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Leviticus 16 is about the Day of Atonement and the explanations of these various types of uncleanness are leading up to the day of Atonement. This is not coincidence or accident.The Fast of Atonement post is contained in our Biblical Fall Festivals section and can be found at this link.
The physical High Priest may not enter the Most Holy Place when or as he wished; lest he die. This means that anyone tainted by sin cannot enter into the presence of God the Father
Leviticus 16:1 And the LORD spake unto Moses after the death of the two sons of Aaron, when they offered before the LORD, and died; 16:2 And the LORD said unto Moses, Speak unto Aaron thy brother, that he come not at all times into the holy place within the vail before the mercy seat, which is upon the ark; that he die not: for I will appear in the cloud upon the mercy seat.
To enter the Most Holy Place, and that only once a year; the physical high priest must present a sin offering and a burnt offering for himself. The sin offering to cover his own sins and the burnt offering to picture wholehearted dedication to the Father and his Word.
16:3 Thus shall Aaron come into the holy place: with a young bullock for a sin offering, and a ram for a burnt offering.
To enter the Most Holy Place the physical high priest must wash himself, picturing the washing away of all sin and being washed clean from all sin by sincere repentance and the application of the sacrifice of Christ; followed by baptism and going forward to live by every Word of God in future.
The Word of God teaches us to discern between good and evil, and to reject the evil and accept the good thereby keeping us from future sins.
Ephesians 5:25 Husbands, love your wives, even as Christ also loved the church, and gave himself for it; 5:26 That he might sanctify and cleanse it with the washing of water by the word, 5:27 That he might present it to himself a glorious church, not having spot, or wrinkle, or any such thing; but that it should be holy and without blemish.
The high priest is then to put on pure priestly linen garments, linen being a type of purity and righteousness of keeping the Word of God.
Revelation 19:7 Let us be glad and rejoice, and give honour to him: for the marriage of the Lamb is come, and his wife hath made herself ready. 19:8 And to her was granted that she should be arrayed in fine linen, clean and white: for the fine linen is the righteousness of saints.
Leviticus 16:4 He shall put on the holy linen coat, and he shall have the linen breeches upon his flesh, and shall be girded with a linen girdle, and with the linen mitre shall he be attired: these are holy garments; therefore shall he wash his flesh in water, and so put them on.
The physical high priest must offer the sin offering and the burnt offering for himself; and also take two kids of goats for a sin offering, and a ram for a burnt offering for the assembly of people.
16:5 And he shall take of the congregation of the children of Israel two kids of the goats for a sin offering, and one ram for a burnt offering.
Verse six is only an explanation of what the bullock was for; the order of offering is laid out further on.
16:6 And Aaron shall offer his bullock of the sin offering, which is for himself, and make an atonement for himself, and for his house.
Instructions for The Two Goats.
Both goats are to be presented at the door of the tabernacle where the lots were to be cast.
16:7 And he shall take the two goats for the sin offering, and present them before the LORD at the door of the tabernacle of the congregation.
One lot was cast for sacrifice representing Christ, and another lot for the scapegoat. It is God who decides the fall of the lot, to demonstrate that God decides between good and evil as the ultimate judge of humanity
“Azazel” is translated as “scapegoat” in the KJV. This is misleading, since the word scapegoat has connotations of wrongful accusation in modern English. “Azazel” actually means “appointed for complete removal” and refers to this goat representing Satan the original source of sin being entirely removed.
16:8 And Aaron shall cast lots upon the two goats; one lot for the LORD, and the other lot for the scapegoat.
The lot of Christ identifies the goat to be sacrificed as representative of the sacrifice of Jesus Christ to atone for sin.
The sacrificial lamb or goat of Passover represented the application of the sacrifice of Christ to the early harvest of the Called Out; and the sacrificial goat of the Day of Atonement represents the sacrifice of Christ being applied to the rest of humanity in the fall main harvest.
16:9 And Aaron shall bring the goat upon which the LORD’s lot fell, and offer him for a sin offering.
The scapegoat was to carry uncleanness and sin away from the main fall harvest of humanity. This represents the removal of all uncleanness and sin so that the repentant of the main harvest can be reconciled to God the Father. The scapegoat represents Satan being removed from influencing humanity forever more.
16:10 But the goat, on which the lot fell to be the scapegoat, shall be presented alive before the LORD, to make an atonement with him, and to let him go for a scapegoat [To be completely removed from among the people forever.] into the wilderness.
The Sin Offering
Then the Sin Offering was made [after the lots, but before the two goats ceremony] for the physical high priest. Please bear in mind that the physical high priest was a physical man who must have his own sins atoned for, before he could enter the Most Holy Place [The Hebrews study is key here.].
Yet we now have a High Priest who has entered the Most Holy Place in heaven without any sacrifice for his own sins, because he was free from all sin and perfect before God the Father, being the sacrifice and sin bearer for both the Called Out of the early harvest [and once these things happen in their full fulfillment] for main fall harvest of humanity.
