Jeremiah 51 – 52

Jeremiah 51

In these latter days God will bring the armies of Asia to gather against the remaining power of Babylon the Great at Jerusalem:  Then Jesus Christ will come with his resurrected chosen to destroy BOTH Babylon and the Asian armies, and put down all rebellion against God to establish the Kingdom of God over all the earth.

Jeremiah 51:1 Thus saith the LORD; Behold, I will raise up against Babylon, and against them that dwell in the midst of [Almighty God is against all those who are against Him!] them that rise up against me, a destroying wind; 51:2 And will send unto Babylon fanners [in the winnowing process the fanners blow the chaff away from the grain with their fanning], that shall fan her, and shall empty her land [those who rebel against God will be taken away, like chaff is blown away from the gain]: for in the day of trouble they shall be against her round about.

51:3 Against him that bendeth let the archer bend his bow, and against him that lifteth himself up in his brigandine: and spare ye not her young men; destroy ye utterly all her host. 51:4 Thus the slain shall fall in the land of the Chaldeans, and they that are thrust through in her streets.

Even though physical and spiritual Israel [and all humanity] are full of sin today; the Eternal loves us and will not forget us after he has corrected us in his mercy, afflicting the flesh to save the spirit.

51:5 For Israel hath not been forsaken, nor Judah of his God, of the LORD of hosts; though their land was filled with sin against the Holy One of Israel.

Those who are partaking of the end time Babylon Mystery religion of rebellion against the Word of God to exalt idols of men, should quickly repent and flee from the false doctrine of Nicolaitane church governance and the exalting of men above the Word of God.

51:6 Flee out of the midst of Babylon, and deliver every man his soul: be not cut off in her iniquity; for this is the time of the LORD’s vengeance; he will render unto her a recompence.

All nations have drunk the intoxicating wine of the Babylonian Mysteries; the intoxicating lie that men can decide right and wrong contrary to God’s Word; and that people should blindly follow other men without proving them by the whole Word of God.

Today’s called out Spiritual Ekklesia have drunk deeply of this pride filling ego inflating false doctrine of loving men and corporate idols above living by every Word of God, equating loyalty to men with loyalty to God.

51:7 Babylon hath been a golden cup in the LORD’s hand, that made all the earth drunken: the nations have drunken of her wine; therefore the nations are mad.

Those who exalt themselves will be brought down; and those who idolize men shall be cast down with their idols of men.

51:8 Babylon is suddenly fallen and destroyed: howl for her; take balm for her pain, if so be she may be healed.

The Babylonian Mysteries of exalting men above the Word of God will be utterly destroyed. 

This is such a simple and yet subtle thing: It is the difference between the leaders and elders being HELPS to bring the brethren into an ever closer spiritual unity with God; or of them wickedly exalting themselves above the Word of God and doing what they want instead of living by every Word of God 

Oh, that they would be humbled of their great pride so they could see their error in exalting themselves instead of exalting the Eternal.  Oh, that men would be humble before God working hard in passionate zeal for learning and keeping the whole Word of God instead of wickedly teaching a zeal for themselves and their own false traditions. 

51:9 We would have healed Babylon, but she is not healed: forsake her, and let us go every one into his own country: for her judgment reacheth unto heaven, and is lifted up even to the skies.

51:10 The LORD hath brought forth our righteousness [Messiah the Christ will lead us to live by every Word of God]: come, and let us declare in Zion the work of the LORD our God.

Jesus Christ will bring the nations of the north and the east [Asia] against the New Europe.

Ancient Babylon fell to the Medes and the Persians in 539 B.C., and the Medes have since migrated to the Ukraine from whence they will come against the New Europe of Babylon, allied with the Persians once again and with all the nations of Asia. 

51:11 Make bright the arrows; gather the shields: the LORD hath raised up the spirit of the kings of the Medes: for his device is against Babylon, to destroy it; because it is the vengeance of the LORD, the vengeance of his temple.

