At Etham Christ told Moses to command the people to turn from their eastward journey and head to the south to camp by the sea.
Exodus 14:1 And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, 14:2 Speak unto the children of Israel, that they turn and encamp before Pihahiroth, between Migdol and the sea, over against Baalzephon: before it shall ye encamp by the sea.
When Israel becomes trapped between the mountains and the sea at the close of the third day’s journey, Pharaoh realizes that he has Israel “in the bag” and resolves to pursue them.
14:3 For Pharaoh will say of the children of Israel, They are entangled in the land, the wilderness hath shut them in. 14:4 And I will harden Pharaoh’s heart, that he shall follow after them; and I will be honoured upon Pharaoh, and upon all his host; that the Egyptians may know that I am the LORD. And they did so.
God had led Israel into a trap, to bait Pharaoh to pursue them, and Pharaoh with his horses and chariots pursued Israel. Pharaoh’s army had to cover the same ground although they were much faster without flocks and herds and the old and young, and could easily have made the journey in less than two days.
Israel became entrapped after only three days of travel; and then stayed trapped in the same place on the fourth and fifth days. Pharaoh began to pursue them on the third day; arriving on the fifth day.
14:5 And it was told the king of Egypt that the people fled: and the heart of Pharaoh and of his servants was turned against the people, and they said, Why have we done this, that we have let Israel go from serving us? 14:6 And he made ready his chariot, and took his people with him: 14:7 And he took six hundred chosen chariots, and all the chariots of Egypt, and captains over every one of them.
Then the Egyptian army pursued Israel arriving on the fifth day.
14:8 And the LORD hardened the heart of Pharaoh king of Egypt, and he pursued after the children of Israel: and the children of Israel went out with an high hand. 14:9 But the Egyptians pursued after them, all the horses and chariots of Pharaoh, and his horsemen, and his army, and overtook them encamping by the sea, beside Pihahiroth, before Baalzephon.
Here we are told that Pharaoh himself was with the army and Israel feared greatly.
14:10 And when Pharaoh drew nigh, the children of Israel lifted up their eyes, and, behold, the Egyptians marched after them; and they were sore afraid: and the children of Israel cried out unto the LORD. 14:11 And they said unto Moses, Because there were no graves in Egypt, hast thou taken us away to die in the wilderness? wherefore hast thou dealt thus with us, to carry us forth out of Egypt? 14:12 Is not this the word that we did tell thee in Egypt, saying, Let us alone, that we may serve the Egyptians? For it had been better for us to serve the Egyptians, than that we should die in the wilderness.
This represents the fear of persecution and trials that drives many a new convert back into the bondage out of which they came.
This was a deliberate act of God to demonstrate to physical and to spiritual Israel the power of God over Pharaoh and all his power; as an example of the great power of Christ to overcome Satan and all his power!
14:13 And Moses said unto the people, Fear ye not, stand still, and see the salvation of the LORD, which he will shew to you to day: for the Egyptians whom ye have seen to day, ye shall see them again no more for ever.
When faced with temptations and trials we are to RUN to our Beloved and trust in him to deliver us; we are never to try and deal with the situation by our own ways and by compromising with any part of the Word of God. We are to trust in our God and GO FORWARD in enthusiastic zeal for his Word!
14:14 The LORD shall fight for you, and ye shall hold your peace.
This is the key to overcoming all our fears. We are not in the fight alone! The Eternal will fight for us, and all we need do is to faithfully follow HIM!
14:15 And the LORD said unto Moses, Wherefore criest thou unto me? speak unto the children of Israel, that they go forward: 14:16 But lift thou up thy rod, and stretch out thine hand over the sea, and divide it: and the children of Israel shall go on dry ground through the midst of the sea.
Again Pharaoh is mentioned as being present.
Yes, let us go forward and continue on the path of faith in our Deliverer; never fearing, never compromising; always faithful DOERS of the Word and FOLLOWERS of our Father in heaven!
