Prophecies of the Exodus and Moses in Egypt, Exodus 1 – 2

Our articles on the Biblical Festivals reflect our best understanding at this time (2017).  They are not the complete and ultimate understanding of the subject, and without any doubt God will reveal much more as time goes by.  It is up to us to search out and accept new revelation with great joy, and to correct any errors as they are discovered. 

Biblical Chronology From Creation to the Exodus

Adam became the father of Seth at 130. (Genesis 5:3)  0 + 130 = 130

Seth became the father of Enosh at 105. (Genesis 5:6)   130 + 105 = 235

Enosh became the father of Kenan at 90. (Genesis 5:9)   235 + 90 = 325

Cainan became the father of Mahalalel at 70. (Genesis 5:12)   325 + 70 = 395

Mahalalel became the father of Jared at 65. (Genesis 5:15)   395 + 65 = 460

Jared became the father of Enoch at 162. (Genesis 5:18)   460 + 162 = 622

Enoch became the father of Methuselah at 65. (Genesis 5:21)   622 + 65 = 687

Methuselah became the father of Lamech at 187. (Genesis 5:25)   687 + 187 = 874

Lamech became the father of Noah at 182. (Genesis 5:28)   874 + 182 = 1056

The Flood started when Noah was 600. (Genesis 7:6)   1056 + 600 = 1656

From creation to the beginning of the flood:  1656 A.M. 2294 B.C.

NOTE:   There are a number of errors in Bishop Ushers A.D. – B.C. system and the B.C dates are given only as a general reference, and are not accurate.  The Biblical “Era of Man” end of the year 6,000 is late 2o22 A.D. by the erroneous Bishop Usher chronology. 

From the Flood to the Exodus

Shem was born 97 years (1559 A.M.  2391 B.C.) before the flood when Noah was 503 years old; since Shem’s son Arphaxad was born when Shem was one hundred years old, two years after the flood and the flood itself took a full year.    

Genesis 11:10 These are the generations of Shem: Shem was an hundred years old, and begat Arphaxad two years after the flood: Arphaxad was born two years after the flood began  1656 + 2 = 1658 A.M.  (2290 B.C.)

11:12 And Arphaxad lived five and thirty years, and begat Salah  1658 + 35 = 1693

11:14 And Salah lived thirty years, and begat Eber:   1693 + 30 = 1723

Genesis 11:16 And Eber lived four and thirty years, and begat Peleg:

1722 + 34 = 1757

Genesis 11:18 And Peleg lived thirty years, and begat Reu  1757 + 30 = 1787

11:20 And Reu lived two and thirty years, and begat Serug:  1787 + 32 = 1819

11:22 And Serug lived thirty years, and begat Nahor:  1819 + 30 = 1849

11:24 And Nahor lived nine and twenty years, and begat Terah:  1849 + 29 = 1878



The Birth Date of Abram

11:26 And Terah lived seventy years, and begat Abram, Nahor, and Haran.

Terah’s total age was 205 years, and to the casual reader of Genesis 11:26, Abram was born when Terah was 70 years of age, but in this case Abram was apparently placed first because of his spiritual legacy while the others may have been born before him.

The specific birth year of Abram can be found in Genesis 12:4 where Abram’s age is recorded as being 75 years when his father Terah died at the age of 205 and Abram departed out of Haran. By simply subtracting 75 from 205 we can date the birth of Abram in the 130th year of Terah. 

Genesis 12:4  So Abram departed, as the Lord had spoken unto him; and Lot went with him: and Abram was seventy and five years old when he departed out of Haran.

Genesis 11:31 And Terah took Abram his son, and Lot the son of Haran his son’s son, and Sarai his daughter in law, his son Abram’s wife; and they went forth with them from Ur of the Chaldees, to go into the land of Canaan; and they came unto Haran, and dwelt there. 11:32 And the days of Terah were two hundred and five years: and Terah died in Haran.

Terah’s birth in 1878 up to the birth of Abram in Terah’s 130  year is 2008.

Abram was born:  2008 A.M.  (c 1940 B.C.)

21:5 And Abraham was an hundred years old, when his son Isaac was born unto him.

Abraham was 100 when Isaac was born in 2108 A.M.  (1840 B.C.)

25:26 And after that came his brother out, and his hand took hold on Esau’s heel; and his name was called Jacob: and Isaac was threescore years old when she bare them.