Just as Babylon was defeated by the Medes and Persians in 539 B.C.; in this latter day the Babylon of the New Europe and her allies will be overwhelmed  by the armies of the Medes, Russians and Persians and their allies from Asia.  Then when all are gathered together at Jerusalem for the final battle, Messiah the Christ will come with his resurrected chosen to put down all rebellion against God. 

The now rising New Federal Europe [the latter day ten nation Babylon the Great] will become incredibly prosperous over about two years, then they will attack Asia in their third year and the nations of Asia will respond with a great destruction.

Daniel 11:40 And at the time of the end shall the king of the south [Egypt and her allies the Jewish State and America] push at him: and the king of the north [the now rising New Federal Europe] shall come against him like a whirlwind, with chariots, and with horsemen [armies], and with many ships; and he shall enter into the countries, and shall overflow and pass over.

11:41 He shall enter also into the glorious land [Palestine, today’s Jewish State], and many countries shall be overthrown: but these shall escape out of his hand, even Edom [Turkey], and Moab, and the chief of the children of Ammon [modern Jordan].  

Turkey, Jordan, Lebanon,  the Palestinians, Gaza, Syria and the Arab nations will be allied with the now rising New Federal Europe [Babylon the Great] see Psalm 83.

Psalm 83

A prophecy of the latter days when the nations of Europe, Turkey, Jordan, Syria, Lebanon, the Gazans, the Palestinians and the Arab States will confederate against all the nations of Judah and Israel.  

Psalm 83:1 Keep not thou silence, O God: hold not thy peace, and be not still, O God.

83:2 For, lo, thine enemies make a tumult: and they that hate thee have lifted up the head. 83:3 They have taken crafty counsel against thy people, and consulted against thy hidden [protected] ones.

83:4 They have said, Come, and let us cut them off from being a nation; that the name of Israel may be no more in remembrance.

83:5 For they have consulted together with one consent: they are confederate against thee:

83:6 The tabernacles of Edom [Turkey], and the Ishmaelites [true Arabs, sons of Ishmael; descendants of Abraham and Hagar]; of Moab [Jordan today], and the Hagarenes [Arabs who are sons of Agar by her second husband not Abraham, and also not the sons of Ishmael];

83:7 Geba [Lebanon], and Ammon [Jordan today], and Amalek [a tribe of the Turks]; the Philistines [modern Gaza] with the inhabitants of Tyre [Lebanon];

83:8 Assur [Germany, Austria, Hungary] also is joined with them: they have holpen the children of Lot [will help modern Jordan; Ammon and Moab].


The New Federal Europe allied with the nations of Psalm 83, will overrun today’s Jewish State and ultimately gain control of Egypt, Ethiopia and Libya as well as the other nations of Africa. The predominately Roman Catholic nations of Latin America will also ally with the New Europe.

Daniel 11:42 He shall stretch forth his hand also upon the countries: and the land of Egypt shall not escape.  11:43 But he shall have power over the treasures of gold and of silver, and over all the precious things of Egypt [including the Suez Canal]: and the Libyans and the Ethiopians shall be at his steps [under his control].

Then after two years of great prosperity the New Europe will believe that their dominance is about to be threatened and they will attack the nations of Asia. 

11:44 But tidings out of the east and out of the north shall trouble him: therefore he shall go forth with great fury to destroy, and utterly to make away many.

11:45 And he shall plant the tabernacles of his palace between the seas in the glorious holy mountain [the political and religious leaders of Europe will move to make a last stand at Jerusalem]; yet he shall come to his end, and none shall help him.

Jeremiah 51:12 Set up the standard upon the walls of Babylon, make the watch strong, set up the watchmen, prepare the ambushes: for the LORD hath both devised and done that which he spake against the inhabitants of Babylon. 51:13 O thou that dwellest upon many waters [peoples], abundant in treasures, thine end is come, and the measure of thy covetousness.

Vast Asian armies will respond to the European attack, and they will swarm over Europe and the Middle East.

