John 2 – 3

John 2

The third day after Nathanael was called, the wedding feast miracle was performed at Cana

John 2:1 And the third day there was a marriage in Cana of Galilee; and the mother of Jesus was there: 2:2 And both Jesus was called, and his disciples, to the marriage. 2:3 And when they wanted wine, the mother of Jesus saith unto him, They have [run out of] no wine. 2:4 Jesus saith unto her, Woman, what have I to do with thee? mine hour is not yet come.

Mary as his surrogate mother; insisted in faith, that Jesus help

2:5 His mother saith unto the servants, Whatsoever he saith unto you, do it.

Jesus turns the water into wine

2:6 And there were set there six waterpots of stone, after the manner of the purifying of the Jews, containing two or three firkins [a firkin is close to ten US gallons, each pot held from 20 to 30 gallons] apiece. 

2:7 Jesus saith unto them, Fill the waterpots with water. And they filled them up to the brim. 2:8 And he saith unto them, Draw out now, and bear unto the governor of the feast. And they bare it.

2:9 When the ruler of the feast had tasted the water that was made wine, and knew not whence it was: (but the servants which drew the water knew;) the governor [equivalent to today’s Best Man, who takes care of such things] of the feast called the bridegroom, 2:10 And saith unto him, Every man at the beginning doth set forth good wine; and when men have well drunk, then that which is worse: but thou hast kept the good wine until now.

This first miracle of Jesus caused those whom he had called to be his disciples to believe in him.

2:11 This beginning of miracles did Jesus in Cana of Galilee, and manifested forth his glory; and his disciples believed on him. 2:12 After this he went down to Capernaum, he, and his mother, and his brethren, and his disciples: and they continued there not many days.

Later as spring came Jesus and his disciples went up to Jerusalem for the Passover according to the commandment.

In his last writings on the other side of the Jordan, Moses commanded from God that when they entered the Promised Land and had a central place of worship; they were to sacrifice only at that central place.  Passover and Unleavened Bread is one of the three pilgrim feasts with Pentecost and Tabernacles.

Deuteronomy 16:5 Thou mayest not sacrifice the passover within any of thy gates [our own homes], which the LORD thy God giveth thee: 16:6 But at the place which the LORD thy God shall choose to place his name in, there thou shalt sacrifice the passover at even, at the going down of the sun, at the season that thou camest forth out of Egypt.

Deuteronomy 16:16 Three times in a year shall all thy males appear before the Lord thy God in the place which he shall choose; in the feast of unleavened bread, and in the feast of weeks, and in the feast of tabernacles: and they shall not appear before the Lord empty:

2 Chronicles 7:12 And the Lord appeared to Solomon by night, and said unto him, I have heard thy prayer, and have chosen this place [the temple in Jerusalem] to myself for an house of sacrifice.

John 2:13 And the Jews’ passover was at hand, and Jesus went up to Jerusalem.

At the FIRST Passover during the ministry of Christ, he cast evil doers and disrespectful people OUT of his Father’s house. He is about to do the same thing again today, casting the faithless out of the Ekklesia  (Revelation 3:14-22)

2:14 And found in the temple those that sold oxen and sheep and doves, and the changers of money sitting: 2:15 And when he had made a scourge of small cords, he drove them all out of the temple, and the sheep, and the oxen; and poured out the changers’ money, and overthrew the tables; 2:16 And said unto them that sold doves, Take these things hence; make not my Father’s house an house of merchandise.

2:17 And his disciples remembered that it was written, The zeal of thine house hath eaten me up.

The people then asked by what right he cast out of the faithless, lax, complacent and self-righteous?

Jesus responded to their threatening by speaking of the temple of his own body, declaring that when they would kill him he would be raised up at the third day.

2:18 Then answered the Jews and said unto him, What sign shewest thou unto us, seeing that thou doest these things? 2:19 Jesus answered and said unto them, Destroy this temple, and in three days I will raise it up.

The angry priests and merchants misunderstood thinking that he referred to the physical temple buildings at Jerusalem.

