TheShiningLight

Preparing the Way of the Lord

Deuteronomy 18 – 22

Deuteronomy 18

Wages for the Temple service

The Levites including the priests who are serving in the Temple are to have a portion of those sacrifices which are not totally burned in the fire.  These offerings are explained in the book of instruction for the Levites: Leviticus.

Deuteronomy 18:1 The priests the Levites, and all the tribe of Levi, shall have no part nor inheritance with Israel: they shall eat the offerings of the LORD made by fire, and his inheritance.

18:2 Therefore shall they have no inheritance among their brethren: the LORD is their inheritance, as he hath said unto them.

The term Levites is used to include the priests and all those who officiate in making the sacrifices at the Temple.  All priests are Levites, but all Levites are not priests.

18:3 And this shall be the priest’s due from the people, from them that offer a sacrifice, whether it be ox or sheep; and they shall give unto the priest the shoulder, and the two cheeks, and the maw.

18:4 The firstfruit also of thy corn [grain], of thy wine, and of thine oil, and the first of the fleece of thy sheep, shalt thou give him.

18:5 For the LORD thy God hath chosen him out of all thy tribes, to stand to minister in the name of the LORD, him and his sons for ever.

When Christ comes and the Ezekiel Temple is built, the descendants of Zadok will be converted to the New Covenant and they will then serve in the physical things and sacrifices in that Temple (Ezek 40-48); while those called out and changed to spirit will serve as priests in a spiritual capacity around the whole earth teaching all nations to live by every Word of God. 

The Priests and Levites would come from their villages to serve in the Temple, and David later set up courses for different groups of Levites to come for two weeks of service each year, plus all of them serving together at the Festivals. 

18:6 And if a Levite come from any of thy gates out of all Israel, where he sojourned, and come with all the desire of his mind unto the place which the LORD shall choose;  18:7 Then he shall minister in the name of the LORD his God, as all his brethren the Levites do, which stand there before the LORD.

The Levites [priests] must share equally in the rewards of their Temple service, but each person may keep what comes from his  ordinary work outside of the Temple service.

 18:8 They shall have like portions to eat, beside that which cometh of the sale of his patrimony.

Instructions to reject all idolatry and the methods of idolatrous worship.

18:9 When thou art come into the land which the LORD thy God giveth thee, thou shalt not learn to do after the abominations of those nations.

18:10 There shall not be found among you any one that maketh his son or his daughter to pass through the fire, or that useth divination [using signs like reading tea leaves, or reading entrails, or dropping arrows to see which way they point, to make a decision], or an observer of times [astrologer], or an enchanter [someone who uses belief in spells and potions], or a witch [anyone who practices any of these things, rebelling against obedience to every Word of God].

18:11 Or a charmer, or a consulter with familiar spirits, or a wizard, or a necromancer.

18:12 For all that do these things are an abomination unto the LORD: and because of these abominations the LORD thy God doth drive them out from before thee.

We are to worship the Eternal perfectly according to his Word, and we are not to follow the ways, teachings or prognostications of idols of men.

18:13 Thou shalt be perfect with the LORD thy God.

18:14 For these nations, which thou shalt possess, hearkened unto observers of times [listened to and followed astrologers], and unto diviners: but as for thee, the LORD thy God hath not suffered thee so to do.

Moses was the mediator of the Mosaic Covenant and here he prophesies of the New Covenant and its Mediator, Messiah the Christ.

18:15 The LORD thy God will raise up unto thee a Prophet from the midst of thee, of thy brethren, like unto me; unto him ye shall hearken;

That Prophet, Messiah the Christ, is our ONLY Mediator [High Priest] with God the Father.

18:16 According to all that thou desiredst of the LORD thy God in Horeb in the day of the assembly, saying, Let me not hear again the voice of the LORD my God, neither let me see this great fire any more, that I die not.

18:17 And the LORD said unto me, They have well spoken that which they have spoken.

Jesus Christ the Messiah would not speak his own words but would teach everything that God the Father tolls him to speak.

18:18 I will raise them up a Prophet from among their brethren, like unto thee, and will put my words in his mouth; and he shall speak unto them all that I shall command him.

Just as Moses was the mediator of the Mosaic Covenant, Jesus Christ is the Mediator of the New Covenant. Please see the vital Hebrews study in the Epistles category.

18:19 And it shall come to pass, that whosoever will not hearken unto my words which he shall speak in my name, I will require it of him.

