On the Feast of Pentecost at Sinai, the law was written on tables of stone, and in 31 A.D. the law of God was officially written on the hearts of flesh of the called out!
In a near future Pentecost the law of God will be written on the hearts of all mankind then living. This will begin with a New Covenant with Israel and be extended to all humanity as all mankind then living is grafted into spiritual Israel and the new and spiritual covenant with Christ.
Jeremiah 31:31 Behold, the days come, saith the Lord, that I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel, and with the house of Judah: 21:32 Not according to the covenant that I made with their fathers in the day that I took them by the hand to bring them out of the land of Egypt; which my covenant they brake, although I was an husband unto them, saith the Lord:
31:33 But this shall be the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel; After those days, saith the Lord, I will put my law in their inward parts, and write it in their hearts; and will be their God, and they shall be my people. 31:34 And they shall teach no more every man his neighbour, and every man his brother, saying, Know the Lord: for they shall all know me, from the least of them unto the greatest of them, saith the Lord: for I will forgive their iniquity, and I will remember their sin no more.
Jeremiah was not alone for Ezekiel wrote the word and promise of God saying:
Ezekiel 11:17 Therefore say, Thus saith the Lord God; I will even gather you from the people, and assemble you out of the countries where ye have been scattered, and I will give you the land of Israel. 11:18 And they shall come thither, and they shall take away all the detestable things thereof and all the abominations thereof from thence.
11:19 And I will give them one heart, and I will put a new spirit within you; and I will take the stony heart out of their flesh, and will give them an heart of flesh: 11:20 That they may walk in my statutes, and keep mine ordinances, and do them: and they shall be my people, and I will be their God.
The Pentecost pouring out of 31 A.D. was about the giving of the Holy Spirit to the early called out in an official and public manner; writing the Word of God on the hearts of the called out through the gift of the Holy Spirit and fulfilling the promise of the New Covenant in part.
Soon at a near future Pentecost the Holy Spirit of the New Covenant will be poured out on Israel and upon all flesh; extending the calling out to all mankind still living on that future Pentecost, writing the Word of God on the hearts of all mankind still living and at the END of the day the establishment of the Kingdom of God (Joel 2:27-28).
We have become confused by considering ourselves as the only first fruits and not understanding that those called during the millennium [after the resurrection to spirit of some] are also first fruits; for the seventh day is still part of the same week of first fruits!
During the millennium all humanity will be called out to God and have God’s Spirit poured out on them, writing the Word of God on their hearts; and will be judged and changed to spirit or destroyed at 100 years old; thus completing the full seven thousand year harvest of first fruits. Then after the millennium comes the main harvest. The two loaves at Pentecost are made with leaven because they do not represent the perfection of the Lamb of God, but represent the people.
Leviticus 23:16 unto the morrow after the seventh Sabbath, you shall number 50 days; and you shall offer a new offering. And you shall bring out of your habitations two wave loaves of two tenth deals; they shall be of fine flour; they shall be baked with leaven.
Leaven is a type or picture of sin.
Leaven in these two Pentecost loaves demonstrates the presence of sin, which requires an atonement, with a sin offering.
The two loaves picture an increase from the one loaf made without any leaven, representing the perfect Lamb of God at Wave Offering, to two loaves at Pentecost which represent the people having sinned and in need of an atonement for sin.
It wasn’t necessary to have hundreds or thousands or millions of loaves added to represent everybody. Instead the two loaves give the picture of increase.
23:21 and you shall proclaim on the selfsame day, which is the 50th day, a Sunday; that it may be a holy convocation unto you: you shall do no servile work therein. [the word servile means work of any kind]. It shall be a statute forever in all your dwellings throughout your generations.
The offering of these two loaves, the special lifting up and bringing back down of these two loaves, made with the leaven representative of sin; was to take place on the 50th day after the first unleavened Wave loaf representing Christ was raised up.
And 50 is the first day after 49;49 being seven times seven is a complete, absolutely complete period of time; and fifty pictures a NEW Beginning.
The 50th day then meant a new beginning for mankind. And access to repentance and the Holy Spirit for all humanity during the Millennial Sabbath of rest.
Now notice the atoning sin offering sacrifice, which was offered in conjunction with these two loaves. At this time the people’s sins being represented by the leaven, are covered by the sin offering made on behalf of both of the loaves.
Pentecost represents an increase of the New Covenant first fruits during the Millennium for it is written in Leviticus 23:17, the last line, “this is the first fruits unto the Lord.”
The two loaves represent an increase in the New Covenant calling and writing of the Word of God on the hearts of man from a few scattered individuals for six thousand years to all humanity during the Millennium. The two loaves are made with the leaven representing sin; for those in the millennium must still overcome sin by the power of the Holy Spirit to write God’s law on their hearts.
Sin then being covered by the sin offering representing the sacrifice of Jesus Christ; we and they are then empowered to overcome all sin and to write the Word of God on our hearts, if we so desire, and if we follow the Spirit of God to learn and to live by every Word of God.
These two loaves represent the first fruits having sin, but having that sin atoned for and covered through the sacrifice of Jesus Christ.
Therefore the two loaves do not speak of the already resurrected chosen, but represent an increase in the first fruits when God’s Spirit is poured out on a still imperfect humanity at the establishment of the kingdom of God over all humanity at Pentecost.
First we have the resurrection to spirit of Jesus Christ, the first Wave Offering; to be followed by the New Covenant of Jeremiah 31;31, and calling out of the remaining millennial harvest with the gift of the Holy Spirit to all humanity on Pentecost.