2:20 Then said the Jews, Forty and six years was this temple in building, and wilt thou rear it up in three days? 2:21 But he spake of the temple of his body.

All those with God’s Spirit are the temple of the Spirit of God.  Three years later his disciples remembered this saying after they had received the Holy Spirit themselves.

2:22 When therefore he was risen from the dead, his disciples remembered that he had said this unto them; and they believed the scripture, and the word which Jesus had said.

After the Passover day, during the Feast of Unleavened Bread, Jesus did many miracles at the temple in the presence of the people.

2:23 Now when he was in Jerusalem at the passover, in the feast [during the Feast of Unleavened Bread] day, many believed in his name, when they saw the miracles which he did.

Jesus knew the wicked hearts of men; and did not trust the priests, scribes and Pharisees.

2:24 But Jesus did not commit himself unto them, because he knew all men, 2:25 And needed not that any should testify of man: for he knew what was in man.

John 3

Nicodemus a ruler [member of the Sanhedrin], admits that the Sanhedrin knows that Jesus is from God.

John 3:1 There was a man of the Pharisees, named Nicodemus, a ruler of the Jews: 3:2 The same came to Jesus by night, and said unto him, Rabbi, we know that thou art a teacher come from God: for no man can do these miracles that thou doest, except God be with him.

Jesus then begins to teach him that for eternal salvation it is necessary to be reborn spiritually.

3:3 Jesus answered and said unto him, Verily, verily, I say unto thee, Except a man be born again, he cannot see the kingdom of God. 3:4 Nicodemus saith unto him, How can a man be born when he is old? can he enter the second time into his mother’s womb, and be born?

To enter into the Kingdom of God we need to have the Spirit of God dwelling within us; and that Spirit is ONLY given to those who REPENT and obey God (Acts 5:32)

3:5 Jesus answered, Verily, verily, I say unto thee, Except a man be born of water [Repent and be Baptized] and of the Spirit [receive the gift of God’s Spirit], he cannot enter into the kingdom of God [in the resurrection to spirit].

The flesh is carnally, worldly minded; but those who have and follow God’s Spirit; dedicatedly studying and KEEPING God’s Word, will become spiritually minded through the indwelling of God’s Spirit.

The flesh cannot understand spiritual things, or become spirit; except through the indwelling of the Spirit of God.

3:6 That which is born of the flesh is flesh; and that which is born of the Spirit is spirit.

Those who are changed to spirit in the resurrection become spirit.

3:7 Marvel not that I said unto thee, Ye must be born again. 3:8 The wind bloweth where it listeth, and thou hearest the sound thereof, but canst not tell whence it cometh, and whither it goeth: so is every one that is born of the Spirit.

Jesus answers Nicodemus and tells him that he cannot understand heavenly things if he will not even believe the earthly things.

3:9 Nicodemus answered and said unto him, How can these things be? 3:10 Jesus answered and said unto him, Art thou a master of Israel, and knowest not these things? 3:11 Verily, verily, I say unto thee, We speak that we do know, and testify that we have seen; and ye receive not our witness. 3:12 If I have told you earthly things, and ye believe not, how shall ye believe, if I tell you of heavenly things?

Jesus had not yet been resurrected to spirit and had not yet ascended to heaven, therefore in the context of the conversation; Jesus says that he who was in heaven [himself], has come as a witness of the things of heaven which no man has seen.

3:13 And no man hath ascended [had been in heaven up until that time] up to heaven, but he that came down from heaven, even the Son of man which is [was] in heaven.

The serpent lifted up on a pole in the wilderness was a type of Christ taking upon himself the sins of the repentant.

3:14 And as Moses lifted up the serpent in the wilderness, even so must the Son of man be lifted up: 3:15 That whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have eternal life.

Christ came to give himself for the sins of humanity; to save mankind from sin and death.

3:16 For God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have everlasting life. 3:17 For God sent not his Son into the world to condemn the world; but that the world through him might be saved. 3:18 He that believeth on him [and DOES what he teaches] is not condemned: but he that believeth not is condemned already, because he hath not believed in the name of the only begotten Son of God.