All those who reject the Messiah will corrected and if they remain adamantly unrepentant they will be destroyed.  And the man who presumptuously declares his own personal thoughts to be from God to gain a personal following, declaring false things in “the name of The LORD” as certain men have done; is worthy of death.

Anyone who exalts himself as an idol of the brethren to demand zeal for themselves and minimizes any zeal for keeping the Word of God, as is commonly done today; shall surely die for his great sin; unless he did it ignorantly and quickly repents.

18:20 But the prophet, which shall presume to speak a word in my name, which I have not commanded him to speak, or that shall speak in the name of other gods, even that prophet shall die.

Any person who presumes to speak “in the name of the LORD,” things which the LORD has not spoken, is worthy of death.  Spiritually, if such men refuse to sincerely repent when their minds are opened to a good understanding and given the opportunity, they will be destroyed in the lake of fire.

18:21 And if thou say in thine heart, How shall we know the word which the LORD hath not spoken?

18:22 When a prophet speaketh in the name of the LORD, if the thing follow not, nor come to pass, that is the thing which the LORD hath not spoken, but the prophet hath spoken it presumptuously: thou shalt not be afraid [We must not have any respect for such a person; yet such a presumption man who made many failed prophecies in “the name of the LORD” is worshiped as an idol in today’s Ekklesia.] of him.

A false prophet is one who speaks “In the name of the Lord” when the Lord has NOT spoken, and what he says fails to come to pass.  This is not referring to discussion or speculation by anyone; it is referring to presuming to speak “by the authority of God” or “in the name of the Lord”.

A false prophet is also anyone who would water down God’s ways and lead the people into sinning through compromising with God’s commandments and rejecting any zeal to live by every Word of God, in favor of a zeal to follow the false traditions of idols of men; as the leaders of the major churches do today.

 

Deuteronomy 19 

Judicial Cities

Deuteronomy 19:1 When the LORD thy God hath cut off the nations, whose land the LORD thy God giveth thee, and thou succeedest them, and dwellest in their cities, and in their houses;

Three judicial cities were to be established as centers of justice with courts for the hearing of crimes and disputes.

19:2 Thou shalt separate three cities for thee in the midst of thy land, which the LORD thy God giveth thee to possess it.

19:3 Thou shalt prepare thee a way, and divide the coasts of thy land, which the LORD thy God giveth thee to inherit, into three parts, that every slayer may flee thither.

19:4 And this is the case of the slayer, which shall flee thither, that he may live: Whoso killeth his neighbour ignorantly, whom he hated not in time past;

19:5 As when a man goeth into the wood with his neighbour to hew wood, and his hand fetcheth a stroke with the axe to cut down the tree, and the head slippeth from the helve, and lighteth upon his neighbour, that he die; he shall flee unto one of those cities, and live:

19:6 Lest the avenger of the blood pursue the slayer, while his heart is hot, and overtake him, because the way is long, and slay him; whereas he was not worthy of death, inasmuch as he hated him not in time past.

19:7 Wherefore I command thee, saying, Thou shalt separate three cities for thee.

19:8 And if the LORD thy God enlarge thy coast, as he hath sworn unto thy fathers, and give thee all the land which he promised to give unto thy fathers;

19:9 If thou shalt keep all these commandments to do them, which I command thee this day, to love the LORD thy God, and to walk ever in his ways; then shalt thou add three cities more for thee, beside these three:

19:10 That innocent blood be not shed in thy land, which the LORD thy God giveth thee for an inheritance, and so blood be upon thee.

The proved murderer must die for his murder

19:11 But if any man hate his neighbour, and lie in wait for him, and rise up against him, and smite him mortally that he die, and fleeth into one of these cities:

19:12 Then the elders of his city shall send and fetch him thence, and deliver him into the hand of the avenger of blood, that he may die.

19:13 Thine eye shall not pity him, but thou shalt put away the guilt of innocent blood from Israel, that it may go well with thee.

The following is one of the reasons that Judah will once again go into a captivity (Hosea 5:10).

19:14 Thou shalt not remove thy neighbour’s landmark, which they of old time have set in thine inheritance, which thou shalt inherit in the land that the LORD thy God giveth thee to possess it.

Repeated here is the requirement for several witness to prove any matter; this includes using several witness to sight the new moon to avoid any possibility of a mistake or discern any trouble maker making a false report.