51:14 The LORD of hosts hath sworn by himself, saying, Surely I will fill thee [the Middle East will be overwhelmed by Asian armies] with men, as with caterpillers [in their great multitudes]; and they shall lift up a shout against thee.

The God of Jacob is Mighty to Save all those who put their trust in him! 

51:15 He hath made the earth by his power, he hath established the world by his wisdom, and hath stretched out the heaven by his understanding.

Even the ancients knew of the cycle of water and evaporation.  By the Creator’s command the vapor rises to form the clouds and the rain falls down upon the earth. 

The Word of God is full of knowledge for those who are diligent in study.

51:16 When he uttereth his voice [by God’s design], there is a multitude of waters in the heavens; and he causeth the vapours to ascend from the ends of the earth: he maketh lightnings with rain, and bringeth forth the wind out of his treasures.

Why do we reject the clear Word of God to follow the false traditions of men?  Why will people cling to the apostate Rabbinic Calendar even lying to justify that sin?  Why will they call the Sabbath holy and then claim they can pollute it and be blameless because some man said so? Why will they reject the clear Word of Almighty God? 

The ways of our idols of men are as filthy rubbish before the Word of our God!

51:17 Every man is brutish by his knowledge; every founder [black smith] is confounded by the graven image: for his molten image is falsehood, and there is no breath in them. 51:18 They are vanity, the work of errors: in the time of their visitation they shall perish.

The portion of the repentant who are the spiritual sons of Abraham and Jacob; is the Mighty One of eternity!

51:19 The portion of Jacob is not like them; for he is the former of all things: and Israel is the rod of his inheritance: the LORD of hosts is his name.

The LORD of Hosts is the Mighty Destroyer of the Babylonian Mysteries, the mother of spiritual harlotry and rebellion against God!

51:20 Thou art my battle axe and weapons of war: for with thee will I break in pieces the nations, and with thee will I destroy kingdoms; 51:21 And with thee will I break in pieces the horse and his rider; and with thee will I break in pieces the chariot and his rider; 51:22 With thee also will I break in pieces man and woman; and with thee will I break in pieces old and young; and with thee will I break in pieces the young man and the maid; 51:23 I will also break in pieces with thee the shepherd and his flock; and with thee will I break in pieces the husbandman and his yoke of oxen; and with thee will I break in pieces captains and rulers.

When Jesus Christ, the stone cut out without the hands of men (Dan 2) comes, he will put a full end to the end time Babylon of the New Europe, he will also destroy the armies of Asia gathered at Jerusalem and will make an end of wickedness among the nations; bringing all peoples to sincere repentance, and pouring out the Spirit of God upon all flesh (Joel 2:28);  beginning a millennial Sabbath of peace for his creation.

51:24 And I will render unto Babylon and to all the inhabitants of Chaldea all their evil that they have done in Zion in your sight, saith the LORD.

The chief corner stone is Jesus Christ and not the religion of Babylon and its latter day manifestation.  Let us repent of following her false doctrines, of exalting men and their ways in rebellion against the Word of God. 

51:25 Behold, I am against thee, O destroying mountain [the false religion that deceives men to rebel against God and destroy the earth with evil activities], saith the LORD, which destroyest all the earth: and I will stretch out mine hand upon thee, and roll thee down from the rocks, and will make thee a burnt mountain. 51:26 And they shall not take of thee a stone for a corner, nor a stone for foundations; but thou shalt be desolate for ever, saith the LORD.

Ashkenaz (אַשְׁכְּנַז) was the first son of Gomer and brother of Riphath and Togarmah (Genesis 10:3, 1 Chronicles 1:6).

51:27 Set ye up a standard in the land, blow the trumpet among the nations, prepare the nations against her, call together against her the kingdoms of Ararat [Armenia], Minni [Georgia], and Ashchenaz [Ashkenaz]; appoint a captain against her; cause the horses to come up as the rough caterpillers.

