The consecration of the priests
Exodus 29:1 And this is the thing that thou shalt do unto them to hallow them, to minister unto me in the priest’s office: Take one young bullock, and two rams without blemish, 29:2 And unleavened bread, and cakes unleavened tempered with oil, and wafers unleavened anointed with oil: of wheaten flour shalt thou make them. 29:3 And thou shalt put them into one basket, and bring them in the basket, with the bullock and the two rams.
They shall be washed clean [referring allegorically to being washed clean from sin], and then dressed in the priestly garments. First Aaron the physical high priest and then his sons the physical priests.
Even so Jesus Christ ascended to God the Father to be accepted for us as a High Priest and the ONLY Intercessor between man and God the Father, and we shall also be made priests of the High Priesthood of Jesus Christ [Melchizedek] at our change to spirit and marriage to Him.
First we must be cleansed from all uncleanness and sin; and only then can the Holy Spirit be poured out upon us like the holy oil.
29:4 And Aaron and his sons thou shalt bring unto the door of the tabernacle of the congregation, and shalt wash them with water. 29:5 And thou shalt take the garments, and put upon Aaron the coat, and the robe of the ephod, and the ephod, and the breastplate, and gird him with the curious girdle of the ephod: 29:6 And thou shalt put the mitre upon his head, and put the holy crown upon the mitre. 29:7 Then shalt thou take the anointing oil, and pour it upon his head, and anoint him.
The regular priests were to be dressed in white linen coats and blue ephods and headgear [crowns] of office. This pertains to the spiritual priesthood of Jesus Christ after the resurrection to spirit, as well as to the physical priesthood of Aaron.
29:8 And thou shalt bring his sons, and put coats upon them. 29:9 And thou shalt gird them with girdles, Aaron and his sons, and put the bonnets on them: and the priest’s office shall be theirs for a perpetual statute: and thou shalt consecrate Aaron and his sons.
A bullock [young bull] was be killed for the physical priests as a sin offering; representing the strength of Christ as our spiritual sin offering. The placing of the hands on the bullock to confess sins over it, is reminiscent of the fast of Atonement when the sins of the people are confessed with a laying on of hands on the sacrificial goat.
In this case the patience and strength of the bullock in the bearing of the sins of the physical priesthood is a reference to the strength and power of Jesus Christ to bear the sins of the called out and sincerely repentant.
29:10 And thou shalt cause a bullock to be brought before the tabernacle of the congregation: and Aaron and his sons shall put their hands upon the head of the bullock. 29:11 And thou shalt kill the bullock before the LORD, by the door of the tabernacle of the congregation.
29:12 And thou shalt take of the blood of the bullock, and put it upon the horns of the altar with thy finger, and pour all the blood beside the bottom of the altar. 29:13 And thou shalt take all the fat that covereth the inwards, and the caul that is above the liver, and the two kidneys, and the fat that is upon them, and burn them upon the altar.
29:14 But the flesh of the bullock, and his skin, and his dung, shalt thou burn with fire without the camp: it is a sin offering.
After the sin offering has atoned for the sins of the priests, a burnt offering is made representing the wholehearted service of Jesus Christ to God the Father and our own expected wholehearted Christ-like service to God the Father.
The burnt offering pictures Jesus Christ serving God the Father with his whole being; and is an example that we are to follow.
The priests are to lay their hands on the head of the ram to symbolize the wholehearted service of the Lamb of God to God the Father in heaven. The ram representing leadership of the flock and leading the flock to God.
29:15 Thou shalt also take one ram; and Aaron and his sons shall put their hands upon the head of the ram. 29:16 And thou shalt slay the ram, and thou shalt take his blood, and sprinkle it round about upon the altar. 29:17 And thou shalt cut the ram in pieces, and wash the inwards of him, and his legs, and put them unto his pieces, and unto his head.
Wholehearted Christ-like service to God the Father and the learning and living by every Word of God, are a pleasant pleasing perfume to God the Father in heaven!
29:18 And thou shalt burn the whole ram upon the altar: it is a burnt offering unto the LORD: it is a sweet savour, an offering made by fire unto the LORD.
Another ram was to be killed and its blood placed on the right ear, thumb and toe of Aaron and the priests; this to open the hearing with the ear, the doing with the hand and the walking [living], in the same godly life of our Spiritual High Priest Jesus Christ: Who died so that the Holy Spirit could be given to the sincerely repentant enabling us to hear with understanding, do with strength and to live as Christ lived, walking as he walked.
