After 40 days and 40 nights God began to stop the rain and close up the fountains of waters; and the waters began to slowly recede over the next 110 days until the water level had fallen significantly.
Influencing the depth of the water, there would have been great earthquakes opening and later closing the deep aquifers of water inside the earth. Such massive violent earthquakes would have displaced water causing a great sloshing back and forth of billions of tons of water carrying rock and debris, which would have grooved the ground giving the appearance of ice ages and piling up huge numbers of bodies in various areas as we see in the fossil record today.
The ancient pre-flood civilizations would be buried under many feet of mud at the bottom of the sea today; the legend of a pre-flood one continent world may have some basis in fact.
Genesis 8:1 And God remembered Noah, and every living thing, and all the cattle that was with him in the ark: and God made a wind to pass over the earth, and the waters asswaged; 8:2 The fountains also of the deep and the windows of heaven were stopped, and the rain from heaven was restrained; 8:3 And the waters returned from off the earth continually: and after the end of the hundred and fifty days the waters were abated.
The Hebrew text says that the rain began on the 17th day of the second month and precisely five months later on the 17th day of the seventh month the waters had subsided enough for the ark to ground on a mountain height. [Note the Greek LXX translation specifies the 27th day of the month for each event].
This mountain may not even have existed pre-flood and could easily have been thrust up at the end of that cataclysm.
8:4 And the ark rested in the seventh month, on the seventeenth day of the month, upon the mountains of Ararat.
Three months later on the first day of the tenth month the tops of the mountains became visible as the water continued to recede. These were the mountain tops seen by Noah; huge mountains were also being up-thrust around the earth but were not seen by Noah, being great distances away.
During this time some of the great canyons of the earth were formed, as upthrusts of land caused billions of acre feet of water to suddenly rush off the upthrust land; the water rushing downward to lower elevations gouging the soft water logged land like millions of high pressure hoses; just like during the creation week.
No, the Grand Canyon did not take millions of years to form; it took only months, as water ran off when the area was suddenly thrust upwards as God resurfaced the earth; thrusting up the land and causing vast quantities of water to run off at tremendous speed and pressure.
This present world with its high mountains, hills, valleys and plateaus was formed by God via this flood, and today’s world is quite different from the pre-flood world. Doubtless that was planned out by God to divide people geographically instead of having all people live together on one continent.
8:5 And the waters decreased continually until the tenth month: in the tenth month, on the first day of the month, were the tops of the mountains seen.
Forty days after the barest surface of the land became visible in the waters, Noah sought to determine of there was enough dry land in the area to allow them to leave the ark: Therefore he sent out birds to find dry land.
The raven went daily from the ark to search for land until the waters had receded enough for it to find a place to live.
8:6 And it came to pass at the end of forty days, that Noah opened the window of the ark which he had made: 8:7 And he sent forth a raven, which went forth to and fro, until the waters were dried up from off the earth.
Noah also tried to find dry land with a dove.
8:8 Also he sent forth a dove from him, to see if the waters were abated from off the face of the ground; 8:9 But the dove found no rest for the sole of her foot, and she returned unto him into the ark, for the waters were on the face of the whole earth: then he put forth his hand, and took her, and pulled her in unto him into the ark.
Seven days later a dove was sent out again and that dove returned in the evening with an olive leaf. This itself was a sign from God for doves do not usually fly with leaves in their beaks. Both the dove and the olive tree are widely accepted symbols of peace and life; both spiritually in the Word of God and also physically in society.
8:10 And he stayed yet other seven days; and again he sent forth the dove out of the ark; 8:11 And the dove came in to him in the evening; and, lo, in her mouth was an olive leaf pluckt off: so Noah knew that the waters were abated from off the earth.
Seven days later, the dove had found a place to nest and did not return to Noah.
8:12 And he stayed yet other seven days; and sent forth the dove; which returned not again unto him any more.
Noah then opened up the ark on the first day of the first month of his 601st year of life.
8:13 And it came to pass in the six hundredth and first year, in the first month, the first day of the month, the waters were dried up from off the earth: and Noah removed the covering of the ark, and looked, and, behold, the face of the ground was dry.
On the 27th day of the second month God told Noah that he might leave the ark.
8:14 And in the second month, on the seven and twentieth day of the month, was the earth dried. 8:15 And God spake unto Noah, saying, 8:16 Go forth of the ark, thou, and thy wife, and thy sons, and thy sons’ wives with thee. 8:17 Bring forth with thee every living thing that is with thee, of all flesh, both of fowl, and of cattle, and of every creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth; that they may breed abundantly in the earth, and be fruitful, and multiply upon the earth.
8:18 And Noah went forth, and his sons, and his wife, and his sons’ wives with him: 8:19 Every beast, every creeping thing, and every fowl, and whatsoever creepeth upon the earth, after their kinds, went forth out of the ark.