In  our days the Ukrainians, Russians, Georgians and Armenians, with the major nations of Asia will come up against the Babylon of the New Europe and her allies in the Middle East.

51:28 Prepare against her the nations [of (Russia, China; Asia] with the kings of the Medes [Ukraine], the captains thereof, and all the rulers thereof, and all the land of his dominion.

After the New Europe has attacked Asia, the men of war of Babylon will greatly regret what they have done and will hide themselves in fear, because of the mighty armies coming up against them.

51:29 And the land shall tremble and sorrow: for every purpose of the LORD shall be performed against Babylon, to make the land of Babylon a desolation without an inhabitant.  51:30 The mighty men of Babylon have forborn to fight, they have remained in their holds [bases]: their might hath failed; they became as women: they have burned her dwellingplaces; her bars are broken.  51:31 One post shall run to meet another, and one messenger to meet another, to shew the king of Babylon that his city is taken at one end, 51:32 And that the passages [highways are cut off] are stopped, and the reeds [Strong’s 098 pools of water] they have burned with fire [burned up, i.e. destroyed], and the men of war are affrighted.

Babylon [the coming New Federal Europe] will be threshed like grain by the armies of Asia.

51:33 For thus saith the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel; The daughter [the New Federal Europe, the latter day descendant of the ancient Babylonian system] of Babylon is like a threshing floor, it is time to thresh her: yet a little while, and the time of her harvest shall come.

Just as Nebuchadnezzar devoured Judea in his day, so the final ruler of Babylon will also defeat Israel and devour Judea.  

51:34 Nebuchadrezzar the king of Babylon hath devoured me, he hath crushed me, he hath made me an empty vessel, he hath swallowed me up like a dragon, he hath filled his belly with my delicates, he hath cast me out.

Today’s modern Babylon is just as wicked as the people she is initially correcting [physical and spiritual Israel and Judah] and she will receive her own correction in due time.

51:35 The violence done to me and to my flesh be upon Babylon, shall the inhabitant of Zion say; and my blood upon the inhabitants of Chaldea, shall Jerusalem say.

The spiritual seat of the Babylonian Mysteries which now resides in the Vatican will be utterly destroyed.

51:36 Therefore thus saith the LORD; Behold, I will plead thy [Israel’s] cause, and take vengeance for thee [Israel and Judah]; and I will dry up her sea, and make her springs dry. 51:37 And Babylon [the New Federal Europe with her spiritual seat in Rome, the Vatican] shall become heaps, a dwellingplace for dragons [jackels], an astonishment, and an hissing, without an inhabitant.

Though Babylon of the New Federal Europe roars like lions in pride when they occupy Judea and rise up to economic dominance; they will become intoxicated with pride in their achievements; not understanding that it was the Eternal who gave us into her hand that he might correct the people.

51:38 They shall roar together like lions: they shall yell as lions’ whelps.

In their rejoicing over their power, Babylon will become drunk with pride and will be destroyed.  The Babylonian Mystery Religion System and the political confederation of Babylon the Great will be destroyed forever.

51:39 In their heat I will make their feasts, and I will make them drunken, that they may rejoice, and sleep a perpetual sleep, and not wake, saith the LORD. 51:40 I will bring them down like lambs to the slaughter, like rams with he goats. 51:41 How is Sheshach taken! and how is the praise of the whole earth surprised! how is Babylon become an astonishment among the nations!

An ocean of nations will come up against Babylon from the North and East [Asia] to destroy, and her religious and political leaders will flee to their last remaining armies at Jerusalem.

51:42 The sea is come up upon Babylon: she is covered with the multitude of the waves thereof.   51:43 Her cities are a desolation, a dry land, and a wilderness, a land wherein no man dwelleth, neither doth any son of man pass thereby.

Bel (/ˈbeɪl/; from Akkadian bēlu), signifying “lord” or “master”, is a title rather than a genuine name, applied to various gods in Babylonian religion. The feminine form is Belit ‘Lady, Mistress’. Bel is represented in Greek as Belos and in Latin as Belus. Linguistically Bel is an East Semitic form cognate with Northwest Semitic Ba‘al with the same meaning.