14:17 And I, behold, I will harden the hearts of the Egyptians, and they shall follow them: and I will get me honour upon Pharaoh, and upon all his host, upon his chariots, and upon his horsemen.
14:18 And the Egyptians shall know that I am the LORD, when I have gotten me honour upon Pharaoh, upon his chariots, and upon his horsemen.
Then the fire and cloud were removed to the rear of Israel, separating Pharaoh from Israel on that fifth night as the wind blew all night.
14:19 And the angel of God, which went before the camp of Israel, removed and went behind them; and the pillar of the cloud went from before their face, and stood behind them: 14:20 And it came between the camp of the Egyptians and the camp of Israel; and it was a cloud and darkness to them, but it gave light by night to these: so that the one came not near the other all the night.
The wind blew all night separating the sea into two parts so that Israel could pass through dry shod. Wind is also a type of the Holy Spirit which opens the way to salvation and eternal life in the spirit; if we passionately please our Beloved by following him and keeping his Word.
14:21 And Moses stretched out his hand over the sea; and the LORD caused the sea to go back by a strong east wind all that night, and made the sea dry land, and the waters were divided.
The Egyptian army arrived on the fifth day and the wind blew all that night, and early in the morning of the sixth day Israel entered the Red Sea and crossed that sea on the SIXTH DAY of Unleavened Bread.
Then the called out of physical Egypt rose up out of the Sea of Death, picturing the resurrection of the chosen called out from sin. While Pharaoh and his army perished as a type of the unrepentant wicked; never to be seen again.
14:22 And the children of Israel went into the midst of the sea upon the dry ground: and the waters were a wall unto them on their right hand, and on their left.
The called Out passed through the sea and the Egyptians could not do so as an analogy that the faithful zealous called out and chosen shall pass through the sea of death into a resurrection to spirit and eternal life; while those who reject zeal to follow any part of the whole Word of God, cannot cross from flesh into spirit.
14:23 And the Egyptians pursued, and went in after them to the midst of the sea, even all Pharaoh’s horses, his chariots, and his horsemen.
Jesus Christ troubled this professional army to deliver his people; just as he will deliver his spiritual people from the power of Satan and from the power of death itself!
14:24 And it came to pass, that in the morning watch the LORD looked unto the host of the Egyptians through the pillar of fire and of the cloud, and troubled the host of the Egyptians, 14:25 And took off their chariot wheels, that they drave them heavily: so that the Egyptians said, Let us flee from the face of Israel; for the LORD fighteth for them against the Egyptians.
As the Egyptians, being a type of bondage to sin, could not cross through the sea representing the grave; those who are not zealous to follow the Lamb withersoever he goeth, will not be in the resurrection to spirit.
14:26 And the LORD said unto Moses, Stretch out thine hand over the sea, that the waters may come again upon the Egyptians, upon their chariots, and upon their horsemen. 14:27 And Moses stretched forth his hand over the sea, and the sea returned to his strength when the morning appeared; and the Egyptians fled against it; and the LORD overthrew the Egyptians in the midst of the sea. 14:28 And the waters returned, and covered the chariots, and the horsemen, and all the host of Pharaoh that came into the sea after them; there remained not so much as one of them.
Those who passionately love their LORD enough to learn and to live by every Word of God will be lifted from the grave and given a new and incorruptible body of spirit in eternal life.
14:29 But the children of Israel walked upon dry land in the midst of the sea; and the waters were a wall unto them on their right hand, and on their left.
The Eternal saved physical Israel and he will save all those who love him with the passionate love of the Shulamite [the beloved of God]. While those who do wickedly and refuse to sincerely repent will go down to destruction.
14:30 Thus the LORD saved Israel that day out of the hand of the Egyptians; and Israel saw the Egyptians dead upon the sea shore.
