Job 12:1 And Job answered and said, 12:2 No doubt but ye are the people, and wisdom shall die with you.
Job complains that the just [godly] are laughed at when they have trials.
12:3 But I have understanding as well as you; I am not inferior to you: yea, who knoweth not [does not know this] such things as these? 12:4 I am as one mocked of his neighbour, who calleth upon God, and he answereth him: the just upright man is laughed to scorn. 12:5 He that is ready to slip with his feet [those is trouble] is as a lamp despised in the thought of him that is at ease.
Job begins to see that the wicked often prosper and the faithful often suffer.
12:6 The tabernacles of robbers prosper, and they that provoke God are secure; into whose hand God bringeth abundantly.
12:7 But ask now the beasts, and they shall teach thee; and the fowls of the air, and they shall tell thee: 12:8 Or speak to the earth, and it shall teach thee: and the fishes of the sea shall declare unto thee. 12:9 Who knoweth not in all these that the hand of the LORD hath wrought this? 12:10 In whose hand is the soul of every living thing, and the breath of all mankind.
God is the most ancient and wisest of all. Job says that God knows his sins or righteousness.
12:11 Doth not the ear try words? and the mouth taste his meat? 12:12 With the ancient is wisdom; and in length of days understanding. 12:13 With him [God] is wisdom and strength, he hath counsel and understanding. 12:14 Behold, he breaketh down, and it cannot be built again: he shutteth up a man, and there can be no opening.
12:15 Behold, he withholdeth the waters, and they dry up: also he sendeth them out, and they overturn the earth. 12:16 With him is strength and wisdom: the deceived and the deceiver are his.
12:17 He leadeth counsellors away spoiled, and maketh the judges fools. 12:18 He looseth the bond of kings, and girdeth their loins with a girdle. 12:19 He leadeth princes away spoiled, and overthroweth the mighty. 12:20 He removeth away the speech of the trusty, and taketh away the understanding of the aged.
12:21 He poureth contempt upon princes, and weakeneth the strength of the mighty. 12:22 He discovereth deep things out of darkness, and bringeth out to light the shadow of death. 12:23 He increaseth the nations, and destroyeth them: he enlargeth the nations, and straiteneth them again.
12:24 He taketh away the heart of the chief of the people of the earth, and causeth them to wander in a wilderness where there is no way. 12:25 They grope in the dark without light, and he maketh them to stagger like a drunken man.
Job 13:1 Lo, mine eye hath seen all this, mine ear hath heard and understood it.
Job complains that he knows the things his friends are saying about sin and about God are true, but that he knows that he is innocent of sin in the eyes of God.
13:2 What ye know, the same do I know also: I am not inferior unto you. 13:3 Surely I would speak to the Almighty, and I desire to reason with God.
Job responds to being by saying that his friends have become false accusers, who are not helping him.
13:4 But ye are forgers of lies, ye are all physicians of no value. 13:5 O that ye would altogether hold your peace! and it should be your wisdom.
Job presents his case
13:6 Hear now my reasoning, and hearken to the pleadings of my lips.
Job says: Do not mock God by calling him unrighteous for my affliction if I have not sinned. Job knows that he has not sinned yet Job will not allow his sufferings to cause him to speak against God; Job is faithful in good times and in sorrows.
13:7 Will ye speak wickedly for God? and talk deceitfully for him? 13:8 Will ye accept his person? will ye contend for God? 13:9 Is it good that he should search you out? or as one man mocketh another, do ye so mock him? 13:10 He will surely reprove you, if ye do secretly accept persons.
13:11 Shall not his excellency make you afraid? and his dread fall upon you? 13:12 Your remembrances are like unto ashes, your bodies to bodies of clay. 13:13 Hold your peace, let me alone, that I may speak, and let come on me what will.
Job places his trust in God’s hands in spite of his sorrows.
13:14 Wherefore do I take my flesh in my teeth, and put my life in mine hand? 13:15 Though he slay me, yet will I trust in him: but I will maintain mine own [godly obedience] ways before him. 13:16 He also shall be my salvation: for an hypocrite shall not come before him.
Job is faithful to God and Job knows that God will ultimately justify God’s faithful
13:17 Hear diligently my speech, and my declaration with your ears. 13:18 Behold now, I have ordered my cause; I know that I shall be justified.
13:19 Who is he that will plead [argue] with me? for now, if I hold my tongue, I shall give up the ghost. 13:20 Only do not two things unto me: then will I not hide myself from thee.
Job pleads with God, asking God not to withdraw from Job and asking God to always keep Job in fear [worshipful respect] of God.
