Luke 5 – 6

Luke 5

Thronged by the multitudes, Jesus went out to a boat to teach from a few meters offshore.

Luke 5:1 And it came to pass, that, as the people pressed upon him to hear the word of God, he stood by the lake of Gennesaret [Sea of Galilee], 5:2 And saw two ships standing by the lake: but the fishermen were gone out of them, and were washing their nets. 5:3 And he entered into one of the ships, which was Simon’s [Peter’s], and prayed him that he would thrust out a little from the land. And he sat down, and taught the people out of the ship.

When Jesus had finished his lesson to the people he told Peter to go out into deep water and drop nets for fish. Even though he had fished all night with no success, Peter obeyed his Master.

This is a lesson for us, that if we are diligently obedient to Christ [who taught us to live by every Word of God Mat 4:4] and fearlessly proclaim the Gospel of WARNING and REPENTANCE, even though the situation seems hopeless; in the end much fruit will be reaped.  Yet, if we try to do things our own way and teach our own words we will fail.

We are to sow the whole Word of God now, so that in the future the reaping will be plenteous.

5:4 Now when he had left speaking, he said unto Simon, Launch out into the deep, and let down your nets for a draught. 5:5 And Simon answering said unto him, Master, we have toiled all the night, and have taken nothing: nevertheless at thy word I will let down the net. 5:6 And when they had this done, they inclosed a great multitude of fishes: and their net brake. 5:7 And they beckoned unto their partners, which were in the other ship, that they should come and help them. And they came, and filled both the ships, so that they began to sink.

Peter, James, and John was astonished at the catch and acknowledged their sins, but Jesus said “fear not” to the repentant men, and called them to teach men the way to salvation.

5:8 When Simon Peter saw it, he fell down at Jesus’ knees, saying, Depart from me; for I am a sinful man, O Lord. 5:9 For he was astonished, and all that were with him, at the draught of the fishes which they had taken: 5:10 And so was also James, and John, the sons of Zebedee, which were partners with Simon. And Jesus said unto Simon, Fear not; from henceforth thou shalt catch men.

All those who respond to God the Father’s call to come to God through Christ, are to forsake ALL worldliness and follow the full teachings of Jesus Christ, who taught that we are to live by every Word of God.

5:11 And when they had brought their ships to land, they forsook all, and followed him.

The leper healed

5:12 And it came to pass, when he was in a certain city, behold a man full of leprosy: who seeing Jesus fell on his face, and besought him, saying, Lord, if thou wilt, thou canst make me clean. 5:13 And he put forth his hand, and touched him, saying, I will: be thou clean. And immediately the leprosy departed from him.

The fame of Jesus grew after the healed leper told the priests at the temple in Jerusalem what had become of him. Now his fame began to spread far beyond Galilee.

5:14 And he charged him to tell no man: but go, and shew thyself to the priest, and offer for thy cleansing, according as Moses commanded, for a testimony unto them. 5:15 But so much the more went there a fame abroad of him: and great multitudes came together to hear, and to be healed by him of their infirmities.

Jesus sought solitude to pray

5:16 And he withdrew himself into the wilderness, and prayed.

Then the ministry of Jesus began to attract the attention of the religious establishment.

5:17 And it came to pass on a certain day, as he was teaching, that there were Pharisees and doctors of the law sitting by, which were come out of every town of Galilee, and Judaea, and Jerusalem: and the power of the Lord was present to heal them.

Jesus seeing the priests and doctors of the law present, forgave sins; in order to reveal his calling to heal not only physically, but spiritually as well.

5:18 And, behold, men brought in a bed a man which was taken with a palsy: and they sought means to bring him in, and to lay him before him. 5:19 And when they could not find by what way they might bring him in because of the multitude, they went upon the housetop, and let him down through the tiling with his couch into the midst before Jesus.

5:20 And when he saw their faith, he said unto him, Man, thy sins are forgiven thee.

The scribes were confused by an apparent blasphemy.

5:21 And the scribes and the Pharisees began to reason, saying, Who is this which speaketh blasphemies? Who can forgive sins, but God alone?

Jesus proceeds to teach the doctors of the scriptures about his healing of physical sickness, being an example of his ultimate mission of healing the spirit through forgiving sin.

5:22 But when Jesus perceived their thoughts, he answering said unto them, What reason ye in your hearts? 5:23 Whether is easier, to say, Thy sins be forgiven thee; or to say, Rise up and walk? 5:24 But that ye may know that the Son of man hath power upon earth to forgive sins, (he said unto the sick of the palsy,) I say unto thee, Arise, and take up thy couch, and go into thine house.

5:25 And immediately he rose up before them, and took up that whereon he lay, and departed to his own house, glorifying God. 5:26 And they were all amazed, and they glorified God, and were filled with fear, saying, We have seen strange things to day.

