Luke 19 – 20

Luke 19

Jesus dines with Zacchaeus the chief of the tax collectors around Jericho

Luke 19:1 And Jesus entered and passed through Jericho. 19:2 And, behold, there was a man named Zacchaeus, which was the chief among the publicans, and he was rich. 19:3 And he sought to see Jesus who he was; and could not for the press [crowd], because he was little of stature. 19:4 And he ran before, and climbed up into a sycamore [fig] tree to see him: for he was to pass that way.

Zacchaeus a sinner was enthusiastic to see Christ and was overjoyed to meet with him.

19:5 And when Jesus came to the place, he looked up, and saw him, and said unto him, Zacchaeus, make haste, and come down; for to day I must abide at thy house. 19:6 And he made haste, and came down, and received him joyfully.

The self-righteous murmured against Zacchaeus calling him a sinner, yet Zacchaeus was more righteous than them all.

19:7 And when they saw it, they all murmured, saying, That he was gone to be guest with a man that is a sinner.

19:8 And Zacchaeus stood, and said unto the Lord: Behold, Lord, the half of my goods I give to the poor; and if I have taken any thing from any man by false accusation, I restore him fourfold.

Today as then, people judge by what they want and think proper, and not by the Word of God.  Jesus declares Zacchaeus a true son of Abraham, meaning a man of faith like Abraham, who sought out and believed Christ. The sins of Zacchaeus were forgiven for his good deeds and his faith in Christ to live by the Word of God.

19:9 And Jesus said unto him, This day is salvation come to this house, forsomuch as he also is a son of Abraham.

The mission of Christ was to teach repentance and obedience to God the Father; to be sacrificed for repented sin to save the sincerely repentant and to reconcile them to God the Father.

19:10 For the Son of man is come to seek and to save that which was lost.

The parable of the pounds

19:11 And as they heard these things, he added and spake a parable, because he was nigh to Jerusalem, and because they thought that the kingdom of God should immediately appear.

19:12 He said therefore, A certain nobleman [like Jesus Christ went to God the Father to receive a kingdom] went into a far country to receive for himself a kingdom, and to return.

Each of Christ’s called out servants is given a portion of God’s Spirit.

19:13 And he called his ten servants, and delivered them ten pounds, and said unto them, Occupy [wait faithfully for me to return] till I come.

Then many of the brethren became entangled in their own pursuits and departed from their lord, rejecting him. 

This speaks of the rejection of living by every Word of God in today’s Ekklesia.

19:14 But his citizens hated him, and sent a message after him, saying, We will not have this man to reign over us.

At the resurrection, Christ will judge the called out by how much they have grown and overcome, and by the amount of their zeal in studying and applying the Word of God in their lives.

19:15 And it came to pass, that when he was returned, having received the kingdom, then he commanded these servants to be called unto him, to whom he had given the money, that he might know how much every man had gained by trading.

The person who was loyal and through hard work and zeal increased his gift ten times, received a good reward just as the diligently faithful to live by every Word of God and continually grow in godliness will have their reward.

19:16 Then came the first, saying, Lord, thy pound hath gained ten pounds. 19:17 And he said unto him, Well, thou good servant: because thou hast been faithful in a very little, have thou authority over ten cities.

The next man receives in direct proportion to his zeal and hard work; just as the called to God will be rewarded in direct proportion to their zeal to live by every Word of God.

19:18 And the second came, saying, Lord, thy pound hath gained five pounds. 19:19 And he said likewise to him, Be thou also over five cities.

The person who is fearful and sits on his gift and makes no effort to study, grow, overcome and zealously please God, but is content to leave his salvation to idols of men and corporate organizations: will lose what he has been given for he is NOT worthy to receive anything.

The person who says; “all I have to do, is to do what the elder says and I have it made” will lose all, for his fear of men and his spiritual laziness.

Being a part of some corporate church, even being baptized and receiving the gift of God’s Spirit, does NOT mean that anyone has it made!

On the other hand the man who has proved himself to be industrious and faithful in godliness, will receive the portion that had been taken from the wicked spiritually lazy, because God knows that he will use it wisely.

We must go onward and build our character house on that initial gift of God’s Spirit! If we do not use it: We will surely lose it!

19:20 And another came, saying, Lord, behold, here is thy pound, which I have kept laid up in a napkin: 19:21 For I feared thee, because thou art an austere man: thou takest up that thou layedst not down, and reapest that thou didst not sow.

