Joseph makes himself known to his brothers after he was sure they had all learned through experience; and the bitterness of the past was vanished away in the joy of reconciliation.
Genesis 45:1 Then Joseph could not refrain himself before all them that stood by him; and he cried, Cause every man to go out from me. And there stood no man with him, while Joseph made himself known unto his brethren. 45:2 And he wept aloud: and the Egyptians and the house of Pharaoh heard.
Who could not weep emotionally in such circumstances? Shall we all not weep for joy in the day that we are reconciled to God our Father in Heaven with all our brethren? Truly God our Father is the giver of all good gifts, and it is his choice gift to reconcile as many as possible to himself, so that we may also ultimately be reconciled with one another and all the sorrows of the past can fade away.
Revelation 21:3 And I heard a great voice out of heaven saying, Behold, the tabernacle of God is with men, and he will dwell with them, and they shall be his people, and God himself shall be with them, and be their God. 21:4 And God shall wipe away all tears from their eyes; and there shall be no more death, neither sorrow, nor crying, neither shall there be any more pain: for the former things are passed away.
Genesis 45:3 And Joseph said unto his brethren, I am Joseph; doth my father yet live? And his brethren could not answer him; for they were troubled [disturbed that he might want revenge] at his presence. 45:4 And Joseph said unto his brethren, Come near to me, I pray you. And they came near. And he said, I am Joseph your brother, whom ye sold into Egypt.
Joseph comforts and consoles them, explaining that he was sent ahead so that they might be saved. Now how did Joseph know that? He had come to understand this as he matured spiritually and in doing so he came to forgive his brothers. Spiritual understanding and love of God is the ultimate key to forgiveness and reconciliation.
Indeed God fulfills all his purposes and is able to keep all his promises.
45:5 Now therefore be not grieved, nor angry with yourselves, that ye sold me hither: for God did send me before you to preserve life. 45:6 For these two years hath the famine been in the land: and yet there are five years, in the which there shall neither be earing nor harvest. 45:7 And God sent me before you to preserve you a posterity in the earth, and to save your lives by a great deliverance. 45:8 So now it was not you that sent me hither, but God: and he hath made me a father to Pharaoh, and lord of all his house, and a ruler throughout all the land of Egypt.
Joseph then sends for his father, to tell him that he [Joseph] lives and asks his father Jacob to come down to him in Egypt. Truly Jacob must have been stunned at the news and after getting past the shock would have made haste to see his beloved son.
45:9 Haste ye, and go up to my father, and say unto him, Thus saith thy son Joseph, God hath made me lord of all Egypt: come down unto me, tarry not: 45:10 And thou shalt dwell in the land of Goshen, and thou shalt be near unto me, thou, and thy children, and thy children’s children, and thy flocks, and thy herds, and all that thou hast: 45:11 And there will I nourish thee; for yet there are five years of famine; lest thou, and thy household, and all that thou hast, come to poverty.
They wept for overwhelming love, happiness and and joy at their reconciliation. Truly they learned a lesson about family that shines as an example for us today; that despite the trials we may have along the way; in the end the promises of God will all be fulfilled.
45:12 And, behold, your eyes see, and the eyes of my brother Benjamin, that it is my mouth that speaketh unto you. 45:13 And ye shall tell my father of all my glory in Egypt, and of all that ye have seen; and ye shall haste and bring down my father hither. 45:14 And he fell upon his brother Benjamin’s neck, and wept; and Benjamin wept upon his neck. 45:15 Moreover he kissed all his brethren, and wept upon them: and after that his brethren talked with him.
Pharaoh heard of the matter and gave a parcel of choice land to Jacob.
45:16 And the fame thereof was heard in Pharaoh’s house, saying, Joseph’s brethren are come: and it pleased Pharaoh well, and his servants.
Pharaoh sent them with Egyptian wagons to fetch their father and all their families back to safety in Egypt.
45:17 And Pharaoh said unto Joseph, Say unto thy brethren, This do ye; lade your beasts, and go, get you unto the land of Canaan; 45:18 And take your father and your households, and come unto me: and I will give you the good of the land of Egypt, and ye shall eat the fat of the land. 45:19 Now thou art commanded, this do ye; take you wagons out of the land of Egypt for your little ones, and for your wives, and bring your father, and come. 45:20 Also regard not your stuff; for the good of all the land of Egypt is your’s.
45:21 And the children of Israel did so: and Joseph gave them wagons, according to the commandment of Pharaoh, and gave them provision for the way. 45:22 To all of them he gave each man changes of raiment; but to Benjamin he gave three hundred pieces of silver, and five changes of raiment.