Paul tells us in Colossians 2:16 let no man therefore judge or condemn you in meat, or in drink, or in respect of a holyday, or of the new moon, or of the Sabbath days: Which are a shadow of things to come.
Paul is telling us that Holy Days, New Moons and Sabbaths are shadows of things to come. They are prophetic in nature. There is going to be a fulfillment of these things.
We know that the Wave Offering was fulfilled by Jesus Christ, on the literal Wave Offering Sunday; and on the 50th day of Pentecost, there will be a fulfillment of the Feast of First fruits, extending the New Covenant to all humanity on a soon coming Feast of Pentecost.
This is to be a New Covenant with ISRAEL; which has not happened yet! And this writing of God’s Word on the hearts of Israel and humanity being grafted into a spiritual Israel, beings them into a SPIRITUAL New Covenant; and all mankind will be grafted into that Spiritual Israel, as the Gentiles who have been called out, have been grafted into spiritual Israel since at least 31 A.D.
In the first century the Holy Spirit was given to the spiritually called out of both Jew and Gentile; and the Holy Spirit shall be poured out on all flesh (Joel 2:28); after the Day of the Lord.
On that Feast of Pentecost, there will be a substantial increase within the family of God as God’s Spirit of the New Covenant is poured out on all flesh (Joel 2:28); and God’s Word is written on the hearts of all humanity.
We can now see how this is coming about, by turning to the book of Acts 2, where it is written: and when the day of Pentecost was fully come, they were all with one accord or one mind, in one place. And suddenly there came a sound from heaven as of a rushing mighty wind, and it filled all the house where they were sitting. And there appeared unto them cloven tongues like as of fire, and it sat upon each of them. And they were all filled with the Holy Ghost, and began to speak with other tongues, other languages, as the Spirit gave them utterance.
The Spirit of God, is a gift from God; the gift of God’s very nature, truth and mind; that we might be enabled to keep the law of God which is a spiritual law.
Romans 7:14 For we know that the law is spiritual:
When we have repented and turned away from sin [which is breaking and compromising with God’s law], we can then be reconciled to God by the application of the sacrifice of Christ; then God can give his nature to those reconciled to him, so that they may internalize his mind, nature, commandments, spirit and actions; writing them on the hearts of humanity.
This Spirit is NOT a person; and however various people choose to describe it; it is NOT something that we whip up for ourselves. Otherwise the disciples would not have need of it being given to them, having already been taught the things of God directly by Christ. [Surely, in their zeal for Christ, they could have whipped up the Spirit for themselves if that were possible.]
And there were dwelling at Jerusalem Jews, devout men, out of every nation under heaven. Now, when this was noised about, the multitude came together, and were confounded.
They were astonished because every person heard them speaking in his own language. These people were not speaking some gobbledygook or babbling away in some spastic emotional ecstasy. They were speaking in the languages of men, and it was being heard in the languages of all the earth; in the genuine langauges of men. People were hearing God’s Word preached to them in their own language.
And they were all amazed and marveled, saying one to another, Behold, are not all these which speak Galileans? And how hear we every man in our own tongue, our own language wherein we were born? Parthians, and Medes, and Elamites and the dwellers of Mesopotamia, and in Judaea, and Cappadocia, in Pontus, and Asia, and many others including Cretes and Arabians and Romans.
Verse 11, we do hear them speak in our [language] tongues the wonderful works and deeds of God. And they were all amazed, and were in doubt, saying one to another: What does this mean? Well, some mocking said, these men are full of new wine.
But Peter, standing up with the 11, [the apostles. The total of 12 including Peter], lifted up his voice, and said unto them, You men of Judaea, and all you that dwell at Jerusalem, be this known unto you, and hearken to my words: For these are not drunken, as you suppose, being it is about the third hour of the day, which by the reckoning of the time would be about 9am. But this is that which was spoken by the prophet Joel. And Peter now quoting Joel 2:23, spoke, and it shall come to pass in the last days, saith God, I will pour out of my Spirit upon all flesh.
Now, notice at this Feast of Pentecost, in the first century A.D.: Was God’s Spirit poured out on all flesh? No it wasn’t.
Does all flesh have God’s Spirit today? No they don’t. What is Peter talking about here?
He is quoting Joel 2:28; and the events in Acts, were a small down payment, an earnest; a first little bit, to demonstrate to everyone that this was still going to happen to all humanity in the future. A little bit then, a lot more in the future.
This prophecy regarding Joel 2:28, that God will put out his spirit on all flesh has still to be fulfilled. It was fulfilled only in part on the day of Pentecost in the first century where Peter was speaking. And Peter goes on to quote Joel and I will show wonders in heaven above and signs in the earth beneath, blood, and fire, and vapor and smoke. The sun shall be turned into darkness, and the moon into blood, before the great and notable day of the Lord come. And it shall come to pass, that whosoever shall call upon the name of the eternal shall be saved.
Did these things happen in the first century, In the days of Peter? did the moon turn to blood? Was the earth in darkness? were all of these signs and wonders done in Peter’s day? No, they were not.
This is taking about the last days, the end of the age of Satan. And at the day of the Lord, when the day of the Lord is over and the Kingdom of God is established; God will pour out his Spirit upon all flesh.
Which is why the lion will lie down with the lamb and the child shall play on the hole of the serpent because all flesh, and not just human beings but all flesh will be given a spirit of peace and calmness. And the very nature of all creatures including man and also the vicious beast will be changed into a peaceable nature.