Isaac was sixty when Jacob was born in 2168 A.M.  (1780 B.C.)

47:28 And Jacob lived in the land of Egypt seventeen years: so the whole age of Jacob was an hundred forty and seven years.

A lifespan of 147 years minus 17 years in Egypt, means that Jacob was 130 years old when he went into Egypt.

2168 A.M. + 130 = 2298 A.M.  (c 1650 B.C.)  since the creation of Adam, when Jacob went down to Egypt with all his family.  

NOTE:   There are a number of errors in Bishop Ushers A.D. – B.C. system and the B.C dates are given only as a general reference, and are not accurate.  


Exodus Prophecies

The 400 Years Prophecy

The belief that the children of Israel were slaves in Egypt for 400 years is largely based upon these two verses.

And he said unto Abram, Know of a surety that thy seed shall be a stranger in a land that is not theirs [which includes all the time that they were wanderers in Canaan and lived in Egypt – from the birth of Isaac – before actually inheriting the land], and shall serve them; and they shall afflict them four hundred years …” (Genesis 15:13).

“And God spake on this wise, That his seed should sojourn in a strange land [a land that is not theirs, Canaan before they had inherited it, and Egypt] ; and that they should bring them into bondage, and entreat them evil four hundred years (Acts 7:6).

Here is the meaning; thy seed refers to the children of Abraham beginning with Isaac the son of promise, who would be wanderers having no land of their own for four hundred years beginning with the birth of Isaac. 

Isaac was born when Abraham was one hundred years old; therefore the exodus and the Sinai Covenant would take place four hundred years after the birth of Isaac or five hundred years after the birth of Abraham!

Abraham was born in 2008 A.M. (c 1940 B.C.):  therefore the Exodus was 500 years later in 2508 A.M. (c 1440 B.C.) with a margin of possible error of a few years.

The 430 Years Prophecy

The 430 years contains an additional thirty years added to the four hundred years and refers to 430 years after the PROMISE was made to Abraham in Ur when he was 70 years old; thirty years BEFORE the birth of Isaac!

“Now the sojourning of the children of Israel, who dwelt in Egypt, was four hundred and thirty years. And it came to pass at the end of the four hundred and thirty years, even the selfsame day it came to pass, that all the hosts of the LORD went out from the land of Egypt” (Exodus 12:40-41).

Here the word “sojourning” gives an impression that they sojourned or lived in Egypt for 430 years; when in fact the word sojourning refers to the wanderings of Abram and his descendants from the time of God’s promise to Abram in Ur of the Chaldees when Abram was seventy years old;  which calling and promise caused Abram to leave his home city and become a wanderer [through faith in the promise] until they became the covenant nation at Sinai.  

This refers to God’s PROMISE to Abraham in Ur, and not to the Genesis 15 promise made in Canaan concerning Isaac; God’s PROMISE to the seventy year old Abram being made 430 years before the Covenant at Sinai!

Shaul (Saul, Paul) a highly respected scholar of the Pharisees who is speaking concerning  a dating on which there was absolutely no controversy in his day; wrote of the PROMISE of God being made to the seventy year old Abram in Ur 430 years BEFORE the Sinai Covenant.

The promise made by God with Abraham in the land in Genesis 15, was only a repeating of the previous PROMISE; since Genesis 15 was only a few years before the birth of Isaac, and the PROMISE spoken of was originally made in Ur [and the wonderings based on faith in the promise began] 30 years BEFORE the birth of Isaac. 

This does not mean that the children of Israel dwelt in Egypt 430 years.

Paul explains that the 430 years extends from the time of God’s PROMISE to Abraham until the children of Israel left Egypt. “And this I say, that the covenant, that was confirmed before [at Sinai] of God in Christ, the law, which was four hundred and thirty years after [after the PROMISE was made to the  seventy year old Abram in Ur and later repeated in Palestine before the birth of Isaac], cannot disannul, that it should make the promise of none effect (Galatians 3:17).

That is, the Sinai Covenant cannot disannul the PROMISE made to Abraham 430 years BEFORE the Sinai Covenant. 

Genesis 11:31 And Terah took Abram his son, and Lot the son of Haran his son’s son, and Sarai his daughter in law, his son Abram’s wife; and they went forth with them from Ur of the Chaldees, to go into the land of Canaan; and they came unto Haran, and dwelt there. 11:32 And the days of Terah were two hundred and five years: and Terah died in Haran.