45:23 And to his father he sent after this manner; ten asses laden with the good things of Egypt, and ten she asses laden with corn [grain] and bread and meat for his father by the way. 45:24 So he sent his brethren away, and they departed: and he said unto them, See that ye fall not out by the way.
45:25 And they went up out of Egypt, and came into the land of Canaan unto Jacob their father, 45:26 And told him, saying, Joseph is yet alive, and he is governor over all the land of Egypt. And Jacob’s heart fainted, for he believed them not.
45:27 And they told him all the words of Joseph, which he had said unto them: and when he saw the wagons which Joseph had sent to carry him, the spirit of Jacob their father revived: 45:28 And Israel said, It is enough; Joseph my son is yet alive: I will go and see him before I die.
We who have been called ahead to time to follow Christ in living by every Word of God shall someday also see our beloved children, parents, brothers and sisters, our dear friends and brethren from whom we have been separated by our love of God; also turn to our Great God and we shall all be reconciled to God and to each other!
The plan of God is for the ultimate reconciliation of all humanity: First with him as our Father and we as his children; at peace with God our Father and with each other for all eternity! and being at one with God we will all also be at one with each other!
On that day, who will not weep for joy at the awesomeness of our God and all his mighty deeds?
God speaks to Israel [Jacob] in Beer-Sheba
Genesis 46:1 And Israel took his journey with all that he had, and came to Beersheba, and offered sacrifices unto the God of his father Isaac. 46:2 And God spake unto Israel in the visions of the night, and said, Jacob, Jacob. And he said, Here am I.
God encourages Israel to go down to Egypt to see Joseph and repeats the promises he had made to Abraham to make of his descendants a great nation.
46:3 And he said, I am God, the God of thy father: fear not to go down into Egypt; for I will there make of thee a great nation: 46:4 I will go down with thee into Egypt; and I will also surely bring thee up again: and Joseph shall put his hand upon thine eyes.
Jacob then goes down to Egypt with his whole extended family, including his daughters here in the plural, indicating other daughters besides Dinah.
46:5 And Jacob rose up from Beersheba: and the sons of Israel carried Jacob their father, and their little ones, and their wives, in the wagons which Pharaoh had sent to carry him. 46:6 And they took their cattle, and their goods, which they had gotten in the land of Canaan, and came into Egypt, Jacob, and all his seed with him: 46:7 His sons, and his sons’ sons with him, his daughters, and his sons’ daughters, and all his seed brought he with him into Egypt.
Moses then names the sons of Israel [Jacob] and their sons as well. The sons of Israel are the fathers of the tribes, and the sons of their sons are the fathers of the clans within the tribes.
46:8 And these are the names of the children of Israel, which came into Egypt, Jacob and his sons:
The sons of Leah
. . . Reuben, Jacob’s firstborn. 46:9 And the sons of Reuben; Hanoch, and Phallu, and Hezron, and Carmi.
46:10 And the sons of Simeon; Jemuel, and Jamin, and Ohad, and Jachin, and Zohar, and Shaul the son of a Canaanitish woman.
46:11 And the sons of Levi; Gershon, Kohath, and Merari become the heads of the Levitical clans.
46:12 And the sons of Judah; Er, and Onan, and Shelah, and Pharez, and Zarah: but Er and Onan died in the land of
Canaan. And the sons of Pharez were Hezron and Hamul.
46:13 And the sons of Issachar; Tola, and Phuvah, and Job, and Shimron.
46:14 And the sons of Zebulun; Sered, and Elon, and Jahleel.
46:15 These be the sons of Leah, which she bare unto Jacob in Padanaram, with his daughter Dinah: all the souls of his sons and his daughters were thirty and three.
The sons of Zilpah
46:16 And the sons of Gad; Ziphion, and Haggi, Shuni, and Ezbon, Eri, and Arodi, and Areli.
46:17 And the sons of Asher; Jimnah, and Ishuah, and Isui, and Beriah, and Serah their sister: and the sons of Beriah; Heber, and Malchiel.
46:18 These are the sons of Zilpah, whom Laban gave to Leah his daughter, and these she bare unto Jacob, even sixteen souls. [sons and grandsons, and one named granddaughter; Serah]
The sons of Rachel.
46:19 The sons of Rachel Jacob’s wife; Joseph, and Benjamin. 46:20 And unto Joseph in the land of Egypt were born Manasseh and Ephraim, which Asenath the daughter of Potipherah priest of On bare unto him.
