Second Samuel 1 – 2

Second Samuel

The story of Saul and David is an allegory of the kingship of Satan and Satan’s struggle to avoid being replaced by Messiah and the called out of God, after having disqualified himself by his failure to obey God.

2 Samuel 1

An Amalekite tries to ingratiate himself with David by claiming the murder of king Saul and receives his proper reward.  

2 Samuel 1:1 Now it came to pass after the death of Saul, when David was returned from the slaughter of the Amalekites, and David had abode two days in Ziklag; 1:2 It came even to pass on the third day, that, behold, a man came out of the camp from Saul with his clothes rent, and earth upon his head: and so it was, when he came to David, that he fell to the earth, and did obeisance. 1:3 And David said unto him, From whence comest thou? And he said unto him, Out of the camp of Israel am I escaped. 1:4 And David said unto him, How went the matter? I pray thee, tell me.

When the news of Saul’s death is told, David asks for confirmation.

And he answered, That the people are fled from the battle, and many of the people also are fallen and dead; and Saul and Jonathan his son are dead also. 1:5 And David said unto the young man that told him, How knowest thou that Saul and Jonathan his son be dead?

The man identifies himself as an Amalekite [a people that Christ had condemned to extinction as a type of sin, for their terrible cruelty] and tells a story.

1:6 And the young man that told him said, As I happened by chance upon mount Gilboa, behold, Saul leaned upon his spear; and, lo, the chariots and horsemen followed hard after him. 1:7 And when he looked behind him, he saw me, and called unto me. And I answered, Here am I. 1:8 And he said unto me, Who art thou? And I answered him, I am an Amalekite.

This man lied, claiming to have killed Saul, hoping for a good reward from David.

1:9 He said unto me again, Stand, I pray thee, upon me, and slay me: for anguish is come upon me, because my life is yet whole in me.

1:10 So I stood upon him, and slew him, because I was sure that he could not live after that he was fallen: and I took the crown that was upon his head, and the bracelet that was on his arm, and have brought them hither unto my lord.

David and his band then mourned greatly for Saul and his sons. In spite of all that Saul had done, David loved Saul and Jonathan dearly. This is an example for us that we should not despise the sinful, but we should love the person while hating the path of self-destruction that they have chosen.

If we truly loved the brethren, we would tell them the truth in the hope of saving them.

Ezekiel 33:11 Say unto them, As I live, saith the Lord God, I have no pleasure in the death of the wicked; but that the wicked turn from his way and live: turn ye, turn ye from your evil ways; for why will ye die, O house of Israel?

Brethren, let me ask you: If God’s Word says something and anyone were to then say that it is all right if you don’t obey God; are they really loving you by encouraging you to remain on the path to destruction? or does God want us to Cry Aloud and Spare Not; as he has commanded us to do (Isaiah 58:1)?

My friends, I tell you the truth that no person who falters in his zeal to learn and to live by every Word of God will be resurrected to spirit to rule others. That is the truth, no person who exalts men and the traditions of men above the Word of God is fit for a part in the priesthood and kingship of Jesus Christ. I warn you out of love, in the hope that everyone will turn to live by every Word of God and that they might be saved and inherit eternal life.

Isaiah 58:1 Cry aloud, spare not, lift up thy voice like a trumpet, and shew my people their transgression, and the house of Jacob their sins.

Even the law says the same thing: Leviticus 19:17 Thou shalt not hate thy brother in thine heart: thou shalt in any wise rebuke thy neighbour, and not suffer sin upon him.

2 Samuel 1:11 Then David took hold on his clothes, and rent them; and likewise all the men that were with him: 1:12 And they mourned, and wept, and fasted until even, for Saul, and for Jonathan his son, and for the people of the LORD, and for the house of Israel; because they were fallen by the sword.

David then turned to demand who this man was.

1:13 And David said unto the young man that told him, Whence art thou? And he answered, I am the son of a stranger, an Amalekite.

David immediately had the Amalekite killed for smiting the Lord’s anointed. 

In the New Covenant dispensation how do we know who the LORD’s anointed is?  The LORD’s spiritually anointed will be anointed by God’s Holy Spirit and he will live by every Word of God and will teach all peoples to do likewise.  He will not respect persons or the traditions of men above the Word of God, he will never shrink back from rebuking sin or false doctrine and if he is found in error himself he will quickly change; sincerely repenting,  loving and accepting the truth: God’s Word is Truth.