When a resurrection of the faithful and chosen dead comes in the next few years; then all the earth will SEE and KNOW the power of God and they will believe and turn to God, bringing in the millennial rest.
14:31 And Israel saw that great work which the LORD did upon the Egyptians: and the people feared the LORD, and believed the LORD, and his servant Moses.
After Israel came up out of the sea which the Egyptians could not cross, Moses wrote this song of deliverance which Israel sang in rejoicing on the seventh day of the Feast of Unleavened Bread. This is the very same song that will be sung at the Wedding Feast of the Lamb of God and the resurrected bride in heaven.
Revelation 15:1 And I saw another sign in heaven, great and marvellous, seven angels having the seven last plagues; for in them is filled up the wrath of God.
15:2 And I saw as it were a sea of glass mingled with fire [an expanse of crystal refracting and reflecting the light of God like multi colored flames]: and them that had gotten the victory over the beast, and over his image, and over his mark, and over the number of his name, stand on the sea of glass, having the harps of God.
15:3 And they sing the song of Moses the servant of God, and the song of the Lamb, saying, Great and marvellous are thy works, Lord God Almighty; just and true are thy ways, thou King of saints.
15:4 Who shall not fear thee, O Lord, and glorify thy name? for thou only art holy: for all nations shall come and worship before thee; for thy judgments are made manifest.
The Song of Moses
If you have prepared yourself and been passionately zealous for our Beloved and HIS Word to become LIKE HIM and overcome all worldliness; then you too will stand before the throne of God the Father and Link: sing this song of rejoicing at the Marriage of the Lamb!
Exodus 15:1 Then sang Moses and the children of Israel this song unto the LORD, and spake, saying,
I will sing unto the LORD, for he hath triumphed gloriously: the horse and his rider hath he thrown into the sea.
Just as God defeated pharaoh, our Lord has defeated the armies of Satan, the god-king of this world!
15:2 The LORD is my strength and song, and he is become my salvation: he is my God, and I will prepare him an habitation; my father’s God, and I will exalt him.
We must trust ONLY in our God who is Mighty to Deliver and he will build us into a Temple for our God with his help!
15:3 The LORD is a man of war: the LORD is his name.
The Eternal is our defense and our Deliverer, NO ONE can stand before him!
15:4 Pharaoh’s chariots and his host hath he cast into the sea: his chosen captains also are drowned in the Red sea. 15:5 The depths have covered them: they sank into the bottom as a stone. 15:6 Thy right hand, O LORD, is become glorious in power: thy right hand, O LORD, hath dashed in pieces the enemy. 15:7 And in the greatness of thine excellency thou hast overthrown them that rose up against thee: thou sentest forth thy wrath, which consumed them as stubble. 15:8 And with the blast of thy nostrils the waters were gathered together, the floods stood upright as an heap, and the depths were congealed in the heart of the sea.
15:9 The enemy said, I will pursue, I will overtake, I will divide the spoil; my lust shall be satisfied upon them; I will draw my sword, my hand shall destroy them.
15:10 Thou didst blow with thy wind, the sea covered them: they sank as lead in the mighty waters.
Who is like God our Deliverer?
15:11 Who is like unto thee, O LORD, among the gods? who is like thee, glorious in holiness, fearful in praises, doing wonders? 15:12 Thou stretchedst out thy right hand, the earth swallowed them.
15:13 Thou in thy mercy hast led forth the people which thou hast redeemed: thou hast guided them in thy strength unto thy holy habitation.
15:14 The people shall hear, and be afraid: sorrow shall take hold on the inhabitants of Palestina.
15:15 Then the dukes of Edom shall be amazed; the mighty men of Moab, trembling shall take hold upon them; all the inhabitants of Canaan shall melt away.
The Canaanites were types of wickedness and rebellion against God!
15:16 Fear and dread shall fall upon them; by the greatness of thine arm they shall be as still as a stone; till thy people pass over, O LORD, till the people pass over, which thou hast purchased.
