Early Sunday morning before sunrise, Mary Magdalene visits the Tomb. Jesus had died about 3 pm on Wednesday and was placed in the tomb shortly afterwards. It would have been necessary to place him in the tomb by about 5 pm or so; so that they could return home and wash for the annual Holy Day of the Feast of Unleavened Bread which began at sunset that Wednesday evening, sunset being near seven PM in Jerusalem at that time of year.
That Wednesday Passover was a preparation day for the High Holy Day which was a Thursday; then on Friday they bought spices and prepared for the weekly Sabbath, of Saturday.
Mary rising very early went to visit the tomb very early Sunday morning in preparation to wrap the body in the spices with the other women who were also coming soon.
John 20:1 The first day of the week cometh Mary Magdalene early, when it was yet dark, unto the sepulchre, and seeth the stone taken away from the sepulchre.
Mary finding Jesus was already gone, runs to tell John and Peter
20:2 Then she runneth, and cometh to Simon Peter, and to the other disciple, whom Jesus loved, and saith unto them, They have taken away the LORD out of the sepulchre, and we know not where they have laid him.
The two men ran to the tomb; John leading the way
20:3 Peter therefore went forth, and that other disciple, and came to the sepulchre. 20:4 So they ran both together: and the other disciple [John] did outrun Peter, and came first to the sepulchre. 20:5 And he stooping down, and looking in, saw the linen clothes lying; yet went he not in [John did NOT immediately go inside the tomb] .
Peter went inside and then John followed him
20:6 Then cometh Simon Peter following him, and went into the sepulchre, and seeth the linen clothes lie, 20:7 And the napkin, that was about his head, not lying with the linen clothes, but wrapped together in a place by itself. 20:8 Then went in also that other disciple [John], which came first to the sepulchre, and he saw, and believed.
Then they believed Mary’s report that the body had been moved, still not understanding about the resurrection
20:9 For as yet they knew not the scripture, that he must rise again from the dead.
The two men returned to the place where they were staying in Jerusalem
20:10 Then the disciples went away again unto their own home.
Mary remained in the garden weeping, and saw two angels who gave her the good news
20:11 But Mary stood without at the sepulchre weeping: and as she wept, she stooped down, and looked into the sepulchre, 20:12 And seeth two angels in white sitting, the one at the head, and the other at the feet, where the body of Jesus had lain.
20:13 And they say unto her, Woman, why weepest thou? She saith unto them, Because they have taken away my LORD, and I know not where they have laid him.
Then Jesus appears to her, and at first she does not recognize him until he speaks her name
20:14 And when she had thus said, she turned herself back, and saw Jesus standing, and knew not that it was Jesus. 20:15 Jesus saith unto her, Woman, why weepest thou? whom seekest thou? She, supposing him to be the gardener, saith unto him, Sir, if thou have borne him hence, tell me where thou hast laid him, and I will take him away. 20:16 Jesus saith unto her, Mary. She turned herself, and saith unto him, Rabboni; which is to say, Master.
She instantly recognizes him when he speaks her name and was about to rush to embrace him when he warns her off. Jesus says that he has not yet ascended to God the Father [to be accepted as our Wave Offering] and that she should not touch him.
These things are explained in detail in our “The Biblical Spring Festivals” book.
Later on the same day, Jesus encourages his disciples to touch him; indicating that he had ascended to God the Father as our Wave Offering to be accepted for us at the time of the Wave Offering which was lifted up after the Morning Daily Sacrifice.
The Wave Offering is another appointed time which we are commanded to observe, besides the Passover and the New Moons. We are to assemble together and worship God on these Special Days.
If we assembled to learn of these things on the days that God has commanded, God would bless us with much understanding.
20:17 Jesus saith unto her, Touch me not; for I am not yet ascended to my Father: but go to my brethren, and say unto them, I ascend unto my Father, and your Father; and to my God, and your God.
20:18 Mary Magdalene came and told the disciples that she had seen the LORD, and that he had spoken these things unto her. 20:19 Then the same day at evening, being the first day of the week, when the doors were shut where the disciples were assembled for fear of the Jews, came Jesus and stood in the midst, and saith unto them, Peace be unto you. 20:20 And when he had so said, he shewed unto them his hands and his side.
Then were the disciples glad, when they saw the LORD
The Holy Spirit was given to 10 disciples [Thomas being absent; or perhaps Thomas received the spirit in absence?] that afternoon, on the first Sunday after Passover that year [31 A.D.].
Yet, they still had to wait until Pentecost for the public manifestation of the pouring out of the Holy Spirit on all of the disciples, as a foreshadow of the pouring out of the Holy Spirit at the coming of Christ and the establishment of the New Covenant Kingdom of God; now coming in the very near future (Joel 2:28). That event at Pentecost provided a tremendous opportunity for the disciples to explain and teach about the Messiah and Jesus Christ.
20:21 Then said Jesus to them again, Peace be unto you: as my Father hath sent me, even so send I you. 20:22 And when he had said this, he breathed on them, and saith unto them, Receive ye the Holy Ghost:
Jesus then gave them power to forgive sin. What does that mean? It means that by calling men to repentance from sin and preaching the Gospel of warning, repentance, those who repent will have their sins forgiven!
20:23 Whose soever sins ye remit, they are remitted unto them; and whose soever sins ye retain, they are retained.
Thomas doubts the reports of the resurrected Christ; not having been at the meeting
20:24 But Thomas, one of the twelve, called Didymus, was not with them when Jesus came. 20:25 The other disciples therefore said unto him, We have seen the LORD. But he said unto them, Except I shall see in his hands the print of the nails, and put my finger into the print of the nails, and thrust my hand into his side, I will not believe.