God called Abram in Ur at the age of 70, promising him that if he left to follow God to a new land he would be greatly blessed.  They travelled to Haran where Terah died being 205 years old and Abram was 75 years old; after which Abram continued the journey to Canaan at the age of 75. 

The promise in Ur which caused Abram to leave his home and wonder in faith in the promise of God; is the ONLY event which fits the timeline of the 430 years [of wandering in hope of that promise], beginning when Abraham was 70 years old in Ur as referred to by Paul.

The 430 years prophecy of Exodus 12:40-41 is a reference to Israel inheriting the promise and becoming a nation at Sinai; 430 years AFTER the PROMISE was made to Abram to make of him a great nation! 

The 400 years prophecy meant that, from the birth of Isaac it would be 400 years to the exodus and the covenant at Sinai.

The descendents of Abram exited Egypt as a great nation exactly 400 years after the birth of Isaac and exactly 500 years after the birth of Abram in the 130th year of Terah: Precisely 430 years after the promise was given to the seventy year old Abraham in Ur, to make of him a great nation if he would faithfully follow and obey God.

We see the keeping of God’s promise fulfilled 430 years after it was given; and we see the fulfillment of the prophecy that, four hundred years after the birth of Isaac, Israel would be delivered and become a great nation.


The Fourth Generation Prophecy

Genesis 15:14 And also that nation, whom they shall serve, will I judge [BOTH Egypt and the nations of Canaan were judged by God]: and afterward shall they come out with great substance. 15:15  And thou [Abraham] shalt go to thy fathers in peace; thou shalt be buried in a good old age. 15:16  But in the fourth generation they [the descendents of Abraham through Isaac and Jacob] shall come hither again: for the iniquity of the Amorites is not yet full.

Levi was one of Jacob’s 12 sons and went down to Egypt with Jacob. We see from Genesis 46:8-11 that Kohath, the son of Levi and grandfather of Moses, was already born when Jacob and his family entered Egypt. Kohath lived to be 133, and his son Amram lived to be 137 (Exodus 6:18-20).

Born 80 years before the exodus from Egypt, Moses was the son of Amram, the son of Kohath, the son of Levi (1 Chronicles 6:1-3).

Moses was thus the fourth generation of those who had entered Egypt: 

  1. Levi;  
  2. Kohath;
  3. Amram; 
  4. Moses.  

The exodus was very definitely not in early 1200 B.C. as some suppose.

Now Moses was eighty years old at the time of the exodus, so counting back 80 years from 1440 B.C. comes to the approximate birth date of Moses in 1520 B.C.

Exodus 7:7 And Moses was fourscore years old, and Aaron fourscore and three years old, when they spake unto Pharaoh.

Notice that Aaron was three years older than Moses.

Israel went down into Egypt in 1650 B.C. and came out in 1440 B.C. meaning that their total time in Egypt was 210 years.

The Temple

In 1 Kings 6:1 we are told that Solomon began building the temple in the 480th year after the exodus:  960 B.C.

In Acts 13 Paul gives a longer period but Paul is giving a general historical overview and uses the word “about” obviously approximating and not being concerned with specific dates in his address, therefore the 1 Kings date is the accurate date.

1 Kings 6:1 And it came to pass in the four hundred and eightieth year after the children of Israel were come out of the land of Egypt, in the fourth year of Solomon’s reign over Israel, in the month Zif, which is the second month, that he began to build the house of the Lord.

The conventional date for the beginning of the Temple construction is 960-970 B.C. The Biblical Chronology would put the Exodus in about 1440 B.C. and the start of construction of the Temple 480 years later  in 960 B.C.  

Solomon’s Temple took 7 years to build 1 Kings 6:38 being completed in c 953 B.C.

Moses in Egypt

The account of the exodus begins with the final climax of affliction in the book of Exodus, which covers the history of Israel leaving Egypt, and then the journey to Mount Sinai and their marriage to God.

Of course Cod could have prevented all this distress and just moved Pharaoh to let Israel go, instead God himself hardened Pharaoh so that all these things could happen.

WHY? Because this was to be an instructional allegory for the called out of spiritual Egypt [bondage to sin].

In this history Egypt was a type of bondage and enslavement to the god of this word, Satan; and this history is an allegory about a people being called out of bondage to sin in this world’s evil societies; while Canaan was an example and type of sin itself.

