Luke 1 focuses on the advent and mission of John Baptist as the Elijah preparing the way for the coming of the physical Messiah, by calling all to sincere repentance. John Baptist had the attitude, zeal, dedication and courage of Elijah, and prepared the way for the coming of Christ in the flesh to teach and provide the way of salvation for humanity as the Passover Lamb of God.
The ministry of John Baptist is a type of another Elijah ministry at the end time, which will also call all to sincere repentance and prepare the way for the return of Christ in power and authority as the ruler of the whole earth.
The two who stand by the Lord of the whole earth are Moses and Elijah (Zec 4, Mat 17); and two persons will be sent by God in the fullness of faith, obedience and zeal for God, like the original Moses and Elijah.
It is therefore very important to understand what John was called to preach, in order to recognize the end time two prophets. Any study of the two witnesses (Rev 11) and their mission, should include a study of Moses and Elijah as well as of John Baptist.
Luke was not one of the 12 original disciples nor was he a witness to the things he describes.
While the other Gospel writers wrote of those things that they had seen, Luke was called out later: and wrote a comprehensive account for the Gentiles not familiar with the customs of the Jews; Luke did a thorough investigation, questioning many witnesses.
Luke’s account is therefore the most complete of all the Gospel accounts.
Luke adds much not included by the other Gospel writers, as for example mentioning TWO cups of wine at the Passover [As we shall see there were actually FOUR cups of wine in the temple period Passover service].
Many people have not accepted that all that Luke wrote is Holy Scripture and routinely overlook the writings of Luke, rejecting the Word of God; to remain in their false view regarding the order of the last Passover of Christ.
The early church ascribed to Luke authorship of both the Gospel according to Luke and the book of The Acts of the Apostles, which originally formed a single literary work. Luke was Greek and was writing to the Greek converts about the life of Jesus. Luke would therefore have written in Greek.
Luke is referred to as a physician in Colossians 4:14, thus He is thought to have been both a physician and a disciple of Paul. Luke is also mentioned in Paul’s Epistle to Philemon, verse 24 and 2 Timothy 4:11.
Luke’s presence in Rome with the Apostle Paul near the end of Paul’s life was attested to in 2 Timothy 4:11: “Only Luke is with me”.
In the last chapter of the Book of Acts, widely attributed to Luke, we find several accounts in the first person also affirming Luke’s presence in Rome including Acts 28:16.
Wiki: “Based on Luke’s accurate description of towns, cities and islands, as well as correctly naming various official titles, archaeologist Sir William Ramsay wrote that “Luke is a historian of the first rank; not merely are his statements of fact trustworthy…[he] should be placed along with the very greatest of historians.” It should be noted, however, that Ramsay makes no claims about the events described by Luke and is remarking solely on the details of Luke’s descriptions. Professor of classics at Auckland University, E.M. Blaiklock, wrote: “For accuracy of detail, and for evocation of atmosphere, Luke stands, in fact, with Thucydides. The Acts of the Apostles is not shoddy product of pious imagining, but a trustworthy record”.
Most of today’s Ekklesia choose to reject the scriptures written by Luke in studies of the last Passover of Christ and so came up with the WRONG sequence of events. When men abandon the Word of God for their own suppositions they go astray and cannot be correct.
They do this to the point of saying that because Luke spoke of TWO cups of wine, he is not reliable; they then claim that Luke was not an eyewitness and only a Gentile, to try to discredit his account!
The Book of Luke is Holy Scripture!!!
Those who reject Luke do not love the truth, but love their own false traditions!
Luke in the KJV is the most complete presentation of the events of Christ’s last Passover, and because of its completeness produces the most accurate comprehensive understanding.
ALL scripture is Holy Writ and NONE of it is to be ignored!
We are to put together ALL the scriptures on a subject to come to a complete and proper understanding. To leave out Luke regarding Passover is to reject the Holy Scriptures.
Isaiah 28:13 But the word of the Lord was unto them precept upon precept, precept upon precept; line upon line, line upon line; here a little, and there a little; that they might go, and fall backward, and be broken, and snared, and taken.
Luke 1:1 Forasmuch as many have taken in hand to set forth in order a declaration of those things which are most surely believed among us, 1:2 Even as they delivered them unto us, which from the beginning were eyewitnesses, and ministers of the word;
Luke has thoroughly investigated and received his knowledge from multiple eye witnesses of the things he writes about.
1:3 It seemed good to me also, having had perfect understanding of all things from the very first, to write unto thee in order, most excellent Theophilus, 1:4 That thou mightest know the certainty of those things, wherein thou hast been instructed.
The Book of Acts is also addressed to Theophilus and it appears that Luke wrote both Luke and Acts.