1:14 And David said unto him, How wast thou not afraid to stretch forth thine hand to destroy the LORD’s anointed? 1:15 And David called one of the young men, and said, Go near, and fall upon him. And he smote him that he died. 1:16 And David said unto him, Thy blood be upon thy head; for thy mouth hath testified against thee, saying, I have slain the LORD’s anointed.

Today in the New Covenant dispensation, anyone who is not zealous to live by every Word of God and teaches tolerance for sin is just as guilty and deserving of death as that young man; such wicked men will be cast into the fire of great tribulation by Almighty God.

1:17 And David lamented with this lamentation over Saul and over Jonathan his son: 1:18 (Also he bade them teach the children of Judah the use of the bow: behold, it is written in the book of Jasher.)

David’s loving lament for Saul his enemy. 

Brethren, in the spiritual context it is a great sin to rejoice at the fall of our enemies, rather let us warn them and seek that they might repent and be saved.

1:19 The beauty of Israel is slain upon thy high places: how are the mighty fallen! 1:20 Tell it not in Gath, publish it not in the streets of Askelon; lest the daughters of the Philistines rejoice, lest the daughters of the uncircumcised triumph.

1:21 Ye mountains of Gilboa, let there be no dew, neither let there be rain, upon you, nor fields of offerings: for there the shield of the mighty is vilely cast away, the shield of Saul, as though he had not been anointed with oil.

1:22 From the blood of the slain, from the fat of the mighty, the bow of Jonathan turned not back, and the sword of Saul returned not empty.

1:23 Saul and Jonathan were lovely and pleasant in their lives, and in their death they were not divided: they were swifter than eagles, they were stronger than lions.

1:24 Ye daughters of Israel, weep over Saul, who clothed you in scarlet, with other delights, who put on ornaments of gold upon your apparel.

1:25 How are the mighty fallen in the midst of the battle! O Jonathan, thou wast slain in thine high places.

1:26 I am distressed for thee, my brother Jonathan: very pleasant hast thou been unto me: thy love to me was wonderful, passing the love of women.

1:27 How are the mighty fallen, and the weapons of war perished!

Jesus Christ and God the Father are distressed over the final death of every sinner. Speaking of the final death in the lake of fire, God is not willing that any should perish; that is why the true Lamb of God gave his life in willing sacrifice for the sincerely repented sins of the world.


2 Samuel 2

David does not act on his own but asks the one who became Jesus Christ what he should do and is told to go to Hebron.

2 Samuel 2:1 And it came to pass after this, that David enquired of the LORD, saying, Shall I go up into any of the cities of Judah? And the LORD said unto him, Go up. And David said, Whither shall I go up? And he said, Unto Hebron.

David then took his family and all his men up to Hebron.

2:2 So David went up thither, and his two wives also, Ahinoam the Jezreelitess, and Abigail Nabal’s wife the Carmelite. 2:3 And his men that were with him did David bring up, every man with his household: and they dwelt in the cities of Hebron.

The people of Judah accepted David and proclaimed him their king; and told him of the deed of the people of Jabeshgilead.

2:4 And the men of Judah came, and there they anointed David king over the house of Judah. And they told David, saying, That the men of Jabeshgilead were they that buried Saul.

David then declared peace with the people of Jabeshgilead who had afore time betrayed him to Saul. 

Likewise the time will come when all the true called out will be reconciled to God and to one another.  Even those who think themselves enemies today will in the near future see the light and be reconciled.  Note that when the word Lord is in full capitals it is a direct reference to YHVH.  

2:5 And David sent messengers unto the men of Jabeshgilead, and said unto them, Blessed be ye of the LORD, that ye have shewed this kindness unto your lord, even unto Saul, and have buried him. 2:6 And now the LORD shew kindness and truth unto you: and I also will requite you this kindness, because ye have done this thing. 2:7 Therefore now let your hands be strengthened, and be ye valiant: for your master Saul is dead, and also the house of Judah have anointed me king over them.

Abner, Saul’s chief of staff, then took the last surviving son of Saul and made him king over Israel, which was his duty to his master Saul.

