This is primarily a prophecy about Caiaphas the high priest and his plot to murder Jesus Christ
This Psalm curses Caiaphas and his descendants in the flesh until they rise for their judgment and are ashamed of what he had done in plotting the murder of the Christ.
Psalm 109:1 Hold not thy peace [against this wicked high priest], O God of my praise;
Caiaphas spoke deceit and lies against Christ to convince the Sanhedrin to kill him.
109:2 For the mouth of the wicked and the mouth of the deceitful are opened [speak against God the Father’s faithful Son] against me [against Jesus Christ]: they have spoken against me with a lying tongue. 109:3 They compassed me about also with words of hatred; and fought against me without a cause.
109:4 For my love [because of Christ’s love for God the Father and his rebuking of sin] they are [make themselves] my adversaries: but I give myself unto prayer.
Jesus gave his life for those who hated him.
109:5 And they have rewarded me evil for good, and hatred for my love.
A prophecy of the Aaronic high priest who conspired to kill Jesus Christ.
Joseph Caiaphas, known simply as Caiaphas (Hebrew: יהוסף בר קיפא; Greek: Καϊάφας) in the New Testament, was the high priest who organized the plot to kill Jesus. Caiaphas is also said to have been involved in the Sanhedrin trial of Jesus. Caiaphas and his posterity are here prophesied to be accursed because he was the man behind the plot to kill Messiah the Christ.
The Curse on Caiaphas
109:6 Set thou a wicked man over him: and let Satan stand at his right hand. 109:7 When he shall be judged, let him be condemned: and let his prayer become sin. 109:8 Let his days be few; and let another take his office. 109:9 Let his children be fatherless, and his wife a widow. 109:10 Let his children be continually vagabonds, and beg: let them seek their bread also out of their desolate places.
109:11 Let the extortioner catch [take away] all that he hath; and let the strangers spoil his labour [the Roman prince Titus destroyed Jerusalem and the Temple, stopping the Daily Sacrifice; which Daniel was told would not resume nor a new Temple be built; until after Christ returns]. 109:12 Let there be none to extend mercy unto him: neither let there be any to favour his fatherless children. 109:13 Let his posterity be cut off; and in the generation following let their name be blotted out.
109:14 Let the iniquity of his fathers be remembered with the LORD; and let not the sin of his mother be blotted out. 109:15 Let them be before the LORD continually, that he may cut off the memory of them from the earth. 109:16 Because that he remembered not to shew mercy, but persecuted the poor and needy [poor in spirit and humble before God] man [Jesus Christ], that he might even slay the broken in heart [spiritually humble before God].
The murderous heart of Caiaphas sealed his doom.
109:17 As he loved cursing, so let it come unto him: as he delighted not in blessing, so let it be far from him. 109:18 As he clothed himself with cursing like as with his garment, so let it come into his bowels like water, and like oil into his bones. 109:19 Let it be unto him as the garment which covereth him, and for a girdle wherewith he is girded continually.
109:20 Let this be the reward of mine adversaries [the plotters to murder Jesus Christ] from the LORD, and of them that speak evil against my soul.
God the Father delivered Messiah his son from death and the grave, and exalted him to be a spiritual High Priest forever; thereby restoring the High Priesthood of Melchisedec which existed BEFORE Aaron, and replacing the transitory physical Aaronic priesthood with the permanent spiritual priesthood of Melchisedec [Messiah the Christ].
109:21 But do thou for me, O GOD the Lord, for thy name’s sake: because thy mercy is good, deliver thou me.
Jesus Christ was poor in the spirit of self-will and pride, and very humble towards God the Father.
109:22 For I am poor and needy, and my heart is wounded within me.
Jesus allowed himself to be abused out of respect for God the Father’s will that he submit to such indignities and be sacrificed for the sins of humanity.
109:23 I am gone like the shadow when it declineth: I am tossed up and down as the locust.
Jesus fasted especially as his time approached.
109:24 My knees are weak through fasting; and my flesh faileth of fatness. 109:25 I became also a reproach unto them: when they looked upon me they shaked their heads.
Jesus prayed for deliverance from death and the grave so that all might know that he loved God and was loved by God.
109:26 Help me, O LORD my God: O save me according to thy mercy: 109:27 That they may know that this is thy hand; that thou, LORD, hast done it.
