Genesis 21 – 22

Genesis 21

God is ABLE to fulfill ALL his promises!  If at any time he does not, it is because many of his promises are CONDITIONAL on our sincere repentance and on our passion for learning and keeping his Word!  God’s promises are also subject to God’s own good timing, or to the timing that has been aforetime appointed, such as the date of the coming of Messiah the Christ!

Genesis 21:1 And the LORD visited Sarah as he had said, and the LORD did unto Sarah as he had spoken. 21:2 For Sarah conceived, and bare Abraham a son in his old age, at the set time of which God had spoken to him.

Isaac meaning “laughter” was a perpetual reminder to Abraham and Sarah of their lack of faith when the promise of Isaac was given.  This name “Laughter” is also indicative of the great joy of Abraham and Sarah at the birth of a son in their old age.

21:3 And Abraham called the name of his son that was born unto him, whom Sarah bare to him, Isaac. 21:4 And Abraham circumcised his son Isaac being eight days old, as God had commanded him.

We are to likewise obey this command of God to circumcise our sons on the eighth day.  This circumcision on the Eighth Day is a prophecy of the Eighth Day Feast; when ALL humanity will be circumcised in heart and will go forth sensitive and subject to the whole Word of God for all eternity.

21:5 And Abraham was an hundred years old, when his son Isaac was born unto him.

Sarah then exclaimed that she will now laugh for joy!  and that others who hear of her joy will also smile and laugh for joy with her.

21:6 And Sarah said, God hath made me to laugh [God has given her joy with the gift of a son.] , so that all that hear will laugh with me. 21:7 And she said, Who would have said unto Abraham, that Sarah should have given children suck? for I have born him a son in his old age.

Abraham made a feast of rejoicing for Isaac when he was about four years old; and Hagar again mocked Sarah because of her son Ishmael who was the first born.

21:8 And the child grew, and was weaned: and Abraham made a great feast the same day that Isaac was weaned. 21:9 And Sarah saw the son of Hagar the Egyptian, which she had born unto Abraham, mocking.

Sarah then demanded of Abraham that he should cast away the son of the bondwoman so that the son of bondage should not be heir with the free born son of promise.  Ishmael being an allegory of the Mosaic Covenant which brought no spiritual inheritance, for the Mosaic Covenant could not inherit spiritual things and its members will not inherit spiritual promises until they are called into a New Covenant (Jer 31, Hebrews).

21:10 Wherefore she said unto Abraham, Cast out this bondwoman and her son: for the son of this bondwoman shall not be heir with my son, even with Isaac.

Galatians 4:22 For it is written, that Abraham had two sons, the one by a bondmaid, the other by a freewoman. 4:23 But he who was of the bondwoman was born after the flesh [An allegory of the Mosaic Covenant which had no promise of spiritual inheritance]; but he of the freewoman was by promise [An allegory of the promise of a spiritual inheritance in a New Covenant].

4:24 Which things are an allegory: for these are the two covenants; the one from the mount Sinai [The Mosaic Covenant], which gendereth to bondage [Bondage to death is the penalty of sin, since the blood of animals only reconciled them to the Mosaic Covenant and could not bring them into the spiritual New Covenant with its spiritual promises.], which is Agar. 4:25 For this Agar is mount Sinai [the bond servant Hagar is a picture of the physical Mosaic Covenant] in Arabia, and answereth to [physical earthly] Jerusalem which now is, and is in bondage with her children.

4:26 But Jerusalem which is above is free [The heavenly Jerusalem represents the spiritual New Covenant of promise, Jeremiah 31 pictured by Isaac, and faithfulness to God in sincere repentance, having the sacrifice of Christ applied to us and committing to go and sin no more; which then reconciles us to God spiritually and frees the sincerely repentant from bondage to death which is the wages of sin], which is the mother of us all.

All physical scriptural things are instructions in spiritual principles and the story if Abraham and Isaac is an allegory of God the Father and Jesus Christ.

Abraham loved his first born and was grieved to send Ishmael away; and Ishmael has been grieved at the supposed loss of his birthright as the first born son ever since.  God then told Abraham that this was from him, for Isaac was the son of promise [representing the New Covenant of promise] and not Ishmael.

