Second Samuel 23 – 24

2 Samuel 23

Instructions from God on how to be a godly king; this applies to both physical kings and the spirit kings of the promised spiritual Kingdom of God.

2 Samuel 23:1 Now these be the last words of David. David the son of Jesse said, and the man who was raised up on high, the anointed of the God of Jacob, and the sweet psalmist of Israel, said,

23:2 The Spirit of the LORD spake by me, and his word was in my tongue. 23:3 The God of Israel said, the Rock of Israel spake to me, He that ruleth over men must be just, ruling in the fear of God.

God’s Word is a light dispelling spiritual darkness (John 1). Those who live by every Word of God will have spiritual sight.

23:4 And he shall be as the light of the morning, when the sun riseth, even a morning without clouds; as the tender grass springing out of the earth by clear shining after rain.

Even though we are now physical: God will raise us up to eternal life and a sure kingdom if we are faithful to him in all things.

23:5 Although my house be not so with God; yet he hath made with me an everlasting covenant, ordered in all things, and sure: for this is all my salvation, and all my desire, although he make it not to grow.

The wicked who tolerate sin and falsely claim that Jesus will also tolerate unrepented sin; will be burned to ashes in the lake of fire.

23:6 But the sons of Belial shall be all of them as thorns thrust away, because they cannot be taken with hands: 23:7 But the man that shall touch them must be fenced with iron and the staff of a spear; and they shall be utterly burned with fire in the same place.

The spiritually called out who are zealous for the Word of God and quick and enthusiastically faithful to follow the Mighty One of Jacob, will be spiritually mighty against sin like the thirty mighty men of David were valiant against physical enemies.

23:8 These be the names of the mighty men whom David had: The Tachmonite that sat in the seat, chief among the captains; the same was Adino the Eznite: he lift up his spear against eight hundred, whom he slew at one time.

23:9 And after him was Eleazar the son of Dodo the Ahohite, one of the three mighty men with David, when they defied the Philistines that were there gathered together to battle, and the men of Israel were gone away: 23:10 He arose, and smote the Philistines until his hand was weary, and his hand clave [he gripped it so long and so tightly that he could not let it go.] unto the sword: and the LORD wrought a great victory that day; and the people returned after him only to spoil.

23:11 And after him was Shammah the son of Agee the Hararite. And the Philistines were gathered together into a troop, where was a piece of ground full of lentiles: and the people fled from the Philistines. 23:12 But he stood in the midst of the ground, and defended it, and slew the Philistines: and the LORD wrought a great victory.

23:13 And three of the thirty chief went down, and came to David in the harvest time unto the cave of Adullam: and the troop of the Philistines pitched in the valley of Rephaim. 23:14 And David was then in an hold, and the garrison of the Philistines was then in Bethlehem.

David longed for water and we are to thirst after that spiritual Living Water of the Word of God with all our hearts through all of our lives.

23:15 And David longed, and said, Oh that one would give me drink of the water of the well of Bethlehem, which is by the gate! 23:16 And the three mighty men brake through the host of the Philistines, and drew water out of the well of Bethlehem, that was by the gate, and took it, and brought it to David: nevertheless he would not drink thereof, but poured it out unto the LORD. 23:17 And he said, Be it far from me, O LORD, that I should do this: is not this the blood of the men that went in jeopardy of their lives? therefore he would not drink it. These things did these three mighty men.

David’s 30 commanders were divided into ten groups of three each, and Abishai was chief of his own three.

23:18 And Abishai, the brother of Joab, the son of Zeruiah, was chief among three. And he lifted up his spear against three hundred, and slew them, and had the name [leadership of his three] among three. 23:19 Was he not most honourable of [his] three? therefore he was their captain: howbeit he attained not unto [the deeds of] the first three [the first three being Adino, Eleazar and Shammah].

