Ezekiel 29 – 30 Nebuchadnezzar, Pride and Egypt

Ezekiel 29

A prophecy that Egypt would fall to Nebuchadnezzar

Like the previous two chapters, this is also a lesson about pride. 

Tyre, Judah and Egypt were given to Babylon by the one who became Jesus Christ for their pride and we will also be corrected for our pride in this latter day.  I recommend a study into pride and the proud for next Sabbath.

Ezekiel 29:1 In the tenth year, in the tenth month, in the twelfth day of the month, the word of the LORD came unto me, saying,

29:2 Son of man, set thy face against Pharaoh king of Egypt, and prophesy against him, and against all Egypt:

Egypt is called the dragon of the Nile.

29:3 Speak, and say, Thus saith the Lord GOD; Behold, I am against thee, Pharaoh king of Egypt, the great dragon that lieth in the midst of his rivers, which hath said, My river is mine own, and I have made it for myself.

God brought Egypt up with all its people and allies to fight Nebuchadnezzar; and in this latter day Egypt will be allied with Judah and Israel as the king of the south, and will fall to the New Europe of the king of the north [Babylon the Great] who will be allied with the region’s other Islamic nations.

29:4 But I will put hooks in thy jaws, and I will cause the fish of thy rivers [your people]  to stick unto thy scales, and I will bring thee up out of the midst of thy rivers, and all the fish of thy rivers shall stick unto thy scales.

29:5 And I will leave thee thrown into the wilderness, thee and all the fish of thy rivers: thou shalt fall upon the open fields; thou shalt not be brought together, nor gathered: I have given thee for meat to the beasts of the field and to the fowls of the heaven.

This is dual and for the latter days in its fullness!

29:6 And all the inhabitants of Egypt shall know that I am the LORD, because they have been a staff of reed [a weak staff that easily breaks when leaned (depended) upon] to the house of Israel.

Judah trusted in Egypt to deliver them from Nebuchadnezzar and in our time the Jewish State will depend on Egypt and shall be confounded by Babylon!  In this latter day Egypt will fall easily by the hand of the LORD to his sword of Babylon [the New Europe]!

29:7 When they took hold of thee by thy hand [when Judah relied on Egypt,  both Judah and Egypt fell to Nebuchadnezzar and they will both fall to the New Europe in this latter day], thou didst break, and rend all their shoulder: and when they leaned upon thee, thou brakest, and madest all their loins to be at a stand [the strength of Judah is ended].

Again Christ clearly says that it is he who brings the sword against our unrepentant wicked people! 

It was the Creator who destroyed the earth and all humanity in the great flood, saving alive only eight persons; it was he who destroyed Sodom for their pride; it was the one who became Jesus Christ that commanded the eradication of the wicked Canaanites as a type of sin; and who killed the firstborn of man and beast in Egypt!  

No, Jesus Christ will not tolerate or overlook willful unrepented sin! 

The Real Jesus is not like the “tolerant of sin” false Christ of many.   Yes, Christ is love and quickly forgives the sincerely repentant; yet HE will never tolerate unrepentant or willful sin. 

Just as he destroyed the physical Temple twice by his agents of correction; and as he drove the wicked out of the physical Temple for our instruction and example; he will drive the sinful out of his Father’s spiritual Temple and reject us into the correction of the furnace of refining fire [See Ezekiel 22] of the tribulation, to refine us and cleanse us of our pride and sins.

29:8 Therefore thus saith the Lord GOD; Behold, I will bring a sword upon thee, and cut off man and beast out of thee. 29:9 And the land of Egypt shall be desolate and waste; and they shall know that I am the LORD: because he hath said, The river is mine, and I have made it.  29:10 Behold, therefore I am against thee, and against thy rivers, and I will make the land of Egypt utterly waste and desolate, from the tower of Syene even unto the border of Ethiopia.

The forty years of depopulation appears to have happened when Nebuchadnezzar destroyed Egypt for the last time in c570 B.C., after the apostates of Judah took Jeremiah down into Egypt.

29:11 No foot of man shall pass through it, nor foot of beast shall pass through it, neither shall it be inhabited forty years. 

The history of Nebuchadnezzar and this forty years is covered at the end of the chapter.

