Luke 3 – 4

Luke 3

Pontius Pilate was the fifth Prefect of the Roman province of Judaea, from AD 26–36. Tiberius was emperor from 12 A.D. to 37 A.D., his fifteenth year being 27 A.D.

Therefore John Baptist began his ministry in the spring of 27 A.D.

Luke  3:1 Now in the fifteenth year of the reign of Tiberius Caesar, Pontius Pilate being governor of Judaea, and Herod being tetrarch of Galilee, and his brother Philip tetrarch of Ituraea and of the region of Trachonitis, and Lysanias the tetrarch of Abilene, 3:2 Annas and Caiaphas being the high priests, the word of God came unto John the son of Zacharias in the wilderness.

John taught REPENTANCE and the washing [symbolized by baptism] away of past sin; to prepare the people for the ministry of Messiah the Christ. Immersion in water, baptism; is symbolic of washing away all sin and immersing ourselves in the water of the whole Word of God.  This baptism or washing is commanded in the law of God to cleanse from any uncleanness.

Brethren, sincere repentance, our baptismal commitment and the application of the sacrifice of Christ; atones for all sincerely repented PAST sin, it does not cover any future sin!  From the point of our conversion we must be faithful to our baptismal commitment to “sin no more.”  

When we first repent of the sins that we are aware of, there are still many blemishes of sin that we are ignorant of.  We must go forward from sincere repentance to grow and overcome by learning and keeping the whole Word of God; which is the washing away of sin through a zeal to learn and to keep the whole Word of God. .

Ephesians 5:25  Husbands, love your wives, even as Christ also loved the church, and gave himself for it; 5:26 That he might sanctify and cleanse it with the washing of water by the word, 5:27 That he might present it to himself a glorious church, not having spot, or wrinkle, or any such thing; but that it should be holy and without blemish.

Luke 3:3 And he came into all the country about Jordan, preaching the baptism of repentance for the remission of sins; 3:4 As it is written in the book of the words of Esaias the prophet, saying, The voice of one crying in the wilderness, Prepare ye the way of the Lord, make his paths straight.

3:5 Every valley shall be filled, and every mountain and hill shall be brought low; and the crooked shall be made straight, and the rough ways shall be made smooth; 3:6 And all flesh shall see the salvation of God.

This is a partly fulfilled prophecy which will yet be fulfilled in its fullness in this latter day.  This is speaking of literal mountains and valleys, and is also a poetic way of saying that all obstacles will be removed.

John demanded of the scribes and pharisees who wanted to be baptized in a show for the people, to PROVE the sincerity of their repentance.

People are NOT to trust in lying words, falsely claiming that they are the children of Abraham; without the works and faith of Abraham!

Today the brethren trust in the lie, that as long as they are baptized and attend some organization, they are the temple of the Lord and the tribulation will not come near them.

Jeremiah 7:4 Trust ye not in lying words, saying, The temple of the Lord, The temple of the Lord, The temple of the Lord, are these.

Luke 3:7 Then said he to the multitude that came forth to be baptized of him, O generation of vipers, who hath warned you to flee from the wrath to come? 3:8 Bring forth therefore fruits worthy of repentance, and begin not to say within yourselves, We have Abraham to our father: for I say unto you, That God is able of these stones to raise up children unto Abraham.

John 15:4 Abide in me, and I in you. As the branch cannot bear fruit of itself, except it abide in the vine; no more can ye, except ye abide in me. 15:5 I am the vine, ye are the branches: He that abideth in me, and I in him, the same bringeth forth much fruit: for without me ye can do nothing. 15:6 If a man abide not in me, he is cast forth as a branch, and is withered; and men gather them, and cast them into the fire, and they are burned.

15:7 If ye abide in me, and my words abide in you, ye shall ask what ye will, and it shall be done unto you. 15:8  Herein is my Father glorified, that ye bear much fruit; so shall ye be my disciples. 15:9  As the Father hath loved me, so have I loved you: continue ye in my love.

15:10 If ye keep my commandments, ye shall abide in my love; even as I have kept my Father’s commandments, and abide in his love.

Luke 3:9 And now also the axe is laid unto the root of the trees: every tree therefore which bringeth not forth good fruit is hewn down, and cast into the fire.

John taught all people to sincerely repent of commandment breaking and to; go and sin NO MORE!

3:10 And the people asked him, saying, What shall we do then?

