2 Samuel 5
David becomes king of a united Israel
2 Samuel 5:1 Then came all the tribes of Israel to David unto Hebron, and spake, saying, Behold, we are thy bone and thy flesh. 5:2 Also in time past, when Saul was king over us, thou wast he that leddest out and broughtest in Israel: and the LORD said to thee, Thou shalt feed my people Israel, and thou shalt be a captain over Israel. 5:3 So all the elders of Israel came to the king to Hebron; and king David made a league with them in Hebron before the LORD: and they anointed David king over Israel.
5:4 David was thirty years old when he began to reign, and he reigned forty years. 5:5 In Hebron he reigned over Judah seven years and six months: and in Jerusalem he reigned thirty and three years over all Israel and Judah.
David went up in peace to Jerusalem and the Jebusite inhabitants rejected him.
5:6 And the king and his men went to Jerusalem unto the Jebusites, the inhabitants of the land: which spake unto David, saying, Except thou take away the blind and the lame, thou shalt not come in hither: thinking, David cannot come in hither.
David takes the city, Jerusalem
5:7 Nevertheless David took the strong hold of Zion: the same is the city of David. 5:8 And David said on that day, Whosoever getteth up to the gutter, [the watercourse, the city then getting its water from, was a spring and stream outside the walls] and smiteth the Jebusites, and the lame and the blind [a euphemism for the wicked, as physical types of spiritual blindness and inability to walk in God’s Word] that are hated of David’s soul, he shall be chief and captain. Wherefore they said, [because the law said that the blind and lame may not enter the Holy Place] The blind and the lame shall not come into the house.
David makes Jerusalem his capital
5:9 So David dwelt in the fort, and called it the city of David. And David built round about from Millo and inward. 5:10 And David went on, and grew great, and the LORD God of hosts was with him.
Hiram king of Tyre recognized David as king and built a palace for David. With his acceptance by all Israel and international recognition, David was established on his throne.
5:11 And Hiram king of Tyre sent messengers to David, and cedar trees, and carpenters, and masons: and they built David an house.
5:12 And David perceived that the LORD had established him king over Israel, and that he had exalted his kingdom for his people Israel’s sake.
David multiplies his wives
5:13 And David took him more concubines and wives out of Jerusalem, after he was come from Hebron: and there were yet sons and daughters born to David.
David’s sons born in Jerusalem (1 Chronicles 3:5-8 · 1 Chronicles 14:3-7). Considering that the sons are usually given in birth order, Solomon was David’s fourth son born in Jerusalem.
5:14 And these be the names of those that were born unto him in Jerusalem; Shammuah, and Shobab, and Nathan, and Solomon, 5:15 Ibhar also, and Elishua, and Nepheg, and Japhia, 5:16 And Elishama, and Eliada, and Eliphalet.
The Philistines seeing a growing threat from Israel go up to battle.
5:17 But when the Philistines heard that they had anointed David king over Israel, all the Philistines came up to seek David; and David heard of it, and went down to the hold. 5:18 The Philistines also came and spread themselves in the valley of Rephaim.
David inquires of God and then goes up to the battle knowing that God has burst out before him upon the Philistines like a mighty rush of water bursts forth from a broken dam.
5:19 And David enquired of the LORD, saying, Shall I go up to the Philistines? wilt thou deliver them into mine hand? And the LORD said unto David, Go up: for I will doubtless deliver the Philistines into thine hand. 5:20 And David came to Baalperazim, and David smote them there, and said, The LORD hath broken forth upon mine enemies before me, as the breach [of a dam] of waters. Therefore he called the name of that place Baalperazim. [place of breaking forth]
The Philistines were defeated and fled leaving behind their gods.
5:21 And there they left their images, and David and his men burned them.
The Philistines again made ready for battle, and David sought and received instructions from the one who later became flesh as Jesus Christ.
5:22 And the Philistines came up yet again, and spread themselves in the valley of Rephaim. 5:23 And when David enquired of the LORD, he said, Thou shalt not go up; but fetch a compass behind them, and come upon them over against the mulberry trees. 5:24 And let it be, when thou hearest the sound of a [wind of the going forth of God] going in the tops of the mulberry trees, that then thou shalt bestir thyself: for then shall the LORD go out before thee, to smite the host of the Philistines.
