men. 8:6 Then David put garrisons in Syria of Damascus: and the Syrians became servants to David, and brought gifts [tribute]. And the LORD preserved David whithersoever he went.
David gained much spoil and riches, and also many allies of those who had been oppressed by the kings he had defeated.
8:7 And David took the shields of gold that were on the servants of Hadadezer, and brought them to Jerusalem. 8:8 And from Betah, and from Berothai, cities of Hadadezer, king David took exceeding much brass.
8:9 When Toi king of Hamath heard that David had smitten all the host of Hadadezer, 8:10 Then Toi sent Joram his son unto king David, to salute him, and to bless him, because he had fought against Hadadezer, and smitten him: for Hadadezer had wars with Toi. And Joram brought with him vessels of silver, and vessels of gold, and vessels of brass:
David dedicated this immense wealth to the building of the temple of God.
8:11 Which also king David did dedicate unto the LORD, with the silver and gold that he had dedicated of all nations which he subdued; 8:12 Of Syria, and of Moab, and of the children of Ammon, and of the Philistines, and of Amalek, and of the spoil of Hadadezer, son of Rehob, king of Zobah.
8:13 And David gat him a name [great reputation] when he returned from smiting of the Syrians in the valley of salt, being eighteen thousand men.
8:14 And he put garrisons in Edom; throughout all Edom put he garrisons, and all they of Edom became David’s servants. And the LORD preserved David whithersoever he went.
8:15 And David reigned over all Israel; and David executed judgment and justice unto all his people.
8:16 And Joab the son of Zeruiah was over the host; and Jehoshaphat the son of Ahilud was recorder; 8:17 And Zadok the son of Ahitub, and Ahimelech the son of Abiathar, were the [chief] priests; and Seraiah was the scribe; 8:18 And Benaiah the son of Jehoiada was over both the Cherethites and the Pelethites; and David’s sons were chief rulers.
Hundreds of years later God inspired the prophets to record that these same areas and countries, including Moab, Edom and Syria will be ruled by, serve and pay tribute to the millennial Davidic kingdom of a returned and united Israel. The nations of Israel will also continue to overspread the same areas that they have today, as well as many returning to Palestine.
In a very few years we will see Jesus Christ ruling to Jerusalem as King over all the earth, and the resurrected David ruling the same territory that he ruled anciently.