The spiritual people which Christ has purchased with his blood; will pass over the Sea of Death [the grave] into eternal life, and be given an inheritance as kings and priests over all the earth!
15:17 Thou shalt bring them in, and plant them in the mountain of thine inheritance, in the place, O LORD, which thou hast made for thee to dwell in, in the Sanctuary, O LORD, which thy hands have established.
15:18 The LORD shall reign for ever and ever.
Oh, what a great rejoicing in Israel on that High Holy Day of the Seventh Day of Unleavened Bread! Oh, what a fantastic millennium of rejoicing, the chosen saints will have as they bring the millennial harvest of first fruits into the family of God, in the very presence of the Creator himself!
Then Miriam led all Israel in a Song of Rejoicing at the deliverance and power of the Eternal from physical Egypt; and the resurrected chosen will also sing a Song of Rejoicing at the deliverance and power of the Eternal to deliver from bondage to Satan, sin and death!
15:20 And Miriam the prophetess, the sister of Aaron, took a timbrel in her hand; and all the women went out after her with timbrels and with dances. 15:21 And Miriam answered them, Sing ye to the LORD, for he hath triumphed gloriously; the horse and his rider hath he thrown into the sea.
Israel then had a day of rejoicing a Sabbath of Rest, representing a Millennial Sabbath of Rest, in the Feast of Unleavened Bread allegory.
Now a new allegory comes into view, about the trials and difficulties of the period of espousal, before the marriage of the Lamb to physical Israel at Sinai; as a lesson for the spiritually called out that their espousal will be filled with trials; and that their deliverance in a resurrection to spirit as part of the collective bride depends on their fidelity to their espoused Husband.
This pictures the journey of espousal of physical Israel to their marriage to their God on Pentecost at Sinai.
The Wave Offering pictures the spiritual harvest of Christ as the first of many, and the establishment of the spiritual New Covenant Kingdom of God in its fullness on a future Pentecost.
After the seventh day of Unleavened Bread, Israel traveled three days without water.
15:22 So Moses brought Israel from the Red sea, and they went out into the wilderness of Shur; and they went three days in the wilderness, and found no water.
The water they found at Marah was bitter [salt water] and could not be drunk. Then the people complained bitterly and wanted to go back into Egypt because of the trial. The issue is one of attitude because the people blamed God and Moses, instead of seeking God’s deliverance.
15:23 And when they came to Marah, they could not drink of the waters of Marah, for they were bitter: therefore the name of it was called Marah. 15:24 And the people murmured against Moses, saying, What shall we drink? 15:25 And he cried unto the LORD; and the LORD shewed him a tree, which when he had cast into the waters, the waters were made sweet:
Then God promised them that none of the plagues of Egypt would come upon his faithful, implying that if they were NOT faithful to the whole Word of God that they would be subject to correction.
. . . there he made for them a statute and an ordinance, and there he proved them, 15:26 And said, If thou wilt diligently hearken to the voice of the LORD thy God, and wilt do that which is right in his sight, and wilt give ear to his commandments, and keep all his statutes, I will put none of these diseases upon thee, which I have brought upon the Egyptians: for I am the LORD that healeth thee.
God then led Israel to a pleasant land
15:27 And they came to Elim, where were twelve wells of water, and threescore and ten palm trees: and they encamped there by the waters.
The Mediators of the Covenants
Moses was the mediator of the covenant called by his name and was a type of Christ the ONLY MEDIATOR of the New Covenant. Jesus [Hebrew: Yeshua] Christ is the Way and the Door to salvation and the resurrection of the dead to spirit.
John 10:9 I am the door: by me if any man enter in, he shall be saved, and shall go in and out, and find pasture.
John 11:25 Jesus said unto her, I am the resurrection, and the life: he that believeth in me, though he were dead, yet shall he live:
Only by following HIM “withersoever he goeth” will any person be chosen to have a part on the coming resurrection to spirit.