Genesis 21:11 And the thing was very grievous in Abraham’s sight because of his son. 21:12 And God said unto Abraham, Let it not be grievous in thy sight because of the lad, and because of thy bondwoman; in all that Sarah hath said unto thee, hearken unto her voice; for in Isaac shall thy seed be called.

God then gave Ishmael to be a nation because of Abraham his father.

21:13 And also of the son of the bondwoman will I make a nation, because he is thy seed.

Then Abraham obeyed and sent Ishmael and Hagar away.

21:14 And Abraham rose up early in the morning, and took bread, and a bottle of water, and gave it unto Hagar, putting it on her shoulder, and the child, and sent her away: and she departed, and wandered in the wilderness of Beersheba. 21:15 And the water was spent in the bottle, and she cast the child under one of the shrubs [for shade].

Ishmael a young man of about 17 cried for water, dying of thirst, and Hagar could not bear it and went a little way off to weep herself.  Imagine yourself in these circumstances, these are real people suffering real distress.  The Word of God is not some dry history; it is about real people and real lessons for life.

God saved Hagar and Ishmael to KEEP HIS PROMISE to Abraham; that Ishmael would become a great nation!

Almighty God keeps his promises!  His faithful trust and depend on HIM; and do not lean to their own ways!

21:16 And she went, and sat her down over against him a good way off, as it were a bow shot: for she said, Let me not see the death of the child. And she sat over against him, and lift up her voice, and wept. 21:17 And God heard the voice of the lad; and the angel of God called to Hagar out of heaven, and said unto her, What aileth thee, Hagar? fear not; for God hath heard the voice of the lad where he is.

God then delivers Hagar and Ishmael.

21:18 Arise, lift up the lad, and hold him in thine hand; for I will make him a great nation. 21:19 And God opened her eyes, and she saw a well of water; and she went, and filled the bottle with water, and gave the lad drink.

21:20 And God was with the lad; and he grew, and dwelt in the wilderness, and became an archer. 21:21 And he dwelt in the wilderness of Paran: and his mother took him a wife out of the land of Egypt.

The founding of Beer Sheba

Abimelech’s servants take a well that Abraham ‘s servants had dug in Abimelech’s territory; causing a dispute between Abraham and Abimelech.  At that time the area belonged to the Philistines and Abraham’s servants had dug a well on Abimelech’s land.

Abraham makes a covenant with Abimelech to settle the dispute with him.

Abimelech knew about the God of all creation through the example of Abraham.  He knew that Abraham’s God was the one who had healed his wife and maidservants so that they would bear him children.  Abimelech knew that Abraham’s God was with him in all that he did.

When it came to a dispute over land and a well (in that part of the world a very important thing since it was a dry land), all Abimelech needed was for Abraham to swear by his God that he was telling the truth and did actually dig the well he claimed and that there would be peace between Abraham and Abimelech’s descendants from then on.

Payment for the land was made by Abraham, the oath solemnly confirmed by the gift of 7 ewe lambs, and that settled everything.

21:22 And it came to pass at that time, that Abimelech and Phichol the chief captain of his host spake unto Abraham, saying, God is with thee in all that thou doest: 21:23 Now therefore swear unto me here by God that thou wilt not deal falsely with me, nor with my son, nor with my son’s son: but according to the kindness that I have done unto thee, thou shalt do unto me, and to the land wherein thou hast sojourned. 21:24 And Abraham said, I will swear.

21:25 And Abraham reproved Abimelech because of a well of water, which Abimelech’s servants had violently taken away. 21:26 And Abimelech said, I wot not who hath done this thing; neither didst thou tell me, neither yet heard I of it, but to day.

See how these men resolved the problem instead of fighting.  Abraham proved the well was his, and Abimelech proved he owned the land; so they agreed that Abraham would buy that land with cattle and sheep; and Beer Sheba became the property of Abraham and through him the property of Isaac.

21:27 And Abraham took sheep and oxen, and gave them unto Abimelech; and both of them made a covenant.

Abraham then sets seven ewe’s as a seven fold oath that his servants had dug the well and that the well was his.  When Abimelech accepted these seven ewe’s he accepted that Abraham had indeed dug the well.