Jesus continued by saying that the worldly minded reject the light of God’s Spirit; and prefer their own ways to God’s ways. Evil doers reject the light that exposes their deeds as evil.

3:19 And this is the condemnation, that light is come into the world, and men loved darkness rather than light, because their deeds were evil. 3:20 For every one that doeth evil hateth the light, neither cometh to the light, lest his deeds should be reproved.

The godly seek out the light of God; they seek God’s correction, which is the pruning away of every false way which brings spiritual growth (John 15).

3:21 But he that doeth truth cometh to the light, that his deeds may be made manifest, that they are wrought in God.

Then they left Nicodemus in Jerusalem to go to the river Jordan to preach and baptize

3:22 After these things came Jesus and his disciples into the land of Judaea; and there he tarried with them, and baptized.

John Baptist again bears witness of Christ

3:23 And John also was baptizing in Aenon near to Salim, because there was much water there: and they came, and were baptized. 3:24 For John was not yet cast into prison.

3:25 Then there arose a question between some of John’s disciples and the Jews about purifying [a question about baptism from the uncleanness of sin].

John’s disciples questioned John about what they see as Christ’s ministry competing with John Baptist’s.

3:26 And they came unto John, and said unto him, Rabbi, he that was with thee beyond Jordan, to whom thou barest witness, behold, the same baptizeth, and all men come to him.

John teaches that men doing the work of God are all on the same side and are not to envy one another; for God the Father has many witnesses, and God DOES NOT work through only one person at a time.

3:27 John answered and said, A man can receive nothing, except it be given him from heaven.

John bears witness that he is not the Christ, but that he came before Christ to prepare the way for Christ.

3:28 Ye yourselves bear me witness, that I said, I am not the Christ, but that I am sent before him.

John says that he is the friend of the Bridegroom of the espoused bride of the New Covenant, and rejoices that Christ has come.

3:29 He that hath the bride is the bridegroom: but the friend of the bridegroom, which standeth and heareth him, rejoiceth greatly because of the bridegroom’s voice: this my joy therefore is fulfilled.

3:30 He must increase, but I must decrease.

John witnesses that Christ has come down from heaven, while he John, is come out of the earth.

John teaches the Mosaic Covenant, as the foundation for Christ to teach the spiritual New Covenant; because the New Covenant IS the Mosaic Covenant with the addition of full reconciliation with God the Father through the Passover sacrifice of the Lamb of God, and the gift of the Holy Spirit to all who sincerely repent, and faithfully maintain that repentant zeal to go forward and live by every Word of God.

3:31 He that cometh from above is above all: he that is of the earth is earthly, and speaketh of the earth: he that cometh from heaven is above all.

John 12:49 For I [Jesus] have not spoken of myself; but the Father which sent me, he gave me a commandment, what I should say, and what I should speak.

No one not called of God the Father, can understand the teachings of Christ.

John 3:32 And what he hath seen and heard [from God the Father in heaven], that he testifieth; and no man receiveth his testimony.

To believe the teachings of Christ and to repent and follow Christ, is to believe and obey God the Father who sent Christ.

3:33 He that hath received his [Christ’s] testimony hath set to his seal that God [the Father] is true. 3:34 For he whom God [the Father] hath sent speaketh the words of God [the Father: for God the Father] giveth not the Spirit by measure unto him [God the Father was generous in giving the Holy Spirit to Christ].

3:35 The Father loveth the Son, and hath given all things into his hand. 3:36 He that believeth on [and repents from sin, living by every Word of God] the Son hath everlasting life: and he that believeth not the Son shall not see life; but the wrath of God abideth on him.

Matthew 4:17 From that time Jesus began to preach, and to say, Repent: for the kingdom of heaven is at hand.

Luke 24:46 And said unto them, Thus it is written, and thus it behooved Christ to suffer, and to rise from the dead the third day: 24:47 And that repentance and remission of sins should be preached in his name among all nations, beginning at Jerusalem.

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