Second Samuel 21 – 22

2 Samuel 21

2 Samuel 21:1 Then there was a famine in the days of David three years, year after year; and David enquired of the LORD. And the LORD answered, It is for Saul, and for his bloody house, because he slew the Gibeonites.

Saul had killed many Gibeonites even though they had a covenant with Israel to be cutters of wood and drawers of water for the tabernacle and the sacrifices. Therefore God had sent famine on the land. One does wonder why this came so long after the deed by Saul, perhaps Jesus was reminding David to make amends for the broken vow of Israel.

21:2 And the king called the Gibeonites, and said unto them; (now the Gibeonites were not of the children of Israel, but of the remnant of the Amorites; and the children of Israel had sworn unto them: and Saul sought to slay them in his zeal to the children of Israel and Judah.)

The Gibeonites humbly declare that they will have no money from Saul or any man of Israel, but demand the sons of Saul. This was part of the curse from the one who later became flesh as Jesus Christ and who had cursed Saul and his descendants for slaughtering many Gibeonites.

21:3 Wherefore David said unto the Gibeonites, What shall I do for you? and wherewith shall I make the atonement, that ye may bless the inheritance of the LORD? 21:4 And the Gibeonites said unto him, We will have no silver nor gold of Saul, nor of his house; neither for us shalt thou kill any man in Israel. And he said, What ye shall say, that will I do for you.

David gives up the sons of Saul

21:5 And they answered the king, The man that consumed us, and that devised against us that we should be destroyed from remaining in any of the coasts of Israel, 21:6 Let seven men of his sons be delivered unto us, and we will hang them up unto the LORD in Gibeah of Saul, whom the LORD did choose. And the king said, I will give them.

21:7 But the king spared Mephibosheth, the son of Jonathan the son of Saul, because of the LORD’s oath that was between them, between David and Jonathan the son of Saul.

David gave to them the five sons of his wife Mi-chal by Adriel her second husband, and two other direct sons of Saul.  So Saul paid dearly for his transgression against Gibeah, and Mi-chal paid dearly for her mocking of David before the Ark of God, while Adriel paid dearly for taking another man’s wife even though she was taken from David by Saul.

21:8 But the king took the two sons of Rizpah the daughter of Aiah [Saul’s wife], whom she bare unto Saul, Armoni and Mephibosheth; and the five sons of Michal the daughter of Saul, whom she brought up for [bore to her second husband] Adriel the son of Barzillai the Meholathite:

21:9 And he delivered them into the hands of the Gibeonites, and they hanged them in the hill before the LORD: and they fell all seven together, and were put to death in the days of harvest, in the first days, in the beginning of barley harvest. 

They were hung on or immediately after the first Sunday Wave Offering day of the Feast of Unleavened Bread.

Rizpah mourned for her sons and for the sons of Saul and protected the bodies from the scavengers until the dew of the morning.

21:10 And Rizpah the daughter of Aiah took sackcloth, and spread it for her upon the rock, from the beginning of harvest until water dropped upon them out of heaven, and suffered neither the birds of the air to rest on them by day, nor the beasts of the field by night.

21:11 And it was told David what Rizpah the daughter of Aiah, the concubine of Saul, had done.

David then buried Saul and his sons together, in the tomb of Saul’s father Kish.

21:12 And David went and took the bones of Saul and the bones of Jonathan his son from the men of Jabeshgilead, which had stolen [liberated] them from the street of Bethshan, where the Philistines had hanged them, when the Philistines had slain Saul in Gilboa: 21:13 And he brought up from thence the bones of Saul and the bones of Jonathan his son; and they gathered the bones of them that were hanged. 21:14 And the bones of Saul and Jonathan his son buried they in the country of Benjamin in Zelah, in the sepulchre of Kish his father: and they performed all that the king commanded. And after that God was intreated for the land.

David nearly seventy, became weak during a battle with the Philistines

21:15 Moreover the Philistines had yet war again with Israel; and David went down, and his servants with him, and fought against the Philistines: and David waxed faint. 21:16 And Ishbibenob, which was of the sons of the giant, the weight of whose spear weighed three hundred shekels of brass in weight, he being girded with a new sword, thought to have slain David.

Abishai the brother of Joab saved David

21:17 But Abishai the son of Zeruiah succoured him, and smote the Philistine, and killed him. Then the men of David sware unto him, saying, Thou shalt go no more out with us to battle, that thou quench not the light of Israel.

His commanders then insisted that David was too old to go into battle and would not allow him to go to personally fight any more.

The giants of the Philistines were all slain and giantism was destroyed in the Philistines, so that the descendants of the Philistines who live in Gaza today are ordinary men.