3:11 He answereth and saith unto them, He that hath two coats, let him impart to him that hath none; and he that hath meat, let him do likewise. 3:12 Then came also publicans to be baptized, and said unto him, Master, what shall we do? 3:13 And he said unto them, Exact no more than that which is appointed you. 3:14 And the soldiers likewise demanded of him, saying, And what shall we do? And he said unto them, Do violence to no man, neither accuse any falsely; and be content with your wages.

John taught that God’s Spirit will be given to the sincerely repentant. through the work of the Messiah the Deliverer of humanity.

3:15 And as the people were in expectation, and all men mused in their hearts of John, whether he were the Christ, or not; 3:16 John answered, saying unto them all, I indeed baptize you with water; but one mightier than I cometh, the latchet of whose shoes I am not worthy to unloose: he shall baptize you with the Holy Ghost and with fire:

John taught that Christ will NOT overlook compromise and rebellion against any part of the Word of God; Jesus will utterly destroy the unrepentant wicked. Jesus Christ will winnow his grain as a man tosses his grain into the air and fans it so that the chaff is blown away and only the wheat remains.

Do NOT believe the error that Jesus understands and will overlook and forgive our unrepented efforts to make our lives easy by compromising with the Word of God!

Jesus Christ will NOT overlook continued and unrepented sin! He will cast such people OUT of his Father’s Temple and into the fire of affliction.

Jude 1:3 Beloved, when I gave all diligence to write unto you of the common salvation, it was needful for me to write unto you, and exhort you that ye should earnestly contend for the faith which was once delivered unto the saints.

1:4  For there are certain men crept in unawares, who were before of old ordained to this condemnation, ungodly men, turning the grace of our God into lasciviousness, and denying the [teachings to keep the commandments of the Father as Christ did] only Lord God, and our Lord Jesus Christ.

1:5 I will therefore put you in remembrance, though ye once knew this, how that the Lord, having saved the people out of the land of Egypt, afterward destroyed them that believed not.

Luke 3:17 Whose fan is in his hand, and he will throughly purge his floor, and will gather the wheat into his garner; but the chaff he will burn with fire unquenchable. 3:18 And many other things in his exhortation preached he unto the people.

Herodias was the niece of Herod and wife of Herod’s brother Philip, and for this cause she was engaged in an incestuous marriage first to Philip and then to Herod, Philip’s brother. It appears that Herodias was a Jezebel who used her charms to seek position at the side of the greatest ruler she could. The weakness of Herod to fall to her tempting makes him a poor king indeed.

3:19 But Herod the tetrarch, being reproved by him for Herodias his brother Philip’s wife, and for all the evils which Herod had done, 3:20 Added yet this above all, that he shut up John in prison.

John began to baptize in spring 27 A.D. when the waters of Jordan ran high, and Jesus went to be baptized of John before his trials in the wilderness, after which Jesus went home to rest and then began his ministry close to the fall Feast time.

3:21 Now when all the people were baptized, it came to pass, that Jesus also being baptized, and praying, the heaven was opened, 3:22 And the Holy Ghost descended in a bodily shape like a dove upon him, and a voice came from heaven, which said, Thou art my beloved Son; in thee I am well pleased.

Joseph was the father of Jesus by adoption, being his legal father through whom Jesus could rightfully claim descent from David.

Jesus was the son of Mary in the sense that the Creator gave up his God-hood to be reduced to the smallest human form, and Mary carried the child to term and gave birth to Yeshua [Jesus] as a surrogate mother of Messiah. Surrogacy is an arrangement in which a woman carries and delivers a child for another; the woman may be genetically unrelated to the child. 

With God all things are possible!

There are differences between Matthew’s genealogy of Joseph, and Luke’s. In some cases the real issue may simply be the use of forenames or surnames.  

Another issue is the writing of the names in Aramaic or Greek; Matthew was a Jew who was writing to the Jews and probably write in Hebrew or Aramaic, which Aramaic form may have been retained in the translation into Koine Greek. 

Luke on the other hand was a Greek writing a history of Jesus physical life for the Greeks, and undoubtedly wrote Luke and Acts in Greek, just like Paul’s epistles [except Hebrews] which were written to the Greeks and in Greek. 

Luke would have employed Greek versions of the genealogies while Matthew would have used Aramaic [or even Hebrew] versions.