19:15 One witness shall not rise up against a man for any iniquity, or for any sin, in any sin that he sinneth: at the mouth of two witnesses, or at the mouth of three witnesses, shall the matter be established.

The law of false witnesses

19:16 If a false witness rise up against any man to testify against him that which is wrong;

19:17 Then both the men, between whom the controversy is, shall stand before the LORD, before the priests and the judges, which shall be in those days;

19:18 And the judges shall make diligent inquisition: and, behold, if the witness be a false witness, and hath testified falsely against his brother;

19:19 Then shall ye do unto him, as he had thought to have done unto his brother: so shalt thou put the evil away from among you.

19:20 And those which remain shall hear, and fear, and shall henceforth commit no more any such evil among you.

19:21 And thine eye shall not pity; but life shall go for life, eye for eye, tooth for tooth, hand for hand, foot for foot.

 

Deuteronomy 20

Deuteronomy 20:1 When thou goest out to battle against thine enemies, and seest horses, and chariots, and a people more than thou, be not afraid of them: for the LORD thy God is with thee, which brought thee up out of the land of Egypt.  20:2 And it shall be, when ye are come nigh unto the battle, . . .

The job of the ministry is to boldly set a godly example and teach God’s ways with zeal; and to encourage the people to fight the good fight against sin, to rely on the Eternal, and to NEVER FEAR what any enemy can do.

We fight spiritual battles almost daily and we need to KNOW and to be filled with COURAGEOUS  FAITH in our Deliverer. We need to remember and understand that the battle is the Lord’s, and that we are NOT alone in our struggles.

. . . that the priest shall approach and speak unto the people,

Let the uncommitted and the faithless be separated out; so that the spiritually faithful, courageous and zealous may be delivered.

That is exactly what the Master Builder is doing at this time; separating out the faithful from the faithless; the zealous from the lax and lukewarm. Today the courageous who will stand on the Rock of their Salvation are being separated from the weak and fearful who compromise to avoid trials or for supposed personal gain. 

Brethren, we are in a great WAR against bondage to Satan and sin. 

Fear not!  Be strong and courageous for the fight, because we are not alone in the battle; our Mighty God goes before us to give all who faithfully zealously follow him; complete absolute victory! 

20:3 And shall say unto them, Hear, O Israel, ye approach this day unto battle against your enemies: let not your hearts faint, fear not, and do not tremble, neither be ye terrified because of them;

20:4 For the LORD your God is he that goeth with you, to fight for you against your enemies, to save you.

If any of the called out are not willing to fight the good fight for godliness, feeling committed to some other thing; they should not be assembled with the courageous fighters against sin and keepers of the Word of God.  Why?  Because they do not fight the good fight themselves and they are a discouragement to others.

20:5 And the officers shall speak unto the people, saying, What man is there that hath built a new house, and hath not dedicated it? let him go and return to his house, lest he die in the battle, and another man dedicate it.

20:6 And what man is he that hath planted a vineyard, and hath not yet eaten of it? let him also go and return unto his house, lest he die in the battle, and another man eat of it.

20:7 And what man is there that hath betrothed a wife, and hath not taken her? let him go and return unto his house, lest he die in the battle, and another man take her.

20:8 And the officers shall speak further unto the people, and they shall say, What man is there that is fearful and fainthearted? let him go and return unto his house, lest his brethren’s heart faint as well as his heart.

20:9 And it shall be, when the officers have made an end of speaking unto the people that they shall make captains of the armies to lead the people.

The laws of war

20:10 When thou comest nigh unto a city to fight against it, then proclaim peace unto it.

20:11 And it shall be, if it make thee answer of peace, and open unto thee, then it shall be, that all the people that is found therein shall be tributaries unto thee, and they shall serve thee.

20:12 And if it will make no peace with thee, but will make war against thee, then thou shalt besiege it:

20:13 And when the LORD thy God hath delivered it into thine hands, thou shalt smite every male thereof with the edge of the sword:

20:14 But the women, and the little ones, and the cattle, and all that is in the city, even all the spoil thereof, shalt thou take unto thyself; and thou shalt eat the spoil of thine enemies, which the LORD thy God hath given thee.

20:15 Thus shalt thou do unto all the cities which are very far off from thee, which are not of the cities of these [Canaanite nations representing sin which are appointed to destruction]  nations.

