2 Samuel 19
David by his sympathy for the sinner turned the rejoicing of victory over the sin of rebellion against the king into mourning.
Remember the our King is Jesus Christ, and that we are to support him in his dispensing of JUSTICE and his victory over the wicked; instead of becoming emotionally attached to the wicked [Stockholm Syndrome] like David was.
2 Samuel 19:1 And it was told Joab, Behold, the king weepeth and mourneth for Absalom. 19:2 And the victory that day was turned into mourning unto all the people: for the people heard say that day how the king was grieved for his son.
David made the people ashamed of their actions in supporting David and crushing the wicked rebel. We should never be ashamed of the justice of God.
19:3 And the people gat them by stealth that day into the city, as people being ashamed steal away when they flee in battle. 19:4 But the king covered his face, and the king cried with a loud voice, O my son Absalom, O Absalom, my son, my son!
Joab rightly corrects David
Brethren, we should not tolerate any habitual sin [rebellion against any part of the Word of God] in the Ekklesia, nor should we be overlooking or hiding any unrepented sin. All evil should be exposed to the light of day and revealed before all; so that evil might be dealt with and expunged.
19:5 And Joab came into the house to the king, and said, Thou hast shamed this day the faces of all thy servants, which this day have saved thy life, and the lives of thy sons and of thy daughters, and the lives of thy wives, and the lives of thy concubines; 19:6 In that thou lovest thine enemies, and hatest thy friends. For thou hast declared this day, that thou regardest neither princes nor servants: for this day I perceive, that if Absalom had lived, and all we had died this day, then it had pleased thee well. 19:7 Now therefore arise, go forth, and speak comfortably unto thy servants: for I swear by the LORD, if thou go not forth, there will not tarry one with thee this night: and that will be worse unto thee than all the evil that befell thee from thy youth until now.
David had to learn how to be a king; how to rule justly and without compromise and to reject sympathy for the wicked works of the unrepentant. Even so Jesus Christ applies his blood of justification to the Sincerely Repentant, and destroys the unrepentant wicked who imagine that forgiveness of past sin is somehow a license to continue in sin and compromise with any part of the whole Word of God.
19:8 Then the king arose, and sat in the gate. [gate of his refuge city in Golan, to dispense justice] And they told unto all the people, saying, Behold, the king doth sit in the gate. And all the people came before the king: for Israel had fled every man to his tent.
David did not seize the kingdom even though it was his, but waited for Israel to invite him back as their king.
19:9 And all the people were at strife throughout all the tribes of Israel, saying, The king saved us out of the hand of our enemies, and he delivered us out of the hand of the Philistines; and now he is fled out of the land for Absalom. 19:10 And Absalom, whom we anointed over us, is dead in battle. Now therefore why speak ye not a word of bringing the king back?
David then speaks to Judah by the priests of God
19:11 And king David sent to Zadok and to Abiathar the priests, saying, Speak unto the elders of Judah, saying, Why are ye the last to bring the king back to his house? seeing the speech of all Israel is come to the king, even to his house. 19:12 Ye are my brethren, ye are my bones and my flesh: wherefore then are ye the last to bring back the king?
David then made a political move removing Joab from his office for his disobedience in killing Absalom and offering the job of commander in chief to Amasa of Judah; this brings Judah back into the kingdom and gives David a commander who had been the commander of Absalom’s rebellion. David could not have had confidence in Amasa; this was a political appointment to bring Judah into the fold.
19:13 And say ye to Amasa, Art thou not of my bone, and of my flesh? God do so to me, and more also, if thou be not captain of the host before me continually in the room of Joab. 19:14 And he [Amasa] bowed the heart of all the men of Judah, even as the heart of one man; so that they sent this word unto the king, Return thou, and all thy servants. 19:15 So the king returned, and came to Jordan. And Judah came to Gilgal, to go to meet the king, to conduct the king over Jordan.
Shimei of Saul’s family then rushes to apologize to David for cursing him over the throne of Saul.
19:16 And Shimei the son of Gera, a Benjamite, which was of Bahurim, hasted and came down with the men of Judah to meet king David. 19:17 And there were a thousand men of Benjamin with him [Shimei], and Ziba [David’s loyal man] the servant of the house of Saul, and his fifteen sons and his twenty servants with him; and they went over Jordan before the king.
Shimei repents in fear at the feet of David
19:18 And there went over a ferry boat to carry over the king’s household, and to do what he thought good. And Shimei the son of Gera fell down before the king, as he was come over Jordan; 19:19 And said unto the king, Let not my lord impute iniquity unto me, neither do thou remember that which thy servant did perversely the day that my lord the king went out of Jerusalem, that the king should take it to his heart. 19:20 For thy servant doth know that I have sinned: therefore, behold, I am come the first this day of all the house of Joseph to go down to meet my lord the king.
The king forgives Shimei who was begging for his life, deserving to die along with the other rebels.