If we turn now to Daniel 12, we will find that the angel is telling Daniel from the time that the abomination, the false prophet is set up. From the time he takes his office and he is empowered to do great miracles shall be 1290 days.
Then, all people who continue and reach 1335 days shall be blessed and Daniel shall stand in his lot; receive his responsibility and inheritance, after the end of the 1335 days, when all people shall be blessed.
How are they blessed? Evil is put down. Satan is removed and God’s Spirit is poured out on all flesh, so that we may have the Word of God written on the hearts of mankind according to Joel 2:28 and Jeremiah 31.
God will pour out his Spirit on all flesh and at the END of the day will; establish his kingdom on the earth, ushering in a period of 1000 years of peace and prosperity unknown to mankind before that time.
A wonderful period; a Sabbath of rest for all humanity as they enter the family of God. In which all people shall be called out as the Millennial Sabbath first fruits, and have God’s Spirit poured out on them, and the Word of God written on their hearts instead of on tables of stone!
There shall be rest from Satan, rest from sin, rest from wickedness. And all people shall enjoy and rejoice with their God, and the faithful shall be changed to spirit at the age of 100 years.
The Mosaic Covenant, was entered into between God and Israel on the Feast of First fruits, the Feast of Pentecost. In that Covenant the law of God was written on tables of Stone, and physical Israel having hearts of flint and not of flesh could not keep the Word of God in its spirit and intent.
This was only a type of the spiritual New Covenant of Jeremiah 31, which will also begin on the Feast of Pentecost between God and physical Israel; now becoming a spiritual Israel into which all the Gentiles will be grafted.
As those called out over the past 6,000 years have had to grapple with sin, and called out humanity in the millennium will have to overcome their own tendencies, which is why the loaves are made with leaven.
Now, we know that people had God’s Spirit long before this, we know that people like Abel and Enoch and Elijah and Moses, all had God’s Spirit. And they were given that Spirit by God in faith, that Jesus Christ would complete his mission and offer himself as an atoning sacrifice for our sincerely repented sins.
God’s Spirit was given to the ancients in faith that the sacrifice of the Lamb of God sacrificed from the foundations of the world, would be fulfilled and that Jesus Christ the Lamb of God would successfully complete the job of atoning for the sins of men. For it is only through sincere repentance and turning away from sin and the atoning sacrifice that God’s Spirit may be given to men, for God’s Spirit is given only to those who obey God.
We find this in Acts 5:32 and we are his witnesses of these things; and so is also the Holy Spirit, whom God hath given to those that obey him.
The Holy Spirit is given to those who obey God.
And spiritual things are spiritually discerned as it says in 1 Corinthians 2:14 the natural, normal, carnal man receiveth not the things of the Spirit of God: for the things of God are foolishness unto them: neither can they know them or understand them, because such things are spiritually discerned.
We must have God’s Spirit in order to discern the things of God. And since we know that Abraham, Moses and Elijah and Abel and Enoch and Noah, understood and discerned many of the things of God. We know that they had God’s Spirit. And God’s Spirit was given to them in faith, that Christ would fulfill this mission of being a sacrifice and of making atonement for the sins of men. By first living the perfect sinless life himself and then allowing himself to be killed for the sins of others.
Afterwards He was raised up by God the Father and then ascended to the Father to be accepted for us. After which He came down, to demonstrate, and reveal to people that He had indeed been resurrected. And He spent a few days with people after which he ascended back to God the Father, where He ministers as our High Priest, our Intercessor and our Mediator; between us and God the Father, between us and God. Thus allowing us to have access to God.
Jesus Christ is our High Priest forever, after the order of Melchizedek. That means He has established a new order [actually restored an order older than Aaron] of the priesthood. Jesus Christ has become High Priest, and as our High Priest, bringing before the Father his own self, his own perfect sacrifice; as atonement for our sins and interceding between us and the Father, interceding with the Father on our behalf so that we might be forgiven and made acceptable to God..
We are now under the priesthood of Melchizedek, the priesthood of Jesus Christ. He is our High Priest. Not Moses and Aaron.
Jesus Christ is our sacrifice for sin. Not some physical lambs, bullocks and goats. Jesus Christ was the perfect sacrifice. And having accomplished that perfect sacrifice was deemed worthy to become our High Priest, interceding and mediating with God the Father on our behalf.
Today, every person who is converted and has God’s Spirit, is in the process of having God’s Word written on their hearts, and in training to become priests under the High Priest Jesus Christ. We are all in training to become priests forever after the order of Melchizedek, under our High Priest Jesus Christ.
That is our calling, that is why the Scripture says, you shall become kings and priests for our God. If we overcome we are going to become kings and priests, that is our reward if we overcome. And we are to become priests forever after the order of Melchizedek under our High Priest, Jesus Christ.
This is the message of the Apostle Paul throughout the entire book of Hebrews. It is an explanation of a change, or the change, in the priesthood. From the priesthood of Aaron, back to the priesthood of Melchizedek. That’s what the book of Hebrews is all about.
Yes, there is a New Covenant. It is a covenant as Paul writes in Hebrews, where God will place his law in our hearts and in our minds.
It is a covenant where there is an atonement, a sacrifice for sin. Which actually does fulfill the need for a complete and total spiritual redemption and deliverance from sin. Allowing us then to turn away from our wickedness, to turn toward God, to start keeping his commandments. And in so doing, we can be filled with the Holy Spirit of God.