The exodus is an allegory about the great love of God for his called out bride, called out of bondage to the freedom of the righteousness of the whole Word of God.

It is about the fact that we cannot deliver ourselves and are delivered from having to pay the wages of our sins, by the Passover sacrifice of the Lamb, the Son of God.

1 Corinthians 10:11 Now all these things happened unto them for examples: and they are written for our admonition, upon whom the ends of the world are come.

Exodus begins with Israel in Egypt and how they came to be in bondage, then the history of Moses, his education and preparation, and then God’s deliverance of Israel from bondage.

The names of the males of Jacob who entered Egypt; which, added to Joseph and his two sons totaled 70 male persons.


Exodus 1

Exodus 1:1 Now these are the names of the children of Israel, which came into Egypt; every man and his household came with Jacob. 1:2 Reuben, Simeon, Levi, and Judah, 1:3 Issachar, Zebulun, and Benjamin, 1:4 Dan, and Naphtali, Gad, and Asher. 1:5 And all the souls that came out of the loins of Jacob were seventy souls [males, plus their females]: for Joseph was in Egypt already. 1:6 And Joseph died, and all his brethren, and all that generation.

Israel was fruitful and multiplied until the whole generation that had entered Goshen passed on, after which a new ruler came to the throne and found the strength of Israel within Egypt to be a problem that needed to be dealt with.

1:7 And the children of Israel were fruitful, and increased abundantly, and multiplied, and waxed exceeding mighty; and the land was filled with them.

Pharaoh’s initial purpose was to drive Israel out of Egypt, for he was afraid of Israel.

1:8 Now there arose up a new king over Egypt, which knew not Joseph. 1:9 And he said unto his people, Behold, the people of the children of Israel are more and mightier than we: 1:10 Come on, let us deal wisely with them; lest they multiply, and it come to pass, that, when there falleth out any war, they join also unto our enemies, and fight against us, and so get them up out of the land.

Israel was then tasked with heavy burdens. This was like a special tax on Israel to be paid by their labor, instead of the money we are taxed with today.

1:11 Therefore they did set over them taskmasters to afflict them with their burdens. And they built for Pharaoh treasure [fortified] cities, Pithom and Raamses.

Ramses: From this statement some conclude that the pharaoh of the Exodus was Ramses. Here the name Ramses is confusing because the Hebrews built vast storage facilities at Avaris which was later renamed Ramses by Ramses I.

The translators of the Septuagint in Egypt used the modern Egyptian name Raamses in place of the older Goshen or Avaris to explain the location of Goshen to Ptolemy 2 who had commissioned the Septuigent; and later texts maintained that name.

Because of the word “Ramses,” some have mistakenly concluded that the pharaoh Ramses I or II had built the city with Hebrew workers and misdated the exodus by about 200 years.

Wiki: Avaris (/ˈævərᵻs/; Egyptian, Budge notation: Hut-waret, Greek: Αὔαρις, Auaris was located at modern Tell el-Dab’a in the northeastern region of the Nile Delta [Goshen].

Avaris was built and occupied from about 1783: Jacob went to Egypt 1651 B.C. and later Israel was made to build up enormous storehouses for pharaoh at Avaris and Pithom.

Later the city was re-occupied by various pharaohs including the famous Seti and finally Ramses I (1292–1290 BC) renamed the city after himself.

This confusion has caused many to misdate the Exodus from its proper date of c 1441 B.C. to around 1221 B.C.

Israel continued to multiply and increase

1:12 But the more they afflicted them, the more they multiplied and grew.

The Egyptians feared Israel and were vexed that Israel was growing greater than the Egyptians in their own land. Therefore they increased their exactions from Israel. The families of Israel still had their homes in their villages and their pastures, flocks and herds but were required to pay a very heavy burden of labor tax.

And they were grieved because of the children of Israel. 1:13 And the Egyptians made the children of Israel to serve with rigour: 1:14 And they made their lives bitter with hard bondage, in morter, and in brick, and in all manner of service in the field: all their service, wherein they made them serve, was with rigour.

Then Pharaoh thought to limit the growth of Israel by killing their new born sons

1:15 And the king of Egypt spake to the Hebrew midwives, of which the name of the one was Shiphrah, and the name of the other Puah: 1:16 And he said, When ye do the office of a midwife to the Hebrew women, and see them upon the stools; if it be a son, then ye shall kill him: but if it be a daughter, then she shall live.