20:16 But of the cities of these people [the Canaanites in Palestine], which the LORD thy God doth give thee for an inheritance, thou shalt save alive nothing that breatheth:

The Canaanites having become extremely wicked; were used as an example of what Christ will do to all unrepentant people who refuse to STOP sinning and or justify their sins as is done in today’s Ekklesia.  

Brethren, in today’s spiritual Ekklesia we are spiritually greater sinners than the ancient Canaanites; because we are supposed to have God’s Spirit, we are supposed to know better; and yet we are full up to overflowing with idolatry and spiritual adultery against the Husband of our baptismal commitment. 

Just as those wicked people of Canaan were to be destroyed, so today’s apostate spiritually called out will be corrected if we refuse to repent.

20:17 But thou shalt utterly destroy them; namely, the Hittites, and the Amorites, the Canaanites, and the Perizzites, the Hivites, and the Jebusites; as the LORD thy God hath commanded thee:  20:18 That they teach you not to do after all their abominations, which they have done unto their gods; so should ye sin against the LORD your God.

Fruit trees are not to be destroyed in a siege; which is an allegory that those who bear spiritual fruit will not be destroyed by God but will be saved in the judgment. 

20:19 When thou shalt besiege a city a long time, in making war against it to take it, thou shalt not destroy the trees thereof by forcing an axe against them: for thou mayest eat of them, and thou shalt not cut them down (for the tree of the field is man’s life) to employ them in the siege:

20:20 Only the trees which thou knowest that they be not trees for meat, thou shalt destroy and cut them down; and thou shalt build bulwarks against the city that maketh war with thee, until it be subdued.

 

Deuteronomy  21

When a dead person is found lying alone a sacrifice is to be made by the people of the city closest to a man found murdered, as an indication that they did not commit this killing and that they do not know who did the deed, which is the reason that the guilty person cannot be apprehended and required to die for his crime.   This is the only exception to the commandment that all sacrifices be made at the Temple. 

Deuteronomy 21:1 If one be found slain in the land which the LORD thy God giveth thee to possess it, lying in the field, and it be not known who hath slain him:

21:2 Then thy elders and thy judges shall come forth, and they shall measure unto the cities which are round about him that is slain:

21:3 And it shall be, that the city which is next unto the slain man, even the elders of that city shall take an heifer, which hath not been wrought with, and which hath not drawn in the yoke;  21:4 And the elders of that city shall bring down the heifer unto a rough valley, which is neither eared nor sown, and shall strike off the heifer’s neck there in the valley:

This displays the Theocratic nature of the Mosaic Covenant and the mediatorial nature of the priesthood in interceding between men and God.

21:5 And the priests the sons of Levi shall come near; for them the LORD thy God hath chosen to minister unto him, and to bless in the name of the LORD; and by their word [based on every Word of God] shall every controversy and every stroke be tried:  

21:6 And all the elders of that city, that are next unto the slain man, shall wash their hands over the heifer that is beheaded in the valley:

21:7 And they shall answer and say, Our hands have not shed this blood, neither have our eyes seen it.

21:8 [the priests sill say]  “Be merciful, O LORD, unto thy people Israel, whom thou hast redeemed, and lay not innocent blood unto thy people of Israel’s charge.”  And the blood shall be forgiven them.  21:9 So shalt thou put away the guilt of innocent blood from among you, when thou shalt do that which is right in the sight of the LORD.

The following law of war is meant to mitigate the actions of the nations in their abuse of captives, especially female captives.  This is in reference to captives of nations “far off” and not to the local Canaanites who were to be totally destroyed as examples concerning the end of the unrepentant.

The instruction here is that if a man desires a female captive he must take her in proper marriage giving her all the rights of a wife; and must not just use and abuse female prisoners in rapacious lust. and then sell them as slaves. 

This law must also take into account that inter-religious marriage is forbidden, and that therefore the woman must be willing to accept the religion of Israel like Ruth the Moabite did.

21:10 When thou goest forth to war against thine enemies, and the LORD thy God hath delivered them into thine hands, and thou hast taken them captive,

21:11 And seest among the captives a beautiful woman, and hast a desire unto her, that thou wouldest have her to thy wife;

21:12 Then thou shalt bring her home to thine house, and she shall shave her head, and pare her nails;

21:13 And she shall put the raiment of her captivity from off her, and shall remain in thine house, and bewail her father and her mother a full month: and after that thou shalt go in unto her, and be her husband, and she shall be thy wife.