19:21 But Abishai the son of Zeruiah answered and said, Shall not Shimei be put to death for this, because he cursed the LORD’s anointed? 19:22 And David said, What have I to do with you, ye sons of Zeruiah, that ye should this day be adversaries unto me? shall there any man be put to death this day in Israel? for do not I know that I am this day king over Israel? 19:23 Therefore the king said unto Shimei, Thou shalt not die. And the king sware unto him.
Mephibo-sheth who had eaten at the table of David these years; who had hoped to gain the throne, now comes to David.
19:24 And Mephibosheth the son of Saul came down to meet the king, and had neither dressed his feet, nor trimmed his beard, nor washed his clothes, from the day the king departed until the day he came again in peace.
David asked Mephibo-sheth why he had not come to support him, and Mephibo-sheth gives his story in an attempt to save himself, and David spares him for the sake of David’s covenant with Jonathan.
19:25 And it came to pass, when he was come to Jerusalem to meet the king, that the king said unto him, Wherefore wentest not thou with me, Mephibosheth? 19:26 And he answered, My lord, O king, my servant deceived me: for thy servant said, I will saddle me an ass, that I may ride thereon, and go to the king; because thy servant is lame. 19:27 And he hath slandered thy servant unto my lord the king; but my lord the king is as an angel of God: do therefore what is good in thine eyes. 19:28 For all of my father’s house were but dead men before my lord the king: yet didst thou set thy servant among them that did eat at thine own table. What right therefore have I yet to cry any more unto the king?
David allows Mephibo-sheth to keep his estate
19:29 And the king said unto him, Why speakest thou any more of thy matters? I have said, Thou and Ziba divide the land. 19:30 And Mephibosheth said unto the king, Yea, let him take all, forasmuch as my lord the king is come again in peace unto his own house.
Barzillai a close friend of David who had given him relief during his stay in Gilead came to say his good byes.
19:31 And Barzillai the Gileadite came down from Rogelim, and went over Jordan with the king, to conduct him over Jordan. 19:32 Now Barzillai was a very aged man, even fourscore years old: and he had provided the king of sustenance while he lay at Mahanaim; for he was a very great man.
David invites his friend to Jerusalem
19:33 And the king said unto Barzillai, Come thou over with me, and I will feed thee with me in Jerusalem.
Barzillai asks leave to die in his own home and sends his servant Chimham with David.
19:34 And Barzillai said unto the king, How long have I to live, that I should go up with the king unto Jerusalem? 19:35 I am this day fourscore years old: and can I discern between good and evil? can thy servant taste what I eat or what I drink? can I hear any more the voice of singing men and singing women? wherefore then should thy servant be yet a burden unto my lord the king? 19:36 Thy servant will go a little way over Jordan with the king: and why should the king recompense it me with such a reward? 19:37 Let thy servant, I pray thee, turn back again, that I may die in mine own city, and be buried by the grave of my father and of my mother. But behold thy servant Chimham; let him go over with my lord the king; and do to him what shall seem good unto thee.
19:38 And the king answered, Chimham shall go over with me, and I will do to him that which shall seem good unto thee: and whatsoever thou shalt require of me, that will I do for thee. 19:39 And all the people went over Jordan. And when the king was come over, the king kissed Barzillai, and blessed him; and he returned unto his own place.
Then Judah and Israel began to dispute over David the king. Doesn’t this remind us of the disciples disputing among themselves over who is to be the greatest under Christ? Is it not the same today with many leader’s or elder‘s claiming to be the greatest?
19:40 Then the king went on to Gilgal, and Chimham went on with him: and all the people of Judah conducted the king, and also half the people of Israel. 19:41 And, behold, all the men of Israel came to the king, and said unto the king, Why have our brethren the men of Judah stolen thee away, and have brought the king, and his household, and all David’s men with him, over Jordan?
19:42 And all the men of Judah answered the men of Israel, Because the king is near of kin to us: wherefore then be ye angry for this matter? have we eaten at all of the king’s cost? or hath he given us any gift? 19:43 And the men of Israel answered the men of Judah, and said, We have ten parts in the king, and we have also more right in David than ye: why then did ye despise us, that our advice should not be first had in bringing back our king? And the words of the men of Judah were fiercer than the words of the men of Israel.
2 Samuel 20
Part of Benjamin revolts against David: Judah remained with David, while Israel followed Sheba of Benjamin.
2 Samuel 20:1 And there happened to be there a man of Belial, whose name was Sheba, the son of Bichri, a Benjamite: and he blew a trumpet, and said, We have no part in David, neither have we inheritance in the son of Jesse: every man to his tents, O Israel. 20:2 So every man of Israel went up from after David, and followed Sheba the son of Bichri: but the men of Judah clave unto their king, from Jordan even to Jerusalem.
David’s ten women who were violated by Absalom were kept celibate until their deaths. This is an example of how the sins of one man can affect many others, and a primary reason why NO sin can be tolerated by a just and godly ruler.