23:20 And Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, the son of a valiant man, of Kabzeel, who had done many acts, he slew two lionlike men of Moab: he went down also and slew a lion in the midst of a pit in time of snow: 23:21 And he slew an Egyptian, a goodly man: and the Egyptian had a spear in his hand; but he [Benaiah] went down to him with a staff, and plucked the spear out of the Egyptian’s hand, and slew him with his own spear. 23:22 These things did Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, and had the name among [his] three mighty men. 23:23 He was more honourable than the thirty, but he attained not to the first three. And David set him over his guard.

23:24 Asahel the brother of Joab was one of the thirty; Elhanan the son of Dodo of Bethlehem, 23:25 Shammah the Harodite, Elika the Harodite, 23:26 Helez the Paltite, Ira the son of Ikkesh the Tekoite, 23:27 Abiezer the Anethothite, Mebunnai the Hushathite, 23:28 Zalmon the Ahohite, Maharai the Netophathite, 23:29 Heleb the son of Baanah, a Netophathite, Ittai the son of Ribai out of Gibeah of the children of Benjamin, 23:30 Benaiah the Pirathonite, Hiddai of the brooks of Gaash,

23:31 Abialbon the Arbathite, Azmaveth the Barhumite, 23:32 Eliahba the Shaalbonite, of the sons of Jashen, Jonathan, 23:33 Shammah the Hararite, Ahiamthe son of Sharar the Hararite, 23:34 Eliphelet the son of Ahasbai, the son of the Maachathite, Eliamthe son of Ahithophel [and father of Bathsheba] the Gilonite, 23:35 Hezrai the Carmelite, Paarai the Arbite, 23:36 Igal the son of Nathan of Zobah, Bani the Gadite, 23:37 Zelek the Ammonite, Nahari the Beerothite, armourbearer to Joab the son of Zeruiah, 23:38 Ira an Ithrite, Gareb an Ithrite, 23:39 Uriah the Hittite: thirty and seven in all.


2 Samuel 24

The being who later became flesh as Jesus Christ was angry with Israel. They had undoubtedly departed from some part of the Word of God to keep their own ways in place of God’s Word, for that is the lesson given. David numbered the people to exalt in his own strength; and Christ diminished the people to teach David that we are to rely on God and not on ourselves and our own strength.

If physical Israel angered Christ by compromising with his Word; how much more is Jesus Christ angered by the departure of Spiritual Israel from the Word of God?

2 Samuel 24:1 And again the anger of the LORD was kindled against Israel, and he moved David against them to say, Go, number Israel and Judah.

David commanded Joab to number the people. Remember that Christ had commanded others to number the people at other times. The issue here is that David was trusting in the strength of the people which he had been exalted over and was not trusting in God.

Beware the sin of trusting in men and not in God!

24:2 For the king said to Joab the captain of the host, which was with him, Go now through all the tribes of Israel, from Dan even to Beersheba, and number ye the people, that I may know the number of the people.

Joab protested the counting

24:3 And Joab said unto the king, Now the LORD thy God add unto the people, how many soever they be, an hundredfold, and that the eyes of my lord the king may see it: but why doth my lord the king delight in this thing?

David insisted

24:4 Notwithstanding the king’s word prevailed against Joab, and against the captains of the host. And Joab and the captains of the host went out from the presence of the king, to number the people of Israel.

It took nine months and twenty days to count all the people.

24:5 And they passed over Jordan, and pitched in Aroer, on the right side of the city that lieth in the midst of the river of Gad, and toward Jazer: 24:6 Then they came to Gilead, and to the land of Tahtimhodshi; and they came to Danjaan, and about to Zidon, 24:7 And came to the strong hold of Tyre, and to all the cities of the Hivites, and of the Canaanites: and they went out to the south of Judah, even to Beersheba. 24:8 So when they had gone through all the land, they came to Jerusalem at the end of nine months and twenty days.

There were 1,300,000 men of war in Israel.

24:9 And Joab gave up the sum of the number of the people unto the king: and there were in Israel eight hundred thousand valiant men that drew the sword; and the men of Judah were five hundred thousand men.