From there she is to be treated and have all the rights of a lawful wife.

21:14 And it shall be, if thou have no delight in her, then thou shalt let her go whither she will; but thou shalt not sell her at all for money, thou shalt not make merchandise of her, because thou hast humbled her.

God winked at polygamy before the New Covenant because of the hardness of the unconverted heart, but this was never intended by the Creator, as Jesus Christ explained; for he explained that “they two shall be one flesh”.  If polygamy were to be tolerated in the Mosaic Covenant, then rules regulating the matter needed to be put in place, to bring as much peace and fairness as possible.

21:15 If a man have two wives, one beloved, and another hated, and they have born him children, both the beloved and the hated; and if the firstborn son be hers that was hated:

This law goes beyond the issue of polygamy [having more than one wife at the same time] and is applicable to the man who has divorced and remarried.  A man may not mistreat his own children because of any bad feelings towards his wife the mother of his child.

21:16 Then it shall be, when he maketh his sons to inherit that which he hath, that he may not make the son of the beloved firstborn before the son of the hated, which is indeed the firstborn:

21:17 But he shall acknowledge the son of the hated for the firstborn, by giving him a double portion of all that he hath: for he is the beginning of his strength; the right of the firstborn is his.

A rebellious disobedient son who will not be subject to the Word of God [the duty of parents being to teach obedience to the Word of God] is worthy of death if he remains unrepentant after much patient instruction. 

This law applies spiritually to the brethren who as called out sons of God the Father, will not love and keep his Word. 

If after they have been patiently warned and corrected, they continue to reject the Word of God for their own ways; they will be destroyed by God.

21:18 If a man have a stubborn and rebellious son, which will not obey the voice of his father, or the voice of his mother, and that, when they have chastened him, will not hearken unto them:

21:19 Then shall his father and his mother lay hold on him, and bring him out unto the elders of his city, and unto the gate of his place;

21:20 And they shall say unto the elders of his city, This our son is stubborn and rebellious, he will not obey our voice; he is a glutton, and a drunkard.

21:21 And all the men of his city shall stone him with stones, that he die: so shalt thou put evil away from among you; and all Israel shall hear, and fear.

Judgment is not to be made by any one person alone but by the duly constituted authorities.

The following law sets the conditions for Christ to be buried on the same day that he was killed.

21:22 And if a man have committed a sin worthy of death, and he be to be put to death, and thou hang him on a tree:   21:23 His body shall not remain all night upon the tree, but thou shalt in any wise bury him that day; (for he that is hanged is accursed of God;) that thy land be not defiled, which the LORD thy God giveth thee for an inheritance.

 

Deuteronomy 22

These next two statutes refer to practical love for our neighbor.  This law while explicitly referring to livestock should also be applied to anything which another loses, from his animal to his car or wallet.

Deuteronomy 22:1 Thou shalt not see thy brother’s ox or his sheep go astray, and hide thyself from them: thou shalt in any case bring them [return them] again unto thy brother.

22:2 And if thy brother be not nigh unto thee, or if thou know him not, then thou shalt bring it unto thine own house, and it shall be with thee until thy brother seek after it, and thou shalt restore it to him again.

22:3 In like manner shalt thou do with his ass; and so shalt thou do with his raiment; and with all lost thing of thy brother’s, which he hath lost, and thou hast found, shalt thou do likewise: thou mayest not hide thyself.

We are not to hide what we have found and so unlawfully keep what is not rightly ours, even if it is a great treasure. 

We are also to help others to prevent any loss; even if they are our personal enemies.

Romans 12:20  Therefore if thine enemy hunger, feed him; if he thirst, give him drink: for in so doing thou shalt heap coals of fire on his head [shame his mind and conscience concerning his mistreatment of you].

Deuteronomy 22:4 Thou shalt not see thy brother’s ass or his ox fall down by the way, and hide thyself from them: thou shalt surely help him to lift them up again.

The following restriction refers more to deliberately attempting to appear as the opposite sex, than to the idea of women wearing pants for example.  Articles of dress are different across the world and this command merely forbids anyone to attempt to appear as a different sex other than our born sex within the norms of our own culture.

This law prevents a homosexual bent of mind from being publicly displayed as an evil example.  Almighty God forbids cross dressing and calls doing so an abomination.  Again cross dressing by either sex for the purpose of sexual titillation is an abomination and absolutely forbidden by God.