19:22 And he saith unto him, Out of thine own mouth will I judge thee, thou wicked servant. Thou knewest that I was an austere man, taking up that I laid not down, and reaping that I did not sow: 19:23 Wherefore then gavest not thou my money into the bank, that at my coming I might have required mine own with usury? 19:24 And he said unto them that stood by, Take from him the pound, and give it to him that hath ten pounds.

The slothful and fearful servant had his part taken away and given to the zealous energetic person.

Why? Because the Master KNOWS that the energetic over-comer will also be an energetic, zealous ruler over his cities to teach his people to be passionately faithful to God!

19:25 (And they said unto him, Lord, he hath ten pounds.) 19:26 For I say unto you, That unto every one which hath [those who have been zealous and increased the portion of the Spirit given to him] shall be given; and from him that hath not [has not used and increased his portion of God’s Spirit], even that he hath shall be taken away from him.

Those who quench God’s Spirit by refusing to diligently study and grow to live by every Word of God, are in rebellion against God and have become Christ’s enemies!

Those who refuse to obey the Word of God, instead, standing on their own false traditions, or idolizing men and organizations ABOVE God’s Word by doing what men say and not doing what God says; and who equate loyalty to men with godliness: SHALL BE DESTROYED by Almighty God!

This is not some kind of game. Its either ALL THE WAY, in living by EVERY WORD of GOD; or we shall be rejected, cast out; and if we still do not repent; DESTROYED from life eternal!

19:27 But those mine enemies, which would not that I should reign over [reign over their lives] them, bring hither, and slay them before me.

19:28 And when he had thus spoken, he went before, ascending up to Jerusalem.

Christ’s entry into Jerusalem

19:29 And it came to pass, when he was come nigh to Bethphage and Bethany, at the mount called the mount of Olives, he sent two of his disciples, 19:30 Saying, Go ye into the village over against you; in the which at your entering ye shall find a colt tied, whereon yet never man sat: loose him, and bring him hither. 19:31 And if any man ask you, Why do ye loose him? thus shall ye say unto him, Because the Lord hath need of him.

19:32 And they that were sent went their way, and found even as he had said unto them. 19:33 And as they were loosing the colt, the owners thereof said unto them, Why loose ye the colt? 19:34 And they said, The Lord hath need of him.

The multitudes, thinking that he had come to establish the kingdom; welcomed him

Zechariah 9:9 Rejoice greatly, O daughter of Zion; shout, O daughter of Jerusalem: behold, thy King cometh unto thee: he is just, and having salvation; lowly, and riding upon an ass, and upon a colt the foal of an ass. 9:10  And I will cut off the chariot [end war] from Ephraim, and the horse from Jerusalem, and the battle bow shall be cut off: and he shall speak peace unto the heathen: and his dominion shall be from sea even to sea, and from the river even to the ends of the earth.

When Christ comes back, he will destroy all enemies from the Mount of Olives and shall then enter Jerusalem to the rejoicing of the people, to become King over all the earth.  Then when the Feast of Pentecost is fully come the Holy Spirit will be poured out on all flesh (Joel 2:28).  Then all the nations of the earth will rejoice for he will bring peace and fruitfulness back to all the earth.

Luke 19:35 And they brought him to Jesus: and they cast their garments upon the colt, and they set Jesus thereon. 19:36 And as he went, they [many people, not just the disciples] spread their clothes in the way. 19:37 And when he was come nigh, even now at the descent [foot of] of the mount of Olives, the whole multitude of the disciples began to rejoice and praise God with a loud voice for all the mighty works that they had seen; 19:38 Saying, Blessed be the King that cometh in the name of the Lord: peace in heaven, and glory in the highest.

The Pharisees became fearful for their positions, knowing that they had opposed Christ; and that if he took the kingdom they would suffer loss.

19:39 And some of the Pharisees from among the multitude said unto him, Master, rebuke thy disciples. 19:40 And he answered and said unto them, I tell you that, if these should hold their peace, the stones would immediately cry out.

Jesus wept over Jerusalem for her rejection of his deliverance and for the great sorrows to come upon her in future, before her people finally sincerely repent and are made ready to receive him as King of kings.

19:41 And when he was come near, he beheld the city, and wept over it, 19:42 Saying, If thou hadst known, even thou, at least in this thy day, the things which belong unto thy peace! but now they are hid from thine eyes. 19:43 For the days shall come upon thee, that thine enemies shall cast a trench about thee, and compass thee round, and keep thee in on every side, 19:44 And shall lay thee even with the ground, and thy children within thee; and they shall not leave in thee one stone upon another; because thou knewest not the time of thy visitation.