Even though there are nearly a million Palestinian refugees in Gaza today the native people of Gaza are NOT Palestinians who had come from Mesopotamia (2 Kings 17); the native people of Gaza are the modern descendants of the Philistines.

21:18 And it came to pass after this, that there was again a battle with the Philistines at Gob: then Sibbechai the Hushathite slew Saph, which was of the sons of the giant.

21:19 And there was again a battle in Gob with the Philistines, where Elhanan the son of Jaareoregim, a Bethlehemite, slew the brother of Goliath the Gittite, the staff of whose spear was like a weaver’s beam.

21:20 And there was yet a battle in Gath, where was a man of great stature, that had on every hand six fingers, and on every foot six toes, four and twenty in number; and he also was born to the giant.

21:21 And when he defied Israel, Jonathan the son of Shimeah the brother of David slew him.

21:22 These four were born to the giant in Gath, and fell by the hand of David, and by the hand of his servants.


2 Samuel 22 

A Psalm of David

2 Samuel 22:1 And David spake unto the LORD the words of this song in the day that the LORD had delivered him out of the hand of all his enemies, and out of the hand of Saul:

A song of gratitude and praise by David, to the God of all our comforting..

In all our distress we will be delivered if we trust in our God to follow his Word and depend upon him alone.

22:2 And he said, The LORD is my rock, and my fortress, and my deliverer; 22:3 The God of my rock; in him will I trust: he is my shield, and the horn of my salvation, my high tower, and my refuge, my saviour; thou savest me from violence.

Instead of watering down our zeal to live by every Word of God in order to ease our trials; we should be doing the exact opposite and running to our Mighty One for HIS Deliverance.

22:4 I will call on the LORD, who is worthy to be praised: so shall I be saved from mine enemies.

Our Deliverer will deliver his faithful overcomers out of death and the grave itself!

22:5 When the waves of death compassed me, the floods of ungodly men made me afraid; 22:6 The sorrows of hell compassed me about; the snares of death prevented [held me] me; 22:7 In my distress I called upon the LORD, and cried to my God: and he did hear my voice out of his temple, and my cry did enter into his ears.

This is a history of the deliverance of Israel and Moses, and is a prophecy of what is to come!  When God remembers us in the grave he will send Messiah the Christ to shake the heavens and the earth for us, to deliver us from the grave into a resurrection to spirit and granting total victory over the god of rebellion and death, Satan.

22:8 Then the earth shook and trembled; the foundations of heaven moved and shook, because he was wroth. 22:9 There went up a smoke out of his nostrils, and fire out of his mouth devoured: coals were kindled by it. 22:10 He bowed the heavens also, and came down; and darkness was under his feet.

In the darkness of this world, our God is a blazing light of righteousness.

22:11 And he rode upon a cherub, and did fly: and he was seen upon the wings of the wind. 22:12 And he made darkness pavilions round about him, dark waters, and thick clouds of the skies. 22:13 Through the brightness before him were coals of fire kindled.

Our Mighty God thunders his Word and casts out all those who will not seek diligently to learn and live by every Word of God, to internalize every Word of God and to become LIKE HIM!

22:14 The LORD thundered from heaven, and the most High uttered his voice. 22:15 And he sent out arrows, and scattered them; lightning, and discomfited them.

Just like the Red Sea was opened up to expose the dry land, so the graves will be opened up to bring forth the faithful chosen overcomers!

22:16 And the channels of the sea appeared, the foundations of the world were discovered, at the rebuking of the LORD, at the blast of the breath of his nostrils.

The Eternal will deliver his spiritual called out who persevere and overcome, from death itself into eternal life!  Evil is too strong for us alone, but the Lord our Deliverer will emancipate us through his own strength so that no flesh may glory.

22:17 He sent from above, he took me; he drew me out of many waters; 22:18 He delivered me from my strong enemy [death], and from them that hated me: for they were too strong for me.

The wicked may persecute the faithful; but if we depend upon our God HE will deliver us because we rely upon HIM!

22:19 They prevented [the wicked fought against] me in the day of my calamity: but the LORD was my stay.

God delights in all those who make the zealous keeping of every Word of God their delight!

22:20 He brought me forth also into a large place: he delivered me, because he delighted in me.

Our reward is directly related to our zeal to learn and to live by every Word of God; which is the righteousness of God.

22:21 The LORD rewarded me according to my righteousness: according to the cleanness of my hands hath he recompensed me. 22:22 For I have kept the ways of the LORD, and have not wickedly departed from my God. 22:23 For all his judgments were before me: and as for his statutes, I did not depart from them. 22:24 I was also upright before him, and have kept myself from mine iniquity.