The Kingdom of God will be set up at the END of the same Feast of Pentecost High Holy Day, because God has promised that we shall receive our inheritance over the earth at the END of the days.
Daniel 12:12 Blessed is he that waiteth, and cometh to the thousand three hundred and five and thirty days. 11:13 But go thou thy way till the end be: for thou shalt rest, and stand in thy lot [inheritance] at the end of the days.
This new beginning is pictured by the Feast of Pentecost, the 50th day, being the first day after seven times seven weeks. It is a new beginning on this day, the Feast of First fruits, the Feast of Pentecost, and there will be a new beginning on this earth for mankind; with God’s Spirit poured out on all flesh (Joel 2:28).
Yes, there will be a millennium of peace. And that government, that New Covenant of the writing of God’s Word on our hearts will be extended and expanded to include all mankind on the Feast of First fruits.
Zechariah 14:16 And it shall come to pass, that every one that is left of all the nations which came against Jerusalem shall even go up from year to year to worship the King, the Lord of hosts, and to keep the feast of tabernacles.
Zechariah 8:20 Thus saith the Lord of hosts; It shall yet come to pass, that there shall come people, and the inhabitants of many cities: 8:21 And the inhabitants of one city shall go to another, saying, Let us go speedily to pray before the Lord, and to seek the Lord of hosts: I will go also. 8:22 Yea, many people and strong nations shall come to seek the Lord of hosts in Jerusalem, and to pray before the Lord.
8:23 Thus saith the Lord of hosts; In those days it shall come to pass, that ten men shall take hold out of all languages of the nations, even shall take hold of the skirt of him that is a Jew, saying, We will go with you: for we have heard that God is with you.
Even as a certain amount of God’s Spirit was poured out on a few people on that first century day of Pentecost, it will be poured out in fullness on all people, on the same day, the same day of Pentecost in the future, after all evil is stamped out and removed.
The Feast of Pentecost is much more than a picture of the start of the first century Ekklesia.
Pentecost is also the memorial of the start of the Mosaic Covenant of stone; and it is a memorial of the beginning of the New Covenant [with Abel] of writing the Word of God on our hearts and circumcising our hearts of stone to turn them into hearts of flesh by the dwelling of Christ in our hearts through his Spirit.
Finally it is also prophetic, looking forward to the establishment of the New Covenant and the writing of the Word of God on the hearts of all flesh then living, after the coming of Jesus Christ with his saints and the establishment of the Kingdom of God over all the earth at the END of that day of Pentecost.
About two thousand years later in Jerusalem, on the Feast of First fruits or Pentecost, the New Covenant of writing the law of God on the hearts of the called out through the gift of the Holy Spirit was officially confirmed; with the public pouring out of God’s Spirit upon the called out. On the very few called out to be first fruits of God’s New Covenant.
And later, at the end of the Great Tribulation, the Spirit will be poured out on all flesh, ushering in and the Kingdom of God over all the earth at the END of that day, bringing in a 1000 years Sabbath, or millennium of peace, and extending the New Covenant of espousal, to all humanity alive at that time.
Yes, friends, on the Feast of First Fruits, in the wilderness of Sinai, the law of God was written on tables of stone; and on a near future Pentecost the Word of God will be written on the hearts of humanity!
Then as per the seven day week and the seven days of the Feast of Unleavened Bread, the end of the Millennial Kingdom will complete the seven thousand year period of the Spring Harvest of First Fruits.
Later on in the fall, the Fall Festivals picture the resurrection and the bringing in of the main harvest, the great harvest of all who have lived and died, never having known or understood anything regarding God. They will be resurrected and have their minds opened, they will repent and be given God’s Spirit, and will be reaped, or brought into the Kingdom of God, into the family of God.
That is what the Fall Festivals are about. They are about the fall harvest. While the Spring Festivals are about the spring harvest, the early harvest, the first fruits harvest.
Pentecost is about the establishment of the Kingdom of God over all the earth; and that includes the calling out, repentance, and the gift of God’s Spirit to all flesh at that time!
The book of Ruth is an allegory, set in the Unleavened Bread to Pentecost period. Ruth being a Gentile or non Israelite and not a part of the Mosaic Covenant people, is a figure of those who will yet be called to be a part of spiritual Israel of the New Covenant and receive the Holy Spirit, which if it is fully followed, will write the Word of God on their hearts
Boaz, was a type of Christ the Husband, to whom all people grafted into a spiritual New Covenant Israel will be collectively married.
The book of Ruth shows the Mosaic Covenant being extended to Ruth, a Gentile; by her being grafted in through her marriage to Boaz. That event was an instructional type, foreshadowing all mankind being espoused to Jesus Christ (with the potential to overcome and be changed into spirit, becoming a part of His bride), and grafted into the New Covenant which will be extended to all flesh, at the establishment of the Kingdom of God on Pentecost when God’s Spirit is poured out on all flesh (Joel 2:28).
This event at Pentecost brings all who are still alive being spiritually Gentiles, not yet having been called into the New Covenant at that time; being grafted into a spiritual Israel a spiritual New Covenant of espousal to Christ, at the establishment of the Kingdom of God over all the earth.
I must add a warning; even the gift of the Holy Spirit can be lost if we harden our hearts as Israel did in the wilderness.
At this time the COG organizations have by and large, hardened their hearts to do what they think is right, departing from any zeal to live by every Word of God.
If we have no zeal to learn and to keep the Word of God; how can the Holy Spirit then write that Word on our hearts? We must be careful and diligent to love passionately and diligently live by every Word of God; that is how we follow the true Holy Spirit of God!