David obeys God
5:25 And David did so, as the LORD had commanded him; and smote the Philistines from Geba until thou come to Gazer.
2 Samuel 6
David desired to bring the Ark to Jerusalem; to have both the king and the religion centered in the same city.
2 Samuel 6:1 Again, David gathered together all the chosen men of Israel, thirty thousand. 6:2 And David arose, and went with all the people that were with him from Baale of Judah, to bring up from thence the ark of God, whose name is called by the name of the LORD of hosts that dwelleth between the cherubims.
Here they followed the actions of the Philistines without seeking out the Word of God on the matter.
Today the Ekklesia does the same thing; seeking to worship God by our own ways and traditions; instead of doing what God has commanded us to do.
6:3 And they set the ark of God upon a new cart, and brought it out of the house of Abinadab that was in Gibeah: and Uzzah and Ahio, the sons of Abinadab, drave the new cart. 6:4 And they brought it out of the house of Abinadab which was at Gibeah, accompanying the ark of God: and Ahio went before the ark. 6:5 And David and all the house of Israel played before the LORD on all manner of instruments made of fir wood, even on harps, and on psalteries, and on timbrels, and on cornets, and on cymbals.
With great rejoicing before the Lord they went up with the Ark, but NOT as God had commanded them. Therefore even though they were rejoicing in God, they were rebelling against God to do what they thought was right, rather than doing what God had commanded.
Then this man who was seeking to please God was killed for doing what he thought was right instead of doing what God said was right. This is a powerful lesson for us today; that God expects us to be zealous to learn and to live by every Word of God, and NOT to rely on what we think is right.
Because we in today’s Spiritual Ekklesia delight in zeal for our own ways and false traditions, and we decry and reject any zeal for learning and living by every Word of God in any practical terms; we shall also be corrected by Jesus Christ (Rev 3:16-22, Laodicea).
6:6 And when they came to Nachon’s threshingfloor, Uzzah put forth his hand to the ark of God, and took hold of it; for the oxen shook it. 6:7 And the anger of the LORD was kindled against Uzzah; and God smote him there for his error; and there he died by the ark of God.
6:8 And David was displeased, because the LORD had made a breach upon Uzzah: and he called the name of the place Perezuzzah to this day [the breach of Uzzah, a place where God “burst forth upon Uzzah, so that he died,”].
David then feared to proceed any further with moving the Ark to Jerusalem until he had studied the matter out. David learned his lesson, he learned to do things God’s way; today we must also learn this same lesson.
6:9 And David was afraid of the LORD that day, and said, How shall the ark of the LORD come to me? 6:10 So David would not remove the ark of the LORD unto him into the city of David: but David carried it aside into the house of Obededom the Gittite. 6:11 And the ark of the LORD continued in the house of Obededom the Gittite three months: and the LORD blessed Obededom, and all his household.
During three months David was searching the scriptures for the right way to move the Ark and then he understood that the presence of the Ark was to be a blessing and not a curse; if only we would do as God commands and learn and live by every Word of God, he would dwell within us and be a blessing to us.
David then brought the Ark to Jerusalem; transporting it as God’s Word commanded.
We need to understand that being in the presence of God is a blessing to all those who are diligent to learn and to live by every Word of God, but coming into the presence of God is destruction to the unrepentant sinner who exalts his own ways above the Word of God.
We need to understand that even those who are sincerely thinking that they are doing right yet acting contrary to the Word of God; will be corrected. We are to search the scriptures and we are to learn to live by every Word of God and not by our own assumptions and suppositions.
I have no doubt of the sincerity of many who stand on their own false ways and mistakenly claim to be godly; yet they are facing strong correction for worshiping God by their own ways and not worshiping God according to HIS Word, submitting to and obeying the whole Word of God.
God is a tremendous blessing to all those who live in true godliness, rejoicing and eagerly internalizing every Word of God to learn it and keep it, spiritually growing to become like God.
6:12 And it was told king David, saying, The LORD hath blessed the house of Obededom, and all that pertaineth unto him, because of the ark of God. So David went and brought up the ark of God from the house of Obededom into the city of David with gladness.