Levi is called to be a disciple of Christ.

5:27 And after these things he went forth, and saw a publican, named Levi, sitting at the receipt of custom: and he said unto him, Follow me. 5:28 And he left all, rose up, and followed him.

Levi, apparently a well off man, made a feast for Jesus and invited many of his friends and fellow publicans [tax collectors]

5:29 And Levi made him a great feast in his own house: and there was a great company of publicans and of others that sat down with them.

The religious establishment complained about this, asking why they feasted with sinners and not with the religious establishment.

5:30 But their scribes and Pharisees murmured against his disciples, saying, Why do ye eat and drink with publicans and sinners? 5:31 And Jesus answering said unto them, They that are whole need not a physician; but they that are sick. 5:32 I came not to call the righteous, but sinners to repentance.

They then asked Jesus about fasting.

5:33 And they said unto him, Why do the disciples of John fast often, and make prayers, and likewise the disciples of the Pharisees; but thine eat and drink? 5:34 And he said unto them, Can ye make the children of the bridechamber fast, while the bridegroom is with them? 5:35 But the days will come, when the bridegroom shall be taken away from them, and then shall they fast in those days.

Jesus then spoke a parable about the need to become totally new persons through sincere repentance and an unshakable commitment to “Go and sin no more.”

5:36 And he spake also a parable unto them; No man putteth a piece of a new garment upon an old; if otherwise, then both the new maketh a rent, and the piece that was taken out of the new agreeth not with the old. 5:37 And no man putteth new wine into old bottles; else the new wine will burst the bottles, and be spilled, and the bottles shall perish. 5:38 But new wine must be put into new bottles; and both are preserved.

By this Jesus was teaching that those who desire salvation; must become new people through sincere repentance and a firm commitment to “Go and sin no more.”  The unrepentant sinful person is unable to receive the Holy Spirit which requires a new deeply repentant being to dwell in.

5:39 No man also having drunk old wine straightway desireth new: for he saith, The old is better.

Luke 6

Corn was unknown in the Middle East during the first century, and in Britain in the 15th century as well. The translators used the word “corn” as we use the word “grain” today; which is where the term corned beef comes from, not from maize, but from the corns of salt used to cure it.

The second Sabbath after the first merely means the second Sabbath in the location where he had forgiven sin, beginning in Luke 5:17.

Luke 6:1 And it came to pass on the second sabbath after the first, that he went through the corn [grain] fields; and his disciples plucked the ears of corn [grain, barley or wheat ], and did eat, rubbing them in their hands.

The Pharisees asked about their tradition of hand washing before eating. The question was about their traditions and not about not about the commandments of God.  Contrary to today’s popular opinion the Pharisees cared much more for their own traditions than they did for the Word of God.  They had added so many traditions that those traditions very often resulted in making God’s Word of no effect. 

This same attitude is common among professing Christians today; as for example, they pollute the Biblical Sabbath and by their own traditions observe Sunday instead, making the Word of God of no effect. 

Even in today’s Spiritual Ekklesia the brethren make God’s Word of no effect by their traditions; calling God’s Sabbath holy and then feeling justified in polluting it by their sinful tradition of patronizing restaurants  

6:2 And certain of the Pharisees said unto them, Why do ye that which is not lawful to do on the sabbath days? 

Their question was about eating without hand washing first.  The disciples simply gleaned a handful of grain as they walked along which was lawful, and ate without paying or cooking!  The Pharisees knew that this was NOT breaking the Sabbath; the issue was eating without washing one’s hands first, which was a rule of the Pharisees and not a commandment or law of God.

Jesus responded teaching the great law of mercy 

6:3 And Jesus answering them said, Have ye not read so much as this, what David did, when himself was an hungred, and they which were with him; 6:4 How he went into the house of God, and did take and eat the shewbread, and gave also to them that were with him; which it is not lawful to eat but for the priests alone? 6:5 And he said unto them, That the Son of man is Lord also of the sabbath.

It is to be noted that David had been fleeing for his life without food for three days and was weak and about to be overtaken and murdered.  A situation very few find themselves in today.  David’s life threatening emergency certainly does not justify regularly going to a restaurant on God’s Sabbath for personal pleasure, contrary to the law of God.

Jesus emphatically emphasizes that men are to obey God and not the traditions of men, he also emphasizes the great law of mercy for exceptional circumstances. Rare exceptions to the commandments for the sake of necessary acts of mercy do not justify routine and willful commandment breaking.

6:6 And it came to pass also on another sabbath, that he entered into the synagogue and taught: and there was a man whose right hand was withered. 6:7 And the scribes and Pharisees watched him, whether he would heal on the sabbath day; that they might find an accusation against him.