The genealogy of Joseph the supposed father of Yeshua [Jesus]

Luke 3:23 And Jesus himself began to be about thirty years of age, being (as was supposed) the son of Joseph, which was the son of Heli, 3:24 Which was the son of Matthat, which was the son of Levi, which was the son of Melchi, which was the son of Janna, which was the son of Joseph,

3:25 Which was the son of Mattathias, which was the son of Amos, which was the son of Naum, which was the son of Esli, which was the son of Nagge, 3:26 Which was the son of Maath, which was the son of Mattathias, which was the son of Semei, which was the son of Joseph, which was the son of Juda,

3:27 Which was the son of Joanna [Strong’s 2490,  Hebrew proper name masculine Jehohanan, Johanan.], which was the son of Rhesa, which was the son of Zorobabel, which was the son of Salathiel, which was the son of Neri, 3:28 Which was the son of Melchi, which was the son of Addi, which was the son of Cosam, which was the son of Elmodam, which was the son of Er,

3:29 Which was the son of Jose, which was the son of Eliezer, which was the son of Jorim, which was the son of Matthat, which was the son of Levi, 3:30 Which was the son of Simeon, which was the son of Juda, which was the son of Joseph, which was the son of Jonan, which was the son of Eliakim,

3:31 Which was the son of Melea, which was the son of Menan, which was the son of Mattatha,   which was the son of Nathan, which was the son of David, 3:32 Which was the son of Jesse, which was the son of Obed, which was the son of Booz, which was the son of Salmon, which was the son of Naasson,

3:33 Which was the son of Aminadab, which was the son of Aram, which was the son of Esrom, which was the son of Phares, which was the son of Juda, 3:34 Which was the son of Jacob, which was the son of Isaac, which was the son of Abraham, which was the son of Thara, which was the son of Nachor,

3:35 Which was the son of Saruch, which was the son of Ragau, which was the son of Phalec, which was the son of Heber, which was the son of Sala, 3:36 Which was the son of Cainan, which was the son of Arphaxad, which was the son of Sem, which was the son of Noe, which was the son of Lamech, 3:37 Which was the son of Mathusala, which was the son of Enoch, which was the son of Jared, which was the son of Maleleel, which was the son of Cainan, 3:38 Which was the son of Enos, which was the son of Seth, which was the son of Adam, which was the son of God.

Luke 4

The temptation of Christ

Luke 4:1 And Jesus being full of the Holy Ghost returned from Jordan, and was led by the Spirit into the wilderness, 4:2 Being forty days tempted of the devil. And in those days he did eat nothing: and when they were ended, he afterward hungered. 

With God all things are possible; and as Moses fasted for forty days on the Mount, Jesus fasted for forty days in the desert.

4:3 And the devil said unto him, If thou be the Son of God, command this stone that it be made bread. 4:4 And Jesus answered him, saying, It is written, That man shall not live by bread alone, but by every word of God.

Today WE have forgotten this scripture which admonishes us to hunger and thirst after the whole Word of God (Mat 5); to KEEP it and LIVE BY IT in all things.  Instead we reject the scripture for our idols of men and false traditions.

4:5 And the devil, taking him up into an high mountain, shewed unto him all the kingdoms of the world in a moment of time. 4:6 And the devil said unto him, All this power will I give thee, and the glory of them: for that is delivered unto me; and to whomsoever I will I give it. 4:7 If thou therefore wilt worship me, all shall be thine.

4:8 And Jesus answered and said unto him, Get thee behind me, Satan: for it is written, Thou shalt worship the Lord thy God, and him only shalt thou serve.

Today, false and wicked men exalt themselves as supposed ultimate moral authorities of humanity; instead of teaching a wholehearted obedience and service to live by every Word of God. 

4:9 And he brought him to Jerusalem, and set him on a pinnacle of the temple, and said unto him, If thou be the Son of God, cast thyself down from hence: 4:10 For it is written, He shall give his angels charge over thee, to keep thee: 4:11 And in their hands they shall bear thee up, lest at any time thou dash thy foot against a stone.

4:12 And Jesus answering said unto him, It is said, Thou shalt not tempt the Lord thy God.

Jesus then departed and took a rest, proceeding to Galilee.

4:13 And when the devil had ended all the temptation, he departed from him for a season. 4:14 And Jesus returned in the power of the Spirit into Galilee: and there went out a fame of him through all the region round about.

Jesus began to teach in the synagogues in Galilee beginning at Capernaum.

4:15 And he taught in their synagogues, being glorified of all.

Jesus then came to his home town of Nazareth.

4:16 And he came to Nazareth, where he had been brought up: and, as his custom was, he went into the synagogue on the sabbath day, and stood up for to read.