46:21 And the sons of Benjamin were Belah, and Becher, and Ashbel, Gera, and Naaman, Ehi, and Rosh, Muppim, and Huppim, and Ard.
46:22 These are the sons of Rachel, which were born to Jacob: all the souls were fourteen.
The sons of Bilhah.
46:23 And the sons of Dan; Hushim.
46:24 And the sons of Naphtali; Jahzeel, and Guni, and Jezer, and Shillem.
46:25 These are the sons of Bilhah, which Laban gave unto Rachel his daughter, and she bare these unto Jacob: all the souls were seven.
70 MALE persons of Israel went into Egypt; plus their wives and female children. Jacob plus Joseph and his two sons, plus all the other males of Jacob totaled 70 males.
46:26 All the souls that came with Jacob into Egypt, which came out of his loins, besides Jacob’s sons’ wives, all the souls were threescore and six; 46:27 And the sons of Joseph, which were born him in Egypt, were two souls: all the souls of the house of Jacob, which came into Egypt, were threescore and ten.
Judah led the way to Goshen
46:28 And he sent Judah before him unto Joseph, to direct his face unto Goshen; and they came into the land of Goshen.
Joseph goes by chariot to meet his father Jacob.
46:29 And Joseph made ready his chariot, and went up to meet Israel his father, to Goshen, and presented himself unto him; and he fell on his neck, and wept on his neck a good while.
Jacob feels completed and satisfied that his greatest desire has been fulfilled.
46:30 And Israel said unto Joseph, Now let me die, since I have seen thy face, because thou art yet alive.
Joseph instructs his family to be sure to tell Pharaoh that they are shepherds so that they will be given a space to themselves and not mixed with the Egyptians.
46:31 And Joseph said unto his brethren, and unto his father’s house, I will go up, and shew Pharaoh, and say unto him, My brethren, and my father’s house, which were in the land of Canaan, are come unto me; 46:32 And the men are shepherds, for their trade hath been to feed cattle; and they have brought their flocks, and their herds, and all that they have.
46:33 And it shall come to pass, when Pharaoh shall call you, and shall say, What is your occupation? 46:34 That ye shall say, Thy servants’ trade hath been about cattle from our youth even until now, both we, and also our fathers: that ye may dwell in the land of Goshen; for every shepherd is an abomination unto the Egyptians.
Genesis 47:1 Then Joseph came and told Pharaoh, and said, My father and my brethren, and their flocks, and their herds, and all that they have, are come out of the land of Canaan; and, behold, they are in the land of Goshen.
Joseph presents five of his brothers to Pharaoh
47:2 And he took some of his brethren, even five men, and presented them unto Pharaoh. 47:3 And Pharaoh said unto his brethren, What is your occupation? And they said unto Pharaoh, Thy servants are shepherds, both we, and also our fathers. 47:4 They said morever unto Pharaoh, For to sojourn in the land are we come; for thy servants have no pasture for their flocks; for the famine is sore in the land of Canaan: now therefore, we pray thee, let thy servants dwell in the land of Goshen.
Pharaoh gives them Goshen and also places them in charge of his own flocks and herds.
47:5 And Pharaoh spake unto Joseph, saying, Thy father and thy brethren are come unto thee: 47:6 The land of Egypt is before thee; in the best of the land make thy father and brethren to dwell; in the land of Goshen let them dwell: and if thou knowest any men of activity among them, then make them rulers over my cattle.
Pharaoh meets Israel [Jacob] Joseph’s father
47:7 And Joseph brought in Jacob his father, and set him before Pharaoh: and Jacob blessed Pharaoh. 47:8 And Pharaoh said unto Jacob, How old art thou? 47:9 And Jacob said unto Pharaoh, The days of the years of my pilgrimage are an hundred and thirty years: few and evil have the days of the years of my life been, and have not attained unto the days of the years of the life of my fathers in the days of their pilgrimage. 47:10 And Jacob blessed Pharaoh, and went out from before Pharaoh.
Goshen is here identified as the land of Ramses. Ramses I, did not rule for another 600 years [1290-1292 B.C.] and this name was later changed from Goshen to Ramses by the 70 translators of scripture [the LXX] in Egypt, to explain the location of the land of Goshen to Ptolemy II in the third century B.C.
This attempted explanation for Ptolemy 2 as to where Goshen was in the LXX [completed in 132 B.C.] has caused much confusion about the date of the Exodus.