We must sincerely repent, circumcising our hearts of stone, before the Holy Spirit can begin to write the Word of God on a new heart of flesh.
Pentecost and Ruth
During the days of Eli his sons departed from God and Israel went astray. Then God afflicted them with famine and the sword of the Philistines. It was at that time that Elimelech and his wife Naomi and two sons went out of Judea into Moab to find food and safety. Then after many trials, the people turned to God and God’s servant Samuel in repentance, pouring out water before the LORD. From then on there was a period of peace and prosperity for a time and it was during that time of peace that Naomi returned to Bethlehem with her daughter in law Ruth.
Ruth quickly bore Obed who sired Jesse the father of David while Saul became king and turned away from God. Then when David was just a teen the now aged Samuel was sent by God to anoint him king and soon after that Samuel died at the age of 90 years old.
When Ezra canonized the Hebrew scriptures, the book of Ruth was appointed to be read on the Feast of Pentecost. After the preamble of the trials in Moab, the story returns to Bethlehem beginning in the period of the spring harvest; beginning with the barley harvest after Wave Offering Sunday and continuing through the wheat harvest right up to Pentecost.
Ruth appears to have been written by Samuel. The names used have considerable meaning and may be aliases used for the story. Elimelech means “God is King”. Naomi: “Well favored, A delight to God and Man,” Orpah means “stubborn and stiff necked,” Chilion: “pining away”. Ruth: “A friend and companion” Mahlon: “sickly” Boaz: “In God is Strength;” which is also the name of one of the two pillars beside the entry into the Temple Inner Court.
The first part gives the background to the situation, with the real heart of the story beginning with Ruth accepting the God of Israel and her loyalty to her adopted family.
The book of Ruth shows the Covenant being extended to Ruth, a Gentile; by her being grafted into Israel and her marriage to Boaz.
This is an allegory of and prophesies of the New Covenant calling together of both Jew and Gentile into a kind of spiritual Israel, which is to come in its fullness at the coming of Messiah and the pouring out of God’s Spirit on all flesh on a future Feast of Pentecost. (Joel 2:28, Acts 2)
The book of Ruth in its ultimate type, prophesies the calling out of all mankind and espousing all people then living to Jesus Christ (with the potential to overcome and be changed into spirit, and being added to His bride), and grafted into the New Covenant; which will be extended to all flesh then living, at the establishment of the Kingdom of God on Pentecost when God’s Spirit is poured out on all flesh (Joel 2:28).
This event at Pentecost brings all who are still alive including Israelites, being spiritually Gentiles, not yet having been called into the New Covenant; into the spiritual New Covenant of espousal to Christ, at the establishment of the Kingdom of God over all the earth.
Ruth is a type of the first fruits of this world; with Boaz as a type of Christ: The book is a type of Christ’s love for his bride, and her love and faithfulness to the God she had dedicated herself to.
The harvest gleaning is a type of our diligent personal effort at seeking the Bread of Life, and Christ rewarding us and helping us in that effort just as Boaz helped Ruth.
Ruth 1:1 Now it came to pass in the days when the judges ruled, that there was a famine in the land. And a certain man of Bethlehemjudah went to sojourn in the country of Moab, he, and his wife, and his two sons. 1:2 And the name of the man was Elimelech, and the name of his wife Naomi, and the name of his two sons Mahlon and Chilion, Ephrathites of Bethlehemjudah. And they came into the country of Moab, and continued there. 1:3 And Elimelech Naomi’s husband died; and she was left, and her two sons.
1:4 And they took them wives of the women of Moab; the name of the one was Orpah, and the name of the other Ruth: and they dwelled there about ten years. 1:5 And Mahlon and Chilion died also both of them; and the woman was left of her two sons and her husband.
1:6 Then she arose with her daughters in law, that she might return from the country of Moab: for she had heard in the country of Moab how that the LORD had visited his people in giving them bread. 1:7 Wherefore she went forth out of the place where she was, and her two daughters in law with her; and they went on the way to return unto the land of Judah.
1:8 And Naomi said unto her two daughters in law, Go, return each to her mother’s house: the LORD deal kindly with you, as ye have dealt with the dead, and with me. 1:9 The LORD grant you that ye may find rest, each of you in the house of her husband. Then she kissed them; and they lifted up their voice, and wept.
1:10 And they said unto her, Surely we will return with thee unto thy people.
This is a graphic lesson on the difference between mere words and deeds, for Orpah professed loyalty and quickly returned to her own ways and gods; While Ruth professed allegiance to God and her marriage family and she WAS faithful.
That is a lesson for us today.
1:11 And Naomi said, Turn again, my daughters: why will ye go with me? are there yet any more sons in my womb, that they may be your husbands? 1:12 Turn again, my daughters, go your way; for I am too old to have an husband. If I should say, I have hope, if I should have an husband also to night, and should also bear sons;
Now Naomi knew of the levirate law and that the next of kin of her husband or his next of kin should marry the widow yet she was testing her daughters in law; that she would be sure of her loyalty; even as God tests his people to see if they will make a worthy part of the collective bride of Christ.
1:13 Would ye tarry for them till they were grown? would ye stay for them from having husbands? nay, my daughters; for it grieveth me much for your sakes that the hand of the LORD is gone out against me. 1:14 And they lifted up their voice, and wept again: and Orpah kissed her mother in law; but Ruth clave unto her.
Orpah kissed her mother in law good by, and went back to her family and her gods.