David then repented and was grieved that he had delighted in his own strength and not in the strength of the Eternal.

24:10 And David’s heart smote him after that he had numbered the people.

David repented sincerely from the heart, yet the one who became Jesus Christ still corrected him so that he would learn the lesson thoroughly for all time.

Brethren, here is the answer to why we are not immediately delivered from some trial when we repent. It is very important that we, although forgiven by God, also experience the consequences of our sins and learn the correct lessons from our mistakes.

This is to teach us lessons that will last for eternity and also for us to learn the consequences of our sin thoroughly, so that we can be priests fully able to understand those whom we will be teaching in future.

. . . And David said unto the LORD, I have sinned greatly in that I have done: and now, I beseech thee, O LORD, take away the iniquity of thy servant; for I have done very foolishly.

God then sent his prophet Gad to ask David to make himself a choice as to his punishment.

24:11 For when David was up in the morning, the word of the LORD came unto the prophet Gad, David’s seer, saying, 24:12 Go and say unto David, Thus saith the LORD, I offer thee three things; choose thee one of them, that I may do it unto thee.

24:13 So Gad came to David, and told him, and said unto him, Shall seven years of famine come unto thee in thy land? or wilt thou flee three months before thine enemies, while they pursue thee? or that there be three days’ pestilence in thy land? now advise, and see what answer I shall return to him that sent me.

David then seeks to place himself fully in the hands of Messiah the Christ; as very many of us will do in the imminent great tribulation, which is coming upon us for the same reason. We shall be cast into tribulation for our pride and self-reliance, and for having no  humility [meekness] before God to follow him and faithfully live by every Word of God.

24:14 And David said unto Gad, I am in a great strait: let us fall now into the hand of the LORD; for his mercies are great: and let me not fall into the hand of man.

Then the Being who later became flesh as Jesus Christ killed 70,000 men with a pestilence. Consider that Jesus Christ killed seventy thousand to smash David’s idolizing of his own power in his own eyes. Today’s Spiritual Ekklesia is also idolizing men and corporate entities, and Jesus Christ will also smash our idols.

Our leaders and elders and our corporate church organizations are going to be SMASHED and CRUSHED into the nothingness of fine dust.

There will be No “Elijah” work by these proud self-centered men who do what they think is right according to the false traditions of men, and reject knowledge of godliness (Hosea 41-6); and hold the table of the Lord in contempt (Mal 1:12) by lifting up their noses at the meat of the whole Word of God being offered to them today.

24:15 So the LORD sent a pestilence upon Israel from the morning even to the time appointed: and there died of the people from Dan even to Beersheba seventy thousand men.

Then the pestilence was stopped at the place which Jesus Christ had chosen for God the Father’s Temple.

The Temple today is spiritual, consisting of those who are called of God and in whom God dwells; not any physical building.

24:16 And when the angel stretched out his hand upon Jerusalem to destroy it, the LORD repented him of the evil, and said to the angel that destroyed the people, It is enough: stay now thine hand. And the angel of the LORD was by the threshingplace of Araunah the Jebusite.

David learned his lesson well and repented even more sincerely and deeply. Even so all those people called of God who have departed from any zeal to live by every Word of God to exalt and make idols of their own ways, traditions, men and organizations; will sincerely repent when they find that their fears have come upon them in the tribulation, and their own idols will not be able to save them from the correction of the Eternal.

24:17 And David spake unto the LORD when he saw the angel that smote the people, and said, Lo, I have sinned, and I have done wickedly: but these sheep, what have they done? let thine hand, I pray thee, be against me, and against my father’s house.

Gad then told David to build an altar on the spot where the plague had stopped.

24:18 And Gad came that day to David, and said unto him, Go up, rear an altar unto the LORD in the threshingfloor of Araunah the Jebusite. 24:19 And David, according to the saying of Gad, went up as the LORD commanded.