21:28 And Abraham set seven ewe lambs of the flock by themselves. 21:29 And Abimelech said unto Abraham, What mean these seven ewe lambs which thou hast set by themselves? 21:30 And he said, For these seven ewe lambs shalt thou take of my hand, that they may be a witness unto me, that I have digged this well.

21:31 Wherefore he called that place Beersheba [Beer-sheba = “well of the sevenfold oath”]; because there they sware both of them.

Abimelech then returned from the strife back to his royal city of the Philistines.

21:32 Thus they made a covenant at Beersheba: then Abimelech rose up, and Phichol the chief captain of his host, and they returned into the land of the Philistines. 21:33 And Abraham planted a grove [trees] in Beersheba, and called there on the name of the LORD, the everlasting God. 21:34 And Abraham sojourned in the Philistines’ land many days.

Genesis 22

Knowing the mind of God, one could easily think that the following event happened around Passover. In any case this is a profound allegory about the Passover and is one key to understanding the Passover.

God tests Abraham concerning Isaac.

When Abraham trusted God and did not withhold his only son, his beloved son of promise; God provided a lamb. This test is an allegory of how God the Father gave his only begotten son to die as the Lamb of God for the sins of the world.

Genesis 22:1 And it came to pass after these things, that God did tempt Abraham, and said unto him, Abraham: and he said, Behold, here I am.

22:2 And he said, Take now thy son, thine only son Isaac, whom thou lovest, and get thee into the land of Moriah [the threshing floor at the top of the Temple Mount; which had as yet no Temple.]; and offer him there for a burnt offering upon one of the mountains which I will tell thee of.

God had promised Abraham that Isaac would be the father of many nations and millions of people; Abraham believed the promise of God and yet was ready to give his son of promise, believing that God would somehow still find a way to keep his promise to him. 

After many years and much developing of faith and learning on the way, Abraham was ready for the final test which would make him the spiritual father of all those who are faithful to God.  This is the kind of total dedication to obeying the whole word of God that is expected of every faithful called out pillar of God!

Abraham was willing to give his beloved son of promise, the most precious thing he possessed; because he believed, trusted and obeyed God!  And most of us will not give up a visit to a restaurant on the Sabbath to obey and please God!  Oh, how far we have fallen from the faith and loving obedience of Abraham!

Moses takes two servants and Isaac with him and begins his journey to the Mount. The journey must have been filled with confusion of mind as Abraham struggled with the apparent contradiction between the promise and the command; and filled with tears over what he was commanded to do.

The poor man must have been in agony of spirit, because he had already lost his beloved Ishmael and now Isaac was apparently being taken to please God; yet he trusted God and obeyed his Word!  Think about this when you are tried in your own life; be faithful to the whole Word of God, and he will make a way for you.

22:3 And Abraham rose up early in the morning, and saddled his ass, and took two of his young men with him, and Isaac his son, and clave the wood for the burnt offering, and rose up, and went unto the place of which God had told him.

On the third day Abraham left his servants and went to the Mount with Isaac.

22:4 Then on the third day Abraham lifted up his eyes, and saw the place afar off. 22:5 And Abraham said unto his young men, Abide ye here with the ass; and I and the lad will go yonder and worship, and come again to you. 22:6 And Abraham took the wood of the burnt offering, and laid it upon Isaac his son; and he took the fire in his hand, and a knife; and they went both of them together.

Abraham said to Isaac: “God will provide a lamb my son”; this being a prophecy, that God the Father would provide HIS son as the Lamb of God, to be sacrificed for our sins in our place.

22:7 And Isaac spake unto Abraham his father, and said, My father: and he said, Here am I, my son. And he said, Behold the fire and the wood: but where is the lamb for a burnt offering? 22:8 And Abraham said, My son, God will provide himself a lamb for a burnt offering: so they went both of them together.

Abraham obeyed God and Isaac also obeyed God, permitting himself to be bound and laid upon the wood.  This was an analogy that God the Father would not withhold his ONLY begotten son and would sacrifice him for OUR sins; and that his son Jesus Christ would allow himself as the Creator of humanity, to be sacrificed to save mankind!

Brethren, God has given us such a gift; how can we not be zealous to follow Abraham’s example of obedience and be passionately zealous to learn and to live by every Word of God?