1:15 And she [Naomi] said, Behold, thy sister in law is gone back unto her people, and unto her gods: return thou after thy sister in law.
Ruth however pledged her loyalty to God and to Naomi in the most thorough and loving manner; as we should also pledge our love and loyalty to our God our Father and to our espoused Husband Jesus Christ.
1:16 And Ruth said, Intreat me not to leave thee, or to return from following after thee: for whither thou goest, I will go; and where thou lodgest, I will lodge: thy people shall be my people, and thy God my God: 1:17 Where thou diest, will I die, and there will I be buried: the LORD do so to me, and more also, if ought but death part thee and me.
Thereupon Naomi KNEW her daughter in law was diligently faithful and left off from testing her.
1:18 When she saw that she was stedfastly minded to go with her, then she left speaking unto her.
1:19 So they two went until they came to Bethlehem. And it came to pass, when they were come to Bethlehem, that all the city was moved about them, and they said, Is this Naomi? 1:20 And she said unto them, Call me not Naomi, call me Mara: for the Almighty hath dealt very bitterly with me.
1:21 I went out full and the LORD hath brought me home again empty: why then call ye me Naomi, seeing the LORD hath testified against me, and the Almighty hath afflicted me? 1:22 So Naomi returned, and Ruth the Moabitess, her daughter in law, with her, which returned out of the country of Moab: and they came to Bethlehem in the beginning of barley harvest.
Naomi and Ruth come to Bethlehem where Elimelech owned a field. Elimelech having died, his son Mahlon inherited the field, but he and his brother both died childless, now Ruth had control of the field until she bore an heir to her husband Mahlon by his next of kin. If Ruth also died childless the land would then be inherited by the next nearest next of kin.
Naomi must have been aware of the natures of the two closest next of kin and she directed Ruth to seek Boaz, rather than to seek out the other. Ruth hearing about Boaz from Naomi then sought him out to glean in his field; for Naomi must have spoken of him as a close kinsman who was of a generous mind.
Ruth 2:1 And Naomi had a kinsman of her husband’s, a mighty man of wealth, of the family of Elimelech; and his name was Boaz. 2:2 And Ruth the Moabitess said unto Naomi, Let me now go to the field, and glean ears of corn [grain, in this case barley] after him in whose sight I shall find grace.
And she said unto her, Go, my daughter. 2:3 And she went, and came, and gleaned in the field after the reapers: and her hap was to light on a part of the field belonging unto Boaz, who was of the kindred of Elimelech.
Boaz coming to his field to visit his laborers, notices Ruth and enquires about her, and then speaks to her.
2:4 And, behold, Boaz came from Bethlehem, and said unto the reapers, The LORD be with you. And they answered him, The LORD bless thee.
2:5 Then said Boaz unto his servant that was set over the reapers, Whose damsel is this? 2:6 And the servant that was set over the reapers answered and said, It is the Moabitish damsel that came back with Naomi out of the country of Moab: 2:7 And she said, I pray you, let me glean and gather after the reapers among the sheaves: so she came, and hath continued even from the morning until now, that she tarried a little in the house.
Ruth later takes a rest in the house [laborers rest shack] and was again enquired about by Boaz, who hearing of her good reputation and her loyalty to God and her adopted family, is willing to give her a blessing.
2:8 Then said Boaz unto Ruth, Hearest thou not, my daughter? Go not to glean in another field, neither go from hence, but abide here fast by my maidens: 2:9 Let thine eyes be on the field that they do reap, and go thou after them: have I not charged the young men that they shall not touch thee? and when thou art athirst, go unto the vessels, and drink of that which the young men have drawn.
2:10 Then she fell on her face, and bowed herself to the ground, and said unto him, Why have I found grace in thine eyes, that thou shouldest take knowledge of me, seeing I am a stranger? 2:11 And Boaz answered and said unto her, It hath fully been shewed me, all that thou hast done unto thy mother in law since the death of thine husband: and how thou hast left thy father and thy mother, and the land of thy nativity, and art come unto a people which thou knewest not heretofore.
2:12 The LORD recompense thy work, and a full reward be given thee of the LORD God of Israel, under whose wings thou art come to trust.
Brethren, this is an allegory of the love of Christ for those that God the Father has called to him; who are faithful and of good reputation; who love God the Father and Jesus Christ to whom they are called to espousal. This story speaks of how those who are faithful to God and all his ways find favor with Christ and finally will be united in marriage to Christ at the Wedding Feast at the marriage of the Lamb in heaven (Rev 15, Rev 19).
2:13 Then she said, Let me find favour in thy sight, my lord; for that thou hast comforted me, and for that thou hast spoken friendly unto thine handmaid, though I be not like unto one of thine handmaidens.
2:14 And Boaz said unto her, At mealtime come thou hither, and eat of the bread, and dip thy morsel in the vinegar. And she sat beside the reapers: and he reached her parched corn, and she did eat, and was sufficed, and left. 2:15 And when she was risen up to glean, Boaz commanded his young men, saying, Let her glean even among the sheaves, and reproach her not: 2:16 And let fall also some of the handfuls of purpose for her, and leave them, that she may glean them, and rebuke her not.
This gleaning of grain is about our quest for spiritual food and our zeal to internalize the “Bread of Life” Jesus Christ; and how if we work hard and diligently glean out the Words of truth; in his mercy and love our espoused Husband will instruct his angels to give us much increase.
