2 Samuel 11
Then after Passover when the old year had ended, Israel went up to destroy Ammon. The city of Rabbah being modern Ammon, Jordan.
2 Samuel 11:1 And it came to pass, after the year was expired [spring], at the time when kings go forth to battle, that David sent Joab, and his servants with him, and all Israel; and they destroyed the children of Ammon, and besieged Rabbah. But David tarried still at Jerusalem.
In those days it was very common for people to go up on their flat rooftops in the cool of the evening to find relief from the heat of the house. David may well have previously met Bathsheba fully covered, but may not have recognized her at a distance, and naked. This incident may have been very late at night and Bathsheba may have felt that she was alone, since David was already in his bed and restless had risen to walk upon his roof top.
11:2 And it came to pass in an eveningtide, that David arose from off his bed, and walked upon the roof of the king’s house: and from the roof he saw a woman washing herself; and the woman was very beautiful to look upon.
BOTH Eliam and Uriah were among David’s 30 senior commanders and well known to him.
11:3 And David sent and enquired after the woman. And one said, Is not this Bathsheba, the daughter of Eliam, the wife of Uriah the Hittite [and the granddaughter of David’s chief adviser Ahithophel]? 11:4 And David sent messengers, and took her; and she came in unto him, and he lay with her; for she was purified from her uncleanness: and she returned unto her house. 11:5 And the woman conceived, and sent and told David, and said, I am with child.
David became an adulterer and knowingly so, for he had been told of her husband BEFORE he sent for her and betrayed his friend. David departed from the Word of God and had lusted after and stolen what belonged to another.
Today we of spiritual Israel commit spiritual adultery when we turn away from the Husband of our baptismal espousal to follow others; instead of zealously learning and passionately living by every Word of God.
11:6 And David sent to Joab, saying, Send me Uriah the Hittite. And Joab sent Uriah to David. 11:7 And when Uriah was come unto him, David demanded of him how Joab did, and how the people did, and how the war prospered. 11:8 And David said to Uriah, Go down to thy house, and wash thy feet. And Uriah departed out of the king’s house, and there followed him a mess of meat from the king. 11:9 But Uriah slept at the door of the king’s house with all the servants of his lord, and went not down to his house.
Uriah was such a loyal dedicated man that he could not take his ease and rest while his comrades were in the field.
11:10 And when they had told David, saying, Uriah went not down unto his house, David said unto Uriah, Camest thou not from thy journey? why then didst thou not go down unto thine house? 11:11 And Uriah said unto David, The ark, and Israel, and Judah, abide in tents; and my lord Joab, and the servants of my lord, are encamped in the open fields; shall I then go into mine house, to eat and to drink, and to lie with my wife? as thou livest, and as thy soul liveth, I will not do this thing.
Then David got him drunk and sent him home to his wife, but he still would not go.
11:12 And David said to Uriah, Tarry here to day also, and to morrow I will let thee depart. So Uriah abode in Jerusalem that day, and the morrow. 11:13 And when David had called him, he did eat and drink before him; and he made him drunk: and at even he went out to lie on his bed with the servants of his lord, but went not down to his house.
David then ordered the murder of his most faithful and loyal officer to try and cover up his own sin.
It is important to understand that God allowed the murder of the righteous Uriah because God was working with David and that God will raise up Uriah in his time and will save him also. God is wiser than any one of us can begin to comprehend and God is working everything out for the ultimate good of everyone, even for those who must suffer for righteousness sake in this life.
In the same way many leaders and elders in today’s Spiritual Ekklesia are trying to spiritually murder the faithful for their zeal for God; by pressuring them to turn from their zeal for the Word of God to follow themselves and their false traditions.
11:14 And it came to pass in the morning, that David wrote a letter to Joab, and sent it by the hand of Uriah. 11:15 And he wrote in the letter, saying, Set ye Uriah in the forefront of the hottest battle, and retire ye from him, that he may be smitten, and die.
Joab the mighty man, a man strong enough to have stood up to David, obeyed David and carried out the murder instead of taking a stand for godliness or standing up for his officer; he did not even send back to question or confirm the order.
11:16 And it came to pass, when Joab observed the city, that he assigned Uriah unto a place where he knew that valiant men [where the enemy was strong] were. 11:17 And the men of the city went out, and fought with Joab: and there fell some of the people of the servants of David; and Uriah the Hittite died also.
Then Joab sent a messenger with news of the loss of some of the army, and told the messenger to mention Uriah.