22:9 And they came to the place which God had told him of; and Abraham built an altar there, and laid the wood in order, and bound Isaac his son, and laid him on the altar upon the wood.

As Abraham was about to obey God and kill his son of promise to please God; the LORD called out to him and stayed his hand.

22:10 And Abraham stretched forth his hand, and took the knife to slay his son. 22:11 And the angel of the LORD called unto him out of heaven, and said, Abraham, Abraham: and he said, Here am I. 22:12 And he said, Lay not thine hand upon the lad, neither do thou any thing unto him: for now I know that thou fearest God, seeing thou hast not withheld thy son, thine only son from me.

Abraham did not withhold even his beloved son of promise, and the overwhelming majority of today’s Ekklesia will not even refrain from doing their own thing on Sabbath and polluting it. 

Consider the comparison of zeal for God and the lack of love and zeal for God in the Ekklesia today.  No wonder we make Jesus Christ SICK to his stomach, so that he will vomit out those who are lukewarm for God’s Word; expelling them out of his body and out of his mouth (Rev 3:16).

For the faithful and passionately zealous to learn, to teach and to live by every Word of God: God has provided his Lamb, Jesus Christ; and God will apply that perfect sacrifice to all who come to him in sincere repentance, committing to go and SIN NO MORE!

22:13 And Abraham lifted up his eyes, and looked, and behold behind him a ram caught in a thicket by his horns: and Abraham went and took the ram, and offered him up for a burnt offering in the stead of his son.

Jehovahjireh: “The Eternal has provided”.

22:14 And Abraham called the name of that place Jehovahjireh: as it is said to this day [the day that Moses wrote this], In the mount of the LORD [the Trmple Mount at Jebus, Jerusalem] it shall be seen.

After the sacrifice of the ram God again calls out to Abraham from heaven.

22:15 And the angel of the LORD called unto Abraham out of heaven the second time,

Abraham is blessed for his faithful obedience to the whole Word of God even to giving up his most precious and beloved possession, and we cannot even give up our false traditions in which we take so much pleasure! For shame!

22:16 And said, By myself have I sworn, saith the LORD, for because thou hast done this thing, and hast not withheld thy son, thine only son: 22:17 That in blessing I will bless thee, and in multiplying I will multiply thy seed as the stars of the heaven, and as the sand which is upon the sea shore; and thy seed shall possess the gate of his enemies; 22:18 And in thy seed shall all the nations of the earth be blessed; because thou hast obeyed my voice.

Here God promises that all nations would be blessed through Abraham’s seed ISAAC and not of his other sons.  It is obvious that this refers to a birthright promise which would be handed on to Isaac’s descendants and not to the descendants of Abraham’s other sons.

All physical scriptural things are instructions in spiritual principles and the story if Abraham and Isaac is an allegory of God the Father and Jesus Christ.  Paul explains in Galatians that the promise of being a physical blessing on all nations which was given to Isaac, was an allegory of a spiritual blessing on all nations through Jesus Christ the son of God the Father.

22:19 So Abraham returned unto his young men, and they rose up and went together to Beersheba; and Abraham dwelt at Beersheba.

Then Abraham heard that his brother Nahor who had remained at Haran had also had children and an extended family. This news causes Abraham to send his servant there to seek a wife for Isaac out of Isaac’s cousins in Haran.

22:20 And it came to pass after these things, that it was told Abraham, saying, Behold, Milcah, she hath also born children unto thy brother Nahor; 22:21 Huz his firstborn, and Buz his brother, and Kemuel the father of Aram, 22:22 And Chesed, and Hazo, and Pildash, and Jidlaph, and Bethuel. 22:23 And Bethuel begat Rebekah: these eight Milcah did bear to Nahor, Abraham’s brother. 22:24 And his concubine, whose name was Reumah, she bare also Tebah, and Gaham, and Thahash, and Maachah.

1 Comment

Add a Comment
  1. Greetings to all the Ekklesia, it is so amazing thinking about Abraham’s faith. Some of us have a very long way to go as far as this type of FAITH is called for. Our prayer must be as that of the disciples of Jesus’ day; ” INCREASE OUR FAITH ” ( Luke 17 : 5 ). Let God truely increase our faith before Christ calls us or returns.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.