Jesus then casts the sinful OUT of God the Father’s house just as he will cast the sinful who compromise with the Word of God, and the tolerator’s of willful sin out from among his people; and Jesus Christ will reject them from being in the resurrection as a part of his bride.

Those who go out to buy on God’s Holy Sabbaths, who reject godly knowledge for false traditions, who idolize men and corporate organizations, those who wink at the sin amongst them: SHALL NOT BE IN THE RESURRECTION TO LIFE ETERNAL; UNLESS THEY SINCERELY REPENT

19:45 And he went into the temple, and began to cast out them that sold therein, and them that bought; 19:46 Saying unto them, It is written, My house is the house of prayer: but ye have made it a den of thieves.

Christ taught with authority daily in the temple and many people were attentive to him!

Brethren, we are to hunger and thirst after godly righteousness and to be attentive to learn and to live by every Word of God!

19:47 And he taught daily in the temple. But the chief priests and the scribes and the chief of the people sought to destroy him, 19:48 And could not find what they might do: for all the people were very attentive to hear him.

Luke 20

The chief priests, scribes and the elders asked Christ by what authority he taught in the temple; which authority belonged to the Priests and Levites.

Luke 20:1 And it came to pass, that on one of those days, as he taught the people in the temple, and preached the gospel, the chief priests and the scribes came upon him with the elders, 20:2 And spake unto him, saying, Tell us, by what authority doest thou these things? or who is he that gave thee this authority?

Jesus then responds by asking by what authority John baptized; and they dared not answer; for they did not believe John, yet were afraid of him because the people believed in John’s teachings. In answering thus, Jesus was subtly telling them that his authority was in the truth of his teachings and that they had better back off because the people also believed him.

God’s Word is TRUTH, and TRUTH is its own authority, regardless of who tells it. Anyone who teach contrary to God’s Word has absolutely NO authority at all.

20:3 And he answered and said unto them, I will also ask you one thing; and answer me: 20:4 The baptism of John, was it from heaven, or of men? 20:5 And they reasoned with themselves, saying, If we shall say, From heaven; he will say, Why then believed ye him not? 20:6 But and if we say, Of men; all the people will stone us: for they be persuaded that John was a prophet.

20:7 And they answered, that they could not tell whence it was. 20:8 And Jesus said unto them, Neither tell I you by what authority I do these things.

The parable of the vineyard

20:9 Then began he to speak to the people this parable; A certain man planted a vineyard, and let it forth to husbandmen, and went into a far country for a long time.

The vineyard was physical Israel [by extension the people of the whole earth] and the fruit thereof is the faithful overcomer.

The “man” was the owner, God the Father; who sent his servants the prophets to preach the message of repentance and gather the fruit of the earth.

20:10 And at the season he sent a servant to the husbandmen, that they should give him of the fruit of the vineyard: but the husbandmen beat him, and sent him away empty. 20:11 And again he sent another servant: and they beat him also, and entreated him shamefully, and sent him away empty. 20:12 And again he sent a third: and they wounded him also, and cast him out.

The heavenly Father then sent his own son, but the religious leaders decided to take the vineyard [the people] for themselves: Just as many today want the brethren to follow them instead of having any zeal to follow the whole Word of God.

20:13 Then said the lord of the vineyard, What shall I do? I will send my beloved son: it may be they will reverence him when they see him. 20:14 But when the husbandmen [the religious authorities] saw him, they reasoned among themselves, saying, This is the heir: come, let us kill him, that the inheritance may be ours.

The wicked hirelings who will not do the work of their Master, but seek gain for themselves; will be destroyed

God the Father will send his resurrected son with the chosen to destroy such wickedness; and God will give the earth To the Son and the resurrected godly, faithful and chosen, to rule all nations.

20:15 So they cast him out of the vineyard, and killed him. What therefore shall the lord of the vineyard do unto them? 20:16 He shall come and destroy these husbandmen, and shall give the vineyard to others. And when they heard it, they said, God forbid [such wickedness].

Jesus then said that this thing was true, for the workmen will reject the Chief Building Stone.

20:17 And he beheld them, and said, What is this then that is written, The stone which the builders rejected, the same is become the head of the corner? 20:18 Whosoever shall fall upon that stone shall be broken; but on whomsoever it shall fall, it will grind him to powder.

Judah stumbled at Jesus because they did not understand and could not accept that YHVH was the name of a family of more than one Being;  and the British, Americans and others stumble at Christ because they reject Jesus’ teachings that we should live by every Word of God [Mat 4:4), having been deceived into thinking that the New Covenant does away with the laws of God. 