The midwives refused to obey the orders of the king, as we should also refuse to obey unlawful orders from our leaders.

That includes refusing the biblically unlawful instructions of those claiming to be leaders and elders in the Ekklesia, who want us to turn away from a zeal to live by every Word of God, to serve them and their false teachings instead.

1:17 But the midwives feared God, and did not as the king of Egypt commanded them, but saved the men children alive.

The midwives give their defense to Pharaoh and GOD delivered them out of the hand of the king because they obeyed GOD and not the physical rulers.

1:18 And the king of Egypt called for the midwives, and said unto them, Why have ye done this thing, and have saved the men children alive? 1:19 And the midwives said unto Pharaoh, Because the Hebrew women are not as the Egyptian women; for they are lively, and are delivered ere the midwives come in unto them. 1:20 Therefore God dealt well with the midwives: and the people multiplied, and waxed very mighty.

God delivers those who love and obey him more than they love men.

1:21 And it came to pass, because the midwives feared God, that he made them houses. [made their houses (families)  famous in Israel, as godly women]

It was at the end of this time that Aaron was born and three years later Moses was born under the new order from the pharaoh.

Pharaoh then commanded that every son be cast into the river.

1:22 And Pharaoh charged all his people, saying, Every son that is born ye shall cast into the river, and every daughter ye shall save alive.


Exodus 2

Then a descendant of Levi called Moses was born and when he was three months old he was placed in a basket and cast into the Nile.

This is now specifically about Moses, his parents had married and had Aaron three years before Moses.

Exodus 2:1 And there went a man of the house of Levi, and took to wife a daughter of Levi. 2:2 And the woman conceived, and bare a son: and when she saw him that he was a goodly child, she hid him three months. 2:3 And when she could not longer hide him, she took for him an ark of bulrushes, and daubed it with slime and with pitch [tar, asphalt], and put the child therein; and she laid it in the flags by the river’s brink.

Notice that she placed him in the river as pharaoh had commanded, but not to drown as Pharaoh had intended.

To avoid suspicion, little Miriam watched the child for her parents

2:4 And his sister stood afar off, to wit what would be done to him.

The basket was seen by a daughter of Pharaoh and brought to her.

2:5 And the daughter of Pharaoh came down to wash herself at the river; and her maidens walked along by the river’s side; and when she saw the ark among the flags, she sent her maid to fetch it. 2:6 And when she had opened it, she saw the child: and, behold, the babe wept. And she had compassion on him, and said, This is one of the Hebrews’ children.

Miriam then approached Pharaoh’s daughter and suggested that a woman be brought to nurse the hungry child and Pharaoh’s daughter agreed to the suggestion because the hungry weeping child aroused her sympathies.

2:7 Then said his sister to Pharaoh’s daughter, Shall I go and call to thee a nurse of the Hebrew women, that she may nurse the child for thee? 2:8 And Pharaoh’s daughter said to her, Go. And the maid went and called the child’s mother.

The wonders of God for those who love and serve him! Moses’ own sister Miriam went and the child’s own mother was paid wages to raise the child!

2:9 And Pharaoh’s daughter said unto her, Take this child away, and nurse it for me, and I will give thee thy wages. And the women took the child, and nursed it.

When the child was older his mother brought him to Pharaoh’s daughter and he was raised as her son, a prince of the Egyptians; and taught all the facets of human leadership in the court of Pharaoh.

The name Moses means “one drawn [called] out” and was an apt name, for Moses was to be called out by God.

2:10 And the child grew, and she brought him unto Pharaoh’s daughter, and he became her son. And she called his name Moses [drawn or called out]: and she said, Because I drew him out of the water.


Moses grows up in Egypt

When this Moses was fully learned in the education of the court of Pharaoh and had served Pharaoh to about forty years of age; he visited his brethren.

Now we begin to get into some really interesting Egyptian history.

This woman, pharaoh’s daughter, moved by a baby’s cries in 1521 B.C., was the daughter of the absolute monarch, who would be a queen herself one day.

Hatshepsut (meaning Foremost of Noble Ladies) was the elder of two daughters born to Thutmose I and his queen, Ahmes.

The death of Thutmose I, is dated as around [circa] 1508 B.C.

After her father Thutmose I died, her half brother Thutmose II reigned as pharaoh c 1508 – 1504 B.C.  Her half brother by a concubine, Thutmose II, then married the lawful daughter of pharaoh, his half sister Hatshepsut, to legitimize his reign and she became his queen.