29:12 And I will make the land of Egypt desolate in the midst of the countries that are desolate, and her cities among the cities that are laid waste shall be desolate forty years: and I will scatter the Egyptians among the nations, and will disperse them through the countries.

29:13 Yet thus saith the Lord GOD; At the end of forty years will I gather the Egyptians from the people whither they were scattered: 29:14 And I will bring again the captivity of Egypt, and will cause them to return into the land of Pathros, into the land of their habitation; and they shall be there a base kingdom.

29:15 It shall be the basest of the kingdoms; neither shall it exalt itself any more above the nations: for I will diminish them, that they shall no more rule over the nations.

Judah trusted in Egypt to save them from Nebuchadnezzar and we trust in our idols of men to save us today. We must all learn to trust in God and not in man; following men ONLY as they are proved to be followers of God. 

This now is for the latter days

29:16 And it [Egypt] shall be no more the confidence of the house of Israel, which bringeth their iniquity to remembrance, when they shall look after them: but they shall know that I am the Lord GOD.

Egypt is given to Babylon as wages for Nebuchadnezzar’s service in correcting Tyre; and in the latter day, Babylon shall have Egypt, along with physical and spiritual Israel (Dan 11:40-44).

29:17 And it came to pass in the seven and twentieth year, in the first month, in the first day of the month, the word of the LORD came unto me, saying,

29:18 Son of man, Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon caused his army to serve a great service against Tyrus: every head was made bald, and every shoulder was peeled: yet had he no wages, nor his army, for Tyrus, for the service that he had served against it: 29:19 Therefore thus saith the Lord GOD; Behold, I will give the land of Egypt unto Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon; and he shall take her multitude, and take her spoil, and take her prey; and it shall be the wages for his army.

29:20 I have given him the land of Egypt for his labour wherewith he served against it, because they wrought for me, saith the Lord GOD.

29:21 In that day will I cause the horn of the house of Israel to bud forth, and I will give thee the opening of the mouth in the midst of them; and they shall know that I am the LORD.

The History of Nebuchadnezzar

Nebuchadnezzar’s father, Nabopolassar led a Chaldean revolt against the Assyrians and in 626 B. C. founded the Neo-Babylonian Empire. After establishing an alliance with the Medes, Nabopolassar and his allies besieged Nineveh, the capital of the Assyrian Empire. After a three-month siege of the city, they conquered it in 612 B.C. The remnant of the Assyrian army retreated to Haran where they were defeated in 610 B.C. The Assyrians made a last effort to stop the Babylonian army, retreating to Carchemish to confront them one last time.

During the struggle between Assyria and Babylon, Neco [Necho] ascended to the throne of Egypt and became king in 609. In an attempt to stop the advance of the Babylonian army, Necho prepared his army and went up to the Euphrates River to aid Assyria in their struggle against Babylon (2 Kings 23:29). On his way to Carchemish, Neco was confronted at Megiddo by Josiah, king of Judah, who had taken the side of Babylon. In the struggle that ensued, Neco killed Josiah (v. 29; 2 Chron.35:20-24). Neco was detained at Megiddo long enough to allow the Babylonians to defeat the remnant of the Assyrian army at Carchemish.

In 605 B.C., Neco returned to the area of Carchemosh with ambitions of extending his rule in Mesopotamia. Nabopolassar, unable to fight because of the illness that eventually killed him, sent his oldest son Nebuchadnezzar to confront the Egyptians. At Carchemish the decisive battle between Nebuchadnezzar and Neco took place. Nebuchadnezzar soundly defeated Neco and subjugated Sidon, Tyre, Philistia and other countries in Syro-Palestine (see Jer. 46:2; 47:2-7).

At this time Nebuchadnezzar received notice of his father’s death. Nebuchadnezzar left the army in the hands of his field commanders and returned to Babylon where he was crowned king of Babylon in 605 B.C.

Nebuchadnezzar in the Book of Kings

The Old Testament presented more than one view of Nebuchadnezzar. The book of Kings presents him as Jerusalem’s conqueror . After his victory against Egypt at the battle of Carchemish, Nebuchadnezzar made Jehoiakim, king of Judah, a vassal of Babylon taking Daniel and others to Babylon to aid him in his huge construction projects.