16:11 And Aaron shall bring the bullock of the sin offering, which is for himself, and shall make an atonement for himself, and for his house, and shall kill the bullock of the sin offering which is for himself:
After sacrificing the bullock for himself, the physical high priest entered the Most Holy Place on the Day of Atonement, with the censor filled with the holy fire and the incense of the prayers and praise of the repentant faithful.
The incense was to be be placed before the Mercy Seat which is the name of the throne of God the Father, figurative that God’s throne is covered in the prayers and praise of those who come to him in sincere repentance, petitioning him for reconciliation through the blood of the Sin Offering [Jesus Christ].
The fire that came from heaven and burned perpetually on the altar in the temple was a symbol of the Shekinah [glory of the presence of God, which came down from heaven in the form of fire] or Holy Spirit.
The sweet incense represented the rising of prayers and praise, offered to God the Father in heaven.
The glory of God the Father is so great that a cloud of incense picturing prayers of sincere repentance from sin; must come between the Father and the petitioner; demonstrating that the Father will not tolerate any sin at all, not even the appearance of sin, to pollute His Holy presence.
Just as God will not tolerate sin, neither should we. Those who compromise with God’s Word will NEVER be reconciled to God; for the sacrifice of Christ is ONLY applied to the sincerely repentant!
Romans 2:13 (For not the hearers of the law are just before God, but the doers of the law shall be justified.
The incense pictures the prayers of repentance of those seeking to be reconciled to God the Father in heaven; and without that complete wholehearted repentance, we CANNOT be reconciled to God the Father and we DO NOT have access to God.
Any organization that teaches tolerance for sin and compromise with any part of God’s Word is cut off from God!
On this Day of Atonement, let us fast the fast of true repentance and renew our zeal to live by every Word of God!
16:12 And he shall take a censer full of burning coals of fire from off the altar before the LORD, and his hands full of sweet incense beaten small, and bring it within the vail: 16:13 And he shall put the incense upon the fire before the LORD, that the cloud of the incense may cover the mercy seat that is upon the testimony, that he die not: 16:14 And he shall take of the blood of the bullock, and sprinkle it with his finger upon the mercy seat eastward; and before the mercy seat shall he sprinkle of the blood with his finger seven times.
The seven times sprinkling pictures the complete acceptance by God the Father of the atoning sacrifice of Christ [who is the spirit High Priest being illustrated by the Aaronic high priest] for all of humanity; first for the early harvest and now on Atonement for the main harvest of humanity.
Now the goat of the Sin Offering for the multitude is sacrificed, and its blood is also brought into the Most Holy Place and sprinkled on and before the throne of God the Father. This offering atones for the people of the fall main harvest of humanity..
Then the First Goat Representing Christ is Sacrificed [Like the Passover Lamb] For The Sins of the Main Harvest
16:15 Then shall he kill the goat of the sin offering, that is for the people, and bring his blood within the vail, and do with that blood as he did with the blood of the bullock, and sprinkle it upon the mercy seat, and before the mercy seat: 16:16 And he shall make an atonement for the holy place, because of the uncleanness of the children of Israel, and because of their transgressions in all their sins: and so shall he do for the tabernacle of the congregation, that remaineth among them in the midst of their uncleanness.
No person may enter the tabernacle/temple during the entire ceremony while the physical high priest is moving between the Most Holy Place and the altar of sacrifice.
16:17 And there shall be no man in the tabernacle of the congregation when he goeth in to make an atonement in the holy place, until he [the high priest] come out [of the tabernacle / temple after completing the ceremony], and have made an atonement for himself, and for his household, and for all the congregation of Israel.
16:18 And he [the high priest] shall go out [of the Most Holy Place] unto the altar that is before the LORD, and make an atonement for it [an atonement to cleanse the altar]; and shall take of the blood of the bullock, and of the blood of the goat, and put it upon the horns of the altar round about. 16:19 And he shall sprinkle of the blood upon it with his finger seven times, and cleanse it, and hallow it from the uncleanness of the children of Israel.
After this ceremony of entry into the Most Holy Place and the reconciliation of the people to the Father; the sins of the nations were be laid on the head of the ScapeGoat.
The Live Azazel Goat
After the sacrificial goat is killed as a Sin Offering for all the people; the scapegoat is removed from among the people. This was an instructional allegory that all humanity of the latter main harvest could only enter the presence of God the Father only after the removal of sin [by the removal of Satan and sincere repentance] and the application of the sacrifice of Christ the Lamb of God.
16:20 And when he hath made an end of reconciling the holy place, and the tabernacle of the congregation, and the altar, he shall bring the live goat: [outside the Most Holy Place]
16:21 And Aaron shall lay both his hands upon the head of the live goat, and confess over him all the iniquities of the children of Israel [In future all nations shall be grafted into Israel], and all their transgressions in all their sins, putting them upon the head of the goat, and shall send him away by the hand of a fit man into the wilderness: 16:22 And the goat shall bear upon him all their iniquities unto a land not inhabited: and he shall let go the goat in the wilderness.