29:19 And thou shalt take the other ram; and Aaron and his sons shall put their hands upon the head of the ram. 29:20 Then shalt thou kill the ram, and take of his blood, and put it upon the tip of the right ear of Aaron, and upon the tip of the right ear of his sons, and upon the thumb of their right hand, and upon the great toe of their right foot, and sprinkle the blood upon the altar round about.
The rest of the ram’s blood was to be poured out on the altar, representative of the sacrifice and poured out blood of Jesus Christ, the Lamb of God the Father.
Then the blood was taken from the altar and sprinkled on every part of the priests and their garments, to show that they were reconciled to God the Father by the blood sacrifice of the Lamb of God, Jesus Christ.
29:21 And thou shalt take of the blood that is upon the altar, and of the anointing oil, and sprinkle it upon Aaron, and upon his garments, and upon his sons, and upon the garments of his sons with him: and he shall be hallowed, and his garments, and his sons, and his sons’ garments with him.
The fat which represents the energy of the ram along with the strength of the right shoulder, and a piece of unleavened bread picturing Jesus Christ as the Bread of Life, with which the priests were to feed the people [by zealously teaching the whole Word of God], and a piece of unleavened bread [picturing purity from all sin] covered in olive oil [picturing the Holy Spirit]; was lifted up to God the Father in heaven for a wave offering. Which was offered to be accepted for the called out of Levi so that they might be accepted and consecrated as part of the priesthood of Aaron as a type of the spiritual priesthood of Jesus Christ.
29:22 Also thou shalt take of the ram the fat and the rump, and the fat that covereth the inwards, and the caul above the liver, and the two kidneys, and the fat that is upon them, and the right shoulder; for it is a ram of consecration: 29:23 And one loaf of bread, and one cake of oiled bread, and one wafer out of the basket of the unleavened bread that is before the LORD: 29:24 And thou shalt put all in the hands of Aaron, and in the hands of his sons; and shalt wave them for a wave offering before the LORD.
After being lifted up and waved before God the Father, the articles were to be burned on the altar; for they represented the powerful service to God the Father of Jesus Christ; and the ceremony for these physical priests of Aaron represented those who would become spiritual priests of the High Priesthood of Christ.
29:25 And thou shalt receive them of their hands, and burn them upon the altar for a burnt offering, for a sweet savour before the LORD: it is an offering made by fire unto the LORD.
Moses as the mediator in the establishment of the priesthood of Aaron is then given the breast of the Ram, after he waves it before the Father to be accepted; after which in future time the Peace Offering breast and shoulder would belong to the priests who make the sacrifices.
29:26 And thou shalt take the breast of the ram of Aaron’s consecration, and wave it for a wave offering before the LORD: and it shall be thy part.
The breast and right shoulder of the Peace Offerings belongs to the officiating priest.
29:27 And thou shalt sanctify the breast of the wave offering, and the shoulder of the heave offering, which is waved, and which is heaved up, of the ram of the consecration, even of that which is for Aaron, and of that which is for his sons: 29:28 And it shall be Aaron’s and his sons’ by a statute for ever from the children of Israel: for it is an heave offering: and it shall be an heave offering from the children of Israel of the sacrifice of their peace offerings, even their heave offering unto the LORD.
The descendants of the physical Aaronic high priest who hold a priestly office must also wear the same holy garments.
29:29 And the holy garments of Aaron shall be his sons’ after him, to be anointed therein, and to be consecrated in them. 29:30 And that son that is priest in his stead shall put them on seven days, when he cometh into the tabernacle of the congregation to minister in the holy place.
After the fat is burned and the breast and right shoulder have been waved; the remaining flesh was to be simmered and eaten by the consecrated priests, as a type of them internalizing godliness.
29:31 And thou shalt take the ram of the consecration, and seethe his flesh in the holy place. 29:32 And Aaron and his sons shall eat the flesh of the ram, and the [unleavened] bread that is in the basket by the door of the tabernacle of the congregation. 29:33 And they shall eat those things wherewith the atonement was made, to consecrate and to sanctify them: but a stranger shall not eat thereof, because they are holy.
This unleavened bread and the ram of consecration must be eaten as a picture of internalizing of the Lamb of God, [like Passover] and anything left until the morning must be burned.
29:34 And if ought of the flesh of the consecrations, or of the bread, remain unto the morning, then thou shalt burn the remainder with fire: it shall not be eaten, because it is holy.
The consecration of the altar
The sin offerings are to be made every day for seven days to picture a complete consecration of the new priests.
29:35 And thus shalt thou do unto Aaron, and to his sons, according to all things which I have commanded thee: seven days shalt thou consecrate them. 29:36 And thou shalt offer every day a bullock for a sin offering for atonement: and thou shalt cleanse the altar, when thou hast made an atonement for it, and thou shalt anoint it, to sanctify it.
