Belshazzar was a co-ruler with his father Nabonidus for several years before the fall of Babylon and because Nabonidus was often away on military campaigns Belshazzar was often left in full charge in Babylon itself.
The end of Belshazzar (Dan 5); must be understood in light of the dreams and experiences of his grandfather Nebuchadnezzar, which Belshazzar would have been well aware if; as well as this event. Belshazzar had no excuse for his behavior in Daniel 5.
Daniel 7 is dated in the first year of the co regency of Belshazzar and so should be placed before Daniel 5 which deals with the end of Belshazzar..
Daniel 7:1 In the first year of Belshazzar king of Babylon Daniel had a dream and visions of his head upon his bed: then he wrote the dream, and told the sum of the matters.
The great sea is the people and the winds are the empires of the statue of Daniel 2; the image was of the complete Babylonian system and the various empires that would constitute Babylon.
7:2 Daniel spake and said, I saw in my vision by night, and, behold, the four winds of the heaven strove upon the great sea.
The four winds are then likened to four beasts that came up out of the sea of people. This shows that these beasts that are a part of the Babylonian system are humanly [inspired by Satan] devised.
7:3 And four great beasts came up from the sea, diverse one from another.
The first beast
The first beast corresponds to the head of gold of the statue of Daniel 2; the Babylonian Empire.
7:4 The first was like a lion, and had eagle’s wings: I beheld till the wings thereof were plucked, and it was lifted up from the earth, and made stand upon the feet as a man, and a man’s heart was given to it.
The second beast
The bear represents the ancient Medes and Persians; the bear is the animal figure of the silver breast that replaced the gold head in the Babylonian mystery system.
The Persians rose up to dominate their Median allies [the raising up of Persian side of the Medo Persian empire], and conquered Babylon and Egypt typified by the three ribs [the Medes, Egyptians and Babylon in the mouth (in the power of) of the Persians] in its mouth and the power to conquer many nations [devour much flesh]. Darius the Mede was the first king of the Persian dominated Achaemenid Empire followed by Cyrus the Persian.
7:5 And behold another beast, a second, like to a bear, and it raised up itself on one side, and it had three ribs in the mouth of it between the teeth of it: and they said thus unto it, Arise, devour much flesh [conquer many nations].
The third beast
Now comes the leopard the symbol of Greece, which replaced the Medo-Persian part of the great statue of Babylon. The third beast had the agility and strength of the leopard and was very fast in actions as if it had wings, picturing Greece and the lightening conquests of Alexander.
The leopard of Greece typified by the brass in Daniel 2, had four heads picturing the dividing of the successors of Alexander into four kingdoms.
7:6 After this I beheld, and lo another, like a leopard, which had upon the back of it four wings of a fowl; the beast had also four heads; and dominion was given to it.
A fourth part of the Babylonian system is then revealed as having teeth of iron. This is the fourth part of the statue of Daniel 2 which was the legs of iron of Rome.
This Roman Empire was to be stronger than the other beasts; and its final rise as the soon coming New Europe will include ten kings under one emperor or president leader.
The fourth beast
7:7 After this I saw in the night visions, and behold a fourth beast, dreadful and terrible, and strong exceedingly; and it had great iron teeth: it devoured and brake in pieces, and stamped the residue with the feet of it: and it was diverse from all the beasts that were before it; and it had ten horns.
The fourth beast is the Roman Empire, the two legs of the Daniel 2 statue, which took over the Babylonian Mysteries governance form and religion from the Greeks.
In today’s latter days the two legs are to be completed by the ten toes of the last revival of the Holy Roman Empire which is now rising in Europe, by whatever name it will be called.
The seat of the Babylonian Mysteries transferred to Rome
The Greeks had moved the center of the Babylonian Mystery religion to Pergamos
Revelation 2:12 And to the angel of the church in Pergamos write; These things saith he which hath the sharp sword with two edges; 2:13 I know thy works, and where thou dwellest, even where Satan’s seat is:
Attalus III Philometor Euergetes, king of Pergamum from 138 to 133 B.C. died in 133 B.C. bequeathing his domains to Rome ended the history of Pergamum as the last Greek King of the North; and Babylon/Syria the King of the North and the Babylonian Mysteries, were absorbed by Rome.
Later during the collapse of the Roman Empire in the West and the wars of Justinian; the Papacy and emperor were set up as the Holy Roman Empire by The Decree of Justinian.
The ten horns on the Roman fourth beast
7:8 I considered the [the explanation begins in 7:20; the ten latter day rulers] horns, and, behold, there came up among them another little horn, before whom there were three of the first horns plucked up by the roots: and, behold, in this horn were eyes like the eyes of man, and a mouth speaking great things.
Daniel 7:24 And the ten horns out of this kingdom are ten kings that shall arise and another shall rise after them; and he shall be diverse from the first [ten], and he shall subdue three kings.
It is not yet clear what this means in regards to subduing three of the ten rulers who give him his authority.
The end of the matter will come at the coming of Messiah the Christ; who will crush this Babylonian Mysteries system and totally destroy it (Daniel 2).
Daniel 7:9 I beheld till the thrones were cast down, and the Ancient of days did sit [in judgment], whose garment was white as snow, and the hair of his head like the pure wool: his throne was like the fiery flame, and his wheels as burning fire.
7:10 A fiery stream issued and came forth from before him: thousand thousands ministered unto him, and ten thousand times ten thousand stood before him: the judgment was set, and the books were opened.
Jesus Christ will cast the final political leader of the New Europe and the final miracle working false prophet who deceived humanity into rebellion against God, together into the lake of fire.
Revelation 19:20 And the beast was taken, and with him the false prophet that wrought miracles before him, with which he deceived them that had received the mark of the beast, and them that worshipped his image. These both were cast alive into a lake of fire burning with brimstone.