Acts 1:1 The former treatise have I made, O Theophilus, of all that Jesus began both to do and teach,
Zacharias, the priest is to be the father of John called Baptist.
Luke 1:5 There was in the days of Herod, the king of Judaea, a certain priest named Zacharias, of the course of Abia: and his wife was of the daughters of Aaron, and her name was Elisabeth.
Both Zacharias and his wife Elisabeth were perfect [righteous] before God as was Noah
1:6 And they were both righteous before God, walking in all the commandments and ordinances of the Lord blameless. 1:7 And they had no child, because that Elisabeth was barren, and they both were now well stricken in years.
The ascending smoke of the incense is a type of the prayers of God’s people ascending to Heaven.
The pagans also believe that the smoke of their sacred fires ascend to their gods; the birthday candle comes from paganism where the day of birth is considered auspicious for making a wish which will ascend to the sun god [Satan] in the smoke of the smoke of the birthday candle.
1:8 And it came to pass, that while he executed the priest’s office before God in the order of his course, 1:9 According to the custom of the priest’s office, his lot was to burn incense when he went into the temple of the Lord. 1:10 And the whole multitude of the people were praying without at the time of incense.
Gabriel gives a message from God
1:11 And there appeared unto him an angel of the Lord standing on the right side of the altar of incense.
The announcement of the coming of John Baptist
1:12 And when Zacharias saw him, he was troubled, and fear fell upon him. 1:13 But the angel said unto him, Fear not, Zacharias: for thy prayer is heard; and thy wife Elisabeth shall bear thee a son, and thou shalt call his name John. 1:14 And thou shalt have joy and gladness; and many shall rejoice at his birth.
John was given the Holy Spirit from birth and he came to prepare the way before Messiah the Christ! This proves without question that some were spiritually “called out” and that the Holy Spirit was given to many in faith; BEFORE that day of Pentecost in 31 AD (Hebrews 11)! God the Father has been calling out and giving his Spirit to people for the past six thousand years; since righteous Abel!
1:15 For he shall be great in the sight of the Lord, and shall drink neither wine nor strong drink; and he shall be filled with the Holy Ghost, even from his mother’s womb.
John would preach the Gospel of sincere repentance and turn many to God in sincere repentance.
1:16 And many of the children of Israel shall he turn to the Lord their God.
John would be a kind of Elijah; and his mission will be the same mission as Elijah: to turn people to God! and to turn the disobedient to the wisdom of God’s commandments; to turn the heart of God the Father to his children; through the sincere repentance of the people [children].
1:17 And he shall go before him [Messiah] in the spirit and power of Elias [Elijah], to turn the hearts of the fathers to the children (Malachi 4:6), and the disobedient to the wisdom of the just; to make ready a people prepared for the Lord.
Zacharias asks for a sign and is given one.
1:18 And Zacharias said unto the angel, Whereby shall I know this? for I am an old man, and my wife well stricken in years. 1:19 And the angel answering said unto him, I am Gabriel, that stand in the presence of God; and am sent to speak unto thee, and to shew thee these glad tidings. 1:20 And, behold, thou shalt be dumb, and not able to speak, until the day that these things shall be performed, because thou believest not my words, which shall be fulfilled in their season.
Zacharias had been long delayed with burning the incense and the people began to notice.
1:21 And the people waited for Zacharias, and marvelled that he tarried so long in the temple.
Zacharias was speechless according to Gabriel’s word.
1:22 And when he came out, he could not speak unto them: and they perceived that he had seen a vision in the temple: for he beckoned unto them, and remained speechless.
The courses were of two weeks service and every course of priests was present at the Festivals.
1:23 And it came to pass, that, as soon as the days of his ministration were accomplished, he departed to his own house.
Elisabeth kept her pregnancy secret for five months.
1:24 And after those days his wife Elisabeth conceived, and hid herself five months, saying, 1:25 Thus hath the Lord dealt with me in the days wherein he looked on me, to take away my reproach among men.
In the sixth month of Elisabeth; Gabriel came to Mary to announce that she was pregnant with Jesus [Hebrew: Yeshua] the Messiah.
1:26 And in the sixth month the angel Gabriel was sent from God unto a city of Galilee, named Nazareth, 1:27 To a virgin espoused to a man whose name was Joseph, of the house of David; and the virgin’s name was [Miriam] Mary.
Gabriel greeted Mary, and Mary was confused by such a greeting.
1:28 And the angel came in unto her, and said, Hail, thou that art highly favoured, the Lord is with thee: blessed art thou among women. 1:29 And when she saw him, she was troubled at his saying, and cast in her mind what manner of salutation this should be.