Jesus used the opportunity to publicly teach these hypocrites that the Sabbath was made for all men to rest and enjoy and that healing or showing mercy to the suffering are completely compatible with God’s Sabbath Day. 

That said, hospitals and care homes and emergency services should go into Sabbath mode [Friday after sunset to sunset ending Saturday] and avoid mundane activities like washing floors and equipment, training classes and elective procedures that could easily be done on any other day.

6:8 But he knew their thoughts, and said to the man which had the withered hand, Rise up, and stand forth in the midst. And he arose and stood forth.

Jesus puts them on the spot with a question they will not answer, and then heals the man.

6:9 Then said Jesus unto them, I will ask you one thing; Is it lawful on the sabbath days to do good, or to do evil? to save life, or to destroy it? 6:10 And looking round about upon them all, he said unto the man, Stretch forth thy hand. And he did so: and his hand was restored whole as the other.

It is lawful to care for sick and injured people and animals on God’s Sabbath and High Days; so that the sick and injured may be comforted on God’s Holy Days.

6:11 And they were filled with madness [furious anger]; and communed one with another what they might do to Jesus.

After a night of prayer with God the Father, Jesus chooses the twelve out of his disciples to be called apostles.

6:12 And it came to pass in those days, that he went out into a mountain to pray, and continued all night in prayer to God. 6:13 And when it was day, he called unto him his disciples: and of them he chose twelve, whom also he named apostles; 6:14 Simon, (whom he also named Peter,) and Andrew his brother, James and John, Philip and Bartholomew, 6:15 Matthew and Thomas, James the son of Alphaeus, and Simon called Zelotes, 6:16 And Judas the brother of James, and Judas Iscariot, which also was the traitor.

After selecting the apostles from among his disciples, the crowds gathered around him; and he began to teach them the Beatitudes  (Matthew 5). 

These lessons are often called the Beatitudes

6:17 And he came down with them, and stood in the plain, and the company of his disciples, and a great multitude of people out of all Judaea and Jerusalem, and from the sea coast of Tyre and Sidon, which came to hear him, and to be healed of their diseases; 6:18 And they that were vexed with unclean spirits: and they were healed. 6:19 And the whole multitude sought to touch him: for there went virtue out of him, and healed them all.

6:20 And he lifted up his eyes on his disciples, and said, Blessed be ye poor [in the spirit of human pride, those who are humble before God]: for yours is the kingdom of God.

6:21 Blessed are ye that hunger [after the things of God] now: for ye shall be filled. Blessed are ye that weep now [mourn over the evils of wickedness]: for ye shall laugh [rejoice].

6:22 Blessed are ye, when men shall hate you, and when they shall separate you from their company, and shall reproach you, and cast out your name as evil, [persecuting you for faithful Christ-like obedience to God] for the Son of man’s sake. 6:23 Rejoice ye in that day, and leap for joy: for, behold, your reward is great in heaven: for in the like manner did their fathers unto the prophets.

Woe unto those who put their trust in physical riches, and then think they are spiritually rich and have need of nothing.

6:24 But woe unto you that are rich! for ye have received your consolation. 6:25 Woe unto you that are full! for ye shall hunger. Woe unto you that laugh now! for ye shall mourn and weep. 6:26 Woe unto you, when all men shall speak well of you! for so did their fathers to the false prophets.

In this dispensation we are to learn humility and obedience towards God. We are princes in training to become kings. We must learn patient obedience and absolute faithfulness to live by every Word of God in the face of strong opposition and persecution, to qualify to be a part of the bride.

The proper keeping of the Sabbath is a TEST that most are failing in today’s corporate churches; obedience to these instructions of Christ in patiently enduring without taking revenge is also a TEST.

6:27 But I say unto you which hear, Love your enemies, do good to them which hate you, 6:28 Bless them that curse you, and pray for them which despitefully use you. 6:29 And unto him that smiteth thee on the one cheek offer also the other; and him that taketh away thy cloak forbid not to take thy coat also.

6:30 Give to every man that asketh of thee; and of him that taketh away thy goods ask them not again [when giving to the poor, do not ask for compensation from the needy]. 6:31 And as ye would that men should do to you, do ye also to them likewise.

This is a lesson of waiting on Christ to take care of things when he comes. It is also a lesson in greater love, which is to endure much from others out of love that in due time their day will come and they will remember your example of righteousness and endurance, and turn to godliness in sincere repentance.

Many men talk of love, knowing nothing of the real [agape] love of God, we have forgotten the example of the love of Stephen and Jesus Christ himself laid done his life for his enemies.

Acts 7:59 And they stoned Stephen, calling upon God, and saying, Lord Jesus, receive my spirit. 7:60  And he kneeled down, and cried with a loud voice, Lord, lay not this sin to their charge. And when he had said this, he fell asleep.