David offered sacrifices before the Ark of God as it was transported, and the Ark was brought with great rejoicing to the city of Jerusalem.
6:13 And it was so, that when they that bare the ark of the LORD had gone six paces, he sacrificed oxen and fatlings.
David was filled with so much joy at the presence of the Ark [throne] of God, that he could not contain and leaped and danced for joy before the Ark of God! Leaping and Shouting for Joy as the trumpets sounded before the Ark [Throne] OF GOD!
Unlike those, who like Mi-chal look down their noses in contempt for those who rejoice in joyous zeal for the Eternal: Each of us should also REJOICE over the whole Word of God, and God’s presence in those who are zealous to learn and keep his Word!
6:14 And David danced before the LORD with all his might; and David was girded with a linen ephod [a priestly garment]. 6:15 So David and all the house of Israel brought up the ark of the LORD with shouting, and with the sound of the trumpet.
Mi-chal saw David rejoicing before the Ark and thought that he acted unseemly for a king, and she began to despise him as being without her conception of regal dignity. Much of the Ekklesia today is like Mi-chal who had her own ideas of human dignity, instead of being exuberantly zealous for the Word of God.
6:16 And as the ark of the LORD came into the city of David, Michal Saul’s daughter looked through a window, and saw king David leaping and dancing before the LORD; and she despised him in her heart.
After the Ark was captured by the Philistines, King Saul moved the tabernacle to Nob, near his home town of Gibeah, but after he massacred the priests there (1 Samuel 21-22), it was moved to Gibeon, where it remained until the Temple was built. (1 Chronicles 16:39; 21:29; 2 Chronicles 1:2–6, 13).
The Ark was located in Kiriath-Jearim (1 Chronicles 13:5-6) just prior to David’s moving the ark to Jerusalem where it was placed “inside the tent David had pitched for it” (2 Samuel 6:17; 1 Chronicles 15:1), not in the tabernacle, which remained at Gibeon.
The altar of the tabernacle at Gibeon was used for sacrificial worship (1 Chronicles 16:39; 21:29; 1 Kings 3:2-4), until Solomon finally brought the structure and its furnishings to Jerusalem to furnish and dedicate the Temple. (1 Kings 8:4)
6:17 And they brought in the ark of the LORD, and set it in his place, in the midst of the tabernacle that David had pitched for it: and David offered burnt offerings and peace offerings before the LORD.
Then David blessed the people in the name of the Lord God of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob.
6:18 And as soon as David had made an end of offering burnt offerings and peace offerings, he blessed the people in the name of the LORD of hosts.
David then fed all of the people before the Lord. This is a picture of the resurrected David in the coming kingdom as king over all Israel, feeding them with the Word of God.
6:19 And he dealt among all the people, even among the whole multitude of Israel, as well to the women as men, to every one a cake of bread, and a good piece of flesh, and a flagon of wine. So all the people departed every one to his house.
Mi-chal rebukes David out of her haughty pride and her own idea of what is proper for a king likely gotten from her father Saul, and David rebuked her.
6:20 Then David returned to bless his household. And Michal the daughter of Saul came out to meet David, and said, How glorious was the king of Israel to day, who uncovered himself to day [humbled himself and took off his royal robes to wear a priestly ephod] in the eyes of the handmaids of his servants, as one of the vain fellows shamelessly uncovereth himself [dressing as a common priest and not a king]!
6:21 And David said unto Michal, It was before the LORD, which chose me before thy father, and before all his house, to appoint me ruler over the people of the LORD, over Israel: therefore will I play before the LORD.
David openly declares that he will be humble and rejoice before God, and that he will be honored by God for doing so.
6:22 And I will yet be more vile than thus, and will be base [lowly and humble] in mine own sight: and of the maidservants which thou hast spoken of, of them shall I be had in honour.
This is a picture of how those zealous for God will be exalted to be kings and priests of God for eternity, bearing much fruit; while those who despise zeal and exuberant enthusiasm to learn and live by every Word of God, and to rejoice in our Mighty One, preferring their own pride; will not bear any godly fruit. David then refused Mi-chal to come to him as her husband for the rest of her life and the Word of God to Saul was fulfilled that no descendant of his would sit on the throne.
6:23 Therefore Michal the daughter of Saul had no child unto the day of her death.