The Gospel of Mark narrates the Ministry of Jesus from his baptism by John the Baptist to his death and resurrection. It focuses particularly on the last week of his life (chapters 11–16) in Jerusalem.
The gospel of Jesus Christ is the Gospel that Christ taught; therefore in its broadest meaning the full Gospel is ALL the teachings of Jesus Christ, and not some truncated partial Gospel about a coming Kingdom of God. The whole Gospel is about ALL the teachings of Jesus Christ; about keeping ALL the commandments; about the deeds and the nature of Christ; about the Salvation and reconciliation to God the Father, that Christ’s sacrifice beings; It is the Gospel about the way INTO eternal life and what the conduct of humanity must become and remain for all eternity. .
Matthew 28:19 Go ye therefore, and teach all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost: 28:20 Teaching them to observe all things whatsoever I have commanded you: and, lo, I am with you alway, even unto the end of the world. Amen.
Mark begins with the ministry of John Baptist who was called of God to be God’s prophet and was never ordained by any man. John was called and ordained by God to preach REPENTANCE from sin, from commandment breaking, and to prepare the way for the coming of Christ to make atonement for sincerely repented sin.
Mark 1:1 The beginning of the gospel of Jesus Christ, the Son of God; 1:2 As it is written in the prophets, Behold, I send my messenger before thy face, which shall prepare thy way before thee. 1:3 The voice of one crying in the wilderness, Prepare ye the way of the Lord, make his paths straight. 1:4 John did baptize in the wilderness, and preach the baptism of repentance for the remission of sins.
1:5 And there went out unto him all the land of Judaea, and they of Jerusalem, and were all baptized of him in the river of Jordan, confessing their sins.
John wore a poor man’s cloak made through gathering the shed woolly hair of the camel for a coat, and a skin for a skirt and ate only basic needs, NOT desiring the pleasures of this world. He was humble thinking nothing of himself. Note: Only the dead body [including the skin] of an unclean creature is unclean; the shed hair is clean.
1:6 And John was clothed with camel’s hair, and with a girdle of a skin about his loins; and he did eat locusts and wild honey; 1:7 And preached, saying, There cometh one mightier than I after me, the latchet of whose shoes I am not worthy to stoop down and unloose.
John was inspired directly by God and he knew that the sacrifice of Christ would atone for sin and reconcile humanity to God the Father; permitting the gift of the Holy Spirit. Great numbers of “Called Out” had been given the Holy Spirit since Able, (Heb 11); in FAITH that the Creator would come and would fulfill his mission.
Even John himself had that spirit from the womb! Then once Christ began his ministry, the Holy Spirit would not be given to men until Christ finished his ministry and fulfilled his mission, by paying the price for all sin. Even his twelve including Judas, were not given the Spirit of God until after the resurrection of Christ.
1:8 I indeed have baptized you with water: but he shall baptize you with the Holy Ghost.
Then Jesus [Hebrew: Yeshua] came to be baptized; and God the Father revealed himself and proclaimed Jesus [Hebrew: Yeshua] as his son before all the people present.
1:9 And it came to pass in those days, that Jesus came from Nazareth of Galilee, and was baptized of John in Jordan. 1:10 And straightway coming up out of the water, he saw the heavens opened, and the Spirit like a dove descending upon him: 1:11 And there came a voice from heaven, saying, Thou art my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased.
Jesus was then tempted in the wilderness where he overcame Satan (Mat 4).
1:12 And immediately the spirit driveth him into the wilderness. 1:13 And he was there in the wilderness forty days, tempted of Satan; and was with the wild beasts; and the angels ministered unto him.
When Jesus overcame Satan and as he was about to begin his mission, John was arrested and put in prison
1:14 Now after that John was put in prison, Jesus came into Galilee, preaching the gospel of the kingdom of God, 1:15 And saying, The time is fulfilled, and the kingdom of God is at hand: repent ye, and believe the gospel.
Jesus called to Simon Peter and his brother Andrew and shortly after called James and John also brothers (Mat 4:18).
1:16 Now as he walked by the sea of Galilee, he saw Simon and Andrew his brother casting a net into the sea: for they were fishers. 1:17 And Jesus said unto them, Come ye after me, and I will make you to become fishers of men. 1:18 And straightway they forsook their nets, and followed him.
1:19 And when he had gone a little farther thence, he saw James the son of Zebedee, and John his brother, who also were in the ship mending their nets. 1:20 And straightway he called them: and they left their father Zebedee in the ship with the hired servants, and went after him.
The Sabbath after calling his disciples Jesus began to teach in the Synagogue.
These folks gathered in the Synagogue had known him as a child and young man and now he returned fully trained in all the knowledge that the doctors of the scriptures could teach; coupled with the inspiration and understanding of God the Father.
No wonder the people were astonished at his learning, wisdom, and his great authority over the very spirits.