Jesus then gives a lesson in GODLY LOVE

Luke 6:32 For if ye love them which love you, what thank have ye? for sinners also love those that love them. 6:33 And if ye do good to them which do good to you, what thank have ye? for sinners also do even the same. 6:34 And if ye lend to them of whom ye hope to receive, what thank have ye? for sinners also lend to sinners, to receive as much again.

6:35 But love ye your enemies, and do good, and lend, hoping for nothing again; and your reward shall be great, and ye shall be the children of the Highest: for he is [also] kind unto the unthankful and to the evil. 6:36 Be ye therefore merciful, as your Father also is merciful [to us].

We are not to judge others in the sense of condemning them; we ARE to preach the Word of God which says that certain things are wicked and those who do them will face the judgment of God. That is the Gospel of Warning and Repentance that we are COMMANDED to preach.

We are to declare to God’s people and to the whole world that those who break or compromise with any part of the Word of God; WILL be judged by God. To preach that warning is not judging men: It is warning men of the judgment of God!

if men do not obey and live by every Word of God, it is God who will judge them by every word in the books of Holy Scripture. It is God and his Word that judges to reward or condemnation.

6:37 Judge [do not condemn but try to save people with warnings to sincerely repent and turn to God] not, and ye shall not be judged: condemn not, and ye shall not be condemned: forgive, and ye shall be forgiven: 6:38 Give, and it shall be given unto you; good measure, pressed down, and shaken together, and running over, shall men give into your bosom. For with the same measure that ye mete withal it shall be measured to you again.

Jesus teaches that those who do not follow and obey God the Father, are blind and will lead their personal followers into disaster.

To become perfect we must become LIKE God the Father and Jesus Christ! We must NEVER say that God will overlook any willful and unrepented self-justified sin; which falsehood is an abomination to God the Father and to Jesus Christ.

If we do what they hate; we shall also be unclean and abhorrent to them.

6:39 And he spake a parable unto them, Can the blind lead the blind? shall they not both fall into the ditch? 6:40 The disciple is not above his master: but every one that is perfect shall be as his master.

Jesus then teaches that the called out must become like Christ, removing all sin and spiritual uncleanness completely; before they are fit to preach the Gospel to others, fit to be an example of righteousness to others!

Those who break or compromise with any part of the Word of God, are not fit to preach the Word of God to others! They are NOT fit examples of godliness!

I did not say these things; they were spoken by Jesus Christ.

6:41 And why beholdest thou the mote that is in thy brother’s eye, but perceivest not the beam that is in thine own eye? 6:42 Either how canst thou say to thy brother, Brother, let me pull out the mote that is in thine eye, when thou thyself beholdest not the beam that is in thine own eye? Thou hypocrite, cast out first the beam out of thine own eye, and then shalt thou see clearly to pull out the mote that is in thy brother’s eye.

We are to judge who we chose to follow (Mat 7) by their fruits of obedience to God the Father and Jesus Christ; and we are NOT to follow those who will not live by every Word of God.

Matthew 7:15 Beware of false prophets, which come to you in sheep’s clothing, but inwardly they are ravening wolves. 7:16 Ye shall know them by their fruits. Do men gather grapes of thorns, or figs of thistles? 7:17  Even so every good tree bringeth forth good fruit; but a corrupt tree bringeth forth evil fruit.

Luke 6:43 For a good tree bringeth not forth corrupt fruit; neither doth a corrupt tree bring forth good fruit. 6:44 For every tree is known by his own fruit. For of thorns men do not gather figs, nor of a bramble bush gather they grapes.

A converted man will behave as God’s Spirit within him leads him, to do good and obey God without compromise.

6:45 A good man out of the good treasure of his heart bringeth forth that which is good; and an evil man out of the evil treasure of his heart bringeth forth that which is evil: for of the abundance of the heart his mouth speaketh.

Why do many call Christ, Lord, and do not follow him to live by every Word of God the Father with enthusiastic zeal?

Those who KEEP the sayings of Jesus Christ are built on the solid ROCK of SALVATION.

6:46 And why call ye me, Lord, Lord, and do not the things which I say? 6:47 Whosoever cometh to me, and heareth my sayings, and doeth them, I will shew you to whom he is like: 6:48 He is like a man which built an house, and digged deep, and laid the foundation on a rock: and when the flood arose, the stream beat vehemently upon that house, and could not shake it: for it was founded upon a rock.

The compromisers who say “Jesus will wink at our sin,” stand on the shifting sands of their own imaginations, false traditions and doing what is right in their own eyes; they shall fall with a great fall.

6:49 But he that heareth, and doeth not, is like a man that without a foundation built an house upon the earth; against which the stream did beat vehemently, and immediately it fell; and the ruin of that house was great.

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