Gabriel then announces his message that the child would grow up to rule over all Israel! Now we know that David shall rule all Israel, so what does this message mean? It refers to Spiritual Israel, and the coming Kingdom of God; into which ALL humanity will be grafted!
David will be king over all physical Israel; and will be under Jesus Christ who will be King of kings over all the earth!
Immanuel or Jesus?
Mary was told to call the child Jesus meaning “Saviour;” while the son of Isaiah was called Immanuel meaning “God is with us.” Isaiah’s son Immanuel (Is 7:14-17) was a fore type of the birth of Jesus.
Isaiah 7:14 Therefore the Lord himself shall give you a sign; Behold, a virgin [young girl in the fore-type as the mother of Isaiah’s son Immanuel; and a true virgin in the main fulfillment of the birth of Jesus the son of Mary] shall conceive, and bear a son, and shall call his name Immanuel.
The son of Isaiah was named Immanuel [God is with us; i.e. with Isaiah and his family], as a type that a virgin, Mary [Hebrew: Miriam] would bear Jesus [Hebrew: Yeshua; meaning Salvation]. We know that Immanuel and Jesus were two different persons, Immanuel being a for-type of the later Jesus; because the Assyrians were to besiege Jerusalem after the birth of Immanuel (Is 7:16-17)
Isaiah 7:16 For before the child shall know to refuse the evil, and choose the good, the land that thou [Judah] abhorrest [Syria and the ten tribes] shall be forsaken of both her kings [conquered by the Assyrians]. 7:17 The LORD shall bring upon thee, and upon thy people, and upon thy father’s house, days that have not come, from the day that Ephraim departed from Judah; even the king of Assyria
Luke 1:30 And the angel said unto her, Fear not, Mary: for thou hast found favour with God. 1:31 And, behold, thou shalt conceive in thy womb, and bring forth a son, and shalt call his name JESUS. 1:32 He shall be great, and shall be called the Son of the Highest: and the Lord God shall give unto him the throne of his father David: 1:33 And he shall reign over the house of Jacob for ever; and of his kingdom there shall be no end.
Here an indication of the existence of God the Father is given; for The Highest is God the heavenly Father, who transformed Jesus [who was God with the Father (God being a family of two members) before giving up his God-ship to be made flesh] into flesh and placed him the womb of Mary as the tiniest human being.
1:34 Then said Mary unto the angel, How shall this be, seeing I know not a man?
The Unitarian argument that the prophecy (Isaiah 7:14) really meant a young woman and not a virgin and applied this to Jesus as well as Immanuel. This is true only about Immanuel the son of Isaiah who was a for-type of Jesus; but the virgin birth of Jesus was also true because Mary herself proclaimed she was a true virgin and this is Holy Scripture.
1:35 And the angel answered and said unto her, The Holy Ghost shall come upon thee, and the power of the Highest shall overshadow thee: therefore also that holy thing which shall be born of thee shall be called the Son of God.
1:36 And, behold, thy cousin Elisabeth, she hath also conceived a son in her old age: and this is the sixth month with her, who was called barren. 1:37 For with God nothing shall be impossible.
Mary then willingly agrees
1:38 And Mary said, Behold the handmaid of the Lord; be it unto me according to thy word. And the angel departed from her.
Mary then went to help her cousin Elisabeth in or near Bethlehem, who was now large with child.
1:39 And Mary arose in those days, and went into the hill country with haste, into a city of Juda; 1:40 And entered into the house of Zacharias, and saluted Elisabeth.
Elisabeth and the unborn child immediately recognize Mary and the child Mary is carrying.
1:41 And it came to pass, that, when Elisabeth heard the salutation of Mary, the babe leaped in her womb; and Elisabeth was filled with the Holy Ghost: 1:42 And she spake out with a loud voice, and said, Blessed art thou among women, and blessed is the fruit of thy womb. 1:43 And whence is this to me, that the mother of my Lord should come to me? 1:44 For, lo, as soon as the voice of thy salutation sounded in mine ears, the babe leaped in my womb for joy. 1:45 And blessed is she that believed: for there shall be a performance of those things which were told her from the Lord.
Mary praises God in response
1:46 And Mary said, My soul doth magnify the Lord, 1:47 And my spirit hath rejoiced in God my Saviour. 1:48 For he hath regarded the low estate of his handmaiden: for, behold, from henceforth all generations shall call me blessed. 1:49 For he that is mighty hath done to me great things; and holy is his name.
The mercy and salvation of Christ is upon the sincerely repentant who fear him and DO as he commands!
1:50 And his mercy is on them that fear him from generation to generation.
The unrepentant, and the proud and haughty, who reject scripture and zeal to learn and keep God’s Word shall be crushed into contrition by the Mighty One of Abraham, Elijah and Moses!
The humble and lowly before God will be exalted!
