1 Samuel 9
Kish of Benjamin was a powerful man in Israel and his son Saul was a big and impressive man.
1 Samuel 9:1 Now there was a man of Benjamin, whose name was Kish, the son of Abiel, the son of Zeror, the son of Bechorath, the son of Aphiah, a Benjamite, a mighty man of power. 9:2 And he had a son, whose name was Saul, a choice young man, and a goodly: and there was not among the children of Israel a goodlier [impressive and handsome] person than he: from his shoulders and upward he was higher than any of the people.
Saul goes to seek the lost animals of his father
9:3 And the asses of Kish Saul’s father were lost. And Kish said to Saul his son, Take now one of the servants with thee, and arise, go seek the asses. 9:4 And he passed through mount Ephraim, and passed through the land of Shalisha, but they found them not: then they passed through the land of Shalim, and there they were not: and he passed through the land of the Benjamites, but they found them not. 9:5 And when they were come to the land of Zuph, Saul said to his servant that was with him, Come, and let us return; lest my father leave caring for the asses, and take thought for us.
Saul decides to return home empty, but his servant advises Saul to inquire of God.
9:6 And he said unto him, Behold now, there is in this city a man of God, and he is an honourable man; all that he saith cometh surely to pass: now let us go thither; peradventure he can shew us our way that we should go.
They are willing to pay Samuel for his advice
9:7 Then said Saul to his servant, But, behold, if we go, what shall we bring the man? for the bread is spent in our vessels, and there is not a present to bring to the man of God: what have we? 9:8 And the servant answered Saul again, and said, Behold, I have here at hand the fourth part of a shekel of silver: that will I give to the man of God, to tell us our way.
Saul then goes to seek out Samuel
9:9 (Beforetime in Israel, when a man went to enquire of God, thus he spake, Come, and let us go to the seer: for he that is now called a Prophet was beforetime called a Seer.) 9:10 Then said Saul to his servant, Well said; come, let us go. So they went unto the city where the man of God was. 9:11 And as they went up the hill to the city, they found young maidens going out to draw water, and said unto them, Is the seer here?
The maids tell Saul to make haste and find Samuel, before Samuel becomes occupied with the sacrifice.
9:12 And they answered them, and said, He is; behold, he is before you: make haste now, for he came to day to the city; for there is a sacrifice of the people to day in the high place: 9:13 As soon as ye be come into the city, ye shall straightway find him, before he go up to the high place to eat: for the people will not eat until he come, because he doth bless the sacrifice; and afterwards they eat that be bidden. Now therefore get you up; for about this time ye shall find him.
Rushing into the city they catch up to Samuel as he is going to the sacrifice.
9:14 And they went up into the city: and when they were come into the city, behold, Samuel came out against them, for to go up to the high place.
The God Being who later became flesh as Jesus Christ, told Samuel to anoint Saul king in a clear small voice in his ear.
9:15 Now the LORD had told Samuel in his ear a day before Saul came, saying, 9:16 To morrow about this time I will send thee a man out of the land of Benjamin, and thou shalt anoint him to be captain over my people Israel, that he may save my people out of the hand of the Philistines: for I have looked upon my people, because their cry is come unto me.
God opened the eyes of Samuel to recognize the man that he should anoint king.
The sceptre had already been promised by the prophetic blessings to rest with Judah. Yet if Saul had only been faithful to God, his line would have been joined to David of Judah and David would have had a son by Saul’s daughter who would have been king.
9:17 And when Samuel saw Saul, the LORD said unto him, Behold the man whom I spake to thee of! this same shall reign over my people.
Saul not recognizing Samuel asked him the way to the house of the prophet.
9:18 Then Saul drew near to Samuel in the gate, and said, Tell me, I pray thee, where the seer’s house is.
Samuel identified himself and bids Saul go up to the tabernacle for the sacrifice.
9:19 And Samuel answered Saul, and said, I am the seer: go up before me unto the high place; for ye shall eat with me to day, and to morrow I will let thee go, and will tell thee all that is in thine heart.
Samuel tells Saul that the lost animals are found and then tells Saul that the desire and heart of Israel is on him and his father’s house. Saul was the people’s choice.
9:20 And as for thine asses that were lost three days ago, set not thy mind on them; for they are found. And on whom is all the desire of Israel? Is it not on thee, and on all thy father’s house?
Saul was humble and bewildered before the man of God.
9:21 And Saul answered and said, Am not I a Benjamite, of the smallest of the tribes of Israel? and my family the least of all the families of the tribe of Benjamin? wherefore then speakest thou so to me?
Samuel sets Saul in the chief seat at the sacrificial meal.