11:18 Then Joab sent and told David all the things concerning the war; 11:19 And charged the messenger, saying, When thou hast made an end of telling the matters of the war unto the king, 11:20 And if so be that the king’s wrath arise, and he say unto thee, Wherefore approached ye so nigh unto the city when ye did fight? knew ye not that they would shoot from the wall? 11:21 Who smote Abimelech the son of Jerubbesheth? did not a woman cast a piece of a millstone upon him from the wall, that he died in Thebez? why went ye nigh the wall? then say thou, Thy servant Uriah the Hittite is dead also.
11:22 So the messenger went, and came and shewed David all that Joab had sent him for. 11:23 And the messenger said unto David, Surely the men prevailed against us, and came out unto us into the field, and we were upon them even unto the entering of the gate. 11:24 And the shooters shot from off the wall upon thy servants; and some of the king’s servants be dead, and thy servant Uriah the Hittite is dead also.
David then approved of the deed
11:25 Then David said unto the messenger, Thus shalt thou say unto Joab, Let not this thing displease thee, for the sword devoureth one as well as another: make thy battle more strong against the city, and overthrow it: and encourage thou him.
Bathsheba who probably did not consent to her rape and did not cry out simply because there was no escape from the king and no one would have dared to help her; mourned for her husband Uriah.
Bathsheba may have been a righteous woman like her husband Uriah for Solomon tells us in Proverbs that he was taught many of his proverbs by his mother Bathsheba.
11:26 And when the wife of Uriah heard that Uriah her husband was dead, she mourned for her husband.
David then took her to wife, but God was greatly displeased with him.
11:27 And when the mourning was past, David sent and fetched her to his house, and she became his wife, and bare him a son. But the thing that David had done displeased the LORD.
2 Samuel 12
The one who later gave up his Godhood to become flesh as Jesus Christ then sent Nathan the prophet to David to rebuke him for his sins.
Nathan gets David’s attention by using a parable that David could identify with.
2 Samuel 12:1 And the LORD sent Nathan unto David. And he came unto him, and said unto him, There were two men in one city; the one rich, and the other poor. 12:2 The rich man had exceeding many flocks and herds:
12:3 But the poor man had nothing, save one little ewe lamb, which he had bought and nourished up: and it grew up together with him, and with his children; it did eat of his own meat, and drank of his own cup, and lay in his bosom, and was unto him as a daughter.
12:4 And there came a traveller unto the rich man, and he [the rich man] spared to take of his own flock and of his own herd, to dress for the wayfaring man that was come unto him; but took the poor man’s lamb, and dressed it for the man that was come to him.
At this point David, not yet seeing his own deed, was rightly angered at the attitude of the rich man in stealing the little that the poor man had.
12:5 And David’s anger was greatly kindled against the man; and he said to Nathan, As the LORD liveth, the man that hath done this thing shall surely die: 12:6 And he shall restore the lamb fourfold, because he did this thing, and because he had no pity.
Nathan then declared that David was the rich sinner and explained his sin to him.
Notice that David had the power of life and death and yet Nathan feared God more than the mighty David, and faithfully delivered God’s strong rebuke to David.
The first lesson here is that we are called to follow God the Father and Jesus Christ and to keep the whole Word of God; no matter what any man says and regardless of the titles they claim, or the power they may seem to have.
It is far better to be cast out of the assemblies for being faithful to the whole Word of God, than to remain in corporate church assemblies and be separated from God by fearing men more than we love God!
12:7 And Nathan said to David, Thou art the man. Thus saith the LORD God of Israel, I anointed thee king over Israel, and I delivered thee out of the hand of Saul; 12:8 And I gave thee thy master’s house, and thy master’s wives into thy bosom, and gave thee the house of Israel and of Judah; and if that had been too little, I would moreover have given unto thee such and such things.
12:9 Wherefore hast thou despised the commandment of the LORD, to do evil in his sight? thou hast killed Uriah the Hittite with the sword, and hast taken his wife to be thy wife, and hast slain him with the sword of the children of Ammon.
Then Jesus Christ cursed the house of David with continual bloodshed and declares that his own wives will be publicly violated. The following chapters record the fulfillment of that curse.
The revenge of Ahithophel; remember that Ahithophel the chief adviser to David who later counseled Absalom to violate his father’s wives; was also the grandfather of Bathsheba who was violated by David.
12:10 Now therefore the sword shall never depart from thine house; because thou hast despised me, and hast taken the wife of Uriah the Hittite to be thy wife. 12:11 Thus saith the LORD, Behold, I will raise up evil against thee out of thine own house, and I will take thy wives before thine eyes, and give them unto thy neighbour, and he shall lie with thy wives in the sight of this sun. 12:12 For thou didst it secretly: but I will do this thing before all Israel, and before the sun.
Christ forgives the repentant David, but takes the life of the child.