Jehoiakim submitted to Nebuchadnezzar for three years (604-601 B.C.). In 601 B.C., Egypt and Babylon met again with heavy losses on both sides. Nebuchadnezzar returned home to reorganize his army. Jehoiakim, counting on Egyptian help, revolted against the Babylonians (2 Kings 24:1).

Nebuchadnezzar did not campaign against Palestine from 600-598 B.C. Unable to fight against Judah, Nebuchadnezzar sent mercenary soldiers to fight against Jehoiakim (vv. 2-3).

In 598 B.C., Babylon advanced against Judah. Egypt promised to help Jehoiakim, but Egypt’s military help did not materialize (v. 7 ). Jehoiakim died at this time; Jeremiah 22:18-19 and 36:30 suggest that he was assassinated. Jehoiakim’s son, Jehoiachin [Jeconiah] was made the new king of Judah (597 B.C.), but three months later he submitted to Nebuchadnezzar–who then deported to Babylon the king of Judah, his mother, the royal family, the palace officials, the army officers, fighting men, craftsmen, and smiths. He also took Ezekiel and all the men of substance and all the men who were capable of war. According to 2 Kings 24:12-16, 10,000 people were taken into exile. Nebuchadnezzar also took all the temple and palace treasures and broke all the golden vessels used in temple worship. Jehoiachin [Jeconiah]  remained in a prison in Babylon for 37 years, until Evil-merodach, Nebuchadnezzar’s son, freed him (2 Kings 25:27-30; Jer. 52:31-34).

In 596 B.C., Nebuchadnezzar placed Zedekiah on Judah’s throne as the new king. Zedekiah served Nebuchadnezzar eight years, but in his ninth, maybe hoping for military help from Egypt (Jer. 37:5), Zedekiah rebelled against Babylon. In 588 Nebuchadnezzar came back to Jerusalem and once again besieged the city. Archaeology has confirmed the scope Nebuchadnezzar’s invasion of Judah. Archaeology has revealed that many of Judah’s fortified cities were destroyed. In March 586 B.C., the Babylonians conquered Jerusalem and burned the temple as well as the great houses of the city. At this time another deportation took place. Judah’s most important people were taken into exile; only the poorest were left behind.

Nebuchadnezzar in the Book of Jeremiah

The book of Jeremiah differs somewhat in its interpretation of Nebuchadnezzar and his assault on Judah. Presenting a more than mainly-historical account of the book of 2 Kings, Jeremiah offers an expanded interpretation that affirms the sovereignty of God and His guidance of Judah’s destruction. In the past Jeremiah had proclaimed that God would send the “people of the north” to bring judgment upon Judah (Jer. 25:9 NIV). Now for the first time Jeremiah proclaims that the foe from the north was Babylon, under the leadership of Nebuchadnezzar (vv. 1-9).

In the book of Jeremiah, the Lord referred to “my servant” Nebuchadnezzar “ three times (Jer. 25:9; 27:6; 43:10). Old Testament writers generally used the title “Servant of Yahweh” to designate persons who had a special relationship with God and who were obedient to God’s will in the life of His people.

Jeremiah designated Nebuchadnezzar the “Servant” of God as a way to present Babylon’s king as the individual God appointed to have dominion over the nations and the one who would act as the instrument of God’s justice (Jer. 25:8-11). Because Nebuchadnezzar was acting as God’s agent, Jeremiah declared to the people that rebellion against Nebuchadnezzar was rebellion against God. The Lord commands Jeremiah to write his oracles on a scroll as a warning to Judah (Jer. 36:1-4). According to Jeremiah, Nebuchadnezzar’s conquest and subjugation of the nations would happen with God’s approval:

“Now I will hand all your countries over to my servant Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon; I will make even the wild animals subject to him. All nations will serve him and his son and his grandson until the time for his land comes; then many nations and great kings will subjugate him (Jer. 27:6-7 NIV).