20:3 And David came to his house at Jerusalem; and the king took the ten women his concubines, whom he had left to keep the house, and put them in ward, and fed them, but went not in unto them. So they were shut up unto the day of their death, living in widowhood.
Amasa is commanded to assemble the men of Judah.
Remember that Amasa was made chief by Absalom, and then David made Amasa chief of the army of Israel replacing Joab because Joab killed Absalom; and also to bring about the surrender of the people who had followed Absalom. So Joab was bitter over his replacement by his cousin Amasa as chief of staff of Israel.
20:4 Then said the king to Amasa, Assemble me the men of Judah within three days, and be thou here present. 20:5 So Amasa went to assemble the men of Judah: but he tarried longer than the set time which he had appointed him.
Joab’s brother Abashai is given command of the mission.
20:6 And David said to Abishai [the brother of Joab], Now shall Sheba the son of Bichri do us more harm than did Absalom: take thou thy lord’s servants [take the army], and pursue after him [quickly], lest he get him fenced cities, and escape us. 20:7 And there went out after him Joab’s men, and the Cherethites, and the Pelethites, and all the mighty men: and they went out of Jerusalem, to pursue after Sheba the son of Bichri.
20:8 When they were at the great stone which is in Gibeon, Amasa went before them. And Joab’s garment that he had put on was girded unto him, and upon it a girdle with a sword fastened upon his loins in the sheath thereof; and as he went forth it fell out.
Joab killed Amasa and then continued the pursuit of Sheba the rebel.
20:9 And Joab said to Amasa, Art thou in health, my brother? And Joab took Amasa by the beard with the right hand to kiss him. 20:10 But Amasa took no heed to the sword that was in Joab’s hand: so he smote him therewith in the fifth rib, and shed out his bowels to the ground, and struck him not again; and he died. So Joab and Abishai his brother pursued after Sheba the son of Bichri.
Joab’s men then proclaimed Joab the commander in chief in David’s name. While on the surface this appears to be a matter of bitterness on the part of Joab; one has to wonder if this act was in the interests of David to remove Amasa who had rebelled with Absalom and could not be trusted.
20:11 And one of Joab’s men stood by him, and said, He that favoureth Joab, and he that is for David, let him go after Joab.
The men who saw their chief Amasa wallowing in blood stopped in shock, so that Joab had Amasa removed into a field and covered to hide him.
20:12 And Amasa wallowed in blood in the midst of the highway. And when the man saw that all the people stood still, he removed Amasa out of the highway into the field, and cast a cloth upon him, when he saw that every one that came by him stood still. 20:13 When he was removed out of the highway, all the people went on after Joab, to pursue after Sheba the son of Bichri.
20:14 And he went through all the tribes of Israel unto Abel, and to Bethmaachah, and all the Berites: and they were gathered together, and went also after him. 20:15 And they came and besieged him in Abel of Bethmaachah, and they cast up a bank against the city, and it stood in the trench: and all the people that were with Joab battered the wall, to throw it down.
A wise woman saves the city and many lives
20:16 Then cried a wise woman out of the city, Hear, hear; say, I pray you, unto Joab, Come near hither, that I may speak with thee.
Joab listens to the woman. This is an important lesson because not listening to our women is a very foolish thing. Every man should listen to his wife and benefit from her wisdom.
20:17 And when he was come near unto her, the woman said, Art thou Joab? And he answered, I am he. Then she said unto him, Hear the words of thine handmaid. And he answered, I do hear.
20:18 Then she spake, saying, They were wont to speak in old time, saying, They shall surely ask counsel at Abel [Beth-maachah]: and so they ended the matter. 20:19 I am one of them that are peaceable and faithful in Israel: thou seekest to destroy a city and a mother in Israel: why wilt thou swallow up the inheritance of the LORD?
20:20 And Joab answered and said, Far be it, far be it from me, that I should swallow up or destroy. 20:21 The matter is not so: but a man of mount Ephraim, Sheba the son of Bichri by name, hath lifted up his hand against the king, even against David: deliver him only, and I will depart from the city.
The woman then offered a solution and after Sheba was destroyed Joab departed without destroying the people and city.
And the woman said unto Joab, Behold, his head shall be thrown to thee over the wall. 20:22 Then the woman went unto all the people in her wisdom. And they cut off the head of Sheba the son of Bichri, and cast it out to Joab. And he blew a trumpet, and they retired from the city, every man to his tent. And Joab returned to Jerusalem unto the king.
Joab was made Chief of Staff again by David. Why did David restore him to his position and not rebuke him at all? Was Joab’s killing of Amasa inspired by David because Amasa had led the army for Absalom?
20:23 Now Joab was over all the host of Israel: and Benaiah the son of Jehoiada was over the Cherethites and over the Pelethites: 20:24 And Adoram was over the tribute: and Jehoshaphat the son of Ahilud was recorder: 20:25 And Sheva was scribe: and Zadok and Abiathar were the priests: 20:26 And Ira also the Jairite was a chief ruler about David.