Keturah means perfumed or incense (SH 6989), The word qetorah (SH 6988, from 6989), found only in Deuteronomy 33:10, also means smoke of sacrifice or incense. The Arabic name for Keturah is Saffurah, who was described as a Kushiyat (i.e. a Cushite, a Canaanite]
The children of Keturah.
Genesis 25:1 Then again Abraham took a wife, and her name was Keturah.
25:2 And she bare him Zimran, and Jokshan, and Medan and Midian [Midian was and is the Bedouins, from which the father in law of Moses came.], and Ishbak, and Shuah [Also called Shuach, this sixth and last of Keturah’s sons has a name meaning variously wealth (BDB) or dell, sink, incline (Strong: SHD 7744). He was the progenitor of the Shuhites, the most notable of whom was Bildad, son of Shuach, and one of Job’s ‘comforters’ (Job 2:11). This dates Job as about the time of Jacob and Esau’s children.
The second son of Keturah by Abraham, Jokshan, had two sons Sheba and Dedan. Dedan is recorded as being the progenitor of the Asshurim, the Letushim and the Leummim (Gen. 25:3) the three Baltic Lettish nations of today.
Confusion can arise with several of these names. For instance: although the term Asshurim here is related to Asshur (SHD 804), it refers to a completely different people from the Assyrians (also 804), who were descendants of Asshur son of Shem. Similarly, Sheba was the name given generations earlier to one of thirteen sons of Joktan, son of Eber (from whom the Hebrews are named).
25:3 And Jokshan begat Sheba, and Dedan. And the sons of Dedan were Asshurim , and Letushim, [The Lettish people; modern Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania. Letushim (SHD 3912) means hammered or oppressed (Strong’s), directly related to a word (3913) meaning to sharpen, hammer, whet (BDB),] and Leummim [(SHD 3817) means peoples or communities, from a root word meaning to gather.
25:4 And the sons of Midian; [Not the Medes, but the Midianites; the Bedouin] ]Ephah, and Epher, and Hanoch, and Abidah, and Eldaah. All these were the children of Keturah. (Also 1 Ch 1:33).
Abraham sent these sons to the east with many gifts, but the inheritance of Canaan was for Isaac.
25:5 And Abraham gave all that he had unto Isaac. 25:6 But unto the sons of [of Keturah and the concubines who are not named] the concubines, which Abraham had, Abraham gave gifts, and sent them away from Isaac his son, while he yet lived, eastward, unto the east country.
They were sent away because God had promised that land of Canaan to Isaac.
Abraham dies at 175 years old.
25:7 And these are the days of the years of Abraham’s life which he lived, an hundred threescore and fifteen years. 25:8 Then Abraham gave up the ghost, and died in a good old age, an old man, and full of years; and was gathered to his people.
Abraham was buried with his beloved Sarah.
25:9 And his sons Isaac and Ishmael buried him in the cave of Machpelah, in the field of Ephron the son of Zohar the Hittite, which is before Mamre; 25:10 The field which Abraham purchased of the sons of Heth: there was Abraham buried, and Sarah his wife.
25:11 And it came to pass after the death of Abraham, that God blessed his son Isaac; and Isaac dwelt by the well Lahairoi [The well where the Lord met with Hagar ( Genesis 16:7-14 )].
The Family of Ishmael
Ishmael fathered twelve princes.
25:12 Now these are the generations of Ishmael, Abraham’s son, whom Hagar the Egyptian, Sarah’s handmaid, bare unto Abraham: 25:13 And these are the names of the sons of Ishmael, by their names, according to their generations: the firstborn of Ishmael, Nebajoth; and Kedar, and Adbeel, and Mibsam, 25:14 And Mishma, and Dumah, and Massa, 25:15 Hadar, and Tema, Jetur, Naphish, and Kedemah: 25:16 These are the sons of Ishmael, and these are their names, by their towns, and by their castles; twelve princes according to their nations.
Ishmael died at 137 years old, and his sons dwelt in Arabia.
25:17 And these are the years of the life of Ishmael, an hundred and thirty and seven years: and he gave up the ghost and died; and was gathered unto his people. 25:18 And they dwelt from Havilah unto Shur, that is before Egypt, as thou goest toward Assyria: and he died in the presence of all his brethren.
The family of Isaac
25:19 And these are the generations of Isaac, Abraham’s son: Abraham begat Isaac: 25:20 And Isaac was forty years old when he took Rebekah to wife, the [granddaughter of Nahor the brother of Abraham] daughter of Bethuel the Syrian of Padanaram, the sister to Laban the Syrian.
Rebecca was barren and God gave her twins in answer to the prayers of Isaac.
These twins from God were to be an allegory of those who sought the birthright and blessings of God with enthusiastic zeal; and those who were lukewarm, uncaring and who think little of God’s promises; instead exalting their own ways and wants above the Word of God.
25:21 And Isaac intreated the LORD for his wife, because she was barren: and the LORD was intreated of him, and Rebekah his wife conceived.
God reveals to Rebecca what is taking place within her. Remember that this pregnancy was from God and this is a God given allegory about the difference between the lukewarm [Laodicea] and the zealous.
