Matthew chapters one and two are about establishing the Messiah-ship of Jesus [Hebrew: Yeshua] by going over his birth and very early life; and how the prophecies were fulfilled. See also Daniel 9 Dating the Birth, Ministry and Death of Jesus Christ.
Matthew 1:1 The book of the generation of Jesus Christ, the son of David, the son of Abraham.
While Jesus was not the biological son of Joseph; Joseph was the “adoptive” father of Jesus. Matthew provides a genealogy of Jesus through Joseph to demonstrate that Jesus was born into the family of David and was therefore the figurative son of David.
1:2 Abraham begat Isaac; and Isaac begat Jacob; and Jacob begat Judas and his brethren; 1:3 And Judas begat Phares and Zara of Thamar; and Phares begat Esrom; and Esrom begat Aram; 1:4 And Aram begat Aminadab; and Aminadab begat Naasson; and Naasson begat Salmon; 1:5 And Salmon begat Booz of Rachab; and Booz begat Obed of Ruth; and Obed begat Jesse;
1:6 And Jesse begat David the king; and David the king begat Solomon of her that had been the wife of Urias; 1:7 And Solomon begat Roboam; and Roboam begat Abia; and Abia begat Asa; 1:8 And Asa begat Josaphat; and Josaphat begat Joram; and Joram begat Ozias; 1:9 And Ozias begat Joatham; and Joatham begat Achaz; and Achaz begat Ezekias; 1:10 And Ezekias begat Manasses; and Manasses begat Amon; and Amon begat Josias;
1:11 And Josias begat Jechonias and his brethren, about the time they were carried away to Babylon: 1:12 And after they were brought to Babylon, Jechonias begat Salathiel; and Salathiel begat Zorobabel; 1:13 And Zorobabel begat Abiud; and Abiud begat Eliakim; and Eliakim begat Azor; 1:14 And Azor begat Sadoc; and Sadoc begat Achim; and Achim begat Eliud; 1:15 And Eliud begat Eleazar; and Eleazar begat Matthan; and Matthan begat Jacob; 1:16 And Jacob begat Joseph the husband of Mary, of whom was born Jesus, who is called Christ.
There were forty-two generations from the promises made to Abraham until the birth of Jesus the Christ.
1:17 So all the generations from Abraham to David are fourteen generations; and from David until the carrying away into Babylon are fourteen generations; and from the carrying away into Babylon unto Christ are fourteen generations.
Now we have it plainly stated that Mary was with child BEFORE Joseph “knew” her.
From this statement the Pharisees said that Jesus was a bastard born of fornication; stumbling over the implanting of the Creator in the womb of Mary by God the Father. Truly the carnally minded cannot understand the things of the Spirit and they seek for a physical explanation of the spiritually miraculous.
1:18 Now the birth of Jesus Christ was on this wise: When as his mother Mary was espoused to Joseph, before they came together, she was found with child of the Holy Ghost.
Joseph not understanding what had happened [can you imagine the mystification of both of them] decided to divorce her privately and not make a public gazing-stock of the one who he loved and felt betrayed by.
Consider carefully that an espoused [engaged] person is considered to be in a trial marriage without sex; and the wife is being tested for her fitness to be married to the husband.
I bring this up because we are espoused to an Husband who has already paid the marriage price of his very life! That is what Passover is all about: the paying of the price, of the death of Jesus Christ, and the application of that blood price for those called out as a part of his bride.
We are being Watched and Tested and Judged NOW! as to our fitness to be a part of the bride.
For a very important study into marriage as an allegory of the relationship between Christ and his people please see this study. The Marriage of the Lamb
1:19 Then Joseph her husband, being a just man, and not willing to make her a publick example, was minded to put her away privily.
God saved Joseph from his mistake and sent his angel to explain
1:20 But while he thought on these things, behold, the angel of the LORD appeared unto him in a dream, saying, Joseph, thou son of David, fear not to take unto thee Mary thy wife: for that which is conceived in her is of the Holy Ghost. 1:21 And she shall bring forth a son, and thou shalt call his name JESUS [Yeshua, Savior]: for he shall save his people from their sins.