Then upon the untimely death of Thutmose II in 1504 B.C. she became regent and co-ruler of Egypt with her husband’s child by a concubine, Thutmose III

Thutmose II had had a son [Thutmose III] by a priestess of Amun-Ra who was destined to become pharaoh of Egypt and the priests and priestesses of Amun-Ra did not miss the opportunity to train the future pharaoh as a priest of Amun-Ra.


A few words about the religion of Amun-Ra

Amon was “the secret one” visible as Ra the sun god and was often called Amun-Ra. Thutmose I exalted the worship of “the hidden one” [Lucifer, Satan] and his symbol of the sun in Egypt. Thutmose III wrote the Book of the Dead which is the Satanic Bible and the backbone of the occult and Lucifer/Satan worship including today’s Masonry, the Illuminati, Skull and Bones and many others.


Dating Moses

Hatshepsut reigned as co-pharaoh while her husband’s son Thutmose III grew up in the temple of Amun, the secret god [Lucifer, Satan] whose manifestation was the sun god Ra; and when Thutmose III became a child pharaoh, Hatshepsut remained as co-ruler until her death c 1482 B.C., thereupon Thutmose III became sole pharaoh of Egypt.

The Memphis sources date Hatshepsut’s rule with Thutmose III as 1504 -1482.

In c 1521 pharaoh’s daughter Hatshepsut whose birth date is not recorded in any known source, found the infant Moses crying on the river Nile; long before she would be Queen of Egypt, and throughout her life her only son was the adopted Moses.

In scripture much water is often used as a symbol of the general mass of people and this beginning for Moses was an allegory from God that Moses had been “Called Out” from among the people to lead Israel out of Egypt.

Moses was nursed and certainly taught by his true mother and must have been aware of the prophecy to Abraham that God would call Israel out of Egypt at a certain time. Moses was also beloved of his adoptive mother Hatshepsut, and given the best education that a potential future pharaoh of Egypt could be given.

Acts 7:20 In which time Moses was born, and was exceeding fair, and nourished up in his father’s house three months: 7:21 And when he was cast out, Pharaoh’s daughter took him up, and nourished him for her own son.

7:22 And Moses was learned in all the wisdom of the Egyptians, and was mighty in words and in deeds.

Remember that Hatshepsut took Moses for her own son in c 1521 B.C. and did not herself begin to reign until at least 1508 B.C. [with Thutmose II] and then she reigned as regent for Thutmose III from 1504 B.C. when Moses was about 20 years old.

Conventional Dates of the death of Thutmose III very from 1450 to 1426 B.C. but we know from biblical chronology that he died in 1441 B.C.

All the dates for the Eighteenth Dynasty, are open to dispute because of uncertainty about the circumstances surrounding the recording of a Heliacal Rise of Sothis in the reign of Amenhotep I.

A papyrus from Amenhotep I’s reign records this astronomical observation which, theoretically, could be used to correlate the Egyptian chronology with the modern calendar; however, to do this the latitude where the observation was taken must also be known.

This document has no note of the place of observation, but it is ASSUMED that it was taken in either a Delta city such as Memphis or Heliopolis, or in Thebes. These two latitudes give dates twenty years apart, the High and Low chronologies, respectively.

This observation could very easily have been in another location and these assumed possible dates could easily be off by several years. These historical chronologies are competing assumptions and the biblical chronology is about midway between the two assumptions I chose to go with the biblical chronology of the exodus and death of Thutmose III in 1441 B.C.

It is interesting to note that the firstborn son and heir to the throne of Thutmose III, Amenemhat, predeceased Thutmose III. Which would fulfill the Word of God:

Exodus 4:22-23 And thou shalt say unto Pharaoh, Thus saith the Lord, Israel is my son, even my firstborn: And I say unto thee, Let my son go, that he may serve me: and if thou refuse to let him go, behold, I will slay thy son, even thy firstborn.

Exodus 11:5 And all the firstborn in the land of Egypt shall die, from the first born of Pharaoh that sitteth upon his throne, even unto the firstborn of the maidservant that is behind the mill; and all the firstborn of beasts.

For the first 22 years c 1504 – 1482 B.C. Hatshepsut ruled as the regent co-ruler with the child Thutmose III who became full pharaoh in 1482 after the death of Hatshepsut.