Let those wicked men who curse Christ be greatly ashamed when they are judged; but Messiah rejoices because he has overcome Satan and worldliness.
109:28 Let them curse, but bless thou: when they arise, let them be ashamed; but let thy servant rejoice. 109:29 Let mine adversaries be clothed with shame, and let them cover themselves with their own confusion, as with a mantle.
109:30 I will greatly praise the LORD with my mouth; yea, I will praise him among the multitude.
109:31 For he shall stand at the right hand of the poor [the poor in the spirit of pride and self-will], to save him [all God’s faithful] from those that condemn his soul.
Jesus Christ, after giving his life in sacrifice for the sins of humanity was resurrected to spirit and ascended back to the glory which he had given up to be made flesh; and he remains with God the Father waiting for the appointed time to return to the earth and rule all nations.
Psalm 110:1 The LORD [God the Father] said unto my Lord [Messiah the Christ], Sit thou at my right hand, until I make thine enemies thy footstool.
Jesus Christ will gather up God’s faithful in a resurrection to spirit, and he will then come with God’s chosen to rule all nations. Jesus Christ will rule the earth from Jerusalem and God’s chosen will rule over the nations around the world.
110:2 The LORD shall send the rod of thy strength out of Zion: rule thou in the midst of thine enemies.
All peoples will be thoroughly humbled in great tribulation and when Messiah comes and destroys the wicked gathered at Jerusalem, the people of Jerusalem will be ready to welcome him with even greater rejoicing than when he entered the city before his crucifixion.
110:3 Thy people shall be willing in the day of thy power, in the beauties of holiness from the womb of the morning: thou hast the dew of thy youth.
This Jesus Christ was the High Priest of God the Father, Melchizedek; before he gave up his God-hood to be made flesh and die for the repented sins of mankind. He was then resurrected to spirit and returned to his office of spirit High Priest, Melchizedek; replacing the temporary Mosaic Covenant physical priesthood of Aaron which Covenant and priesthood ended with the death of the Husband of Israel.
110:4 The LORD hath sworn, and will not repent, Thou art a priest for ever after the order of Melchizedek.
When Christ comes he will destroy all wickedness and bring in a reign of godly righteousness.
110:5 The Lord at thy right hand shall strike through kings in the day of his wrath. 110:6 He shall judge among the heathen [the unrepentant wicked], he shall fill the places with the dead bodies; he shall wound the heads over many countries.
The water of the brook is an analogy of the Holy Spirit, and Christ was full of God’s Spirit and an enthusiastic zeal to live by every Word of God; therefore he was lifted up in a resurrection to eternal life and exalted as King over all rulers.
110:7 He shall drink of the brook [Jesus Christ was filled with the water of the Holy Spirit and zeal for the Word of God] in the way: therefore shall he [God] lift up the head [resurrect and exalt him].
Praise to God for his many might deeds and marvelous blessings
When David is resurrected with God’s chosen and the nations are delivered from bondage to Satan and sin, not only the chosen but the whole earth will be ecstatic with praise for God the Father and Messiah the Christ, the Mighty One of our Salvation!
Psalm 111:1 Praise ye the LORD. I will praise the LORD with my whole heart, in the assembly of the upright, and in the congregation.
God has done many wonderful works for the sons of men, beginning with the creation itself and then God’s mighty deeds in calling Israel out of Egypt as an instructional allegory of God calling and delivering humanity out of bondage to Satan and sin. From creating mankind to divesting himself of his God-hood to be made flesh and die for humanity, the Awesome Deliverance of our LORD is so much greater than tongue can tell!
111:2 The works of the LORD are great, sought out of all them that have pleasure therein. 111:3 His work is honourable and glorious: and his righteousness endureth for ever.
The whole purpose of the Creator being made flesh and dying for our sins; is so that we will remember the cost of sin forever, and we will NEVER again be tempted to rebel or sin once given eternal life!
111:4 He hath made his wonderful works to be remembered: the LORD is gracious and full of compassion.
God gives the spiritual food of every Word of God to those who sincerely repent of sin and enter his New Covenant of living by every Word of God.
111:5 He hath given meat [food, the Word of God] unto them that fear [love and respect God to live by his Word] him: he will ever be mindful of his covenant [God’s New Covenant of the marriage of Jesus Christ to his collective spiritual bride, spiritual Israel].
Ultimately the unrepentant wicked will be destroyed and the faithful will inherit all things under Jesus Christ and God the Father.