22:5 The woman shall not wear that which pertaineth unto a man, neither shall a man put on a woman’s garment: for all that do so are abomination unto the LORD thy God.

This is one of the conservation laws of God, after the prohibition of cutting fruit bearing trees for war.

Taking the eggs allows the mother to live and continue to reproduce while taking the mother would prevent her future reproduction and also causes the eggs and young to die being uncared for.  Hunting of adult birds should only take place outside of breeding-rearing seasons.

22:6 If a bird’s nest chance to be before thee in the way in any tree, or on the ground, whether they be young ones, or eggs, and the dam sitting upon the young, or upon the eggs, thou shalt not take the dam with the young:

22:7 But thou shalt in any wise let the dam go, and take the young to thee; that it may be well with thee, and that thou mayest prolong thy days.

The following is another “Law of Love for thy neighbor”. 

These laws are also principles of godly behaviour; to fence in a flat roof also clearly implies the fencing off of any deep pit or cliff or similar danger.

22:8 When thou buildest a new house, then thou shalt make a battlement [guard railing] for thy roof, that thou bring not blood upon thine house, if any man fall from thence.

This mainly refers to seed of the same KIND but of different TYPES which would cross pollinate: For example different types of grain in the same field.  This does not refer to growing grain in the same field as an olive tree.

22:9 Thou shalt not sow thy vineyard with divers seeds: lest the fruit of thy seed which thou hast sown, and the fruit of thy vineyard, be defiled [by cross pollination with other varieties].

God cares about his people far more then about asses. This is a practical physical law since the two animals here are of different strength and inclinations.

This is also a practical spiritual principle that we are not to yoke the spiritually clean with the spiritually unclean.  We are not to knowingly marry an unconverted person, nor are we to take part in unclean unconverted actions, polluting ourselves with the evildoing of others by participating with them in their unclean [sinful] activities. 

We are to keep ourselves HOLY and we are not to try mix holiness with the profane, for the unclean thing makes the clean holy thing, unclean.

Do we not know what Paul means; that we are to purge out the leaven of sin? 

Brethren, Paul means that we are to STOP sinning when we see that we are wrong!  We read this every Passover without comprehending that we need to STOP breaking the Word of God because some man said it was alright; we need to STOP polluting God’s Holy Sabbaths; we need to STOP being zealous for idols of men and corporations and ignite the fire of passion to learn and to live by every Word of God. 

We need to be zealous to live by every Word of God as Moses repeats over and over in this book of Deuteronomy!

1 Corinthians 5:6  Your glorying is not good. Know ye not that a little leaven leaveneth the whole lump? 5:7 Purge out therefore the old leaven, that ye may be a new lump

Haggai 2:11  Thus saith the Lord of hosts; Ask now the priests concerning the law, saying,

2:12 If one bear holy flesh in the skirt of his garment, and with his skirt do touch bread, or pottage, or wine, or oil, or any meat, shall it be holy? And the priests answered and said, No.

2:13 Then said Haggai, If one that is unclean by a dead body touch any of these, shall it be unclean? And the priests answered and said, It shall be unclean.

We are not to try and mix the spiritually clean person or true teaching, with the spiritually unclean person or false teaching.  Bear in mind that the ox is a clean animal while the ass is an unclean animal and the two are not to be yoked together.

Deuteronomy 22:10 Thou shalt not plow with an ox [the clean] and an ass [the unclean] together.

The instruction below  refers to a blend of materials and not to a separate attachment in the same garment; for example an elastic waistband on a garment is acceptable.   The fine pure white linen is symbolic of the righteousness of the saints and we are to be dressed in a pure garment to represent spiritual purity.

Revelation 19:8  And to her was granted that she should be arrayed in fine linen, clean and white: for the fine linen is the righteousness of saints.

Linen should not be mixed with other materials and thereby made impure; signifying some impurity in the saints.  The issue of mixing types of threads to make cloth is about purity and impurity, and by extension the spiritual purity required of God within his people.

We are not to join together with the false religious doctrines and prophecies of unrepentant rebels against God and the Word of God.  We are not to mix false ways with true religion and we are not to be joined in marriage with unbelievers as Solomon was, and as many do today. 

Jesus Christ will NEVER tolerate any sin in his people; he will help us to overcome any sin; however if we justify and continue in our sin, he will take his Spirit from us and consign us to severe correction.