13:21 Withdraw thine hand far from me: and let not thy dread make me afraid.
Job asks God to reveal to Job any sin that he has committed
13:22 Then call thou, and I will answer: or let me speak, and answer thou me. 13:23 How many are mine iniquities and sins? make me to know my transgression and my sin.
Job asks why God has hidden himself from Job and given Job over to the Adversary.
13:24 Wherefore hidest thou thy face, and holdest me for thine enemy? 13:25 Wilt thou break a leaf driven to and fro? and wilt thou pursue the dry stubble? 13:26 For thou writest bitter things against me, and makest me to possess the iniquities of my youth.
13:27 Thou puttest my feet also in the stocks, and lookest narrowly unto all my paths; thou settest a print upon the heels of my feet. 13:28 And he [the Adversary], as a rotten thing, consumeth, as a garment that is moth eaten.
Job says that he and all flesh are unclean before God
Job 14:1 Man that is born of a woman is of few days and full of trouble. 14:2 He cometh forth like a flower, and is cut down: he fleeth also as a shadow, and continueth not.
14:3 And doth thou open thine eyes upon such an one, and bringest me into judgment with thee? 14:4 Who can bring a clean thing out of an unclean? not one.
Job asks for compassion and a life of rest until he dies. for he does not know of any resurrection and believes that this physical life is all there is. This speaks of the vanity of physical life and the need for God’s deliverance from death, as does Ecclesiastes.
14:5 Seeing his days are determined, the number of his months are with thee, thou hast appointed his bounds that he cannot pass; 14:6 Turn from him, that he may rest, till he shall accomplish, as an hireling, his day.
14:7 For there is hope of a tree, if it be cut down, that it will sprout again, and that the tender branch thereof will not cease. 14:8 Though the root thereof wax old in the earth, and the stock thereof die in the ground; 14:9 Yet through the scent of water it will bud, and bring forth boughs like a plant.
14:10 But man dieth, and wasteth away: yea, man giveth up the ghost, and where is he? 14:11 As the waters fail from the sea, and the flood decayeth and drieth up: 14:12 So man lieth down, and riseth not: till the heavens be no more, they shall not awake, nor be raised out of their sleep.
Job now longs for a resurrection from the grave; perhaps for the first time putting the concept of a resurrection in the scriptures!
14:13 O that thou wouldest hide me in the grave, that thou wouldest keep me secret, until thy wrath be past, that thou wouldest appoint me a set time, and remember me! 14:14 If a man die, shall he live again? all the days of my appointed time will I wait, till my change come. 14:15 Thou shalt call, and I will answer thee: thou wilt have a desire to the work of thine hands.
Oh, that our sins would be sewed up in a sack and destroyed from us! For the first time in scripture; spiritual salvation is spoken of and longed for! Job longs for something more than a physical life followed by the grave! He asks why sin cannot be removed and why there is no hope for man.
This is profound as it opens the way for Messiah and salvation.
14:16 For now thou numberest my steps: dost thou not watch over my sin? 14:17 My transgression is sealed up in a bag, and thou sewest up mine iniquity.
14:18 And surely the mountains falling cometh to nought, and the rock is removed out of his place. 14:19 The waters wear the stones: thou washest away the things which grow out of the dust of the earth; and thou destroyest the hope of man.
14:20 Thou prevailest for ever against him, and he passeth: thou changest his countenance, and sendest him away. 14:21 His sons come to honour, and he knoweth it not; and they are brought low, but he perceiveth it not of them. 14:22 But his flesh upon him shall have pain, and his soul within him shall mourn.
I once heard a speaker characterize the book of Job as tedious and confusing, saying it will only confuse people; actually discouraging people from reading the book. The speaker then took one sentence from Chap 40 totally out of context to wrongly claim that one line is what the whole book was about. I am sure he did not realize that he was attacking God’s Word, for all scripture is inspired by God and is for our instruction.
Job is full of inspired wisdom from both Job and his friends. Although his friends make the error of wrongly blaming Job for sin, and for saying that if God was afflicting Job and that if Job had no sin, that God was unrighteous; therefore concluding that Job was sinful: They were absolutely right in saying that sin brings destruction and obedience to God brings life, just not understanding that physical life was a growing overcoming process to build the character that will endure for eternity.
This is a very “deep” book filled with truths. The way to study Job is to do it section by section with the statements and responses. How anyone could say that this book is tedious with its profound truths and majestic descriptions of God and his ways is baffling to me.