1:22 Now all this was done, that it might be fulfilled which was spoken of the Lord by the prophet, saying, 1:23 Behold, a virgin shall be with child, and shall bring forth a son, and they shall call his name Emmanuel, which being interpreted is, God with us.
Here it is made clear that the angel came to him in a dream.
1:24 Then Joseph being raised from sleep did as the angel of the Lord had bidden him, and took unto him his wife: 1:25 And knew her not till she had brought forth her firstborn son: and he called his name JESUS [Hebrew: Yeshua] .
The “star” was probably an angel and not a literal star.
Matthew 2:1 Now when Jesus was born in Bethlehem of Judaea in the days of Herod the king, behold, there came wise men from the east to Jerusalem, 2:2 Saying, Where is he that is born King of the Jews? for we have seen his star in the east, and are come to worship him.
Herod, thinking his kingdom was threatened was troubled; and sought information on this child.
2:3 When Herod the king had heard these things, he was troubled, and all Jerusalem with him. 2:4 And when he had gathered all the chief priests and scribes of the people together, he demanded of them where Christ should be born.
2:5 And they said unto him, In Bethlehem of Judaea: for thus it is written by the prophet, 2:6 And thou Bethlehem, in the land of Juda, art not the least among the princes of Juda: for out of thee shall come a Governor, that shall rule my people Israel.
2:7 Then Herod, when he had privily called the wise men, enquired of them diligently what time the star appeared. 2:8 And he sent them to Bethlehem, and said, Go and search diligently for the young child; and when ye have found him, bring me word again, that I may come and worship him also.
The “star” moved about, first from the east to Jerusalem and then from Jerusalem to Bethlehem where it hovered over the child; more the actions of an angel that a literal star.
2:9 When they had heard the king, they departed; and, lo, the star, which they saw in the east, went before them, till it came and stood over where the young child was.
This story of the wise men is an allegory that the repentant [wise] of the Gentiles will be called to Christ and shall worship him in future.
2:10 When they saw the star, they rejoiced with exceeding great joy. 2:11 And when they were come into the house, they saw the young child with Mary his mother, and fell down, and worshipped him: and when they had opened their treasures, they presented unto him gifts; gold, and frankincense and myrrh. 2:12 And being warned of God in a dream that they should not return to Herod, they departed into their own country another way.
Joseph was then instructed to go to Egypt until it was safe to return home.
Can you imagine anyone obeying God like that today? We are to obey far more than the ten commandments; we ARE TO OBEY every Word of God!
Today many would simply say “Lord you can protect us where we are” and would refuse to go as directed!
2:13 And when they were departed, behold, the angel of the Lord appeareth to Joseph in a dream, saying, Arise, and take the young child and his mother, and flee into Egypt, and be thou there until I bring thee word: for Herod will seek the young child to destroy him.
2:14 When he arose, he took the young child and his mother by night, and departed into Egypt: 2:15 And was there until the death of Herod: that it might be fulfilled which was spoken of the Lord by the prophet, saying, Out of Egypt have I called my son.
A virgin from the family of David brought forth a son, he was born in Bethlehem, he fled into Egypt and the children of the region of Bethlehem were killed; ALL FULFILLING THE PROPHETS CONCERNING CHRIST!
2:16 Then Herod, when he saw that he was mocked of the wise men, was exceeding wroth, and sent forth, and slew all the children that were in Bethlehem, and in all the coasts thereof, from two years old and under, according to the time which he had diligently enquired of the wise men. 2:17 Then was fulfilled that which was spoken by Jeremy the prophet, saying, 2:18 In Rama was there a voice heard, lamentation, and weeping, and great mourning, Rachel weeping for her children, and would not be comforted, because they are not.
When Herod died the family moved out of Egypt and again obeying God from a dream, settled in Nazareth. Again fulfilling the prophets concerning Christ.
2:19 But when Herod was dead, behold, an angel of the Lord appeareth in a dream to Joseph in Egypt, 2:20 Saying, Arise, and take the young child and his mother, and go into the land of Israel: for they are dead which sought the young child’s life. 2:21 And he arose, and took the young child and his mother, and came into the land of Israel.