David bought the place from Araunah, even though Araunah is most ready to give it. This shows the repentance and zeal of both David to do as he was told and of Araunah the willing.

24:20 And Araunah looked, and saw the king and his servants coming on toward him: and Araunah went out, and bowed himself before the king on his face upon the ground. 24:21 And Araunah said, Wherefore is my lord the king come to his servant? And David said, To buy the threshingfloor of thee, to build an altar unto the LORD, that the plague may be stayed from the people.

24:22 And Araunah said unto David, Let my lord the king take and offer up what seemeth good unto him: behold, here be oxen for burnt sacrifice, and threshing instruments and other instruments of the oxen for wood. 24:23 All these things did Araunah, as a king, give unto the king. And Araunah said unto the king, The LORD thy God accept thee.

The holy mount was then bought by David for the Eternal for fifty shekels of silver.

24:24 And the king said unto Araunah, Nay; but I will surely buy it of thee at a price: neither will I offer burnt offerings unto the LORD my God of that which doth cost me nothing. So David bought the threshingfloor and the oxen for fifty shekels of silver.

In the millennial kingdom, Messiah the Christ will build a new Temple on this same spot, a glorious Temple; and all nations shall flow to it to worship the Mighty Eternal God and to learn and to live by every Word of God without any compromise or hint of turning aside.

24:25 And David built there an altar unto the LORD, and offered burnt offerings and peace offerings. So the LORD was intreated for the land, and the plague was stayed from Israel.

The story of David is the story of all those called out to God to become priests of the High Priesthood of Melchizedek and kings over all the earth.

Saul, the man of the people was chosen by Christ to be an allegory of Lucifer, who was created and started off perfectly, only to fall away from God.

David was then chosen to replace Saul, as we are called to replace Satan the god-king of this world.

The many trials of David were to prepare him to be king over all Israel for eternity in the resurrection. Our many trials are for the same purpose; to prepare us to be proper godly kings and priests for all eternity.

The many trials of David are consistent with the many trials and testing’s of the spiritually called out to replace Satan.

When David relied on God he was always successful in his battles, and when he relied on himself he always failed. This is a lesson for the spiritually called out, that to overcome sin we must always be close to and rely on God our Deliverer, for we cannot overcome sin by our own strength.

David suffered greatly for his sins and so do the spiritually called out, so that the lessons that they are learning will be deeply instilled and will last for eternity.

Even after repentance we may still suffer; this does not mean that we are not forgiven, it means that God is still teaching us the lesson so that it will last for eternity.

The faithful are kings and priests in training, and if we faint not we will receive a kingdom. We must rule that kingdom in true godliness, which means that we must fully internalize every Word of God to learn it and to keep it.

We must not be respecters of persons but we must apply the justice of God’s Word to all people equally. That means knowing the whole Word of God and having our eyes open to discern between the wicked willful law breakers and the righteous; and to fully enforce the whole Word of God. 

There is NO room in the kingdom of God for willful commandment breaking and compromising with any part of the whole Word of God, and no place for any tolerance of willful sin.

David was a man after God’s own heart because he was willing to quickly repent when found in sin, yet he was a man who committed many horrendous sins. We are to learn from these things and we are to work to avoid all sin on both the physical and the spiritual plain.

We are to avoid adultery on the physical plain and we are to avoid spiritual adultery against the Husband of our Baptismal commitment, by not following idols of men, corporate entities or any false traditions and imaginations.  

We are to learn from David’s mistakes: We are NOT to repeat them or to use them to try and justify our own sins! 

When David found himself in sin, what did he do? Did he try to justify himself and defend his actions; or did he immediately admit his sin and repent sincerely and wholeheartedly?

If we also immediately admit our sin, and repent sincerely and wholeheartedly; we will also become a people after God’s own heart!

Like David we will become fit to enter eternity and to be the priests of the High Priesthood of Jesus Christ; and to be kings over a kingdom in the family of God the Father.


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