2:8 But Abner the son of Ner, captain of Saul’s host, took Ishbosheth the son of Saul, and brought him over to Mahanaim; 2:9 And made him king over Gilead, and over the Ashurites, and over Jezreel, and over Ephraim, and over Benjamin, and over all Israel. 2:10 Ishbosheth Saul’s son was forty years old when he began to reign over Israel, and reigned two years. But the house of Judah followed David.

David remained as king of Judah only, for seven years and six months.

2:11 And the time that David was king in Hebron over the house of Judah was seven years and six months.

Then Abner of Saul and Joab of David met and their men fought; Israel fighting against Judah.

2:12 And Abner the son of Ner, and the servants of Ishbosheth the son of Saul, went out from Mahanaim to Gibeon. 2:13 And Joab the son of Zeruiah, and the servants of David, went out, and met together by the pool of Gibeon: and they sat down, the one on the one side of the pool, and the other on the other side of the pool.

2:14 And Abner said to Joab, Let the young men now arise, and play [fight] before us. And Joab said, Let them arise.

2:15 Then there arose and went over by number twelve of Benjamin, which pertained to Ishbosheth the son of Saul, and twelve of the servants of David. 2:16 And they caught every one his fellow by the head, and thrust his sword in his fellow’s side; so they fell down together: wherefore that place was called Helkathhazzurim, which is in Gibeon. 2:17 And there was a very sore battle that day; and Abner was beaten, and the men of Israel, before the servants of David.

Abner fled and was chased by Asahel.

2:18 And there were three sons of Zeruiah there, Joab, and Abishai, and Asahel: and Asahel was as light of foot as a wild roe. 2:19 And Asahel pursued after Abner; and in going he turned not to the right hand nor to the left from following Abner. 2:20 Then Abner looked behind him, and said, Art thou Asahel? And he answered, I am.

Abner a mighty man of war, then told Asahel to turn aside and fight another, but Asahel would not stop his pursuit of Abner.

2:21 And Abner said to him, Turn thee aside to thy right hand or to thy left, and lay thee hold on one of the young men, and take thee his armour. But Asahel would not turn aside from following of him.

Asahel would not turn back and so was slain by Abner against the will of Abner.

2:22 And Abner said again to Asahel, Turn thee aside from following me: wherefore should I smite thee to the ground? how then should I hold up my face to Joab thy brother? 2:23 Howbeit he refused to turn aside: wherefore Abner with the hinder end of the spear smote him under the fifth rib, that the spear came out behind him; and he fell down there, and died in the same place: and it came to pass, that as many as came to the place where Asahel fell down and died stood still.

Joab and Abishai then continued the pursuit, being made more determined because of the death of Asahel their brother.

2:24 Joab also and Abishai pursued after Abner: and the sun went down when they were come to the hill of Ammah, that lieth before Giah by the way of the wilderness of Gibeon.

The tribe of Benjamin then supported Abner of Israel against Judah because Saul and his son were from Benjamin.

2:25 And the children of Benjamin gathered themselves together after Abner, and became one troop, and stood on the top of an hill.

Abner then called out for a truce, and Joab answers that if he had not sought peace he would have been dead by morning and Joab’s men would then go home in victorious peace: Nevertheless Joab accepted the truce.

2:26 Then Abner called to Joab, and said, Shall the sword devour for ever? knowest thou not that it will be bitterness in the latter end? how long shall it be then, ere thou bid the people return from following their brethren? 2:27 And Joab said, As God liveth, unless thou hadst spoken, surely then in the morning the people had gone up every one from following his brother. 2:28 So Joab blew a trumpet, and all the people stood still, and pursued after Israel no more, neither fought they any more.

Then the two captains, Abner of Israel and Joab of Judah; withdrew their men from the battle.

2:29 And Abner and his men walked all that night through the plain, and passed over Jordan, and went through all Bithron, and they came to Mahanaim. 2:30 And Joab returned from following Abner: and when he had gathered all the people together, there lacked of David’s servants nineteen men and Asahel. 2:31 But the servants of David had smitten of Benjamin, and of Abner’s men, so that three hundred and threescore [360] men died.

2:32 And they took up Asahel, and buried him in the sepulchre of his father, which was in Bethlehem. And Joab and his men went all night, and they came to Hebron at break of day.


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