As Ruth worked hard to find food, we are to work hard and are to diligently seek out that spiritual food of the Word of God; diligently seeking to gather into ourselves: the Word, commandments and very nature of God the Father and our espoused Husband Jesus Christ.
2:17 So she gleaned in the field until even, and beat out that she had gleaned: and it was about an ephah of barley. 2:18 And she took it up, and went into the city: and her mother in law saw what she had gleaned: and she brought forth, and gave to her that she had reserved after she was sufficed.
2:19 And her mother in law said unto her, Where hast thou gleaned to day? and where wroughtest thou? blessed be he that did take knowledge of thee. And she shewed her mother in law with whom she had wrought, and said, The man’s name with whom I wrought to day is Boaz.
Now Naomi when she saw the grain that Ruth brought, knew that the man felt strongly for Ruth to do her such a service, and remarked that he was a near kinsman; this too being part of the analogy, for Jesus Christ is near kinsman to all humans by virtue of being our Creator, and was of Judah and is therefore a near kinsman to physical AND Spiritual Israel, as Boaz was near kinsman through the husband of Ruth.
2:20 And Naomi said unto her daughter in law, Blessed be he of the LORD, who hath not left off his kindness to the living and to the dead. And Naomi said unto her, The man is near of kin unto us, one of our next kinsmen.
2:21 And Ruth the Moabitess said, He said unto me also, Thou shalt keep fast by my young men, until they have ended all my harvest. 2:22 And Naomi said unto Ruth her daughter in law, It is good, my daughter, that thou go out with his maidens, that they meet thee not in any other field.
Boaz entreats Ruth to come to only his field and no other man’s field, and Naomi tells Ruth that it would be good for her to go to Boaz only; so that she would not be seen by other potential suitors.
We can see the thoughts of love in the mind of Boaz and that he wanted her for himself, and in the mind of Naomi that she also preferred Boaz over the other near kinsmen.
This is analogous to the love of Christ for those called to him by God the Father; and his jealousy that we should come to him alone.
As Ruth was called by God to come forth from Moab to the field of Boaz; many are called out of this world to come to the field of Christ, there to learn of him by partaking of the Bread of Life the Word of God; which is Jesus Christ in print.
This gleaning period is a period of testing as is our time of espousal to Christ; Ruth was tested and courted by Boaz; being blessed by him and no doubt conversing with him during the harvest. In the same manner we are to be absolutely faithful through all our testing’s and to be in constant communication with God the Father
2:23 So she kept fast by the maidens of Boaz to glean unto the end of barley harvest and of wheat harvest; and dwelt with her mother in law.
In the larger area of Israel, the wheat harvest continued past Pentecost for a few weeks, however in the area by Bethlehem the barley harvest progressed into the wheat harvest which ended by Pentecost.
So it is near Pentecost that Naomi advises Ruth to seek marriage with Boaz.
Ruth 3:1 Then Naomi her mother in law said unto her, My daughter, shall I not seek rest for thee, that it may be well with thee? 3:2 And now is not Boaz of our kindred, with whose maidens thou wast? Behold, he winnoweth barley to night in the threshingfloor.
3:3 Wash thyself therefore, and anoint thee, and put thy raiment upon thee, and get thee down to the floor: but make not thyself known unto the man, until he shall have done eating and drinking. 3:4 And it shall be, when he lieth down, that thou shalt mark the place where he shall lie, and thou shalt go in, and uncover his feet, and lay thee down; and he will tell thee what thou shalt do.
3:5 And she said unto her, All that thou sayest unto me I will do.
Ruth was advised to make herself ready, to cleanse herself [spiritually picturing us being cleansed of all sin] and put on her best [spiritually picturing the wedding garments of godly righteousness]; and to seek out Boaz asking him to cover her with his garment. This is similar to God’s instructions to make ourselves ready for the coming of our Lord husband by cleansing ourselves from all blemishes of uncleanness and sin; so that he might cover us with the garment of His Righteousness.
Boaz had been “winnowing barley” on “the threshing floor.” He slept there in order to guard “the heap of grain” which he had been unable to transport into his granary.
“At his feet”; The Hebrew word is not the usual noun for feet. Outside of this chapter it occurs again in Daniel 10:6 in the phrase translated “arms and legs.” The context suggests that Ruth “uncovered the place at his literal feet”. She laid down at his feet, which was symbolic of her bowing down before him [spiritually picturing our bowing down before and accepting the authority of God over us in all things] accepting him as her husband, and accepting him as an authority over her.
The words “Spread thy skirt” is literally: “cover me with your wings.” To be covered by God’s wings is a euphemism for trusting and obeying God and placing ourselves under his care and protection.
Now she asked her kinsman to let her find safety under his “wings.” However, she implied more. The same noun is used to denote the wings of a garment. The expression “to spread a skirt over” a woman means to take her in marriage; she placing herself under his care and protection (Ezekiel 16:8; Deuteronomy 22:30).
3:6 And she went down unto the floor, and did according to all that her mother in law bade her.
3:7 And when Boaz had eaten and drunk, and his heart was merry, he went to lie down at the end of the heap of corn: and she came softly, and uncovered his feet, and laid her down. 3:8 And it came to pass at midnight, that the man was afraid [startled], and turned himself: and, behold, a woman lay at his feet.
3:9 And he said, Who art thou? And she answered, I am Ruth thine handmaid: spread therefore thy skirt over thine handmaid; for thou art a near kinsman. 3:10 And he said, Blessed be thou of the LORD, my daughter: for thou hast shewed more kindness in the latter end than at the beginning, inasmuch as thou followedst not young men, whether poor or rich.