Contrary to what is being taught about a false love which tolerates sin; a little leaven does leaven the whole lump (1 Cor 5:6;) and the leaven of sin will not be tolerated by God.  We must repent of sin and turn away from it; we must never tolerate even a very small amount of any sin!

All of these statutes have their spiritual applications and lessons; even those which appear hard to understand, even in the physical context.

Deuteronomy 22:11 Thou shalt not wear a garment of divers sorts, as of woollen and linen together.

 

Fringes or Zit Zit

These fringes were to be a reminder of God’s law.

After Israel had sinned, God commanded them:

Numbers 15:38 Speak unto the children of Israel, and bid them that they make them fringes in the borders of their garments throughout their generations, and that they put upon the fringe of the borders a ribband of blue:

15:39  And it shall be unto you for a fringe, that ye may look upon it, and remember all the commandments of the LORD, and do them ; and that ye seek not after your own heart and your own eyes, after which ye use to go a whoring: 15:40 That ye may remember, and do all my commandments, and be holy unto your God.

Under the New Covenant, the law is written in our hearts by sincere repentance and a diligent study of God’s Word with the aid of God’s Spirit, which the Mosaic Covenant did not contain any promise of.  This particular statute is now fulfilled by God’s Holy Spirit to which we are to listen, rather than looking at a tzit tzit [fringe or tassel] on our garment.  

Deuteronomy 22:12 Thou shalt make thee fringes upon the four quarters of thy vesture, wherewith thou coverest thyself.

The following refers to testing an accusation of a fraudulent marriage, through false claims of a lack of virginity.

22:13 If any man take a wife, and go in unto her, and hate [the modern word “hate” is too strong, this means to be dissatisfied finding her not a virgin as was claimed] her,

I point out that virginity means that NOTHING has ever penetrated.  If a finger or any  other object [including for medical reasons] penetrates, even though she has not had a man; she is still not a virgin.  If she is not wholly intact she must clearly inform her intended before any marriage plans are made.

22:14 And give occasions of speech against her, and bring up an evil name upon her, and say, I took this woman, and when I came to her, I found her not a maid:

22:15 Then shall the father of the damsel, and her mother, take and bring forth the tokens of the damsel’s virginity [it was the custom in those days for a virgin to wipe any blood from first intercourse with a cloth,  however if the virgin is properly slightly stretched with the husband’s finger before intercourse there will be little or no bleeding] unto the elders of the city in the gate:

22:16 And the damsel’s father shall say unto the elders, I gave my daughter unto this man to wife, and he hateth her;

22:17 And, lo, he hath given occasions of speech against her, saying, I found not thy daughter a maid [virgin]; and yet these are the tokens of my daughter’s virginity. And they shall spread the cloth before the elders of the city.

This was at times a matter of life and death for the woman; because if she is guilty of fornication she must die.  In principle this also outlaws prostitution and proscribes the death sentence for whoredom. 

This severe punishment is an allegory that Jesus Christ is a jealous God and that he will sternly correct all those who have made a baptismal commitment of espousal  to him; and then follow others instead of being absolutely zealous to faithfully follow him withersoever he goeth, and to keep the whole Word of God.

22:18 And the elders of that city shall take that man and chastise him;

22:19 And they shall amerce him in a [fine him]  hundred shekels of silver, and give them unto the father of the damsel, because he hath brought up an evil name upon a virgin of Israel: and she shall be his wife; he may not put her away all his days.

22:20 But if this thing be true, and the tokens of virginity be not found for the damsel:

22:21 Then they shall bring out the damsel to the door of her father’s house, and the men of her city shall stone her with stones that she die: because she hath wrought folly in Israel, to play the whore in her father’s house: so shalt thou put evil away from among you.

Adultery is punishable by death: this reveals the punishment for spiritual adultery [loving and obeying anyone other than God the Father and our espoused Husband Jesus Christ], which is death on an eternal spiritual level.

Those who exalt any man or organization above our espoused husband; who say that “we can do this or that unlawful thing, because some man or corporate church says so;” who do not base our conduct on a passionate love for the scripture and the things of our Husband: Will not be joined with Messiah in marriage to him and will not be in the resurrection of the chosen:   They are showing Jesus Christ how little they love him, by not diligently studying the scriptures to prove all things and to follow the whole Word of God.

By obeying others and exalting others above God and our Husband, they are committing spiritual adultery and are worthy of death, if they do not repent.