1:21 And they went into Capernaum; and straightway on the sabbath day he entered into the synagogue, and taught.1:22 And they were astonished at his doctrine: for he taught them as one that had authority, and not as the scribes.
1:23 And there was in their synagogue a man with an unclean spirit; and he cried out, 1:24 Saying, Let us alone; what have we to do with thee, thou Jesus of Nazareth? art thou come to destroy us? I know thee who thou art, the Holy One of God.
1:25 And Jesus rebuked him, saying, Hold thy peace, and come out of him. 1:26 And when the unclean spirit had torn him, and cried with a loud voice, he came out of him. 1:27 And they were all amazed, insomuch that they questioned among themselves, saying, What thing is this? what new doctrine is this? for with authority commandeth he even the unclean spirits, and they do obey him.
Jesus then begins to heal the sick and his fame spread across the whole region.
1:28 And immediately his fame spread abroad throughout all the region round about Galilee.
Still on the Sabbath
1:29 And forthwith, when they were come out of the synagogue, they entered into the house of Simon [Peter] and [his brother] Andrew, with James and John.
1:30 But Simon’s wife’s mother lay sick of a fever, and anon they tell him of her. 1:31 And he came and took her by the hand, and lifted her up; and immediately the fever left her, and she ministered unto them.
The word spread so quickly that by end of that Sabbath evening there were crowds at the door seeking healing.
1:32 And at even, when the sun did set, they brought unto him all that were diseased, and them that were possessed with devils.
The sick were gathered and also onlookers, so that most of the city was at the house of Simon [Peter]. The casting out of demons was a prophetic analogy of the binding of all unclean spirits at the future coming of Christ. In the same manner, the physical healings of his first coming are only a very tiny part of the healings in both flesh and spirit that are soon coming to this earth.
The sacrifice of Christ has come and was made only once, however the first ministry of Christ is only a shadow of the coming ministry of Jesus Christ as King of kings and the High Priest of, and the ONLY Mediator between God the Father and humanity!
Hebrews 9:15 And for this cause he is the mediator of the new testament, that by means of [his sacrificial] death, for the redemption of the transgressions that were under the first testament, [so that] they which are called might receive the promise of eternal inheritance.
Mark 1:33 And all the city was gathered together at the door. 1:34 And he healed many that were sick of divers diseases, and cast out many devils; and suffered not [did not permit] the devils to speak, because they knew him.
Jesus knew that it was imperative that he maintain his relationship with God the Father through prayer and thinking on and living by every Word of God
1:35 And in the morning, rising up a great while before day, he went out, and departed into a solitary place, and there prayed.
The disciples then looked for him and found him, and Jesus then began to travel from town to town preaching
1:36 And Simon and they that were with him followed after him. 1:37 And when they had found him, they said unto him, All men seek for thee. 1:38 And he said unto them, Let us go into the next towns, that I may preach there also: for therefore came I forth.
1:39 And he preached in their synagogues throughout all Galilee, and cast out devils.
The leper could NOT contain himself for his joy and thereby broke his word and failed to keep the request of Christ
1:40 And there came a leper to him, beseeching him, and kneeling down to him, and saying unto him, If thou wilt, thou canst make me clean.1:41 And Jesus, moved with compassion, put forth his hand, and touched him, and saith unto him, I will; be thou clean. 1:42 And as soon as he had spoken, immediately the leprosy departed from him, and he was cleansed.
1:43 And he straitly charged him, and forthwith sent him away; 1:44 And saith unto him, See thou say nothing to any man: but go thy way, shew thyself to the priest, and offer for thy cleansing those things which Moses commanded, for a testimony unto them.
1:45 But he went out, and began to publish it much, and to blaze abroad the matter, insomuch that Jesus could no more openly enter into the city, but was without in desert places: and they came to him from every quarter
Mark 2:1 And again he entered [returned to] into Capernaum after some days; and it was noised [reported] that he was in the [Peter’s] house. 2:2 And straightway many were gathered together, insomuch that there was no room to receive them, no, not so much as about the door: and he preached the word unto them.
At this point the teachings of Christ diverge noticeable from the church of that day; as Jesus claims the right to forgive repented sin
2:3 And they come unto him, bringing one sick of the palsy, which was borne of four. 2:4 And when they could not come nigh unto him for the press, they uncovered the roof where he was: and when they had broken it up, they let down the bed wherein the sick of the palsy lay. 2:5 When Jesus saw their faith, he said unto the sick of the palsy, Son, thy sins be forgiven thee.
The scribes recognized that Yeshua was taking on himself the prerogatives of God
2:6 But there was certain of the scribes sitting there, and reasoning in their hearts, 2:7 Why doth this man thus speak blasphemies? who can forgive sins but God only?