2:22 But when he heard that Archelaus did reign in Judaea in the room of his father Herod, he was afraid to go thither: notwithstanding, being warned of God in a dream, he turned aside into the parts of Galilee: 2:23 And he came and dwelt in a city called Nazareth: that it might be fulfilled which was spoken by the prophets, He shall be called a Nazarene.
Matthew 1-2 concerns the genealogy and the events around the birth of Christ as proofs of his Messiah-ship.The genealogy shows that Christ fulfilled the prophets by having a figurative son of David through Joseph and Mariam [Mary] his surrogate family parents.
Luke restates this genealogy right back to Adam in Luke 3:23; Luke also confirms in verses 31-32 that Jesus Christ was figuratively born into the line of David.
The biblical term used in Isaiah “conceived” does not mean what it does in modern English, as a meeting of egg and sperm; it simply means “being with child”.
A prophecy of the birth of Immanuel the son of Isaiah as a fore-type of the birth of Christ.
Isaiah 7:14 Therefore the Lord himself shall give you a sign; Behold, a virgin [“young woman”] shall conceive [Strong’s 02030 meaning being with child, not necessarily meaning conceive], and bear a son, and shall call his name Immanuel.
This is actually a prophecy of the birth of Immanuel the son of Isaiah as a fore-type of the birth of Christ. The Hebrew actually means a young woman [the wife of Isaiah] will be with child and the translators substituted the misleading word “virgin” for “young woman” and “conceive” for “to be with child,” not understanding the concept of a surrogate mother[as Mary was] at that date.
The correct translation is: Therefore the Lord himself shall give you a sign; Behold, a young woman shall be with child, and bear a son, and shall call his name Immanuel.
Immanuel [meaning God is with us] was the prophesied son of Isaiah as a fore-type of Jesus [Hebrew: Yeshua; Salvation, Savior]. See chapter 7 in the Isaiah study for more.
The virgin birth of Jesus comes from the New Testament: Luke 1:34 Then said Mary unto the angel, How shall this be, seeing I know not a man?
The concept of surrogate pregnancy that we understand today was unknown by the translators in the days of the King James translators; and John himself records that Mary was a virgin, not “known” by ANY MAN.
It was the God personality who became God the Father, who by a miracle, reduced the actual Creator to the size of an embryo and placed him in the womb of Mary. There was NO sexual activity between God and Mary, such as placing his sperm inside Mary: which would have been adultery on the part of God.
While Jesus was born of a virgin of David and therefore figuratively into the line of David; he himself said that he was not a son of David at all, but only appeared to be so through being born into the family of David.
Jesus denied being a literal son of David. He was only a son of David by being born into the family of David and not by conception with God’s sperm and Mary’s egg which would be rape and adultery by God the Father!
Jesus was a son of David, because he was born into the family of David. Yes, Jesus was born to Mary; but he was not conceived as a sperm uniting with an egg of Mary. He was placed in her womb and she was his surrogate mother!
Therefore we may say that Christ was born to a woman of the line of David, but was not conceived by Mary, David’s descendant!
Jesus told the Pharisees that he was not the son of David.
Matthew 22:41 While the Pharisees were gathered together, Jesus asked them, 22:42 Saying, What think ye of Christ? whose son is he? They say unto him, The son of David.
22:43 He saith unto them, How then doth David in spirit call him Lord, saying, 22:44 The Lord said unto my Lord, Sit thou on my right hand, till I make thine enemies thy footstool? 22:45 If David then call [David called Messiah/Christ: Lord, how then is Christ, David’s son?] him Lord, how is he his son?
Jesus [Hebrew: Yeshua] was the very Creator changed into the tiniest of human beings; fully giving up his God-hood to become fully human; and is now resurrected back into God-hood and eternal life as the eternal High Priest of God the Father.
Was Jesus Christ man or God?
Quite simply: He was the Creator God, FULLY GOD; BEFORE he was made flesh!
Then He willingly gave up his God-hood to become flesh and be placed in Mary as the smallest possible human being, then to be born fully human!
He then overcame the world and died for man, to be resurrected back to spirit, exalted back to being fully God!
This could never have been understood, until the modern scientific discovery of surrogate motherhood was understood.