2 Corinthians 1:1 Paul, an apostle of Jesus Christ by the will of God, and Timothy our brother, unto the church of God which is at Corinth, with all the saints which are in all Achaia: 1:2 Grace be to you and peace from God our Father, and from the Lord Jesus Christ.
1:3 Blessed be God, even the Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Father of mercies, and the God of all comfort; 1:4 Who comforteth us in all our tribulation, that we may be able to comfort them which are in any trouble, by the comfort wherewith we ourselves are comforted of God.
We often suffer so that we may be humbled and learn to empathize and have compassion for others. That is why many are allowed to suffer for doing right; just as our Lord did.
1:5 For as the sufferings of Christ abound in us, so our consolation [comfort and hope] also aboundeth by Christ. 1:6 And whether we be afflicted, it is for your consolation and salvation, which is effectual [we are afflicted so that we may be humble before God and so that we may encourage others who must endure suffering] in the enduring of the same sufferings which we also suffer: or whether we be comforted, it is for your consolation [Some suffer so that others may be encouraged to also endure by their example.] and salvation.
When you suffer temptations and trials, be comforted that you are following in the steps of the Master who also suffered so that he might learn about our travail in the flesh.
Hebrews 4:14 Seeing then that we have a great high priest, that is passed into the heavens, Jesus the Son of God, let us hold fast our profession.
4:15 For we have not an high priest which cannot be touched with the feeling of our infirmities; but was in all points tempted like as we are, yet without sin.
4:16 Let us therefore come boldly unto the throne of grace, that we may obtain mercy, and find grace to help in time of need.
Hebrews 5:8 Though he were a Son, yet learned he obedience by the things which he suffered; 5:9 And being made perfect, he became the author of eternal salvation unto all them that obey him;
2 Corinthians 1:7 And our hope of you is stedfast, knowing, that as ye are partakers of the sufferings, so shall ye be also of the consolation.
The faithful overcomers will be in the resurrection to spirit because they are faithful to God; and our faithfulness is perfected through suffering and patient perseverant enduring so that we may attain the prize, while learning to understand and comfort others who have suffered. Paul tells them that as they have suffered for the faith he also has suffered and that we are one with Christ in suffering for godliness.
John 15:20 Remember the word that I said unto you, The servant is not greater than his lord. If they have persecuted me, they will also persecute you; if they have kept my saying, they will keep yours also.
2 Corinthians 1:8 For we would not, brethren, have you ignorant of our trouble which came to us in Asia, that we were pressed out of measure, above strength, insomuch that we despaired even of life:
1:9 But we had the sentence of death in ourselves, that we should not trust in ourselves, but [to trust] in God which raiseth the dead: 1:10 Who delivered us from so great a death, and doth deliver: in whom we trust [we trust in God] that he will yet deliver us;
We know that when we die in the flesh we shall be raised up to spirit if we remain in Christ-like zeal for every Word of God.
1:11 Ye also helping together by prayer for us, that for the gift [of deliverance] bestowed upon us by the means of many persons thanks may be given by many on our behalf. Pray for us that ye may also rejoice with us in our deliverance.
1:12 For our rejoicing is this, the testimony of our conscience, that in simplicity and godly sincerity, not with fleshly wisdom, but by the grace of God, we have had our conversation [conduct] in the world, and more abundantly to you-ward.
It is the function of godly leaders and elders to assist the brethren to attain to the resurrection to spirit, so that we may all rejoice with each other in eternal life in godliness.
1:13 For we write none other things unto you, than what ye read or acknowledge; and I trust ye shall acknowledge [accept our need to live godly lives] even to the end; 1:14 As also ye have acknowledged us in part, that we are your rejoicing, even as ye also are ours in the day of the Lord Jesus.
The elders must teach true godliness so that we all may be present and rejoice with one another at the resurrection.
1:15 And in this confidence I was minded to come unto you before, that ye might have a second benefit [visit]; 1:16 And to pass by you into Macedonia, and to come again out of Macedonia unto you, and of you to be brought on my way toward Judaea.
Paul planned to go to Macedonia and then to Corinth and then to Jerusalem and Rome.
1:17 When I therefore was thus minded, did I [Paul was zealous to fulfill his plans to visit them] use lightness? or the things that I purpose, do I purpose according to the flesh, that with me there should be yea yea, and nay nay?
Paul says that his preaching was the truth and had no hint of falsehood or departure from [or denial of] any part the truth of God.
1:18 But as God is true, our word toward you was not yea and nay. 1:19 For the Son of God, Jesus Christ, who was preached among you by us, even by me and Silvanus and Timotheus, was not yea and nay, but in him was yea.
1:20 For all the promises of God [can be counted upon] in him are yea, and in him Amen, unto the glory of God by us.
There is no denial of any part of the whole Word of God for the true godly overcomer: Only, Yes, Yes, Yes; I will enthusiastically live by EVERY WORD of GOD!
1:21 Now he which stablisheth us with you in Christ, and hath anointed us, is God; 1:22 Who hath also sealed [God gives his Holy Spirit to those who obey him Acts 5:32] us, and given the earnest of the Spirit in our hearts.
1:23 Moreover I call God for a record upon my soul [my life], that to spare you [a sharp personal rebuke] I came not as yet [Paul delayed coming in the hope that they would sorrow to repentance for tolerating sin among them, according to his rebuke in Paul’s first epistle to the Corinthians] unto Corinth. 1:24 Not for that we have dominion over your faith, but are helpers of your joy: for by faith ye stand.
Paul wanted to delay his visit until they had learned to reject open sinners from among their assembly as he had commanded them in his first Epistle, so that on coming he would find them obedient to his instructions and not have to denounce them with stern rebukes for tolerating sin.