At the age of 40 or about c 1481 B.C. [just as Thutmose III was beginning to assert himself] Moses fled Egypt having taken the decision to serve God rather than the gods of Egypt.

Consider the dynamic of this relationship

Hatshepsut took Moses for her own son in c 1521 B.C. and Moses was raised in all the wisdom of Egypt. That wisdom would have included their religion and Moses would have been raised to worship Amun-Ra!

Yet God was working with Moses and opened his mind to spiritual things and Moses who could have been pharaoh, rejected Amun-Ra for the Eternal and left his adoptive mother of 40 years Queen Hatshepsut, for his birth mother and for his birth people!

Meanwhile Thutmose III, who could easily have been twenty years younger than Moses, was also raised in all the wisdom of Egypt and its religion of Amun-Ra.

When this Moses was fully learned in the education of the court of Pharaoh and was about forty years of age; he visited his brethren.

Exodus 2:11 And it came to pass in those days, when Moses was grown, that he went out unto his brethren, and looked on their burdens: and he spied an Egyptian smiting an Hebrew, one of his brethren.

The heart of Moses was moved for justice for his brethren and he slew an Egyptian bully. Yet he hid the Egyptian and tried to hide the deed.

2:12 And he looked this way and that way, and when he saw that there was no man, he slew the Egyptian, and hid him in the sand.

The very next day Moses tries to provide justice to two Israelites, and discovers that his deed was known and would surely get back to Pharaoh. We here see a passion for Israel and for justice in Moses that was not learned through his Egyptian education.

2:13 And when he went out the second day, behold, two men of the Hebrews strove together: and he said to him that did the wrong, Wherefore smitest thou thy fellow? 2:14 And he said, Who made thee a prince and a judge over us? intendest thou to kill me, as thou killedst the Egyptian? And Moses feared, and said, Surely this thing is known.

Moses with a basic knowledge from his natural parents and an education in all the knowledge of Egypt; chose God. Moses then fled to the wilderness of Sinai where he was better educated in godliness by the priest of God, Jethro.

Meanwhile Thutmose III had been fully educated as a priest of Amun-Ra as well as trained to rule.

For the next forty years Thutmose III became Egypt’s greatest pharaoh and conqueror, attained a huge empire. At that time Egypt ruled all the surrounding nations as a great empire and Thutmose III was truly the god-king of the known world.

When Thutmose III became pharaoh he was a devotee of the “secret god” Amun who’s manifestation was the sun god Ra [the sun being a symbol of Lucifer/Satan in all sun worship and occult material].

The contest between Thutmose III and Moses was truly a contest between the god Amun-Ra [Satan] and the Eternal.

By bringing down this pharaoh who was the champion of the god Lucifer / Satan; makes the allegory of this pharaoh as a type of Satan complete; and God’s power to deliver from Satan was established indelibly.

When Moses cast down his rod and it became a serpent, it was the priests of Amun-Ra who cast down their rods and they became serpents. When God’s serpent swallowed the serpents of Amun it should have been clear that God had full power over the serpent Satan.

The tomb of Thutmose III has been found and contains images of the priests of Amun-Ra throwing down sticks which turned into serpents.

The religion of Amun-Ra was direct Satan worship; is it any wonder that his priests could make sticks become serpents when their god was the serpent himself

Immediately after the Exodus God said to Moses:

Exodus 13:17 And it came to pass, when Pharaoh had let the people go, that God led them not through the way of the land of the Philistines, although that was near; for God said, Lest peradventure the people repent when they see war, and they return to Egypt: 13:18 But God led the people about, through the way of the wilderness of the Red sea: and the children of Israel went up harnessed out of the land of Egypt.

We know that God planned for Israel to go through the Red Sea. The slaves called out of Egypt symbolically dying and being resurrected as an allegory of baptism, death and resurrection

1 Corinthians 10:2 And were all baptized unto Moses in the cloud and in the sea;

The entering into the Red Sea represented death and the rising up out of the Red Sea represented a resurrection of those who follow and live by the Word of God. Israel by obeying and following God was saved from the watery grave, while the followers of Amun-Ra [Satan] were destroyed.

The lesson being that those who sincerely repent of past sin and follow God to live by every Word of God, shall be saved in a resurrection to life, but the unrepentant who will not live by every Word of God will perish.