Thomas believes eight days later and proclaims Yeshua [Jesus} LORD [YHVH] and God; with God the Father!
20:26 And after eight days again his disciples were within, and Thomas with them: then came Jesus, the doors being shut, and stood in the midst, and said, Peace be unto you. 20:27 Then saith he to Thomas, Reach hither thy finger, and behold my hands; and reach hither thy hand, and thrust it into my side: and be not faithless, but believing.
20:28 And Thomas answered and said unto him, My LORD and my God.
Jesus says that, blessed are those who shall believe their witness and reports, without having seen the events.
20:29 Jesus saith unto him, Thomas, because thou hast seen me, thou hast believed: blessed are they that have not seen, and yet have believed.
John explains why he wrote his gospel witness
20:30 And many other signs truly did Jesus in the presence of his disciples, which are not written in this book: 20:31 But these are written, that ye might believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God; and that believing ye might have life through his name.
John 21:1 After these things Jesus shewed himself again to the disciples at the sea of Tiberias [Galilee]; and on this wise shewed he himself.
21:2 There were together Simon Peter, and Thomas called Didymus, and Nathanael of Cana in Galilee, and the sons of Zebedee, and two other of his disciples. 21:3 Simon Peter saith unto them, I go a fishing. They say unto him, We also go with thee. They went forth, and entered into a ship immediately; and that night they caught nothing.
21:4 But when the morning was now come, Jesus stood on the shore: but the disciples knew not that it was Jesus.
Jesus asks “catch anything?” and then tells them where to fish; using that as an example that they will bring many into the family of God by their diligent preaching of the Gospel message of warning, repentance and salvation through Jesus Christ!
21:5 Then Jesus saith unto them, Children, have ye any meat? They answered him, No. 21:6 And he said unto them, Cast the net on the right side of the ship, and ye shall find. They cast therefore, and now they were not able to draw it for the multitude of fishes.
In the 1611 period of the KJV translation; the word “naked” referred even to being in one’s underwear or swimming gear; that is, it was used for anyone not fully clothed.
21:7 Therefore that disciple whom Jesus loved saith unto Peter, It is the Lord. Now when Simon Peter heard that it was the Lord, he girt his fisher’s coat unto him, (for he was naked,) and did cast himself into the sea. 21:8 And the other disciples came in a little ship; (for they were not far from land, but as it were two hundred cubits,) dragging the net with fishes.
This was to be a major lesson for Peter that God brings the increase, not the efforts of men; on their own without God
21:9 As soon then as they were come to land, they saw a fire of coals there, and fish laid thereon, and bread. 21:10 Jesus saith unto them, Bring of the fish which ye have now caught. 21:11 Simon Peter went up, and drew the net to land full of great fishes, an hundred and fifty and three: and for all there were so many, yet was not the net broken.
21:12 Jesus saith unto them, Come and dine. And none of the disciples durst ask him, Who art thou? knowing that it was the Lord. 21:13 Jesus then cometh, and taketh bread, and giveth them, and fish likewise.
21:14 This is now the third time that Jesus shewed himself to [most of the disciples gathered together] his disciples, after that he was risen from the dead.
Jesus brings a lesson home to Peter; because Peter had denied him three times and Jesus asks Peter three times if Peter loves Christ. In doing this Jesus is making a profound point and filling Peter with courage and faith that he would never let Christ down again.
21:15 So when they had dined, Jesus saith to Simon Peter, Simon, son of Jonas, lovest thou me more than these [the other disciples]? He saith unto him, Yea, Lord; thou knowest that I love thee. He saith unto him, Feed my lambs.
21:16 He saith to him again the second time, Simon, son of Jonas, lovest thou me? He saith unto him, Yea, Lord; thou knowest that I love thee. He saith unto him, Feed my sheep.
Because Peter had denied him three times, Jesus asks Peter for a confirmation of loyalty three times; and commands Peter to feed the flock with the Word of God: which is the nature of God the Father and Jesus Christ.
21:17 He saith unto him the third time, Simon, son of Jonas, lovest thou me? Peter was grieved because he said unto him the third time, Lovest thou me? And he said unto him, Lord, thou knowest all things; thou knowest that I love thee. Jesus saith unto him, Feed my sheep.
21:18 Verily, verily, I say unto thee, When thou wast young, thou girdest thyself, and walkedst whither thou wouldest: but when thou shalt be old, thou shalt stretch forth thy hands, and another shall gird thee, and carry thee whither thou wouldest not.
We are to be followers of God the Father and Jesus Christ; and we are to follow men ONLY as they follow Christ
21:19 This spake he, signifying by what death he should glorify God. And when he had spoken this, he saith unto him, Follow me.
21:20 Then Peter, turning about, seeth the disciple [John] whom Jesus loved following; which also leaned on his breast at supper, and said, Lord, which is he that betrayeth thee?
Peter asks what John is to do and Jesus replies in so many words: “You must worry about what you were called to do; it is none of your business what others are called to do; it is God’s business and not yours”.
21:21 Peter seeing him saith to Jesus, Lord, and what shall this man do? 21:22 Jesus saith unto him, If I will that he tarry till I come, what is that to thee? follow thou me.
21:23 Then went this saying abroad among the brethren, that that disciple should not die: yet Jesus said not unto him, He shall not die; but, If I will that he tarry till I come, what is that to thee? 21:24 This is the disciple which testifieth of these things, and wrote these things: and we know that his testimony is true.
21:25 And there are also many other things which Jesus did, the which, if they should be written every one, I suppose that even the world itself could not contain the books that should be written. Amen.