Revelation 14:4 These are they which were not defiled with women; for they are virgins. These are they which follow the Lamb whithersoever he goeth. These were redeemed from among men, being the firstfruits unto God and to the Lamb.
We should also remember that Daniel was told not once, but twice; that the prophecies were sealed until the end; and that at the end knowledge would increase (Dan 12). Many think that it was only physical knowledge which was to increase and that certainly has happened; however the clear context is spiritual knowledge.
The High Holy Days are prophetic and therefore could not be fully understood until the end of the age; for they, like the other prophecies, were sealed until there was a genuine need to know.
The Spring Festivals are a kind of foundation for the Fall Festivals and to properly understand the Fall Festivals it is important to remember the profound meaning of the Early or Spring Festivals.
We should understand that the Passover is a type of the sacrifice of the Lamb of God for his creation, the Passover lamb being identified with the Creator who died for his creation, his people (1 Cor 5:7).
The blood of that Passover lamb covering and protecting them from the destroyer in Egypt; was a symbol of the blood of the Creator which atones for the sin of the sincerely repentant and protects them from ultimate destruction in the lake of fire.
Matthew 10:28 And fear not them which kill the body, but are not able to kill the soul: but rather fear him which is able to destroy both soul and body in hell. [gehenna]
The Passover lamb was eaten; showing that we must internalize the true Passover Lamb, Jesus Christ. We must turn from disobeying God the Father and internalize the attitude of Jesus Christ who did obey his Father (John 13:10). We must become like him, allowing him to dwell within us through the agency of the Spirit of God. Besides becoming our sacrifice, the Lamb of God also set us an example that we should walk [live] as he walked [lived].
1 John 2:6 He that saith he abideth in him ought himself also so to walk, even as he walked.
On the Wave Offering day, the resurrected Christ ascended to God the Father to “be accepted for us” (Lev 23:10-14). At the moment that his sacrifice was accepted by the Father; he became a High Priest forever, after the order of Melchizedek. He became our eternal spirit High Priest, the ONLY mediator between men and God the Father.
1 Timothy 2:5 For there is one God, and one mediator between God and men, the man Christ Jesus; and he became the mediator of the New Covenant through the sprinkling of his blood,
Hebrews 12:24 And to Jesus the mediator of the new covenant, and to the blood of sprinkling
During the Feast of Unleavened Bread, leaven as a picture of sin is to be removed and unleavened bread is to be eaten every day picturing the internalizing of Jesus Christ, the living Word of God and the Unleavened Bread of Life, (John 6:33, 6:35, 6:48 and 6:51). And leavening of any type becomes a picture of sin.
The Unleavened Bread is a symbol of the purity and freedom from sin of Jesus Christ, and the eating of this Unleavened Bread each day, pictures our need to internalize the true Bread of Life, Jesus Christ: day by day.
The seven days of the Unleavened Bread Festival, shows that for six thousand years God has been calling out a kind of first fruits starting with righteous Abel and including all the ancient men of God; until the resurrection of first fruits at the end of the sixth day; and a Sabbath of rest or millennium represented by the seventh day High Holy Day.
The first day is a High Holy Day, since it pictures the beginning of the calling Out of God’s plan with Abel; and remembers Israel’s beginning departure from Egypt as an allegory of the beginning of God’s plan.
And the seventh day is a High Holy Day, because it pictures a Sabbath of rest and victory for Israel after they had passed through the Red Sea and Pharaoh’s armies had been destroyed; as an allegory of a Millennial Sabbath of rest for the whole earth; with Satan removed and man at peace in the presence of his Creator.
Remember that the first fruits resurrection must be in the Spring because a Spring Harvest MUST be reaped in the Spring. If it is reaped in the Fall, it would be a Fall Harvest; and not a Spring Harvest! Any farm boy can tell you that.