3:11 And now, my daughter, fear not; I will do to thee all that thou requirest: for all the city of my people doth know that thou art a virtuous woman.
Boaz then accepts Ruth to be his wife, but there is another who has first claim on her. It is the very same with us today for sin has its claim on us and that claim must be paid. We must be redeemed from our near kinsman, sin and Satan; by the payment of our debt of sin.
Our Lord loved us so very much that he laid down his life for us in payment of our debt of past sin and redeemed us from our debt:
1 Corinthians 6:19 What? know ye not that your body is the temple of the Holy Ghost which is in you, which ye have of God, and ye are not your own? 6:20 For ye are bought with a price: therefore glorify God in your body, and in your spirit, which are God’s.
Ruth 3:12 And now it is true that I am thy near kinsman: howbeit there is a kinsman nearer than I.
3:13 Tarry this night, and it shall be in the morning, that if he will perform unto thee the part of a kinsman, well; let him do the kinsman’s part: but if he will not do the part of a kinsman to thee, then will I do the part of a kinsman to thee, as the LORD liveth: lie down until the morning.
3:14 And she lay at his feet until the morning: and she rose up before one could know another. And he said, Let it not be known that a woman came into the floor.
3:15 Also he said, Bring the vail that thou hast upon thee, and hold it. And when she held it, he measured six measures of barley, and laid it on her: and she went into the city.
3:16 And when she came to her mother in law, she said, Who art thou, my daughter? And she told her all that the man had done to her. 3:17 And she said, These six measures of barley gave he me; for he said to me, Go not empty unto thy mother in law.
3:18 Then said she, Sit still, my daughter, until thou know how the matter will fall: for the man will not be in rest, until he have finished the thing this day.
Boaz acting quickly then goes to the near kinsman before the witnesses of the elders at the city gate, and asks the man about his intentions.
Ruth 4:1 Then went Boaz up to the gate, and sat him down there: and, behold, the kinsman of whom Boaz spake came by; unto whom he said, Ho, such a one! turn aside, sit down here. And he turned aside, and sat down.
4:2 And he took ten men of the elders of the city, and said, Sit ye down here. And they sat down.
4:3 And he said unto the kinsman, Naomi, that is come again out of the country of Moab, selleth a parcel of land, which was our brother Elimelech’s: 4:4 And I thought to advertise thee, saying, Buy it before the inhabitants, and before the elders of my people. If thou wilt redeem it, redeem it: but if thou wilt not redeem it, then tell me, that I may know: for there is none to redeem it beside thee; and I am after thee. And he said, I will redeem it.
4:5 Then said Boaz, What day thou buyest the field of the hand of Naomi, thou must buy it also of Ruth the Moabitess, the wife of the dead, to raise up the name of the dead upon his inheritance. 4:6 And the kinsman said, I cannot redeem it for myself, lest I mar mine own inheritance: redeem thou my right to thyself; for I cannot redeem it.
This man knew that if he produced a child for Ruth, that child would carry on in the name of Mahlon, and not his own name; and would inherit all that was Elimelech’s; which if Ruth had no son he would inherit himself being the nearest kinsman.
4:7 Now this was the manner in former time in Israel concerning redeeming and concerning changing, for to confirm all things; a man plucked off his shoe, and gave it to his neighbour: and this was a testimony in Israel. 4:8 Therefore the kinsman said unto Boaz, Buy it for thee. So he drew off his shoe.
4:9 And Boaz said unto the elders, and unto all the people, Ye are witnesses this day, that I have bought all that was Elimelech’s, and all that was Chilion’s and Mahlon’s, of the hand of Naomi.
4:10 Moreover Ruth the Moabitess, the wife of Mahlon, have I purchased to be my wife, to raise up the name of the dead upon his inheritance, that the name of the dead be not cut off from among his brethren, and from the gate of his place: ye are witnesses this day.
4:11 And all the people that were in the gate, and the elders, said, We are witnesses. The LORD make the woman that is come into thine house like Rachel and like Leah, which two did build the house of Israel: and do thou worthily in Ephratah, and be famous in Bethlehem: 4:12 And let thy house be like the house of Pharez, whom Tamar bare unto Judah, of the seed which the LORD shall give thee of this young woman.
4:13 So Boaz took Ruth, and she was his wife: and when he went in unto her, the LORD gave her conception, and she bare a son.
4:14 And the women said unto Naomi, Blessed be the LORD, which hath not left thee this day without a kinsman, that his name may be famous in Israel.
4:15 And he shall be unto thee a restorer of thy life, and a nourisher of thine old age: for thy daughter in law, which loveth thee, which is better to thee than seven sons, hath born him.
4:16 And Naomi took the child, and laid it in her bosom, and became nurse unto it.
4:17 And the women her neighbours gave it a name, saying, There is a son born to Naomi; and they called his name Obed: he is the father of Jesse, the father of David.
4:18 Now these are the generations of Pharez: Pharez begat Hezron,4:19 And Hezron begat Ram, and Ram begat Amminadab, 4:20 And Amminadab begat Nahshon, and Nahshon begat Salmon, 4:21 And Salmon begat Boaz, and Boaz begat Obed, 4:22 And Obed begat Jesse, and Jesse begat David.
Now Obed inherited all the land and wealth of Elimelech by the levirate law; and he also inherited all the land and wealth of Boaz. Becoming the head of a very wealthy and powerful family, out of which came David the king and into which family Jesus the Christ the King of kings was born.