51:44 And I will punish Bel [Baal] in Babylon, and I will bring forth out of his mouth that which he hath swallowed up: and the nations shall not flow together any more unto him: yea, the wall of Babylon shall fall.

This is talking about rejecting the false doctrines of spiritual Babylon, including its church governance system of idolizing men.

We are called to REPENT of idolizing men, to obey them more than we love and obey the Word of GOD!

51:45 My people, go ye out of the midst of her, and deliver ye every man his soul from the fierce anger of the LORD.

In the second year of the New Europe there will be rumors [news] from Asia and the New Federal Europe [Babylon the Great] will attack Asia.

51:46 And lest your heart faint, and ye fear for the rumour that shall be heard in the land; a rumour shall both come one year, and after that in another year shall come a rumour, and violence in the land, ruler against ruler.

The day of God’s judgment against both physical and spiritual Babylon is coming very soon now.  All who follow false doctrines in rebellion against God will be corrected. 

All the idols including the idols of men and false traditions in today’s wayward Spiritual Ekklesia will be destroyed by Jesus Christ at his coming WITH his resurrected chosen.

51:47 Therefore, behold, the days come, that I will do judgment upon the graven images of Babylon: and her whole land shall be confounded, and all her slain shall fall in the midst of her. 51:48 Then the heaven and the earth, and all that is therein, shall sing for Babylon: for the spoilers shall come unto her from the north, saith the LORD.

Just as Babylon will kill many, so many of her people will be slain at the end of Satan’s misrule.

51:49 As Babylon hath caused the slain of Israel to fall, so at Babylon shall fall the slain of all the earth.

Those who survive will be called to repentance and they will acknowledge the Eternal.

51:50 Ye that have escaped the sword, go away, stand not still: remember the LORD afar off, and let Jerusalem come into your mind. 51:51 We are confounded, because we have heard reproach: shame hath covered our faces: for strangers are come into the sanctuaries of the LORD’s house.

Jesus Christ is going to destroy the false doctrines of Nicolaitane church governance, and the idolizing of men and false traditions, instead of being zealous to live by every Word of God!

51:52 Wherefore, behold, the days come, saith the LORD, that I will do judgment upon her graven images: and through all her land the wounded shall groan. 51:53 Though Babylon should mount up to heaven, and though she should fortify the height of her strength, yet from me shall spoilers come unto her, saith the LORD.

The ancient Chaldean’s [Babylonians] migrated to southern Europe mainly Italy and will be a part of the Babylon of the New Europe.

The word Babylon can refer to the ancient city or to its empire, or it can refer to its latter day religious or political manifestations.  Babylon can refer to the modern empire of the soon coming New Europe, and finally it refers to all persons who follow her doctrines; which are all those who follow her example of exalting idols of men above the Word of God.  That includes all religions which depart from zeal to learn and live by every Word of God. 

In the days of Nabonides and Belshazzar, Babylon was taken by the Medes and Persians but the system was not destroyed.  This prophecy is for the latter days when the modern city of Babylon [the Vatican] will be completely destroyed, and the false doctrines of the false religion of spiritual Babylon will also be totally destroyed.

51:54 A sound of a cry cometh from Babylon, and great destruction from the land of the Chaldeans [Italy today]: 51:55 Because the LORD hath spoiled Babylon, and destroyed out of her the great voice; when her waves do roar like great waters, a noise of their voice is uttered: 51:56 Because the spoiler is come upon her, even upon Babylon, and her mighty men are taken, every one of their bows is broken: for the LORD God of recompences shall surely requite.

Those who hold to the doctrine that loyalty to men is equal to loyalty to God, are drunk with pride in exalting themselves and their idols of men; they SHALL face extreme correction.

51:57 And I will make drunk her princes, and her wise men, her captains, and her rulers, and her mighty men: and they shall sleep a perpetual sleep, and not wake, saith the King, whose name is the LORD of hosts.