25:22 And the children struggled together within her; and she said, If it be so, why am I thus? And she went to enquire of the LORD. 25:23 And the LORD said unto her, Two nations are in thy womb, and two manner of people shall be separated from thy bowels; and the one people shall be stronger [as a type of strength through love and zeal for God] than the other people [Who are a type of the spiritually called out, being strong for their own ways, instead of being zealous for the blessings and birthright of their calling.]; and the elder shall serve the younger.
25:24 And when her days to be delivered were fulfilled, behold, there were twins in her womb. 25:25 And the first came out red, all over like an hairy garment; and they called his name Esau.
Isaac was 60 when his first children were born to the barren Rebecca.
This was a miracle from God to teach us to seek to have a deep, deep, desire for the birthright and blessings of our calling to God; and to hold our calling as the most precious thing in all our lives, so that we are exuberantly passionate to learn and live by every Word of God and overcome all sin, to receive the birthright of our calling which is eternal life!
Esau was rightfully the first born and had the right and the blessings of the first born, but he held this is small esteem, so that he was willing to give them up for relief from any small adversity.
But Jacob reached out for, sought for and fought for the birthright and the blessings physically. This is a spiritual lesson that only those who are HOT for, who value and who delight in the birthright of their calling to become like God the Father; only those who work day and night to internalize the whole Word of God; and with passion learn it, to keep it and to internalize it: will receive the blessings and the promised birthright of our spiritual calling: Which is the spiritual Promised Land of eternal life!
Yes, Jacob took Esau’s birthright and his blessing by subterfuge and deceit; and that was wrong! Yet if Esau had valued his birthright and blessings he would have been zealous to protect them always and could not have been tricked into giving them up
The deceit of Jacob is the subplot, the main plot is that we are to VALUE and hold PRECIOUS our spiritual calling and birthright as the Son’s of God the Father. We are to be faithful and full of love and passion to live by every Word of God and to internalize the very nature of God; so that we might attain to the birthright of our calling and enter the Promised Land of eternal life!
25:26 And after that came his brother out, and his hand took hold on Esau’s heel; and his name was called Jacob: and Isaac was threescore years old when she bare them.
25:27 And the boys grew: and Esau was a cunning hunter, a man of the field; and Jacob was a plain man, dwelling in tents. 25:28 And Isaac loved Esau, because he did eat of his venison: but Rebekah loved Jacob.
Esau undervalues his birthright and sells it for a pot of stew to ease his hunger. He could have taken something from the family kitchen, but he wanted that stew and would give anything for it. That is like most brethren today; they want their own way, and they do not value the birthright of their calling, and are not faithful to the Word of God that they were called to.
25:29 And Jacob sod pottage: and Esau came from the field, and he was faint: 25:30 And Esau said to Jacob, Feed me, I pray thee, with that same red pottage; for I am faint: therefore was his name called Edom.
25:31 And Jacob said, Sell me this day thy birthright.
25:32 And Esau said, Behold, I am at the point to die: and what profit shall this birthright do to me? 25:33 And Jacob said, Swear to me this day; and he sware unto him: and he sold his birthright unto Jacob. 25:34 Then Jacob gave Esau bread and pottage of lentiles; and he did eat and drink, and rose up, and went his way: thus Esau despised his birthright.
Will you despise the birthright of your calling by polluting the Sabbath or idolizing the contrary to scripture Rabbinic Calendar? Will you despise the birthright of your calling to turn and blindly obey without question, some mere mortal man; contrary to the whole Word of God? Then just like Esau lost his physical birthright because he did not value it; you will lose the birthright of your spiritual calling!
Isaac goes to the friend of his father Abraham, Abimelech the king of the Philistines. Since Abraham had died by this time and Abimelech would be very old, or is this man the son of Abimelech with the same name?
Genesis 26:1 And there was a famine in the land, beside the first famine that was in the days of Abraham. And Isaac went unto Abimelech king of the Philistines unto Gerar.
The God Being who became Jesus Christ, instructed Isaac to remain in Gerar and not to go into Egypt, and Isaac obeyed God.
26:2 And the LORD appeared unto him, and said, Go not down into Egypt; dwell in the land which I shall tell thee of: 26:3 Sojourn in this land, and I will be with thee, and will bless thee; for unto thee, and unto thy seed, I will give all these countries, and I will perform the oath which I sware unto Abraham thy father; 26:4 And I will make thy seed to multiply as the stars of heaven, and will give unto thy seed all these countries; and in thy seed shall all the nations of the earth be blessed; 26:5 Because that Abraham obeyed my voice, and kept my charge, my commandments, my statutes, and my laws. 26:6 And Isaac dwelt in Gerar:
Then Isaac made the same mistake that his father Abraham had made. No doubt Abraham or Isaac’s mother must have told him of these things, yet Isaac also made the same mistake, possibly with the same king or his son.
26:7 And the men of the place asked him of his wife; and he said, She is my sister: for he feared to say, She is my wife; lest, said he, the men of the place should kill me for Rebekah; because she was fair to look upon.