Daniel 7:11 I beheld then because of the voice of the great words which the horn [the political leader of the New Europe and his religious partner] spake: I beheld even till the beast [the whole Babylonian Mysteries system, including this little horn political leader and the final false religious leader] was slain [destroyed], and his body destroyed, and given to the burning flame.
Today’s spiritual Ekklesia are also deceived into following idols of men contrary to the Word of God by false teachers who have surreptitiously crept into the congregations (Jude). Today’s leaders of the called out Ekklesia are no different in this than the final deceiving political leader and false prophet.
The peoples which had been deceived into making up the Babylonian system, will repent and turn to God after their eyes are opened to the deception.
Revelation 17:15 And he saith unto me, The waters which thou sawest, where the whore sitteth, are peoples, and multitudes, and nations, and tongues.
17:16 And the ten horns which thou sawest upon the beast, these shall hate the whore [the false religion which deceived the people], and shall make her desolate and naked, and shall eat her flesh, and burn her with fire.
17:17 For God hath put in their hearts to fulfil his will, and to agree, and give their kingdom unto the beast, until the words of God shall be fulfilled.
Babylon [in modern Iraq], Greece and Iran continue as nations but are no longer a part of the Daniel 2 history statue.
Daniel 7:12 As concerning the rest of the beasts [the other three beasts, not the ten horns], they had their dominion taken away: yet their lives were prolonged for a season and time.
A prophecy of dominion being given to Jesus Christ
7:13 I saw in the night visions, and, behold, one like the Son of man came with the clouds of heaven, and came to the Ancient of days, and they brought him near before him.
The everlasting kingdom of God will be given to Jesus Christ and it will replace the Babylonian Mystery church state system [replacing Satan and his followers and ways] of Daniel 2, Christ smiting the last revival of Babylon and smashing it.
7:14 And there was given him dominion, and glory, and a kingdom, that all people, nations, and languages, should serve him: his dominion is an everlasting dominion, which shall not pass away, and his kingdom that which shall not be destroyed.
Then Daniel was upset and longed to understand the prophecy
7:15 I Daniel was grieved in my spirit in the midst of my body, and the visions of my head troubled me. 7:16 I came near unto one of them that stood by [an angel still in the vision], and asked him the truth of all this. . .
The explanation from God
. . . So he told me, and made me know the interpretation of the things.
7:17 These great beasts, which are four, are four kings [or empires], which shall arise out of the earth.
These four are parts of the Babylonian system represented by the whole statue of Daniel 2.
The system of Satan, the Babylonian Mysteries, which will climax in the Holy Roman Empire; will be destroyed by Christ at his coming with his chosen resurrected elect; and those faithful to God in this life will receive an eternal kingdom.
7:18 But the saints of the most High shall take the kingdom, and possess the kingdom for ever, even for ever and ever.
The explanation of Rome the fourth beast
7:19 Then I would know the truth of the fourth beast, which was diverse from all the others, exceeding dreadful, whose teeth were of iron, and his nails of brass; which devoured, brake in pieces, and stamped the residue with his feet;
7:20 And of the ten horns that were in his head, and of the other [the little horn] which came up, and before whom three fell; even of that horn that had eyes, and a mouth that spake very great things, whose look was more stout than his fellows.
In the latter days ten nations in Europe will give their power to an overall leader forming the now rising New Federal Europe. This leader of the New Federal Europe will make war against all of God’s called out that he can get his hands on and will prevail against them for 42 months, until Messiah the Christ comes to destroy wickedness from off the earth.
7:21 I beheld, and the same horn made war with the saints, and prevailed against them; 7:22 Until the Ancient of days [Jesus Christ in this context] came, and judgment was given to the saints of the most High [that the chosen should be resurrected to spirit and receive their inheritance]; and the time came that the saints possessed the kingdom.
Rome is the fourth beast, the legs and feet of iron of the statue of Babylon.
7:23 Thus he said, The fourth beast shall be the fourth kingdom [Rome] upon earth, which shall be diverse from all kingdoms, and shall devour the whole [the known earth at that time] earth, and shall tread it down, and break it in pieces.
7:24 And the ten horns out of this kingdom are ten kings that shall arise and another [little horn, a political leader to whom the ten give their power] shall rise after them; and he shall be diverse from the first [ten], and he shall subdue three kings.
7:25 And he [the ruler of the now rising New Europe and his religious counterpart] shall speak great words against the most High [saying that we must obey them in place of obeying the Word of God as our moral authority, just like the leaders of today’s Ekklesia falsely teach; except that they will have real political power to enforce their own ways], and shall wear out the saints of the most High, and think to change times and laws: and they [today’s apostate called out] shall be given into his hand until a time and times and the dividing of time.
Today’s apostate Ekklesia will be corrected for 3 1/2 years. The lax, lukewarm and faithless of the called out will be given into his hands for a final 42 months, because of their rebellion and idolatry against God, in order that God by afflicting the flesh might save the spirit.
This political ruler and the final false prophet will be destroyed by the coming of the Eternal Messiah with his chosen!
7:26 But the judgment shall sit [is sure], and they shall take away his [Christ will destroy the dominion of the revived Holy Roman Empire Babylonian Mysteries] dominion, to consume and to destroy it unto the end.
7:27 And the kingdom [God shall establish God’s kingdom over all the earth, after this abomination is destroyed] and dominion, and the greatness of the kingdom under the whole heaven, shall be given to the people of the saints of the most High, whose kingdom is an everlasting kingdom, and all dominions shall serve and obey him.
7:28 Hitherto is the end of the matter. As for me Daniel, my cogitations much troubled me, and my countenance changed in me: but I kept the matter in my heart.