9:22 And Samuel took Saul and his servant, and brought them into the parlour, and made them sit in the chiefest place among them that were bidden, which were about thirty persons.
The choicest portion was then given to Saul as a mark of great honor.
9:23 And Samuel said unto the cook, Bring the portion which I gave thee, of which I said unto thee, Set it by thee. 9:24 And the cook took up the shoulder, and that which was upon it, and set it before Saul. And Samuel said, Behold that which is left! set it before thee, and eat: for unto this time hath it been kept for thee since I said, I have invited the people. So Saul did eat with Samuel that day.
Afterwards Samuel spoke with Saul for some time.
9:25 And when they were come down from the high place into the city, Samuel communed with Saul upon the top of the house.
Then in the early morning Saul is sent on his way and Samuel walks with him to the city gate conversing as they went.
9:26 And they arose early: and it came to pass about the spring of the day, that Samuel called Saul to the top of the house, saying, Up, that I may send thee away. And Saul arose, and they went out both of them, he and Samuel, abroad.
Then Samuel tells Saul to send his servant on ahead while Samuel tells Saul the Word of the Eternal.
9:27 And as they were going down to the end of the city, Samuel said to Saul, Bid the servant pass on before us, (and he passed on), but stand thou still a while, that I may shew thee the word of God.
1 Samuel 10
Samuel anoints Saul king and then gives him a string of prophecies to help him gain faith and confidence.
1 Samuel 10:1 Then Samuel took a vial of oil, and poured it upon his head, and kissed him, and said, Is it not because the LORD hath anointed thee to be captain over his inheritance?
10:2 When thou art departed from me to day, then thou shalt find two men by Rachel’s sepulchre in the border of Benjamin at Zelzah; and they will say unto thee, The asses which thou wentest to seek are found: and, lo, thy father hath left the care of the asses, and sorroweth for you, saying, What shall I do for my son? 10:3 Then shalt thou go on forward from thence, and thou shalt come to the plain of Tabor, and there shall meet thee three men going up to God to Bethel, one carrying three kids, and another carrying three loaves of bread, and another carrying a bottle of wine: 10:4 And they will salute thee, and give thee two loaves of bread; which thou shalt receive of their hands.
Saul was given the Spirit of God
The life of Saul should be a graphic example for us, that not every called out person or ordained man who starts out with God’s Spirit; continues in the path of his calling.
Saul was an example for the people [and especially to David] of how NOT to lead; so that we could learn that absolute loyalty to God and the Word of God is required for godly leadership.
10:5 After that thou shalt come to the hill of God, where is the garrison of the Philistines: and it shall come to pass, when thou art
come thither to the city, that thou shalt meet a company of prophets coming down from the high place with a psaltery, and a tabret, and a pipe, and a harp, before them; and they shall prophesy: 10:6 And the Spirit of the LORD will come upon thee, and thou shalt prophesy with them, and shalt be turned into another man.
This series of signs was to demonstrate to Saul that God would be with him as long as he did not depart from God.
10:7 And let it be, when these signs are come unto thee, that thou do as occasion serve thee; for God is with thee.
Saul was told to wait at Gilgal seven days for Samuel to come and give him instructions from God.
10:8 And thou shalt go down before me to Gilgal; and, behold, I will come down unto thee, to offer burnt offerings, and to sacrifice sacrifices of peace offerings: seven days shalt thou tarry, till I come to thee, and shew thee what thou shalt do.
All these signs came in one day and Saul was given God’s Spirit
10:9 And it was so, that when he had turned his back to go from Samuel, God gave him another heart: and all those signs came to pass that day. 10:10 And when they came thither to the hill, behold, a company of prophets met him; and the Spirit of God came upon him, and he prophesied among them.
Saul is recognized by the people as the man chosen of God to be king
10:11 And it came to pass, when all that knew him beforetime saw that, behold, he prophesied among the prophets, then the people said one to another, What is this that is come unto the son of Kish? Is Saul also among the prophets? 10:12 And one of the same place answered and said, But who is their father? Therefore it became a proverb, Is Saul also among the prophets? 10:13 And when he had made an end of prophesying, he came to the high place.
Saul’s uncle inquires of Saul about all that he has done.
10:14 And Saul’s uncle said unto him and to his servant, Whither went ye? And he said, To seek the asses: and when we saw that they were no where, we came to Samuel. 10:15 And Saul’s uncle said, Tell me, I pray thee, what Samuel said unto you.
10:16 And Saul said unto his uncle, He told us plainly that the asses were found. But of the matter of the kingdom, whereof Samuel spake, he told him not.
Saul told no one of the anointing of Samuel to make him king.