111:6 He hath shewed his people the power of his works, that he may give them the heritage of the heathen. 111:7 The works of his hands are verity [truth] and [just, fair, godly judgment] judgment; all his commandments are sure. 111:8 They stand fast for ever and ever, and are done in truth and uprightness [righteousness is defined by every Word of God].
111:9 He sent redemption unto his people: he hath commanded his [the New Covenant of Jeremiah 31:31] covenant for ever: holy and reverend [highly esteemed] is his [God’s reputation is great according to all his mighty deeds] name.
Those who compromise with the Word of God and tolerate sin are most foolish, they are promoting their own destruction and death; because the Word of God is the path to salvation and life eternal.
The Word of God is the wisdom of God, and respect to live by every Word of God is the first step in attaining to the wisdom of God.
111:10 The fear of the LORD is the beginning of wisdom: a good understanding have all they that do his commandments: his praise endureth for ever.
God is great and greatly to be praised for all he does for his faithful. Every person who lives by every Word of God, although they may suffer in this world, will be resurrected to spirit and eternal life with many blessings.
Psalm 112:1 Praise ye the LORD. Blessed is the man that feareth the LORD, that delighteth greatly in his commandments.
Those who live by every Word of God will be resurrected to eternal life and as they diligently teach their children to also live by every Word of God their children will also be greatly blessed if they remain in the way.
112:2 His seed shall be mighty upon earth: the generation of the upright [the faithful to God] shall be blessed.
Great spiritual wealth will accrue in the house of those who wholeheartedly seek to live by every Word of God, and that spiritual wealth will follow them in the resurrection to spirit and they shall be blessed forever.
112:3 Wealth and riches shall be in his house: and his righteousness endureth for ever.
The Word of God is the light which drives away the darkness of ignorance and sin; Jesus Christ is the Word and the Light of godliness (John 1 and John 8:12). Our LORD is full of mercy and compassion for the sincerely repentant who wholehearted seek to internalize the righteousness of every Word of God.
112:4 Unto the upright there ariseth light in the darkness: he is gracious, and full of compassion, and righteous.
Our LORD is merciful and blesses his beloved faithful while rejecting the unrepentant; judging with wisdom and discretion.
112:5 A good man sheweth favour, and lendeth: he will guide his affairs with discretion.
The righteousness of our LORD is defined by the whole Word of God, which will be wholeheartedly kept by the godly faithful forever and ever.
112:6 Surely he shall not be moved [a godly person will never be removed from faithfulness to every Word of God] for ever: the righteous [who live by every Word of God] shall be in everlasting remembrance.
Those who trust in the LORD to live by every Word of God, need not fear even death itself.
112:7 He shall not be afraid of evil tidings: his heart is fixed [on godliness], trusting in the LORD.
Those who internalize and live by every Word of God will see their enemies, Satan, sin and death destroyed.
Jesus Christ is sitting at the right hand of God the Father waiting for the time for him to come to the earth to overwhelm his enemies of Satan and sin. He gives mercy to the humble and repentant who are poor in the spirit of pride and self-justification. His righteousness is the righteousness of every Word of God and he is exalted forever and ever.
112:8 His heart is established, he shall not be afraid, until he see his desire upon his enemies. 112:9 He hath dispersed, he hath given to the poor; his righteousness endureth for ever; his horn shall be exalted with honour.
The unrepentant wicked will be vexed as they perish, while the righteous whom they have hated will prosper.
112:10 The wicked shall see it, and be grieved; he shall gnash with his teeth, and melt away: the desire of the wicked shall perish.
Praise to God who delivers his faithful
Jesus Christ delivered those who obeyed him and who followed him out of bondage in Egypt. If Israel had not obeyed God’s Passover instructions, their first born would have died. This was only the beginning of obedience, for they had to follow Christ OUT of bondage in Egypt [a type of bondage to sin]!
The spiritually Called Out from sin, must also obey and follow the Lamb of God sacrificed for us, in order to be delivered from bondage to sin.
Refusing to follow every Word of God, means that we are remaining in sin and that we will face the fate of all sinners.
Let us remember the Mighty Deed of the Creator of the universe in giving up his God-hood to die like a lamb for us. He now sits at the right hand of God the Father awaiting the appointed time to come and establish the Kingdom of God!
The Father in heaven and the Lamb of God, are Great and Greatly to be Praised!