29:37 Seven days thou shalt make an atonement for the altar, and sanctify it; and it shall be an altar most holy: whatsoever toucheth the altar shall be holy.
The Daily Sacrifice
29:38 Now this is that which thou shalt offer upon the altar; two lambs of the first year [a year or less old, in the first year of life] day by day continually.
A lamb was to be offered in the morning and this service began very early with the lamb being killed and prepared and then offered [burned] at sunrise. The lamb was to be offered with flour mingled with oil; representing the purity from sin of the lamb and the presence of the Holy Spirit as a type of the Lamb of God, Jesus Christ. The wine represented the poured out blood of the Lamb of God, Jesus Christ.
29:39 The one lamb thou shalt offer in the morning; and the other lamb thou shalt offer at even: 29:40 And with the one lamb a tenth deal of flour mingled with the fourth part of an hin of beaten oil; and the fourth part of an hin of wine for a drink offering.
Another lamb was to be offered at the evening [at sunset and before full dark]. The service actually began much earlier as prayers were made and the lamb killed ,and then the lamb was offered [burned] at sunset.
Up until the destruction of the temple in the Roman wars; whenever it was offered, the evening sacrifice was killed and prepared in the afternoon and was always offered [burned] immediately after sunset. See the articles on the Daily Sacrifice.
The lamb was to be offered with flour mingled with oil; representing the unleavened [sinless purity] nature of the lamb and the presence of the Holy Spirit; as a type of the Lamb of God, Jesus Christ. The wine represented the poured pout blood of the Lamb of God, Jesus Christ.
29:41 And the other lamb thou shalt offer at even, and shalt do thereto according to the meat offering of the morning, and according to the drink offering thereof, for a sweet savour, an offering made by fire unto the LORD.
29:42 This shall be a continual burnt offering throughout your generations at the door of the tabernacle of the congregation before the LORD: where I will meet you, to speak there unto thee. 29:43 And there I will meet with the children of Israel, and the tabernacle shall be sanctified by my glory.
29:44 And I will sanctify [set apart for holiness] the tabernacle of the congregation, and the altar: I will sanctify also both Aaron and his sons, to minister to me in the priest’s office.
29:45 And I will dwell among the children of Israel, and will be their God. 29:46 And they shall know that I am the LORD [YHVH] their God, that brought them forth out of the land of Egypt, that I may dwell among them: I am the LORD their God.
The Altar of Incense
Exodus 30:1 And thou shalt make an altar to burn incense upon: of shittim [acacia] wood shalt thou make it.
Three feet high and 18 inches square
30:2 A cubit shall be the length thereof, and a cubit the breadth thereof; foursquare shall it be: and two cubits shall be the height thereof: the horns thereof shall be of the same. 30:3 And thou shalt overlay it with pure gold, the top thereof, and the sides thereof round about, and the horns thereof; and thou shalt make unto it a crown [lip or edge] of gold round about.
30:4 And two golden rings shalt thou make to it under the crown of it, by the two corners thereof, upon the two sides of it shalt thou make it; and they shall be for places for the staves to bear it withal. 30:5 And thou shalt make the staves of shittim wood, and overlay them with gold.
The altar of incense was placed in the Holy Place with the lamp stand just outside of the curtain covering the Most Holy Place.
30:6 And thou shalt put it before the vail that is by the ark of the testimony [ark of the covenant], before the mercy seat that is over the testimony, where I will meet with thee.
Incense as it burns rises up in a pleasant smelling smoke, which is representative of the rising up to heaven of the prayers of the faithful.
The pagans use this same allegory in the various burning ceremonies of witchcraft like birthday candles.
The priests burned incense on this altar each time the daily morning and evening sacrifices were offered [burned], once in the morning at sunrise and once just after sunset in the evening. Each of these two offerings begin the Daily Sacrifice [evening and morning] with the symbolic sweetness of the rising prayer of the faithful.
The daily Burnt Offering represents the daily ministering of the resurrected High Priest Jesus Christ, for the whole nation with God the Father in heaven.
30:7 And Aaron shall burn thereon sweet incense every morning: when he dresseth the lamps, he shall burn incense upon it. 30:8 And when Aaron lighteth the lamps at even, he shall burn incense upon it, a perpetual incense before the LORD throughout your generations.
Only the special incense that God commanded was be offered on this Altar of Incense and nothing else.
30:9 Ye shall offer no strange incense thereon, nor burnt sacrifice, nor meat offering; neither shall ye pour drink offering thereon.