This man also said that even the scholars were confused! That is because they are not converted and cannot understand spiritual things.
I do not fault this speaker overmuch, he is just teaching what he has been taught; but it is long past time that we opened our eyes to the majesty of ALL of God’s Word.
The Second Eliphaz Discourse
Job is about loyalty to God in the face of severe trials; and the question of why the righteous suffer.
God tests his people, and through that testing we are made stronger if we persevere! Who has not heard of the sacrifice of Isaac, the promised son of Abraham’s old age? or Joseph’s years in prison; or the trials of all the faithful saints (Heb 11)?
Every person who is truly called out, from every generation; has his faith and loyalty tested!
God’s people have been and are being tested, just like our forefathers: and the test is about patient persevering loyalty to God!
Will we be loyal to God and live by God’s Word? or will we be more loyal to human organizations, the traditions of men and religious executives?
Do we equate loyalty to some man, tradition or organization; with loyalty to God? Which IS IDOLATRY! Or are we zealous and faithfully loyal to our espoused Husband and Mighty God in all circumstances; whether in blessings or in severe trials?
Job is accused of foolishness
Job 15:1 Then answered Eliphaz the Temanite, and said, 15:2 Should a wise man utter vain knowledge, and fill his belly with the east wind? 15:3 Should he reason with unprofitable talk? or with speeches wherewith he can do no good? 15:4 Yea, thou castest off fear, and restrainest prayer before God. 15:5 For thy mouth uttereth thine iniquity, and thou choosest the tongue of the crafty. 15:6 Thine own mouth condemneth thee, and not I: yea, thine own lips testify against thee.
Eliphaz claims to be much older than Job and that therefore Job should bow to the “wisdom” of his aged friends and not answer them back.
15:7 Art thou the first man that was born? or wast thou made before the hills? 15:8 Hast thou heard the secret of God? and dost thou restrain wisdom to thyself? 15:9 What knowest thou, that we know not? what understandest thou, which is not in us? 15:10 With us are both the grayheaded and very aged men, much elder than thy father.
He claims that Job resists God when Job is doing nothing of the kind. Job does not sin against God; he merely asks: WHY Lord?
15:11 Are the consolations of God small with thee? is there any secret thing with thee? 15:12 Why doth thine heart carry thee away? and what do thy eyes wink at, 15:13 That thou turnest thy spirit against God, and lettest such words go out of thy mouth? 15:14 What is man, that he should be clean? and he which is born of a woman, that he should be righteous? 15:15 Behold, he putteth no trust in his saints; yea, the heavens are not clean in his sight.
Eliphaz speaks of the fate of the wicked [which is true] but he declares Job to be wicked because he has trials [which is false].
15:16 How much more abominable and filthy is man, which drinketh iniquity like water? 15:17 I will shew thee, hear me; and that which I have seen I will declare; 15:18 Which wise men have told from their fathers, and have not hid it: 15:19 Unto whom alone the earth was given, and no stranger passed among them.
15:20 The wicked man travaileth with pain all his days, and the number of years is hidden to the oppressor. 15:21 A dreadful sound is in his ears: in prosperity the destroyer shall come upon him. 15:22 He believeth not that he shall return out of darkness, and he is waited for of the sword. 15:23 He wandereth abroad for bread, saying, Where is it? he knoweth that the day of darkness is ready at his hand.
15:24 Trouble and anguish shall make him afraid; they shall prevail against him, as a king ready to the battle. 15:25 For he stretcheth out his hand against God, and strengtheneth himself against the Almighty. 15:26 He [God resists the proud and wicked] runneth upon him, even on his neck, upon the thick bosses of his bucklers: 15:27 Because he covereth his face with his fatness, and maketh collops of fat on his flanks.
15:28 And he [the wicked is brought to desolation] dwelleth in desolate cities, and in houses which no man inhabiteth, which are ready to become heaps. 15:29 He shall not be rich, neither shall his substance continue, neither shall he prolong the perfection thereof upon the earth. 15:30 He shall not depart out of darkness; the flame shall dry up his branches, and by the breath of his mouth shall he go away.
15:31 Let not him that is deceived trust in [the emptiness of wickedness and rebellion against God] vanity: for vanity shall be his recompence. 15:32 It shall be accomplished before his time, and his branch shall not be green. 15:33 He shall shake off his unripe grape as the vine, and shall cast off his flower as the olive.
15:34 For the congregation of hypocrites shall be desolate, and fire shall consume the tabernacles of bribery. 15:35 They [commandment breakers] conceive mischief, and bring forth vanity, and their belly prepareth deceit.