We know these spiritual things, but God also gave a physical reason for the route he took: that God led them not through the way of the land of the Philistines, although that was near; for God said, Lest peradventure the people repent when they see war, and they return to Egypt:

God knew that Israel would see war if they went by the main highway out of Egypt proper!

The fascinating history is that while the first born and heir to the throne of Thutmose III, Amenemhat, and all the Egyptians were killed in Egypt on Passover;  the second born son was alive and well and was returning to Egypt by the coast highway from a battle in Syria Palestine.

Exodus 11:5 And all the firstborn in the land of Egypt shall die, from the first born of Pharaoh that sitteth upon his throne, even unto the firstborn of the maidservant that is behind the mill; and all the firstborn of beasts.

The second born son of Pharaoh Thutmose III [Amenhotep II] was NOT in Egypt!

He was away putting down an insurrection in Syria.

The second son of Thutmose was absent from Egypt, but was returning to Egypt by the main highway along the Mediterranean Sea!

If Israel on leaving Egypt with a mighty Egyptian army in pursuit had met another Egyptian army coming right at them head on, they may indeed have panicked and fled.

Here is a point of interest in Egyptian history

Amenhotep II, the second son of Thutmose III was journeying back to Egypt as Israel was coming out of Egypt!

When he arrived back in Egypt he found his heritage devastated, the land destroyed, the government crushed and the main army totally destroyed.

Amenhotep II went into a fury, blaming and outlawing the religion of Amun-Ra [direct Satan worship] for the debacle, and swept through Egypt destroying the religion of Amun-Ra and killing its priests and priestesses.

The destruction of Egypt by the plagues, followed by the loss of its most powerful army and then this rage of Amenhotep II in destroying the religion of Amun-Ra, resulted in the total prostration of Egypt and the independence of its tributary peoples, including the Philistines, Canaanites, Ammon, Moab, Midian and Syria.


Pharaoh hears that Moses killed an Egyptian

Pharaoh did hear of the matter and being a case of an Egyptian being killed in favor of an Israelite; Pharaoh had his excuse to be rid of his main potential rival for the throne of Egypt, Moses.

Moses then fled to Midian [the modern Bedouin] where he met a priest of God.

Exodus 2:15 Now when Pharaoh heard this thing, he sought to slay Moses. But Moses fled from the face of Pharaoh, and dwelt in the land of Midian: and he sat down by a well.

Again Moses shows his passion for justice and fairness, and stands up to help the women being pushed aside by the men.

2:16 Now the priest of Midian had seven daughters: and they came and drew water, and filled the troughs to water their father’s flock.  2:17 And the shepherds came and drove them away: but Moses stood up and helped them, and watered their flock.

Then the daughters of this priest in Midian told their father of the kindness of this “Egyptian”.

2:18 And when they came to Reuel their father, he said, How is it that ye are come so soon to day? 2:19 And they said, An Egyptian delivered us out of the hand of the shepherds, and also drew water enough for us, and watered the flock.

Reuel [Jethro] then opens the hospitality of his home to Moses.

2:20 And he said unto his daughters, And where is he? why is it that ye have left the man? call him, that he may eat bread.

Moses was pleased to dwell with this man of god and to keep sheep for him; and in due course he fell for one of Reuel’s daughters to take her in marriage.

2:21 And Moses was content to dwell with the man: and he gave Moses Zipporah his daughter.  2:22 And she bare him a son, and he called his name Gershom: for he said, I have been a stranger in a strange land.

Over time the Pharaoh who had known Joseph died and another Pharaoh rose up and increased the burdens even further, until Israel staggered and cried out for their affliction.

Flashback verse from the beginning of the persecution, to God calling Moses to deliver the people

2:23 And it came to pass in process of time, that the king of Egypt died [the pharaoh who had known Joseph]: and the children of Israel sighed by reason of the bondage [of Thutmose III], and they cried, and their cry came up unto God by reason of the bondage.

God heard the cries for deliverance from Israel; and after forty years of being educated in all the wisdom of Egypt in Pharaoh’s court, and then another forty years being humbled in the wilderness and educated in all that the priest of God could teach him; Moses was ready to be called of God to lead Israel out of Egypt under the leadership of the Lamb of God, the Messiah the Christ.

2:24 And God heard their groaning, and God remembered his covenant with Abraham, with Isaac, and with Jacob.  2:25 And God looked upon the children of Israel, and God had respect unto them [listened to them because the time of God’s promise to Abram to deliver them  was at hand].


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