In Jehoiakim’s 5th year of (604 B.C.), the people of Judah held a fast to avert a possible Babylonian invasion (Jer. 36:9). At the time of the fast, Baruch, Jeremiah’s scribe, read the words of the scroll to the people assembled in the temple (v. 10) and to the king (vv. 20-26). Jehoiakim refused to repent and burned Jeremiah’s scroll. In spite of the fast, Babylon invaded Judah and Jehoiakim submitted to Nebuchadnezzar in 604 B.C. (2 Kings 24:1).

In the book of Jeremiah, Nebuchadnezzar is God’s instrument to bring divine judgment to Judah. In the past, God had sent his servants the prophets to warn the people to repent of their evil ways, but they refused (25:4). Now, God is sending his “servant” Nebuchadnezzar to punish Judah for their wickedness. Judah and the nations of Syro-Palestine have to submit themselves to Nebuchadnezzar; refusal to submit means destruction (see 27:8).

Nebuchadnezzar’s final defeat of Egypt after the Jewish apostates went down into Egypt.  WIKI

Quote:  Nebuchadnezzar then laid siege to Tyre beginning in 585 BC. Thirteen years later (572 BC) his troops took the city and sacked it. Nebuchadnezzar also, as he had done earlier at Jerusalem, removed the regnant king and placed a vassal king on the throne instead. A year later, in 570 BC (which was his thirty-seventh regnal year), Nebuchadnezzar completed the conquest of all of Egypt with a successful campaign against Pharaoh Amasis.

He then returned to Babylon and set about building it into the greatest capital city he could imagine.

But at about this time he dreamed of the tree destined to be cut down, and then suffered his seven-years of lycanthropy before finally being restored to his throne toward the end of his life.

He died in 562 BC (possibly in October  September 561 BC  after reigning forty-five years altogether, including his two-year viceroyship under his father. This date is universally accepted and attested, and remains the sole reliable benchmark for the synchrony of Biblical and secular chronology. His son Evil-Merodach reigned in his stead.  End Quote

It is highly likely that when Nebuchadnezzar conquered Egypt for the final time, he deported its people as he did with Judah, thereby fulfilling this forty year desolation of Egypt prophecy.  It is true that Judah was not completely depopulated, however Egypt was Babylon’s most powerful adversary / competitor for control of the entire region.  If this is not so, there is no other historical period when Egypt was abandoned for forty years. 


Ezekiel 30

In our time during the final 3 1/2 years before Christ comes, Egypt and her allies physical Judah and Israel [the king of the south of Dan 11] will be humbled for their PRIDE and spiritual Israel shall be humbled with them!

Ezekiel 30:1 The word of the LORD came again unto me, saying, 30:2 Son of man, prophesy and say, Thus saith the Lord GOD; Howl ye, Woe worth the day! 30:3 For the day is near, even the day of the LORD is near, a cloudy day; it shall be the time of the heathen.

Daniel 11:42  He [the now rising New Europe] shall stretch forth his hand also upon the countries: and the land of Egypt shall not escape. 11:43 But he shall have power over the treasures of gold and of silver, and over all the precious things of Egypt: and the Libyans and the Ethiopians shall be at his steps.

Ezekiel 30:4 And the sword shall come upon Egypt, and great pain shall be in Ethiopia, when the slain shall fall in Egypt, and they shall take away her multitude, and her foundations shall be broken down. 30:5 Ethiopia, and Libya, and Lydia, and all the mingled people, and Chub, and the men of the land that is in league, shall fall with them by the sword.

30:6 Thus saith the LORD; They also that uphold Egypt [Judah, America and Britain] shall fall; and the pride of her power shall come down: from the tower of Syene shall they fall in it by the sword, saith the Lord GOD. 30:7 And they [Egypt and her allies] shall be desolate in the midst of the countries [on the list of countries made desolate]  that are desolate, and her cities shall be in the midst of the cities that are wasted. 30:8 And they shall know that I am the LORD, when I have set a fire in Egypt [when the tribulation unfolds with the occupation of Judah and Egypt, they will know that the Word of the Eternal has been performed], and when all her helpers [Allies, including Judah and America] shall be destroyed.

When Ethiopia hears of the fall of Egypt they will be greatly afraid and they will bow before the conquering New Europe, and they shall be afflicted by the New Europe.