The ”Azazel” goat [representing Satan] does not bear the sins of the people like Christ bears and atones for sin; rather the goat representing Satan bears responsibility for the sins of the whole main harvest of humanity who had died in their sins. The removal of this goat symbolizes the removal of Satan the source of the sins of the people, freeing the people of the main fall harvest from their bondage to Satan, sin and death.
Then with the Fast of Atonement removal of Satan, the ultimate fountainhead of sin, and the people repenting with fasting; the sacrifice of Christ can be expanded from the Passover sacrifice for a few, to redeem the entire [repentant] main harvest of humanity from all sin.
The high priest must leave the tabernacle after having touched the goat of sin, and he must remove the holy garments and wash himself from his contact with the Satan goat.
Then the holy garments must be washed after contact with sin because they picture the total purity from sin and the complete righteousness of Jesus Christ the High Priest of the New Covenant.
16:23 And Aaron [and subsequent high priests] shall come into the tabernacle of the congregation, and shall put off the linen garments, which he put on when he went into the holy place, and shall leave them there: 16:24 And he shall wash his flesh with water in the holy place, and put on his garments, and come forth,
Once the Satan goat is removed, the people have sincerely repented and sin having been atoned for by the Sin Offerings [which represent the application of Christ’s sacrifice], the main fall harvest of humanity can be reconciled to God the Father as they are resurrected in their courses through the seven thousand year main harvest of the Feast of the Ingathering of Nations [Tabernacles].
The burnt offerings representing a reconciled people serving the Father in wholehearted completeness, just as Jesus Christ also serves God the Father in total passionate wholehearted loving faithful obedience and zeal to do the whole will of God the Father!
. . . and offer his burnt offering, and the burnt offering of the people, and make an atonement for himself, and for the people. 16:25 And the fat of the sin offering shall he burn upon the altar.
The fit [strong] man who took the goat into the wilderness, must wash himself and his clothes before coming back among the people. This to cleanse even the uncleanness incurred by touching the goat, which was bearing the sins out from among the people.
16:26 And he that let go the goat for the scapegoat shall wash his clothes, and bathe his flesh in water, and afterward come into the camp.
Then the bodies of the goat and bull sin offerings, are to be removed from the camp and burned outside the congregation, according to the law of the Sin Offerings.
16:27 And the bullock for the sin offering, and the goat for the sin offering, whose blood was brought in to make atonement in the holy place, shall one carry forth without the camp; and they shall burn in the fire their skins, and their flesh, and their dung.
The men who carried the bodies of the Sin Offerings outside the camp must also wash themselves and their clothes from the uncleanness of being associated with the sin being borne by the sacrifices.
16:28 And he that burneth them shall wash his clothes, and bathe his flesh in water, and afterward he shall come into the camp.
The Command for a Complete Fast on the Tenth Day of the Seventh Month
This is not just some ritual fast; it is to be a fast of repentance from all sin, and a commitment to go forward and sin no more; so that the sin offering of Jesus Christ may be applied to us personally.
16:29 And this shall be a statute for ever unto you: that in the seventh month, on the tenth day of the month, ye shall afflict your souls, and do no work at all, whether it be one of your own country, or a stranger that sojourneth among you: 16:30 For on that day shall the priest make an atonement for you, to cleanse you, that ye may be clean from all your sins before the LORD. 16:31 It shall be a sabbath of rest unto you, and ye shall afflict your souls, by a statute for ever.
The ceremony began with Aaron, and was to be carried on by his successors in the high priesthood. Jesus Christ has now replaced the high priesthood of Aaron as the spiritual High Priest of the New Covenant, removing our sins and reconciling us to God the Father in heaven.
16:32 And the priest, whom he shall anoint, and whom he shall consecrate to minister in the priest’s office in his father’s stead, shall make the atonement, and shall put on the linen clothes, even the holy garments: 16:33 And he shall make an atonement for the holy sanctuary, and he shall make an atonement for the tabernacle of the congregation, and for the altar, and he shall make an atonement for the priests, and for all the people of the congregation.
All humanity is to be grafted into spiritual Israel in the millennial kingdom of God; after which all humanity that has ever lived and died and not had a part in the resurrection to spirit, will be resurrected in their courses and also grafted into spiritual Israel.
The spring Holy Days picture the early spiritual harvest, and the fall Holy Days of the Seventh Month picture the main harvest of humanity.
The Passover lamb pictures the sacrifice for the early spiritual harvest of the Called Out, and the goat Atonement Sin Offering pictures the sacrifice of Christ as applied to the main fall harvest.
Israel, called out of Egypt, is a type of the spiritual called out from sin for the first six thousand years, and a type of the early harvest!
Israel in the main fall harvest festivals is a type of the main harvest of all humanity to be reconciled to the Father and brought into the family of God.
16:34 And this shall be an everlasting statute unto you, to make an atonement for the children of Israel for all their sins once a year. And he did as the LORD commanded Moses.