1:51 He hath shewed strength with his arm; he hath scattered the proud in the imagination of their hearts. 1:52 He hath put down the mighty from their seats, and exalted them of low degree.
Christ shall fill those who hunger and thirst after the righteousness of his Word; while those who think that they are spiritually rich and have need of nothing will be rejected.
1:53 He hath filled the hungry with good things; and the rich he hath sent empty away.
Those who think they are spiritually rich and have need of nothing, rejecting living by EVERY WORD of God will be rejected by Christ.
The tribulation will humble the people and Elijah will proclaim the Word of the LORD, preparing Israel and all humanity for the Kingdom of God!
All physical Israel [and the Gentiles also] shall be saved by sincere repentance and the application of the sacrifice of Christ, being grafted into Spiritual Israel along with all nations.
Galatians 3:7 Know ye therefore that they which are of faith, the same are the children of Abraham. 3:8 And the scripture, foreseeing that God would justify the heathen through faith, preached before the gospel unto Abraham, saying, In thee shall all nations be blessed.
Luke 1:54 He hath holpen his servant Israel, in remembrance of his mercy; 1:55 As he spake to our fathers, to Abraham, and to his seed for ever.
Mary stayed with Elisabeth until John was born and then returned home in her own third month.
1:56 And Mary abode with her about three months, and returned to her own house. 1:57 Now Elisabeth’s full time came that she should be delivered; and she brought forth a son. 1:58 And her neighbours and her cousins heard how the Lord had shewed great mercy upon her; and they rejoiced with her.
John means “God is a Gracious Giver”
1:59 And it came to pass, that on the eighth day they came to circumcise the child; and they called him Zacharias, after the name of his father. 1:60 And his mother answered and said, Not so; but he shall be called John. 1:61 And they said unto her, There is none of thy kindred that is called by this name. 1:62 And they made signs to his father, how he would have him called. 1:63 And he asked for a writing table, and wrote, saying, His name is John. And they marvelled all.
With the fulfilment of the prophecy of Gabriel, the tongue of Zacharias was loosed, and filled with God’s Spirit he prophesied of the mission of his son John and of the mission of the latter day type of Elijah as well.
John began his mission at his very birth, for the events of his birth to an elderly woman generated much excitement throughout all Judea.
Then Zacharias praised God and prophesied of the mission of his son John the Elijah of that day.
1:64 And his mouth was opened immediately, and his tongue loosed, and he spake, and praised God. 1:65 And fear came on all that dwelt round about them: and all these sayings were noised abroad throughout all the hill country of Judaea.
1:66 And all they that heard them laid them up in their hearts, saying, What manner of child shall this be! And the hand of the Lord was with him.
The mission of John Baptist was the same as the mission of Elijah.
1:67 And his father Zacharias was filled with the Holy Ghost, and prophesied, saying,
1:68 Blessed be the Lord God of Israel; for he hath visited and redeemed his people, 1:69 And hath raised up an horn of salvation [Jesus Christ] for us in the house of his servant David; 1:70 As he spake by the mouth of his holy prophets, which have been since the world began: 1:71 That we should be saved from our enemies, and from the hand of all that hate us; 1:72 To perform the mercy promised to our fathers, and to remember his holy covenant; 1:73 The oath which he sware to our father Abraham,
To serve means to obey, and through Jesus Christ we are to serve and obey the heavenly Father
1:74 That he would grant unto us, that we being delivered out of the hand of our enemies might serve him without fear, 1:75 In holiness and righteousness before him, all the days of our life.
Speaking of both John and the latter day Elijah; Elijah will go before and prepare the way for the coming of Christ by teaching sincere repentance and obedience to God the Father and to Christ.
1:76 And thou, child, shalt be called the prophet of the Highest: for thou shalt go before the face of the Lord to prepare his ways;
The latter day Elijah and Moses will teach the way to salvation: teaching sincere repentance from breaking and compromising with the commandments of God, so that the sacrifice of Christ can be applied to the sincerely repentant who commit themselves to never again reject scripture or sin against the teachings and commandments of God.
1:77 To give knowledge of salvation unto his people by the remission of their sins, 1:78 Through the tender mercy of our God; whereby the dayspring [of the Fountain of Living Water (the Holy Spirit) might come through Christ] from on high hath visited us,
To proclaim the light of truth to those in spiritual darkness, and to lead men into the peace that comes from obedience to God.
1:79 To give light to them that sit in darkness and in the shadow of death, to guide our feet into the way of peace.
John did not begin to preach until he was 30 years of age and kept himself hidden until he was fully prepared to carry out his mission.
1:80 And the child grew, and waxed strong in spirit, and was in the deserts till the day of his shewing unto Israel.