4:17 And there was delivered unto him the book of the prophet Esaias. And when he had opened the book, he found the place where it was written,

Jesus then reveals his own mission, the physical mission and the spiritual. To give salvation to the poor in spirit [meek and humble], to heal the contrite of spirit [sincerely repentant] with salvation, to deliver those held captive by sin, to give the light of understanding spiritual things to the blind, to heal those suffering under the bondage of sin and to set them free, to preach of the coming of the Kingdom of God.

4:18 The Spirit of the Lord is upon me, because he hath anointed me to preach the gospel to the poor; he hath sent me to heal the brokenhearted, to preach deliverance to the captives, and recovering of sight to the blind, to set at liberty them that are bruised, 4:19 To preach the acceptable year of the Lord.

4:20 And he closed the book, and he gave it again to the minister, and sat down. And the eyes of all them that were in the synagogue were fastened on him.

Jesus then declared that he would fulfill these things.

4:21 And he began to say unto them, This day is this scripture fulfilled in your ears.

4:22 And all bare him witness [heard his words], and wondered at the gracious words which proceeded out of his mouth. And they said, Is not this Joseph’s son? 4:23 And he said unto them, Ye will surely say unto me this proverb, Physician, heal thyself: whatsoever we have heard done in Capernaum, do also here in thy country.

Jesus then said that no prophet is accepted by his own neighbors.

4:24 And he said, Verily I say unto you, No prophet is accepted in his own country.

Jesus then said that because of their unbelief and unwillingness to repent and obey the scriptures they were worse than the heathen who did not have access to the scriptures.

This is also true today, many of those who should know better and claim to be converted reject many scriptures and have no zeal for the practical application of the Word of God? 

We call ourselves God’s people and we do have much that is right; yet we reject many scriptures and fall into condemnation because we have no zeal to live by every Word of God. We are a half-way people; doing what we decide and not wholeheartedly keeping ALL of God’s Word.

4:25 But I tell you of a truth, many widows were in Israel in the days of Elias, when the heaven was shut up three years and six months, when great famine was throughout all the land; 4:26 But unto none of them was Elias sent, save unto Sarepta, a city of Sidon, unto a woman that was a widow. 4:27 And many lepers were in Israel in the time of Eliseus the prophet; and none of them was cleansed, saving Naaman the Syrian.

The people were angered when they heard this condemnation by Jesus Christ, even as they are angry when they hear these truths today.  

4:28 And all they in the synagogue, when they heard these things, were filled with wrath, 4:29 And rose up, and thrust him out of the city, and led him unto the brow of the hill whereon their city was built, that they might cast him down headlong. 4:30 But he passing through the midst of them went his way,

Jesus then returns to Capernaum, where he taught with authority.

4:31 And came down to Capernaum, a city of Galilee, and taught them on the sabbath days. 4:32 And they were astonished at his doctrine: for his word was with power.

Jesus then began to show that he had power over even the unclean spirits.

4:33 And in the synagogue there was a man, which had a spirit of an unclean devil, and cried out with a loud voice, 4:34 Saying, Let us alone; what have we to do with thee, thou Jesus of Nazareth? art thou come to destroy us? I know thee who thou art; the Holy One of God.

4:35 And Jesus rebuked him, saying, Hold thy peace, and come out of him. and when the devil had thrown him in the midst, he came out of him, and hurt him not. 4:36 And they were all amazed, and spake among themselves, saying, What a word is this! for with authority and power he commandeth the unclean spirits, and they come out.

Jesus then went on a Sabbath afternoon into Peter’s house.  (See also Mat 8:14).

4:37 And the fame of him went out into every place of the country round about. 4:38 And he arose out of the synagogue, and entered into Simon’s house. And Simon’s wife’s mother was taken with a great fever; and they besought him for her. 4:39 And he stood over her, and rebuked the fever; and it left her: and immediately she arose and ministered unto them.

After the Sabbath the sick began to gather around the house to request healing.

4:40 Now when the sun was setting, all they that had any sick with divers diseases brought them unto him; and he laid his hands on every one of them, and healed them. 4:41 And devils also came out of many, crying out, and saying, Thou art Christ the Son of God. And he rebuking them suffered them not to speak: for they knew that he was Christ.

In the morning when he would have departed the people were insistent that he remain with them at Capernaum, but he said that he must go to preach to others as well.

4:42 And when it was day, he departed and went into a desert place: and the people sought him, and came unto him, and stayed him, that he should not depart from them. 4:43 And he said unto them, I must preach the kingdom of God to other cities also: for therefore am I sent. 4:44 And he preached in the synagogues of Galilee.

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