The first thing Noah did was to offer a burnt offering in gratitude to God, this proves yet again that a sacrificial system was in place as well as the law of clean and unclean animals from the time of Adam’s sin.
Brethren, it is so important to express appreciation to God and to be grateful for our calling and for the understanding that we have been given, for our blessings and even for our trials, which are making us into the people that God wants us to become.
Let us be intently zealous for our God to learn and to keep his Word faithfully, and let us be filled with rejoicing and gratitude for our Creator and our Righteous Father!
8:20 And Noah builded an altar unto the LORD; and took of every clean beast, and of every clean fowl, and offered burnt offerings on the altar.
Jesus Christ and God the Father accepted the offering; and a promise is made to humanity!
God removed some of the curse on the land making many areas very fertile; he promised to never again kill every living thing on the earth by water and he promised that the cycles of the seasons and the rotation of the earth will not be stopped as long as the earth exists.
8:21 And the LORD smelled a sweet savour [the burnt offering of gratitude]; and the LORD said in his heart, I will not again curse the ground any more for man’s sake; for the imagination of man’s heart is evil from his youth; neither will I again smite any more every thing living, as I have done. 8:22 While the earth remaineth, seedtime and harvest, and cold and heat, and summer and winter, and day and night shall not cease.
The Implementing Creator who later gave up his God-hood to become flesh as Jesus Christ, again gave mankind dominance over the earth and its creatures
Genesis 9:1 And God blessed Noah and his sons, and said unto them, Be fruitful, and multiply, and replenish the earth. 9:2 And the fear of you and the dread of you shall be upon every beast of the earth, and upon every fowl of the air, upon all that moveth upon the earth, and upon all the fishes of the sea; into your hand are they delivered.
Only clean animals may be eaten and man is given power over the unclean animals to use them as he wills, as long as they are not eaten or their dead bodies used. This is so that man can learn to wisely care for and rule the creation.
9:3 Every moving thing that liveth shall be meat [subject to, judged by, ruled over by man] for you; even as the green herb have I given you all things.
This is not referring to all things as being fit to eat but to mankind being given sovereignty over all things (Lev 11 and Deu 14).
As we read in the law: We must never eat blood.
Deuteronomy 12:23 Only be sure that thou eat not the blood: for the blood is the life; and thou mayest not eat the life with the flesh.
Genesis 9:4 But flesh with the life thereof, which is the blood thereof, shall ye not eat.
God then commands that every man or beast that sheds the blood of a man, made in the image of God; must be killed. A responsibility is given to the rulers of men to execute this judgment and no individual should take the law into his own hands.
9:5 And surely your blood of your lives will I require; at the hand of every beast will I require it, and at the hand of man; at the hand of every man’s brother will I require the life of man. 9:6 Whoso sheddeth man’s blood, by man shall his blood be shed: for in the image of God made he man.
God then commands Noah and his sons to be fruitful and multiply. Consider the context that there were only eight souls left on the whole earth.
Conditions are quite different today and we need to exercise discretion and produce only the children that we can care for in a godly manner, to maintain a viable population without over populating the earth today.
9:7 And you, be ye fruitful, and multiply; bring forth abundantly in the earth, and multiply therein.
God then covenants with Noah, his descendants and all life on the earth; that God will never again destroy all life with a flood of waters.
9:8 And God spake unto Noah, and to his sons with him, saying, 9:9 And I, behold, I establish my covenant with you, and with your seed after you; 9:10 And with every living creature that is with you, of the fowl, of the cattle, and of every beast of the earth with you; from all that go out of the ark, to every beast of the earth. 9:11 And I will establish my covenant with you, neither shall all flesh be cut off any more by the waters of a flood; neither shall there any more be a flood to destroy the earth.
From then on God continues to bring rain on the earth in place of watering the earth by mist and dew, which rain began at the flood. The forming of rain drops in the atmosphere would now refract sunlight through the large droplets and produce the rainbow. Before this great flood there had been no rainbow because there was no rain drops, only mist [condensing dew overnight], which did not refract the light.
9:12 And God said, This is the token of the covenant which I make between me and you and every living creature that is with you, for perpetual generations: 9:13 I do set my bow in the cloud, and it shall be for a token of a covenant between me and the earth. 9:14 And it shall come to pass, when I bring a cloud over the earth, that the bow shall be seen in the cloud: 9:15 And I will remember my covenant, which is between me and you and every living creature of all flesh; and the waters shall no more become a flood to destroy all flesh. 9:16 And the bow shall be in the cloud; and I will look upon it, that I may remember the everlasting covenant between God and every living creature of all flesh that is upon the earth. 9:17 And God said unto Noah, This is the token of the covenant, which I have established between me and all flesh that is upon the earth.
Then Noah and his three sons and their wives went out from the ark with the animals; and all subsequent human life came from those eight persons, who were the descendants of Adam and Eve the parents of all humanity.