22:22 If a man be found lying with a woman married to an husband, then they shall both of them die, both the man that lay with the woman, and the woman: so shalt thou put away evil from Israel.

22:23 If a damsel that is a virgin be betrothed unto an husband, and a man find her in the city, and lie with her;

22:24 Then ye shall bring them both out unto the gate of that city, and ye shall stone them with stones that they die; the damsel, because she cried not, being in the city; and the man, because he hath humbled his neighbour’s wife: so thou shalt put away evil from among you.

Now comes in the law concerning rape.  A virgin is not to be considered guilty if she has cried out and fought her attacker.

22:25 But if a man find a betrothed damsel in the field, and the man force her, and lie with her: then the man only that lay with her shall die.

22:26 But unto the damsel thou shalt do nothing; there is in the damsel no sin worthy of death: for as when a man riseth against his neighbour, and slayeth him, even so is this matter:

22:27 For he found her in the field, and the betrothed damsel cried, and there was none to save her.

If a man rape a virgin not married or betrothed, then he must marry her with her father’s consent, as well as pay a penalty which is the usual value of presents given at a betrothal.

The following is a reminder of the law in Exodus 22:16.  Notice in the law that the father has the right to reject the marriage; providing a safety net for the lady if she has been truly forced and the deed was not one of passion on both sides. 

Exodus 22:16  And if a man entice a maid that is not betrothed, and lie with her, he shall surely endow her to be his wife. 23:17 If her father utterly refuse to give her unto him, he shall pay money according to the dowry of virgins.

Deuteronomy 22:28 If a man find a damsel that is a virgin, which is not betrothed, and lay hold on her, and lie with her, and they be found;

22:29 Then the man that lay with her shall give unto the damsel’s father fifty shekels of silver, and she shall be his wife; because he hath humbled her, he may not put her away all his days.

No man may have his own mother or the wife of his father because they are one flesh with his father.

22:30 A man shall not take his father’s wife, nor discover his father’s skirt.

 

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  1. James writes:
    “If any of the called out are not willing to fight the good fight for godliness, feeling committed to some other thing; they should not be assembled with the courageous fighters against sin and keepers of the Word of God. Why? Because they do not fight the good fight themselves and they are a discouragement to others.”

    While Deuteronomy does specifically excludes those who are “fainthearted”,(see also Rev 21:8) it also excludes:
    Those who have built a new house and not yet lived in it. (Deut. 20:5)
    Those who have planted vineyards from which they have not yet eaten of the fruits. (Ex 20:6)
    And those who are engaged and the marriage is not yet consummated. (Ex 20:7)

    These exemptions in no way imply someone of physical or spiritual cowardice. Neither do they imply that God loves farmers, home builders, or engaged but not yet married people more than others.
    They seem to suggest the protection of those just getting started in life. One of the greatest casualties of warfare is the wholesale slaughter of “the best and brightest” and the “flower of youth” who become so much dead meat into the meat grinder that has always been warfare.

    Tim McCaulley
    Jacksonville FL

    Tim
    I was comparing the Mosaic to the New Covenant, not with with today’s nations who war for their own greed and carnal purposes. In Mosaic Israel the people were a nation with God as their King and they were SUPPOSED to go to war or remain in peace according to the will of God.

    Regardless of the fact that Mosaic Israel strayed from God and often warred wickedly; the wars of Mosaic Israel were SUPPOSED to be ONLY godly wars, carried out only at the express direction of God, and this was to be an allegory that in the New Covenant our wars are spiritual and not against our physical neighbors but against Satan and sin. Today the New Covenant people are a scattered people and a spiritual nation following God in warring to overcome the wickedness within ourselves.

    The wars of Mosaic Israel are an analogy to the New Covenant battle against sin.

    Yes, allowing folks to remain behind appears to be an act of mercy in terms of physical warfare. Yet the bigger picture is that when God went before them their casualties would be next to nothing. When the people were faithful how many of them were killed? The coming studies through Joshua, Judges and the Kings will bring these things out more fully.

    Yes, if we compare the warfare of Israel and the nations, ancient and modern, these exemptions are a matter of compassion. Remember that every physical law has its spiritual application and I was writing about the Covenants and not carnal warfare.

    In the New Covenant spiritual context those who have just married or built a home can be compared to today’s New Covenant people who are preoccupied with pursuits other than a dedicated fight against sin.
    James

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