Samuel called the people to Mizpeh to present Saul to them as the king that God had chosen to rule over them. First Samuel rebuked the people for desiring a hereditary king instead of the Eternal; he rebuked them for desiring to follow a man instead of directly following the God and Husband of their Covenant.
In today’s Spiritual Ekklesia very many have done this exact thing; turning away from any zeal to learn and live by every Word of God and a direct personally responsible relationship with God to follow idols of men. They are no longer proving the words of men by the whole Word of God and have turned towards zealously following men and corporate entities and exalting them above the Word of God.
Our King is God the Father and our Head is Jesus Christ; to follow any other is spiritual treason, and to turn away from their Word is insurrection against the God of our calling.
1 Corinthians 11:3 But I would have you know, that the head of every man is Christ; and the head of the woman is the man; and the head of Christ is God.
1 Samuel 10:17 And Samuel called the people together unto the LORD to Mizpeh; 10:18 And said unto the children of Israel, Thus saith the LORD God of Israel, I brought up Israel out of Egypt, and delivered you out of the hand of the Egyptians, and out of the hand of all kingdoms, and of them that oppressed you: 10:19 And ye have this day rejected your God, who himself saved you out of all your adversities and your tribulations; and ye have said unto him, Nay, but set a king over us. Now therefore present yourselves before the LORD by your tribes, and by your thousands.
The tribe of Benjamin was placed near Samuel, and they sought for Saul
10:20 And when Samuel had caused all the tribes of Israel to come near, the tribe of Benjamin was taken. 10:21 When he had caused the tribe of Benjamin to come near by their families, the family of Matri was taken, and Saul the son of Kish was taken: and when they sought him, he could not be found.
Samuel then asked YHVH where Saul was and was told that Saul had hidden himself.
This indicated very early on that Saul feared the people more than he feared to obey God; for Saul knew that he had been chosen by God and anointed king, yet he shrank back for fear of men.
There are two separate issues: Fear of men and humility before God. In the beginning Saul was somewhat humble before God but was more afraid of the people; shrinking back from what God had called him to do for fear of the people. Saul was too afraid of the people to fulfill his God given responsibilities.
Then as time passed Saul became more and more proud against God while continuing to fear the people, which is what Samuel later rebuked him for.
10:22 Therefore they enquired of the LORD further, if the man should yet come thither. And the LORD answered, Behold he hath hid himself among the stuff.
Then Saul was presented to the people who looked at his physical stature and not at his spiritual stature.
Even in today’s Spiritual Ekklesia, many are greatly impressed by the outward appearance of skilled and talented elders and leaders, without considering their spiritual character and whether they are zealous to live by every Word of God.
The Eternal sometimes chooses spiritually weak leaders like Saul, to TEST our loyalty to God. Moses warned us of this very thing in Deuteronomy 13.
Deuteronomy 13:1 If there arise among you a prophet, or a dreamer of dreams, and giveth thee a sign or a wonder, 13:2 And the sign or the wonder come to pass, whereof he spake unto thee, saying, Let us go after other gods, which thou hast not known, and let us serve them;
13:3 Thou shalt not hearken unto the words of that prophet, or that dreamer of dreams: for the Lord your God proveth [TESTS us] you, to know whether ye love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul. 13:4 Ye shall walk after the Lord your God, and fear him, and keep his commandments, and obey his voice, and ye shall serve him, and cleave unto him.
13:5 And that prophet, or that dreamer of dreams, shall be put to death; because he hath spoken to turn you away from the Lord your God, which brought you out of the land of Egypt, and redeemed you out of the house of bondage, to thrust thee out of the way which the Lord thy God commanded thee to walk in. So shalt thou put the evil away from the midst of thee.
Equating loyalty to men with loyalty to God is idolatry and is an abomination to Almighty God.
1 Samuel 10:23 And they ran and fetched him thence: and when he stood among the people, he was higher than any of the people from his shoulders and upward. 10:24 And Samuel said to all the people, See ye him whom the LORD hath chosen, that there is none like him among all the people? And all the people shouted, and said, God save the king.
Samuel then informed the new king and the people about what God had commanded for the kingdom.
10:25 Then Samuel told the people the manner of the kingdom, and wrote it in a book, and laid it up before the LORD. And Samuel sent all the people away, every man to his house.
A band of men was inspired by God to gather around and support Saul, while others were contrary to him.
10:26 And Saul also went home to Gibeah; and there went with him a band of men, whose hearts God had touched. 10:27 But the children of Belial [Beliel; a name of Satan meaning sons of perdition] said, How shall this man save us? And they despised him, and brought no presents. But he held his peace.