51:58 Thus saith the LORD of hosts; The broad walls of Babylon shall be utterly broken, and her high gates shall be burned with fire; and the people shall labour in vain, and the folk in the fire, and they shall be weary.

51:59 The word which Jeremiah the prophet commanded Seraiah the son of Neriah, the son of Maaseiah, when he went with Zedekiah the king of Judah into Babylon in the fourth year of his reign. And this Seraiah was a quiet prince.

The modern spiritual city of Babylon [the Vatican] and its teachings will be destroyed at the coming of Christ and will never rise again (Daniel 2). 

Very soon now a miracle working Roman Pontiff will call for the nations of Europe to join together in a new federal system, and ten nations (Rev 17) will join that system to become a New Federal Europe, which will then be allied with many other nations.

Later when Jesus Christ comes, these ten nations and their rulers will have their eyes opened, and they will destroy the system which had deceived them to disaster.

Revelation 17:16 And the ten horns which thou sawest upon the beast, these shall hate the whore, and shall make her desolate and naked, and shall eat her flesh, and burn her with fire. 17:17  For God hath put in their hearts to fulfil his will, and to agree, and give their kingdom unto the beast, until the words of God shall be fulfilled.

Jeremiah 51:60 So Jeremiah wrote in a book all the evil that should come upon Babylon, even all these words that are written against Babylon. 51:61 And Jeremiah said to Seraiah, When thou comest to Babylon, and shalt see, and shalt read all these words; 51:62 Then shalt thou say, O LORD, thou hast spoken against this place, to cut it off, that none shall remain in it, neither man nor beast, but that it shall be desolate for ever. 51:63 And it shall be, when thou hast made an end of reading this book, that thou shalt bind a stone to it, and cast it into the midst of Euphrates: 51:64 And thou shalt say, Thus shall Babylon sink, and shall not rise from the evil that I will bring upon her: and they shall be weary. Thus far are the words of Jeremiah.


Jeremiah 52

A wrap-up of the history of Judah at that time.

On Josiah’s death, Jehoiakim’s [Eliakim’s] younger brother Jehoahaz (or Shallum) was proclaimed king.  Pharaoh Necho II  then deposed the younger brother Jehoahaz after a reign of only three months and took him to Egypt, where he later died.

Then the eldest son of Josiah, Eliakim  was made king and adopted the regnal name Jehoiakim [aka Jeconiah, or Coniah] when he was installed as king of Judah about 609 B.C.   Jehoiakim was twenty-five years old when he became king, and reigned for eleven years to 598 B.C.  Jehoiakim ruled originally as a vassal of the Egyptians, paying a heavy tribute. 

However, when the Egyptians were defeated by the Babylonians at Carchemish in 605-604 B.C., Jehoiakim changed allegiances, paying tribute to Nebuchadnezzar II of Babylon.

After three years, with the Egyptians and Babylonians still at war, he switched back to the Egyptians and ceased paying tribute to Babylon.  In 599 BC, Nebuchadnezzar II invaded Judah and laid siege to Jerusalem.

In c 598 B.C., Jehoiakim died  and his body was thrown down from the city walls. He was succeeded by his son Jeconiah (also known as Coniah or Jehoiachin) and Jerusalem fell to Babylon within three months in 597 B.C.

Then the son Jeconiah was deposed by Nebuchadnezzar and he and his household, and many of the elite and craftsmen of Judah were exiled to Babylon about 597 B.C.  Nebuchadnezzar then installed Zedekiah, Jehoiakim’s younger brother, in his place.

Zedekiah was made king and compelled to pay tribute, but Zedekiah later rebelled making an alliance with the Egyptians.  Then Nebuchadnezzar came and destroyed the city and removed Zedekiah to Babylon c 586 B.C. leaving Gedaliah as governor in Judea. Gedeliah was murdered as soon as the Babylonians had left.

