Luke 23

Luke 23

The priests lead Jesus to a hearing before the Roman governor

Luke 23:1 And the whole multitude of them arose, and led him unto Pilate.

There they outright lie, as well as make accusations regarding their beliefs.

23:2 And they began to accuse him, saying, We found this fellow perverting the nation, and forbidding to give tribute to Caesar, saying that he himself is Christ a King.

Jesus evades Pilate’s question

23:3 And Pilate asked him, saying, Art thou the King of the Jews? And he answered him and said, Thou sayest it.

Pilate declares Christ innocent

23:4 Then said Pilate to the chief priests and to the people, I find no fault in this man.  23:5 And they were the more fierce, saying, He stirreth up the people, teaching throughout all Jewry, beginning from Galilee to this place.

Pilate, hearing that Jesus was of Galilee sent him to the Tetrarch Herod; not Herod the Great who died while Jesus was a child.

23:6 When Pilate heard of Galilee, he asked whether the man were a Galilaean. 23:7 And as soon as he knew that he belonged unto Herod’s jurisdiction, he sent him to Herod, who himself also was at Jerusalem at that time.

Herod was happy to meet Jesus and question him

23:8 And when Herod saw Jesus, he was exceeding glad: for he was desirous to see him of a long season, because he had heard many things of him; and he hoped to have seen some miracle done by him.

He must have been disappointed as Jesus did not answer him

23:9 Then he questioned with him in many words; but he answered him nothing. 23:10 And the chief priests and scribes stood and vehemently accused him.

Then Herod grew impatient and frustrated and thought Christ of no importance mocking him and returning him to Pilate as not worthy of his interest.

23:11 And Herod with his men of war set him at nought, and mocked him, and arrayed him in a gorgeous robe, and sent him again to Pilate.

This apparent deference to Pilate by Herod, opened a friendship between the two.

23:12 And the same day Pilate and Herod were made friends together: for before they were at enmity between themselves.

Pilate finds Jesus innocent as did Herod, and decides to chastise Christ and release him.

23:13 And Pilate, when he had called together the chief priests and the rulers and the people, 23:14 Said unto them, Ye have brought this man unto me, as one that perverteth the people: and, behold, I, having examined him before you, have found no fault in this man touching those things whereof ye accuse him: 23:15 No, nor yet Herod: for I sent you to him; and, lo, nothing worthy of death is done unto him. 23:16 I will therefore chastise him, and release him.

The people stirred up by the priests; demanded the death of Jesus and the release of Barabbas.

23:17 (For of necessity he must release one unto them at the feast.) 23:18 And they cried out all at once, saying, Away with this man, and release unto us Barabbas: 23:19 (Who for a certain sedition made in the city, and for murder, was cast into prison.) 23:20 Pilate therefore, willing to release Jesus, spake again to them.

Pilate repeats his judgment a second and a third time, but the people stirred to a frenzy by the elders, demanded Christ’s life. These priests were the lawful religious establishment of the day. Can you see how very important it is not to allow the religious establishment to stir and lead us away from God’s ways?  An evil leader can lead you very far astray from God, constantly prove all things and follow men ONLY as they follow Christ (1 Thess 5:21).

23:21 But they cried, saying, Crucify him, crucify him. 23:22 And he said unto them the third time, Why, what evil hath he done? I have found no cause of death in him: I will therefore chastise him, and let him go. 23:23 And they were instant with loud voices, requiring that he might be crucified. And the voices of them and of the chief priests prevailed.

To avoid a major riot the Roman governor Pilate was forced to give in to the demands of the Mosaic Church of God.

23:24 And Pilate gave sentence that it should be as they required.

The rebel Barabbas was released and Jesus the righteous was condemned to death because of the envy of the religious leaders who wanted the people to follow themselves.

23:25 And he released unto them him [Barabbas] that for sedition and murder was cast into prison, whom they had desired; but he delivered Jesus to their will. 

This is an allegory;   Barabbas released from prison represented all those who will be released from bondage to sin because Jesus Christ paid the penalty for our sins in our place.

Matthew fills in this part.

Matthew 27:26 Then released he Barabbas unto them: and when he had scourged Jesus, he delivered him to be crucified.

27:27  Then the soldiers of the governor took Jesus into the common hall, and gathered unto him the whole band of soldiers. 27:28  And they stripped him, and put on him a scarlet robe.

27:29 And when they had platted a crown of thorns, they put it upon his head, and a reed in his right hand: and they bowed the knee before him, and mocked him, saying, Hail, King of the Jews! 27:30 And they spit upon him, and took the reed, and smote him on the head. 27:31 And after that they had mocked him, they took the robe off from him, and put his own raiment on him, and led him away to crucify him.

Luke 23:26 And as they led him away, they laid hold upon one Simon, a Cyrenian, coming out of the country, and on him they laid the cross, that he might bear it after Jesus. 23:27 And there followed him a great company of people, and of women, which also bewailed and lamented him.

Jesus turns to the people and knowing that he will soon be resurrected in glory, advises them to weep for all the trials which they would suffer before he returns to rule in glory.  

23:28 But Jesus turning unto them said, Daughters of Jerusalem, weep not for me, but weep for yourselves, and for your children.

Now speaking of Daniel’s 70 week and the two 3 1/2 years periods of trial.  See the Daniel 9 articles here

23:29 For, behold, the days are coming, in the which they shall say, Blessed are the barren, and the wombs that never bare, and the paps which never gave suck. 23:30 Then shall they begin to say to the mountains, Fall on us; and to the hills, Cover us.