Nevertheless Abimelech and the people of Gerar left Rebecca alone; until one day Abimelech saw Isaac and Rebecca in an affectionate act.
26:8 And it came to pass, when he had been there a long time, that Abimelech king of the Philistines looked out at a window, and saw, and, behold, Isaac was sporting with Rebekah his wife.
Abimelech then confronts Isaac because of the danger Isaac had brought to his people, because some man might have innocently fancied Rebecca.
26:9 And Abimelech called Isaac, and said, Behold, of a surety she is thy wife; and how saidst thou, She is my sister? And Isaac said unto him, Because I said, Lest I die for her. 26:10 And Abimelech said, What is this thou hast done unto us? one of the people might lightly have lien with thy wife, and thou shouldest have brought guiltiness upon us.
Abimelech then warned all his of people to stay away from Rebecca.
26:11 And Abimelech charged all his people, saying, He that toucheth this man or his wife shall surely be put to death.
God blessed Isaac mightily with a hundredfold increase that year.
26:12 Then Isaac sowed in that land, and received in the same year an hundredfold: and the LORD blessed him. 26:13 And the man waxed great, and went forward, and grew until he became very great:
The Philistines began to envy and to fear Isaac; and so some began to fill in his wells which had been dug by Isaac’s father Abraham.
26:14 For he had possession of flocks, and possession of herds, and great store of servants: and the Philistines envied him. 26:15 For all the wells which his father’s servants had digged in the days of Abraham his father, the Philistines had stopped them, and filled them with earth.
Then because strife was rising, Abimelech asked Isaac to leave them.
26:16 And Abimelech said unto Isaac, Go from us; for thou art much mightier than we. 26:17 And Isaac departed thence, and pitched his tent in the valley of Gerar, and dwelt there.
Isaac left Gerar and its immediate outskirts going out into the countryside where he opened the wells of his father Abraham in the land of the kingdom of Gerar, and the inhabitants of the land strove with his servants.
26:18 And Isaac digged again the wells of water, which they had digged in the days of Abraham his father; for the Philistines had stopped them after the death of Abraham: and he called their names after the names by which his father had called them. 26:19 And Isaac’s servants digged in the valley, and found there a well of springing water. 26:20 And the herdmen of Gerar did strive with Isaac’s herdmen, saying, The water is ours: and he called the name of the well Esek; because they strove with him.
Isaac did not fight but moved on a bit and opened up another well of his father Abraham from which he also retreated from the same strife.
26:21 And they digged another well, and strove for that also: and he called the name of it Sitnah.
Again Isaac moved further away and opened another well of his father Abraham and this time peace prevailed.
26:22 And he removed from thence, and digged another well; and for that they strove not: and he called the name of it Rehoboth; and he said, For now the LORD hath made room for us, and we shall be fruitful in the land.
God calls Isaac in a dream in Beer-Sheba and pronounces him directly to his face, to be the heir to the promises God had given Abraham.
26:23 And he went up from thence to Beersheba.
26:24 And the LORD appeared unto him the same night, and said, I am the God of Abraham thy father: fear not, for I am with thee, and will bless thee, and multiply thy seed for my servant Abraham’s sake. 26:25 And he builded an altar there, and called upon the name of the LORD, and pitched his tent there: and there Isaac’s servants digged a well.
Isaac makes a peace treaty with Abimelech.
This example of Abraham and Isaac in seeking peace, puts those who strive with one another and go to court with lawsuits to shame.
26:26 Then Abimelech went to him from Gerar, and Ahuzzath one of his friends, and Phichol the chief captain of his army. 26:27 And Isaac said unto them, Wherefore come ye to me, seeing ye hate me, and have sent me away from you? 26:28 And they said, We saw certainly that the LORD was with thee: and we said, Let there be now an oath betwixt us, even betwixt us and thee, and let us make a covenant with thee; 26:29 That thou wilt do us no hurt, as we have not touched thee, and as we have done unto thee nothing but good, and have sent thee away in peace: thou art now the blessed of the LORD.
26:30 And he made them a feast, and they did eat and drink. 26:31 And they rose up betimes in the morning, and sware one to another: and Isaac sent them away, and they departed from him in peace.
That day Isaac’s diggers found water while digging out the well of Abraham at Beer Sheba.
26:32 And it came to pass the same day, that Isaac’s servants came, and told him concerning the well [of Abraham] which they had digged, and said unto him, We have found water. 26:33 And he called it Shebah: therefore the name of the city is Beersheba unto this day.
Beer Sheva; well of the oath, or well of seven [ewe’s], a well dug by Abraham, and so named because he and Abimelech here entered into a compact (Gen. 21:31), long before Isaac came there to dig out the wells of his father Abraham.
Isaac’s son Esau took him wives of the Canaanites; Judith and Bashemath both Hittites, which grieved Isaac and Rebecca, his parents.
But the birthright and the blessings were to be Jacob’s as God had promised Rebecca when she was pregnant.
26:34 And Esau was forty years old when he took to wife Judith the daughter of Beeri the Hittite, and Bashemath the daughter of Elon the Hittite: 26:35 Which were a grief of mind unto Isaac and to Rebekah.