Remember that where the word “LORD” is all capitals; it refers to YHVH the family of God, including God the Father and the Implementing Creator, the Lamb of God who became Jesus Christ!
113:1 Praise ye the LORD. Praise, O ye servants of the LORD, praise the name of the LORD. 113:2 Blessed be the name of the LORD from this time forth and for evermore.
113:3 From the rising of the sun unto the going down of the same the LORD’s name is to be praised. 113:4 The LORD is high above all nations, and his glory above the heavens.
Our marvelous Creator gave up eternity and unlimited power to be made flesh and give his life for his Creation! Our Creator humbled himself and lowered himself to become flesh to save us from our own wickedness! How marvelous is his love! He is WORTHY to be praised forever!
113:5 Who is like unto the LORD our God, who dwelleth on high, 113:6 Who humbleth himself to behold the things that are in heaven, and in the earth!
He delivered the poor and downtrodden slaves from physical Egypt, and he delivers the spiritually poor [humble and submissive to God], lifting them up out of the filth and bondage to sin and wickedness, delivering his Called and Chosen to eternal life as princes [Kings, and Priests].
113:7 He raiseth up the poor out of the dust, and lifteth the needy out of the dunghill; 113:8 That he may set him with princes, even with the princes of his people.
Physical Israel was enslaved in Egypt and heavily oppressed having no hope, like a barren woman who has no hope of children. Our Mighty God delivered physical Israel out of Egypt and caused her to rejoice like a barren woman who is freed from her trials and has become the mother of many!
Even so, those spiritually called out of their hopeless bondage to sin, have been called into the freedom of the Word of God; and if they persevere in living by every Word of God they will be filled with the great joy of spiritual fruitfulness, receiving the promises of God for faithfulness: eternal life and blessings.
113:9 He maketh the barren woman to keep house, and to be a joyful mother of children. Praise ye the LORD.
Jesus Christ called physical Israel out of Egypt to be his people, his Bride; and God has called out a spiritual Israel to become a part of Christ’s collective spiritual Bride. Today the faithful of spiritual Israel who follow the Lamb of God and live by every Word of God; are a spiritual Temple where God dwells through the agency of God’s Holy Spirit.
1 Corinthians 3:16 Know ye not that ye are the temple of God, and that the Spirit of God dwelleth in you?
Psalm 114:1When Israel went out of Egypt, the house of Jacob from a people of strange language; 114:2 Judah was his sanctuary [before any tabernacle or temple was built God dwelt among his people], and Israel his dominion.
Before the Might of the Lamb of God the Mighty One of creation; the Red Sea was opened up for physical Israel, the physically Called Out of Egypt: and later the Jordan in flood was parted!
Before the Presence of the Lamb of God the Mighty One of creation, the graves of God’s faithful will be opened and the godly will be resurrected to eternal life.
114:3 The sea saw it, and fled: Jordan was driven back.
Before the power of the Deliverer at his next coming to deliver his spiritual Called Out from bondage to sin, the mountains and hills shall shake and tremble! And governments small and great will also shake with awe at the greatness of our God, and they will deliver their kingdoms up to HIM!
The graves represented by the Red Sea will open to let the faithful followers of the Mighty God go free! The earth will shiver with mighty earthquakes, and governments will shake greatly and tremble before the Strength of our Mighty One!
114:4 The mountains skipped like rams, and the little hills like lambs. 114:5 What ailed thee, O thou sea, that thou fleddest? thou Jordan, that thou wast driven back 114:6 Ye mountains, that ye skipped like rams; and ye little hills, like lambs?
The earth will shake and tremble exceedingly when the Deliverer of the spiritually called out and faithful comes to gather his chosen Bride to the marriage of the Lamb before the throne of the Father in heaven (Rev 15); and then returns with his Chosen Bride after the marriage feast before the throne of God (Rev 15 and 19)!
114:7 Tremble, thou earth, at the presence of the Lord, at the presence of the God of Jacob;
The Eternal is the Rock and Salvation of all those called and faithful to every Word of God, who follow the Lamb wherever he goes. He pours out of himself the water of the Word and Spirit of life eternal!
114:8 Which turned the rock into a standing water, the flint into a fountain of waters.
I hope that our readers begin to see the reason why the Creator inspired the writing of these Psalms and their recital at the Passover; and how much more meaningful they make the Passover service.