Jesus then figuratively asked: If they do these things to him in a good time; what will they do to God’s called out in the midst of great trials?

23:31 For if they do these things in a green tree, what shall be done in the dry?

Two criminals are crucified with him

23:32 And there were also two other, malefactors, led with him to be put to death. 23:33 And when they were come to the place, which is called Calvary, there they crucified him, and the malefactors, one on the right hand, and the other on the left.

Jesus then forgave those priests and leaders who had hated him and deceived the people to reject him.

23:34 Then said Jesus, Father, forgive them; for they know not what they do. And they parted his raiment, and cast lots.

23:35 And the people stood beholding. And the rulers also with them derided him, saying, He saved others; let him save himself, if he be Christ, the chosen of God. 23:36 And the soldiers also mocked him, coming to him, and offering him vinegar, 23:37 And saying, If thou be the king of the Jews, save thyself. 23:38 And a superscription also was written over him in letters of Greek, and Latin, and Hebrew, THIS IS THE KING OF THE JEWS.

One man dying with Christ sought repentance and forgiveness. This man understood that as Christ lay dying; Christ would also arise and be King over all.

Consider how short a time this man was converted and faithful to God! Far, far less than most other converted people, yet he was granted salvation after repenting at the very end of his life. Who knows if God had been working with him all his life to bring him to this moment?

23:39 And one of the malefactors which were hanged railed on him, saying, If thou be Christ, save thyself and us. 23:40 But the other answering rebuked him, saying, Dost not thou fear God, seeing thou art in the same condemnation? 23:41 And we indeed justly; for we receive the due reward of our deeds: but this man hath done nothing amiss. 23:42 And he said unto Jesus, Lord, remember me when thou comest into thy kingdom.

In the following statement Jesus could mean; “in your next conscious moment after you awaken from death”; or this could simply be a matter of the translator’s punctuation. “Verily I say unto thee today, thou shalt be with me in paradise.”

We KNOW that Christ was in his grave for three full days and three full nights, and was not resurrected until the end of the third day.

23:43 And Jesus said unto him, Verily I say unto thee, To day shalt thou be with me in paradise.

About noon thick cloud began to block out the sun, representative of the sin of humanity that Christ was bearing; the cloud symbolically hiding him and separating him from the face of God the Father.

At about three in the afternoon on Passover day, 31 A.D.; Jesus Christ [Hebrew: Yeshua Mashiach], the Lamb of God; died for the sins of humanity being sinless, innocent and perfect himself; and that part of the plan of God was fulfilled.

Revelation 13:8 . . . . the book of life of the Lamb slain from the foundation of the world.

Luke 23:44 And it was about the sixth hour, and there was a darkness over all the earth until the ninth hour.  23:45 And the sun was darkened, and the veil of the temple was rent in the midst. 23:46 And when Jesus had cried with a loud voice, he said, Father, into thy hands I commend my spirit: and having said thus, he gave up the ghost.

The Roman guard then glorified God and declared Jesus a righteous man

23:47 Now when the centurion saw what was done, he glorified God, saying, Certainly this was a righteous man.

The people were confused and filled with apprehension

23:48 And all the people that came together to that sight, beholding the things which were done, smote their breasts, and returned [home].

Those who knew Christ and his many disciples watched from afar and when Christ was dead they begged to bury the body before sunset when the High Day would begin.

23:49 And all his acquaintance, and the women that followed him from Galilee, stood afar off, beholding these things. 23:50 And, behold, there was a man named Joseph, a counsellor; and he was a good man, and a just: 23:51 (The same had not consented to the counsel and deed of them;) he was of Arimathaea, a city of the Jews: who also himself waited for the kingdom of God. 23:52 This man went unto Pilate, and begged the body of Jesus. 23:53 And he took it down, and wrapped it in linen, and laid it in a sepulchre that was hewn in stone, wherein never man before was laid.

23:54 And that day was the preparation [the Passover being the preparation day for the first High Day of Unleavened Bread], and the [at sunset ending Passover day, the first High Day of the Feast of Unleavened Bread Annual Sabbath began, Thursday that year] sabbath drew on.

Jesus died at about three pm on a Wednesday Passover day, he was placed in the tomb before sunset, and at sunset Wednesday the high day Annual Sabbath of the Feast of Unleavened Bread began and lasted  through to that Thursday sunset.  Then Friday [another preparation day] and Saturday [the weekly Sabbath] came, and Jesus was resurrected just after sunset ending the Saturday weekly Sabbath just as Wave Offering Sunday began.

On Sunday morning he was ALREADY risen!  Having risen immediately after sunset ended the Sabbath and beginning Sunday.  Yes, according to the biblical sunset to sunset 24 hour day; Jesus was resurrected on Sunday, just as Sunday began. 

After the Thursday High Holy Day, certain women came to view the tomb on Friday and then went to buy spices;  they then rested on the weekly Sabbath and came to the tomb very early on Sunday morning, the first regular work day of the week.

23:55 And the women also, which came with him from Galilee, followed after [these came after or with the first women visiting the tomb], and beheld the sepulchre, and how his body was laid [on Friday]. 23:56 And they returned, and prepared spices and ointments [on Friday]; and rested the [weekly] sabbath day [Saturday] according to the commandment

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