No, Jesus Christ will not overlook any sin; he will reward every man according to his works.

22:25 Therefore the LORD hath recompensed me according to my righteousness; according to my cleanness in his eye sight.

Consider how the beatitudes of Matthew 5 and many of the teachings of Jesus are quotes from the Psalms.

22:26 With the merciful thou wilt shew thyself merciful, and with the upright man thou wilt shew thyself upright. 22:27 With the pure thou wilt shew thyself pure; and with the froward [stubborn, self-willed] thou wilt shew thyself unsavoury. 22:28 And the afflicted people thou wilt save: but thine eyes are upon the haughty, that thou mayest bring them down.

Jesus Christ is our light (John 1) of righteousness in this dark world, and he taught us that we are to live by every Word of God (Matthew 4:4). If we learn and zealously live by every Word of God, then the light of God will shine within us through the Spirit of God the Father and of Jesus Christ.

22:29 For thou art my lamp, O LORD: and the LORD will lighten my darkness.

The light of the whole Word of God delivers us from all our enemies, and from bondage to Satan, sin and death!

22:30 For by thee I have run through a troop: by my God have I leaped over a wall.

God is perfect and his whole Word is perfect, not just the Ten Commandments but EVERY Word of God.  Living by EVERY Word of God converts and delivers the sincerely repentant who are diligent to STOP sinning and go on to sin no more!

22:31 As for God, his way is perfect; the word of the LORD is tried: he is a buckler to all them that trust in him. 22:32 For who is God, save the LORD? and who is a rock, save our God? 22:33 God is my strength and power: and he maketh my way perfect.

In spiritual terms our Mighty One delivers us and teaches us to fight the spiritual battle against sin.

22:34 He maketh my feet like hinds’ feet: and setteth me upon my high places. 22:35 He teacheth my hands to war; so that a bow of steel is broken by mine arms. 22:36 Thou hast also given me the shield of thy salvation: and thy gentleness [God’s mercy for the sincerely repentant lifts them up from sin and death.] hath made me great.

Carefully thinking through, applying and living by every Word of God, keeps one from slipping into sin.

22:37 Thou hast enlarged my steps under me; so that my feet did not slip.

Through the strength of our God, and our zeal for God and his Word; we will be given victory over sin and death.

22:38 I have pursued mine enemies, and destroyed them; and turned not again until I had consumed them 22:39 And I have consumed them, and wounded them, that they could not arise: yea, they are fallen under my feet.

Our strength to fight sin, which is turning aside from any part of the whole Word of God; comes from Almighty God and not from our own selves.

22:40 For thou hast girded me with strength to battle: them that rose up against me hast thou subdued under me. 22:41 Thou hast also given me the necks of mine enemies, that I might destroy them that hate me.

We can call ourselves godly, we can call on God; but we are not godly and he will not hear us if we are not zealous to learn and to live by every Word of God.

If we love our own pet ideas more than we love the Word of God, we are separated and cut off from God!

If we are absolutely faithful to trust in and follow every Word of God, all sin can be beaten and crushed to nothing under our feet.

22:42 They looked, but there was none to save; even unto the LORD, but he answered them not. 22:43 Then did I beat them as small as the dust of the earth, I did stamp them as the mire of the street, and did spread them abroad.

When the whole earth is repentant in the kingdom of God; all peoples shall know the faithfulness of their changed to spirit kings and will follow their example of faithfulness to God.

22:44 Thou also hast delivered me from the strivings of my people, thou hast kept me to be head of the heathen: a people which I knew not shall serve me. 22:45 Strangers shall submit themselves unto me: as soon as they hear, they shall be obedient unto me.

In God’s kingdom most people will turn to the Eternal God and the stranger to godliness [the wicked] will hide themselves.

22:46 Strangers shall fade away, and they shall be afraid out of their close [hiding] places.

22:47 The LORD liveth; and blessed be my rock; and exalted be the God of the rock of my salvation.

God alone delivers his faithful and exalts the righteous.

22:48 It is God that avengeth me, and that bringeth down the people under me. 22:49 And that bringeth me forth from mine enemies: thou also hast lifted me up on high above them that rose up against me: thou hast delivered me from the violent man.

22:50 Therefore I will give thanks unto thee, O LORD, among the heathen [the righteous will thank and glorify God even while living among the wicked], and I will sing praises unto thy name. 22:51 He is the tower of salvation for his king [God is the strength of all those who are chosen to be kings and priests, through their faithfulness to their baptismal commitment to sin no more.]: and sheweth mercy to his anointed, unto David, and to his seed for evermore.



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