9:18 And the sons of Noah, that went forth of the ark, were Shem, and Ham, and Japheth: and Ham is the father of Canaan. 9:19 These are the three sons of Noah: and of them was the whole earth overspread.
A time came when Noah was drunken and lost his dignity as the father of his sons; therefore the law forbids drunkenness [any intoxication]; which can cause loss of control of ones thoughts and actions.
9:20 And Noah began to be an husbandman, and he planted a vineyard: 9:21 And he drank of the wine, and was drunken; and he was uncovered [naked] within his tent.
Noah’s sons then respectfully covered him without willfully looking at his nakedness. Brethren, we should avoid intoxication with any substance and parents should NEVER deliberately expose themselves before their children or anyone outside of their own spouse.
9:22 And Ham, the father of Canaan, saw the nakedness of his father, and told his two brethren without. 9:23 And Shem and Japheth took a garment, and laid it upon both their shoulders, and went backward, and covered the nakedness of their father; and their faces were backward, and they saw not their father’s nakedness.
Ham saw his father Noah naked and told his brothers who covered him.
9:24 And Noah awoke from his wine, and knew what his younger son [grandson H1121] had done unto him. 9:25 And he said, Cursed be Canaan; a servant of servants shall he be unto his brethren.
Note that this curse was on Canaan NOT Ham.
Noah then exalts Shem above Canaan [NOT above Ham], and prophecies that Canaan and his descendants [the Canaanites] will be the servants of the descendants of Shem [Israel].
This is about Israel the descendants of Shem dominating the Canaanites and has absolutely nothing to do with the other children of Ham as some falsely teach.
This does not say that black people should be the servants or slaves of white people as some racists claim, instead this is about the Canaanites who became profligately wicked and were used by God as a type of sin itself from the time of the exodus.
This was fulfilled in part when Israel [who was descended from Shem] was given the land of Canaan at the exodus.
9:26 And he said, Blessed be the LORD God of Shem [the father of Israel]; and Canaan shall be his [Israel’s] servant.
In ancient times God led the twelve tribes of Israel out of Egypt and gave them the land of the Canaanites which we call Palestine today. Before they entered the promised land, God informed Israel through Moses [the whole book of Deuteronomy] that possession of the land was entirely dependent on the people continually living by every Word of God.
Some parts of the land were never fully controlled by the Israelites when they entered the land under Joshua. There is even the promise by God that some people would never be driven out if this was not accomplished by Joshua.
Later Israel’s exclusive right to the land was lost through unbelief, and rejecting the theocratic rule of God and not keeping the law God gave them.
Judges 2:2 describes God’s message to sinning Israel. “you have not obeyed my voice, why have you done this?” The punishment is found in Judges 2:21, “I will not henceforth drive out from before them any of the nations which Joshua left when he died.” And that specifically was the Gaza Strip, the area of Philistia and the Canaanites in Lebanon.
The first verses of Judges 3 detail the peoples who would remain. “Now these are the nations which the Lord left, to prove Israel by them, even as many of Israel as had not known all the wars of Canaan. Namely, the five lords of the Philistines, and all the Canaanites, and the Sidonians, and the Hivites that dwelt in mount Lebanon, from mount Baalhermon [Mount Hermon] unto the entering in of Hamath.” This means that the native Canaanite people would remain in Lebanon and Gaza.
Others like the Hittites also remained in the land for a time. Heth the second son of Canaan was the father of the Hittites [later called Franks by the Romans]. The Hittites lived in Hebron (Gen 23:18-20) until most of whom were driven out of Canaan by Nebuchadnezzar and eventually migrated to Asia Minor founding an empire with the capital city of Troy.
After their defeat in the Trojan wars king Paris led them to what is now northern France where they founded a kingdom. Called the Franks by the Romans they named their capital after their king Paris.
Japheth is blessed with enlargement and multitudes of descendants, and Canaan will serve the descendants of Shem [ie the remaining Canaanites will serve a united Israel in the millennium].
The two brothers Shem and Japheth and their descendants are blessed, while a blessing on Ham is not mentioned. One son of Ham [Canaan] is delivered to be subject to the descendants of Shem [through Jacob, Israel] so that he might learn respect through service.
Mizraim a son of Ham became Egypt which is called one of the three greatest nations by God,.
Isaiah 19:24 In that day shall Israel be the third with Egypt and with Assyria, even a blessing in the midst of the land:
Ham’s son Cush fathered the black people of central and southern Africa while Ham’s other sons were given North Africa.
Genesis 9:27 God shall enlarge Japheth, and he shall dwell in the tents of [will be blessed like Shem] Shem; and Canaan shall be his [Shem’s] servant.
9:28 And Noah lived after the flood three hundred and fifty years. 9:29 And all the days of Noah were nine hundred and fifty years: and he died.