Jesus [Hebrew: Yeshua] then began to reason with them; that he had the power from God to heal and to forgive sin
2:8 And immediately when Jesus perceived in his spirit that they so reasoned within themselves, he said unto them, Why reason ye these things in your hearts? 2:9 Whether is it easier to say to the sick of the palsy, Thy sins be forgiven thee; or to say, Arise, and take up thy bed, and walk? 2:10 But that ye may know that the Son of man hath power on earth to forgive sins, (he saith to the sick of the palsy,)
Jesus said that the healings were proof of his calling from God the Father, and of his mission to heal BOTH the flesh and the spirit by forgiving repentant sin: Forgiving sin is spiritual healing.
2:11 I say unto thee, Arise, and take up thy bed, and go thy way into thine house. 2:12 And immediately he arose, took up the bed, and went forth before them all; insomuch that they were all amazed, and glorified God, saying, We never saw it on this fashion.
Christ then walked down to the beach for a break but the people followed him; and he continued to teach to the Gospel of sincere repentance and salvation
2:13 And he went forth again by the sea side; and all the multitude resorted unto him, and he taught them.
It was at that time that Jesus called Levi to join the other four as his disciple
2:14 And as he passed by, he saw Levi the son of Alphaeus sitting at the receipt of custom, and said unto him, Follow me. And he arose and followed him.
The sinful gathered around Christ to hear his message of sincere repentance and deliverance; as they will soon do in the coming Kingdom of God.
2:15 And it came to pass, that, as Jesus sat at meat [to eat] in his house [at Nazareth], many publicans and sinners sat also together with Jesus and his disciples: for there were many, and they followed him.
Then the religious elite of the Church of God of that day; who were too righteous in their own eyes to even speak with sinners, questioned Christ as to why he would eat and drink with the sinners. Now eating and drinking is the internalizing of nourishment, and is an analogy of the internalizing of spiritual nourishment by hungering and thirsting after the Word of God.
Jesus then said that he came to call sinners to REPENTANCE!
2:16 And when the scribes and Pharisees saw him eat with publicans and sinners, they said unto his disciples, How is it that he eateth and drinketh with publicans and sinners? 2:17 When Jesus heard it, he saith unto them, They that are whole have no need of the physician, but they that are sick: I came not to call the righteous, but sinners to repentance.
Jesus says that those who are a part of the bride cannot fast in sorrow when their espoused Husband is with them; but when he is gone away for a time, then will they fast for sorrow that they are not with him where he is.
2:18 And the disciples of John and of the Pharisees used to fast: and they come and say unto him, Why do the disciples of John and of the Pharisees fast, but thy disciples fast not? 2:19 And Jesus said unto them, Can the children of the bridechamber fast, while the bridegroom is with them? as long as they have the bridegroom with them, they cannot fast. 2:20 But the days will come, when the bridegroom shall be taken away from them, and then shall they fast in those days.
These are hidden parables that Christ will make clearer over time. After Jesus teaches of the bride and Bridegroom, he then teaches a parable of repentance; that men must be made new through repentance and the application of the atoning sacrifice of the Lamb of God; before they can receive the Holy Spirit of God..
2:21 No man also seweth a piece of new cloth on an old garment: else the new piece that filled it up taketh away from the old, and the rent is made worse. 2:22 And no man putteth new wine into old bottles: else the new wine doth burst the bottles, and the wine is spilled, and the bottles will be marred: but new wine must be put into new bottles.
This corn was actually grain, corn [maize[ was unknown until it was discovered in the western hemisphere hundreds of years later.
Jesus permitted a person to take and eat, just like we might pluck and apple off a tree to munch on Sabbath. Notice that there was NO gathering and bearing away of any more than a few mouthfuls to satisfy immediate hunger; there was no buying as the law of gleaning was in effect; and there was no cooking.
2:23 And it came to pass, that he went through the corn [grain] fields on the sabbath day; and his disciples began, as they went, to pluck the ears of corn [grain]. 2:24 And the Pharisees said unto him, Behold, why do they on the sabbath day that which is not lawful?
David had fled by horse for three days without food and was ready to faint while being pursued by a band of men intent on his murder. That was a really serious ”ox in the ditch” and a true emergency situation where the law of mercy superseded the law about who might eat of The Bread of Presence.
2:25 And he said unto them, Have ye never read what David did, when he had need, and was an hungred, he, and they that were with him? 2:26 How he went into the house of God in the days of Abiathar the high priest, and did eat the shewbread, which is not lawful to eat but for the priests, and gave also to them which were with him?
The Sabbath was made for man to take time to spend with God; It was never meant to be a burden, but rather a relief from the burdens of our daily physical lives. God’s Sabbath is a break from cooking, lawn mowing, daily work; so that we might have personal time with God to learn those things of lasting value from him. These men were with their Creator and listening to him as they grabbed a handful of grain to munch.
This situation does NOT justify going into a restaurant and paying others to sin, and partaking with them in their sins.
2:27 And he said unto them, The sabbath was made for man, and not man for the sabbath: 2:28 Therefore the Son of man is Lord also of the sabbath.