12:13 And David said unto Nathan, I have sinned against the LORD. And Nathan said unto David, The LORD also hath put away thy sin; thou shalt not die. 12:14 Howbeit, because by this deed thou hast given great occasion to the enemies of the LORD to blaspheme, the child also that is born unto thee shall surely die.
David fasted for the child in sorrowful repentance.
12:15 And Nathan departed unto his house. And the LORD struck the child that Uriah’s wife bare unto David, and it was very sick. 12:16 David therefore besought God for the child; and David fasted, and went in, and lay all night upon the earth. 12:17 And the elders of his house arose, and went to him, to raise him up from the earth: but he would not, neither did he eat bread with them.
12:18 And it came to pass on the seventh day, that the child died. And the servants of David feared to tell him that the child was dead: for they said, Behold, while the child was yet alive, we spake unto him, and he would not hearken unto our voice: how will he then vex himself, if we tell him that the child is dead? 12:19 But when David saw that his servants whispered, David perceived that the child was dead: therefore David said unto his servants, Is the child dead? And they said, He is dead.
David arises and accepts the judgment of God when it is clearly final.
12:20 Then David arose from the earth, and washed, and anointed himself, and changed his apparel, and came into the house of the LORD, and worshipped: then he came to his own house; and when he required, they set bread before him, and he did eat.
David’s servants ask him for an explanation of his actions.
12:21 Then said his servants unto him, What thing is this that thou hast done? thou didst fast and weep for the child, while it was alive; but when the child was dead, thou didst rise and eat bread.
David says that the dead child was dead and that he himself will also die, and he accepts the judgment of the Eternal.
Brethren, the Eternal is the final judge of all men; why fear men and not fear the judgment of God; why follow men and break the Word of God who is our final Judge?
12:22 And he said, While the child was yet alive, I fasted and wept: for I said, Who can tell whether GOD will be gracious to me, that the child may live? 12:23 But now he is dead, wherefore should I fast? can I bring him back again? I shall go to him, but he shall not return to me.
12:24 And David comforted Bathsheba his wife, and went in unto her, and lay with her: and she bare a son, and he called his name Solomon: and the LORD loved him.
Solomon means peace, and the name was given to the child to reflect the reconciliation and peace between David and God through sincere repentance and acceptance by the Eternal.
Variations: Salem, Shalom, Shlomo, Sulayman and Zalman.
Jedidiah “Friend of God” or “Beloved of God:” Jedidiah was the “blessing” name given by God through the prophet Nathan.
12:25 And he sent by the hand of Nathan the prophet; and he called his name [Nathan was inspired by God to name the child] Jedidiah, because of the LORD.
Amman is punished for their insult to David, and for hiring armies against Israel and for their grave sins.
The local gods, like Baal and Molech were different titles for the same god, which was the sun god; the sun being chosen by Satan as his physical representation.
These people threw their own children as sacrifices alive into the fire of Molech.
12:26 And Joab fought against Rabbah [modern Ammon] of the children of Ammon, and took the royal city.
Joab informs David that Rabbah is about to fall and bids him come and take credit for the final victory. This is a very courteous gesture to the king, for it is a coveted glory for any commander to take a large city.
12:27 And Joab sent messengers to David, and said, I have fought against Rabbah, and have taken the city of waters. 12:28 Now therefore gather the rest of the people together, and encamp against the city, and take it: lest I take the city, and it be called after my name.
12:29 And David gathered all the people together, and went to Rabbah, and fought against it, and took it.
12:30 And he took their king’s crown from off his head, the weight whereof was a talent [a talent is from 50 to as much as 75 pounds] of gold with the precious stones: and it was set on David’s head. And he brought forth the spoil of the city in great abundance.
And he brought out the princes of the children of Ammon, the counselors of Hattun, who had advised the king of Ammon to use David’s ambassadors in so shameful a manner and others that expressed their pleasure and satisfaction in that offense: and put them under saws, and under harrows of iron, and under axes of iron; whereby they were cut asunder, as some were later killed by the Romans and others; their flesh torn to pieces, and they were put to extreme pain and agony, and so died most miserably (1 Chronicles 20:3).
12:31 And he brought forth the people that were therein, and put them under saws, and under harrows of iron, and under axes of iron [David had them beaten with iron staves], and made them pass through the brick-kiln [David then threw the chief men into the fire [of the brick kiln], just like they had done to their own children in burning them alive to their god Molech.] and thus did he unto all the cities of the children of Ammon. So David and all the people returned unto Jerusalem.
1 kings 11:5 “they caused the chief men to pass through Malcem [the fire of Milcom or Molech], the abomination of the children of Ammon.”
They had made their own children to pass through the fire and burnt them alive; and now they themselves were made to pass through the fire and burnt alive, as a righteous punishment for their barbarous and wicked idolatry.