The religious establishment knew Christ spoke about them, and instead of repenting they sought to kill the messenger giving the warning, just like the Spiritual Ekklesia rejects the warnings to turn to God today.

20:19 And the chief priests and the scribes the same hour sought to lay hands on him; and they feared the people: for they perceived that he had spoken this parable against them. 20:20 And they watched him, and sent forth spies, which should feign [pretend to be] themselves just men, that they might take hold of [trap him] his words, that so they might deliver him unto the power and authority of the governor.

Paying Taxes

20:21 And they asked him, saying, Master, we know that thou sayest and teachest rightly, neither acceptest thou the person of any, but teachest the way of God truly:

20:22 Is it lawful for us to give tribute unto Caesar, or no? 20:23 But he perceived their craftiness, and said unto them, Why tempt [test] ye me? 20:24 Shew me a penny. Whose image and superscription hath it? They answered and said, Caesar’s. 20:25 And he said unto them, Render therefore unto Caesar the things which be Caesar’s, and unto God the things which be God’s. 20:26 And they could not take hold of his words before the people: and they marvelled at his answer, and held their peace.

Even though our governments are wicked, we are still to set the good example and pay our taxes.  This can be vexing at times, but we are to set an example and pay our own taxes.

The priests then asked him about the resurrection

20:27 Then came to him certain of the Sadducees [Priests of Aaron], which deny that there is any resurrection; and they asked him, 20:28 Saying, Master, Moses wrote unto us, If any man’s brother die, having a wife, and he die without children, that his brother should take his wife, and raise up seed unto his brother.

20:29 There were therefore seven brethren: and the first took a wife, and died without children. 20:30 And the second took her to wife, and he died childless. 20:31 And the third took her; and in like manner the seven also: and they left no children, and died. 20:32 Last of all the woman died also.

20:33 Therefore in the resurrection whose wife of them is she? for seven had her to wife.

Jesus replied that in the resurrection to spirit, people will be like the angels; who do NOT marry or reproduce. 

As for those physically resurrected; the law clearly says that marriage is only until death.  Therefore the dead who are resurrected to physical life have had all previous marriages dissolved by their death and are no longer married.

20:34 And Jesus answering said unto them, The children of this world marry, and are given in marriage: 20:35 But they which shall be accounted worthy to obtain that world, and the resurrection from the dead, neither marry, nor are given in marriage: 20:36 Neither can they die any more: for they are equal unto the angels; and are the children of God, being the children of the resurrection.

Jesus then teaches the resurrection to spirit

20:37 Now [concerning the raising of the dead] that the dead are raised, even Moses shewed at the bush, when he calleth the Lord the God of Abraham, and the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob. 20:38 For he is not a God of the dead, but of the living: for all live unto him.

Obviously Luke and Matthew only give portions of what Jesus said, which need to be put together for a full understanding.  See also (Mark 12:25-27)

Matthew 22:30 For in the resurrection they neither marry, nor are given in marriage, but are as the angels of God in heaven. 22:31  But as touching the resurrection of the dead, have ye not read that which was spoken unto you by God, saying, 22:32  I am the God of Abraham, and the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob? God is not the God of the dead, but of the living.

Luke 20:39 Then certain of the scribes answering said, Master, thou hast well said.  20:40 And after that they durst not ask him any question at all.

Jesus then reveals that he is the Son of God and is David’s son only by popular perception, having been born of Mary but not conceived with Mary’s egg; having been placed in Mary his surrogate mother by God the Father.

Jesus Christ gave up his God-hood to be made flesh and reduced to the smallest possible human and placed inside Mary by God the Father, so that he might partake of the whole of the human experience.

20:41 And he said unto them, How say they that Christ is David’s son? 20:42 And David himself saith in the book of Psalms, The LORD said unto my Lord, Sit thou on my right hand, 20:43 Till I make thine enemies thy footstool. 20:44 David therefore calleth him Lord, how is he then his son?

20:45 Then in the audience [in the presence] of all the people he said unto his disciples,

Very many today, have the same attitude as these scribes.

20:46 Beware of the scribes, which desire to walk in long robes [expensive power suits], and love greetings in the markets [love recognition and the adulation of the brethren], and the highest seats in the synagogues, and the chief rooms at feasts; 20:47 Which devour widows’ houses [seek to steal the inheritances of widows and orphans and demand money from the destitute], and for a shew make long prayers [using God and prayer to try and impress people about how righteous they are, which is a great evil]: the same shall receive greater damnation. 

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