47:11 And Joseph placed his father and his brethren, and gave them a possession in the land of Egypt, in the best of the land, in the land of Rameses [properly Goshen, but modernized as the later Ramses by the LXX translators to help Ptolemy 2 understand the location of Goshen], as Pharaoh had commanded.
Then Joseph rations out grain for them in Goshen.
47:12 And Joseph nourished his father, and his brethren, and all his father’s household, with bread, according to their families.
The situation in Egypt
The food in Egypt was exhausted but Joseph had gathered food by order of Pharaoh for seven years. Joseph sold the grain until there was no money left in Egypt to buy food, because Pharaoh now had all the money in the land.
47:13 And there was no bread in all the land; for the famine was very sore, so that the land of Egypt and all the land of Canaan fainted by reason of the famine. 47:14 And Joseph gathered up all the money that was found in the land of Egypt, and in the land of Canaan, for the corn [grain] which they bought: and Joseph brought the money into Pharaoh’s house.
Joseph then asks the people for their greater and lesser cattle [greater cattle being cows and lesser cattle being their flocks of sheep and herds of goats] in exchange for food in place of money.
47:15 And when money failed in the land of Egypt, and in the land of Canaan, all the Egyptians came unto Joseph, and said, Give us bread: for why should we die in thy presence? for the money faileth. 47:16 And Joseph said, Give your cattle; and I will give you for your cattle, if money fail.
In the space of one year they had sold all their farm animals for food.
47:17 And they brought their cattle unto Joseph: and Joseph gave them bread in exchange for horses, and for the flocks, and for the cattle of the herds, and for the asses: and he fed them with bread for all their cattle for that year.
Then the people of Egypt sold themselves and their land for food, and so Pharaoh became the owner and feudal lord of all Egypt, its land and its people.
47:18 When that year was ended, they came unto him the second year, and said unto him, We will not hide it from my lord, how that our money is spent; my lord also hath our herds of cattle; there is not ought left in the sight of my lord, but our bodies, and our lands: 47:19 Wherefore shall we die before thine eyes, both we and our land? buy us and our land for bread, and we and our land will be servants unto Pharaoh: and give us seed, that we may live, and not die, that the land be not desolate.
47:20 And Joseph bought all the land of Egypt for Pharaoh; for the Egyptians sold every man his field, because the famine prevailed over them: so the land became Pharaoh’s. 47:21 And as for the people, he removed them to cities from one end of the borders of Egypt even to the other end thereof.
The priests were fed by Pharaoh
47:22 Only the land of the priests bought he not; for the priests had a portion assigned them of Pharaoh, and did eat their portion which Pharaoh gave them: wherefore they sold not their lands.
After the years of famine Joseph sets up a share cropping system with 20% of the crop going to Pharaoh.
47:23 Then Joseph said unto the people, Behold, I have bought you this day and your land for Pharaoh: lo, here is seed for you, and ye shall sow the land. 47:24 And it shall come to pass in the increase, that ye shall give the fifth part unto Pharaoh, and four parts shall be your own, for seed of the field, and for your food, and for them of your households, and for food for your little ones. 47:25 And they said, Thou hast saved our lives: let us find grace in the sight of my lord, and we will be Pharaoh’s servants.
47:26 And Joseph made it a law over the land of Egypt unto this day [the day this was written by Moses], that Pharaoh should have the fifth part, except the land of the priests only, which became not Pharaoh’s.
This system of 20% belonging to Pharaoh except for the priests portion, continued after the famine into at least the days of Moses. Meanwhile Israel prospered for thirty years until Joseph had passed away and his righteous deeds forgotten. Then a new Pharaoh come to the throne of Egypt
47:27 And Israel dwelt in the land of Egypt, in the country of Goshen; and they had possessions therein, and grew, and multiplied exceedingly. 47:28 And Jacob lived in the land of Egypt seventeen years: so the whole age of Jacob was an hundred forty and seven years.
47:29 And the time drew nigh that Israel must die: and he called his son Joseph, and said unto him, If now I have found grace in thy sight, put, I pray thee, thy hand under my thigh [Joseph was asked to put his hand on his father’s genitals to sware by all his progeny that he will bury Jacob in Machpelah], and deal kindly and truly with me; bury me not, I pray thee, in Egypt: 47:30 But I will lie with my fathers, and thou shalt carry me out of Egypt, and bury me in their buryingplace. And he said, I will do as thou hast said.
47:31 And he said, Swear unto me. And he sware unto him. And Israel bowed himself upon the bed’s head.