30:9 In that day shall messengers go forth from me in ships to make the careless Ethiopians afraid, and great pain shall come upon them, as in the day of Egypt: for, lo, it cometh.

Here the prophecy is presented as being about Nebuchadnezzar, who was a type of the soon coming final ruler of Babylon.  The first time was fulfilled in part by Nebuchadnezzar 2, and the prophecy will be fulfilled in its fullness during the tribulation by the latter day “Nebuchadnezzar.”

30:10 Thus saith the Lord GOD; I will also make the multitude of Egypt to cease by the hand of Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon.

The latter day fulfillment

30:11 He [Babylon the great; the New Europe] and his people [allies] with him, the terrible of the nations [many allies with him], shall be brought to destroy the land [of Egypt and her allies Judah and America]: and they shall draw their swords against Egypt, and fill the land with the slain.

30:12 And I will make the rivers dry, [during the tribulation the rains will be withheld] and sell the land into the hand of the wicked: and I will make the land waste, and all that is therein, by the hand of strangers: I the LORD have spoken it.

The cities of Egypt are named and will suffer greatly.  Those who are full of pride like America and Judah and spiritual Israel shall be brought low, and later Babylon the Great [the New Europe] shall be brought down in its own turn.

30:13 Thus saith the Lord GOD; I will also destroy the idols, and I will cause their images to cease out of Noph; and there shall be no more a prince of the land of Egypt: and I will put a fear in the land of Egypt. 30:14 And I will make Pathros desolate, and will set fire in Zoan, and will execute judgments in No. 30:15 And I will pour my fury upon Sin, the strength of Egypt; and I will cut off the multitude of No. 30:16 And I will set fire in Egypt: Sin shall have great pain, and No shall be rent asunder, and Noph shall have distresses daily.

30:17 The young men of Aven and of Pibeseth shall fall by the sword: and these cities shall go into captivity. 30:18 At Tehaphnehes also the day shall be darkened, when I shall break there the yokes of Egypt: and the pomp of her strength shall cease in her: as for her, a cloud shall cover her, and her daughters shall go into captivity.

30:19 Thus will I execute judgments in Egypt: and they shall know that I am the LORD.

Jesus Christ broke Egypt [including; first Assyria, and then Judah, Lebanon, Jordan and Syria]; by the sword of Babylon in the days of Nebuchadnezzar 2; and he will break Egypt and Israel by the final “Nebuchadnezzar” of the beast of Babylon [the New Europe], this time allied with Turkey,  Jordan, Syria, Lebanon and the Arab peoples, Psalm 83.

30:20 And it came to pass in the eleventh year, in the first month, in the seventh day of the month, that the word of the LORD came unto me, saying,

The pride and power of Egypt will be broken; along with the pride and power of Egypt’s allies; America and Judah.  Ultimately the pride and power of all the proud will be crushed to contrition:  Including today’s apostate spiritual Ekklesia.

30:21 Son of man, I have broken the arm of Pharaoh king of Egypt; and, lo, it shall not be bound up to be healed, to put a roller [splint] to bind it, to make it strong to hold the sword.

Jesus Christ will break the strength of Egypt and empower Babylon the Great [the New Europe] in the end time, just as he did in ancient times.

30:22 Therefore thus saith the Lord GOD; Behold, I am against Pharaoh king of Egypt, and will break his arms, the strong, and that which was broken; and I will cause the sword to fall out of his hand. 30:23 And I will scatter the Egyptians among the nations, and will disperse them through the countries.

When Egypt is humbled before Babylon they shall turn to the Eternal in sincere repentance; as will today’s apostate Spiritual Ekklesia, and all the proud among the nations will be likewise humbled.

30:24 And I will strengthen the arms of the king of Babylon, and put my sword in his hand: but I will break Pharaoh’s arms, and he shall groan before him with the groanings of a deadly wounded man. 30:25 But I will strengthen the arms of the king of Babylon, and the arms of Pharaoh shall fall down; and they shall know that I am the LORD, when I shall put my sword into the hand of the king of Babylon, and he shall stretch it out upon the land of Egypt. 30:26 And I will scatter the Egyptians among the nations, and disperse them among the countries; and they shall know that I am the LORD.

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