On the fast of Atonement each year, the blood of the sin offering is to be sprinkled on the horns of the Altar of Incense; symbolizing the acceptance of the prayers of the sincerely repentant by God the Father through the sacrifice of the Lamb of God
30:10 And Aaron shall make an atonement upon the horns of it once in a year with the blood of the sin offering of atonements: once in the year shall he make atonement upon it throughout your generations: it is most holy unto the LORD.
Every Israelite twenty years old and above gave ten gerahs [atonement money] for the maintenance of the tabernacle.
30:11 And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, 30:12 When thou takest the sum of the children of Israel after their number, then shall they give every man a ransom for his soul unto the LORD, when thou numberest them; that there be no plague among them, when thou numberest them.
30:13 This they shall give, every one that passeth among them that are numbered, half a shekel after the shekel of the sanctuary: (a shekel is twenty gerahs:) an half shekel shall be the offering of the LORD.
30:14 Every one that passeth among them that are numbered, from twenty years old and above, shall give an offering unto the LORD. 30:15 The rich shall not give more, and the poor shall not give less than half a shekel, when they give an offering unto the LORD, to make an atonement for your souls.
30:16 And thou shalt take the atonement money of the children of Israel, and shalt appoint it for the service of the tabernacle of the congregation; that it may be a memorial unto the children of Israel before the LORD, to make an atonement for your souls.
A laver or sea, is a very large basin of water. The basin would be filled with water for the priests to wash their hands and feet before entering the tabernacle tent.
30:17 And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, 30:18 Thou shalt also make a laver of brass, and his foot also of brass, to wash withal: and thou shalt put it between the tabernacle of the congregation and the altar, and thou shalt put water therein.
Water was placed in the top section and flowed down to faucets at the bottom section where the washing took place. The washing to be clean physically was an allegory that we need to be spiritually clean by the washing of the Holy Spirit and the Word of God.
30:19 For Aaron and his sons shall wash their hands and their feet thereat: 30:20 When they go into the tabernacle of the congregation, they shall wash with water, that they die not; or when they come near to the altar to minister, to burn offering made by fire unto the LORD: 30:21 So they shall wash their hands and their feet, that they die not: and it shall be a statute for ever to them, even to him and to his seed throughout their generations.
The holy anointing oil which was to be used to anoint all the holy things including the priests.
30:22 Moreover the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, 30:23 Take thou also unto thee principal spices, of pure myrrh five hundred shekels, and of sweet cinnamon half so much, even two hundred and fifty shekels, and of sweet calamus two hundred and fifty shekels, 30:24 And of cassia five hundred shekels, after the shekel of the sanctuary, and of oil olive an hin: 30:25 And thou shalt make it an oil of holy ointment, an ointment compound after the art of the apothecary: it shall be an holy anointing oil.
This oil represented the Holy Spirit
30:26 And thou shalt anoint the tabernacle of the congregation therewith, and the ark of the testimony, 30:27 And the table and all his vessels, and the candlestick and his vessels, and the altar of incense, 30:28 And the altar of burnt offering with all his vessels, and the laver and his foot. 30:29 And thou shalt sanctify them, that they may be most holy: whatsoever toucheth them shall be holy.
30:30 And thou shalt anoint Aaron and his sons, and consecrate them, that they may minister unto me in the priest’s office.
30:31 And thou shalt speak unto the children of Israel, saying, This shall be an holy anointing oil unto me throughout your generations. 30:32 Upon [the common non priest] man’s flesh shall it not be poured, neither shall ye make any other like it, after the composition of it: it is holy, and it shall be holy unto you. 30:33 Whosoever compoundeth any like it, or whosoever putteth any of it upon a stranger, shall even be cut off from his people.
A perfume was made to put inside the tabernacle holy place [NOT the Most Holy Place], typifying the pleasant odor [perfume] of holiness and godliness.
30:34 And the LORD said unto Moses, Take unto thee sweet spices, stacte, and onycha, and galbanum; these sweet spices with pure frankincense: of each shall there be a like weight: 30:35 And thou shalt make it a perfume, a confection after the art of the apothecary, tempered together, pure and holy: 30:36 And thou shalt beat some of it very small, and put of it before the testimony [place it just outside the Most Holy Place, inside the tabernacle] in the tabernacle of the congregation, where I will meet with thee: it shall be unto you most holy.
30:37 And as for the perfume which thou shalt make, ye shall not make to yourselves according to the composition thereof: it shall be unto thee holy for the LORD. 30:38 Whosoever shall make like unto that, to smell thereto, shall even be cut off from his people.