Five years after Gedaliah was killed, in response to the killing of governor Gedaliah by Ishmael, the Babylonian army returned in 581 B.C.

As the Babylonian army approached the people gathered near Bethlehem and asked Jeremiah the prophet to inquire of the Lord as to whether they should stay in Judea or go down into Egypt.

Those who believed the promise of safety from God by Jeremiah and remained in the land were deported and not killed in 581 B.C. while those who had fled to Egypt all died there when the Babylonian army returned in 568 B.C. and invaded Egypt (Jer 52:30).

Nebuchadnezzar invaded Egypt in 568 B.C. and on his way to Egypt because of their rebellion and treachery. overran Moab and Ammon with an army of Babylonians and Persians. 

In all this history the clear point is that those who are NOT zealous to learn and live by every Word of God, instead relying on their own “wisdom,” will have a very unhappy end.

Jeremiah 52:1 Zedekiah was one and twenty years old when he began to reign, and he reigned eleven years in Jerusalem. And his mother’s name was Hamutal the daughter of Jeremiah of Libnah. 52:2 And he did that which was evil in the eyes of the LORD, according to all that Jehoiakim had done.

When the God Being who later gave up his God-hood to be made flesh as Jesus Christ had cast Judah and Zedekiah out of his presence for all their sins [just as he has promised he will cast us out today for the same sins Rev 3:16] they were corrected by Babylon the rod of Jesus Christ.

52:3 For through the anger of the LORD it came to pass in Jerusalem and Judah, till he had cast them out from his presence, that Zedekiah rebelled against the king of Babylon.

Nebuchadnezzar laid siege to Jerusalem on the tenth day of the tenth month of the ninth year of the reign of Zedekiah (589 B.C.).

52:4 And it came to pass in the ninth year of his reign, in the tenth month, in the tenth day of the month, that Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon came, he and all his army, against Jerusalem, and pitched against it, and built forts against it round about.  52:5 So the city was besieged unto the eleventh year of king Zedekiah.

On the ninth day of the fourth month of the eleventh year of Zedekiah the city fell (587 B.C.).

52:6 And in the fourth month, in the ninth day of the month, the famine was sore in the city, so that there was no bread for the people of the land.

Zedekiah fled with the remainder of his men.

52:7 Then the city was broken up, and all the men of war fled, and went forth out of the city by night by the way of the gate between the two walls, which was by the king’s garden; (now the Chaldeans were by the city round about:) and they went by the way of the plain.

Zedekiah was captured in the pursuit and taken to Nebuchadnezzar where judgment for all his rebellion against God and king Nebuchadnezzar was carried out.

52:8 But the army of the Chaldeans pursued after the king, and overtook Zedekiah in the plains of Jericho; and all his army was scattered from him. 52:9 Then they took the king, and carried him up unto the king of Babylon to Riblah in the land of Hamath; where he gave judgment upon him.

52:10 And the king of Babylon slew the sons of Zedekiah before his eyes: he slew also all the princes of Judah in Riblah. 52:11 Then he put out the eyes of Zedekiah; and the king of Babylon bound him in chains, and carried him to Babylon, and put him in prison till the day of his death.

52:12 Now in the fifth month, in the tenth day of the month, which was the nineteenth year of Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon [c 586 BC], came Nebuzaradan, captain of the guard, which served the king of Babylon, into Jerusalem, 52:13 And burned the house of the LORD, and the king’s house; and all the houses of Jerusalem, and all the houses of the great men, burned he with fire: 52:14 And all the army of the Chaldeans, that were with the captain of the guard, brake down all the walls of Jerusalem round about.

52:15 Then Nebuzaradan the captain of the guard carried away captive certain of the poor of the people, and the residue of the people that remained in the city, and those that fell away, that fell to the king of Babylon, and the rest of the multitude.

The Babylonians left the farmers in Judea to care for the land, just as the Assyrians had left many of the poor in the kingdom of Israel when they defeated and deported Samaria.

52:16 But Nebuzaradan the captain of the guard left certain of the poor of the land for vinedressers and for husbandmen.

A list of the items taken from Jerusalem

52:17 Also the pillars of brass that were in the house of the LORD, and the bases, and the brasen sea that was in the house of the LORD, the Chaldeans brake, and carried all the brass of them to Babylon.

52:18 The caldrons also, and the shovels, and the snuffers, and the bowls, and the spoons, and all the vessels of brass wherewith they ministered, took they away.

52:19 And the basons, and the firepans, and the bowls, and the caldrons, and the candlesticks, and the spoons, and the cups; that which was of gold in gold, and that which was of silver in silver, took the captain of the guard away.

52:20 The two pillars, one sea [huge basin], and twelve brasen bulls that were under the bases, which king Solomon had made in the house of the LORD: the brass of all these vessels was without weight.

52:21 And concerning the pillars, the height of one pillar was eighteen cubits; and a fillet of twelve cubits did compass it; and the thickness thereof was four fingers: it was hollow.

52:22 And a chapiter of brass was upon it; and the height of one chapiter was five cubits, with network and pomegranates upon the chapiters round about, all of brass. The second pillar also and the pomegranates were like unto these.

52:23 And there were ninety and six pomegranates on a side; and all the pomegranates upon the network were an hundred round about.

It is interesting to note that the Ark of the Covenant is not mentioned in this list of booty.

Zedekiah’s advisers were killed.

52:24 And the captain of the guard took Seraiah the chief priest, and Zephaniah the second priest, and the three keepers of the door:

52:25 He took also out of the city an eunuch, which had the charge of the men of war; and seven men of them that were near the king’s person, which were found in the city; and the principal scribe of the host, who mustered the people of the land; and threescore men of the people of the land, that were found in the midst of the city.

52:26 So Nebuzaradan the captain of the guard took them, and brought them to the king of Babylon to Riblah. 52:27 And the king of Babylon smote them, and put them to death in Riblah in the land of Hamath. Thus Judah was carried away captive out of his own land.

The three forceable deportations of the upper class of Jerusalem to Babylon [besides the taking of voluntary wise men like Daniel in about 604 B.C.]  

52:28 This is the people whom Nebuchadrezzar carried away captive: in the seventh year (597 B.C.) three thousand Jews and three and twenty: 52:29 In the eighteenth year of Nebuchadrezzar (586 B.C.) he carried away captive from Jerusalem eight hundred thirty and two persons:

Gedaliah was murdered almost as soon as the Babylonians had left and five years after Gedaliah was killed, in response to the killing of governor Gedaliah by Ishmael, the Babylonian army returned in 581 B.C.

As the Babylonian army approached the people gathered near Bethlehem and asked Jeremiah the prophet to inquire of the Lord as to whether they should stay in Judea or go down into Egypt.

Those who believed the promise of safety from God by Jeremiah and remained in the land were deported and not killed in 581 B.C. while those who had fled to Egypt all died there when the Babylonian army returned in 568 B.C. and invaded Egypt (Jer 52:30).

52:30 In the three and twentieth year of Nebuchadrezzar (581 B.C.) Nebuzaradan the captain of the guard carried away captive of the Jews seven hundred forty and five persons: [Those who had refused to go to Egypt with Johanan.]

The total number deported

. . . all the persons were four thousand and six hundred. 

Jeremiah 52:31 And it came to pass in the seven and thirtieth year of the captivity of Jehoiachin king of Judah, in the twelfth month, in the five and twentieth day of the month [about 560 B.C.], that Evilmerodach king of Babylon in the first year of his reign lifted up the head of Jehoiachin king of Judah, and brought him forth out of prison.

52:32 And spake kindly unto him, and set his throne above the throne of the kings that were with him in Babylon, 52:33 And changed his prison garments: and he did continually eat bread before him all the days of his life.

52:34 And for his diet, there was a continual diet given him of the king of Babylon, every day a portion until the day of his death, all the days of his life.

Download the entire Jeremiah study here.


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