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Preparing the Way of the Lord

Daniel 11: Part 2

Daniel 11  Part Two

Although only a few were with Antiochus Epiphanes at first, by deceit and flattery, he crept into power and prospered. He invaded Palestine and Egypt. 

Rawlinson, pages 255-256, says, “Threatened with war by the ministers of Ptolemy Philometor [now king of the south (Egypt-Palestine)], who claimed Coele-Syria and Palestine as the dowry of Cleopatra, the late queen-mother, the king of Syria-Babylon Antiochus marches against Egypt … B.C. 171” (pp. 277-278). But he was met by his nephew, Ptolemy Philometor, king of the south, with another immense army. But the Egyptian king was defeated through the treachery of his own officers and was outwitted by Antiochus.
Verses 26-27 — continuing in Rawlinson, page 278: “After his victory at Pelusium, Antiochus advanced to Memphis, and having obtained possession of the young king’s person [Ptolemy Philometor, king of the south], endeavored to use him as a tool for effecting the entire reduction of the country.” In 174 B.C., the uncle of the king of the south sat at a banquet. Antiochus pretended to ally himself with the young Ptolemy, against his brother, Euergetes II, but each was trying to deceive the other.
  

 

King of the South

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Ptolemaic-Empire 200 B.C.  The King of the South, in purple:  The Seleucid Empire is the king of the North.  

Wherever the conquering Alexander went, the Greeks brought with them Greek culture which rapidly caught on and heavily influenced the world of that day.  Greek became the lingua franca of the Mediterranean region and Greek logic, reasoning style and culture permeated the western world.

During the days of Ezra the repentant Jews returned to Judea where they experienced a religious revival and eventually developed into the Mosaic Pharisees who lived at the advent of Christ. Meanwhile the Jews who chose to remain in the dispersion became centered in Alexandria Egypt, Babylon and Rome; adopting and increasingly applying Hellenic reasoning to the scriptures.

This split Judaism into two parts with one group in Judaism using pagan Greek reasoning’s about the scriptures and the others sitting in Moses seat at Jerusalem.

The pushing back and forth between the Babylonian and the Egyptian kingdoms eventually resulted in Babylon taking control of Palestine for a brief period by Antiochus Epiphanes.

Antiochus IV Epiphanes ( /ænˈtaɪ.əkəs ɛˈpɪfəniːz/; Ancient Greek: Ἀντίοχος Ἐπιφανής, ‘God Manifest’;c. 215 BC – 164 BC) ruled the Seleucid Empire from 175 BC until his death in 164 BC. He was a son of King Antiochus III the Great. His original name was Mithridates; he assumed the name Antiochus after he ascended the throne.

Antiochus, with the help of King Eumenes II of Pergamum, in 175 BC, seized the throne of Babylon Syria for himself, proclaiming himself co-regent for another son of Seleucus, an infant named Antiochus (whom he then murdered a few years later).

When the guardians of King Ptolemy VI of Egypt demanded the return of Coele-Syria in 170 BC, Antiochus launched a preemptive strike against Egypt, conquering all but Alexandria and capturing King Ptolemy and taking Judea from Egypt.

To control Judea Antiochus deposed the high Priest, Jason; who was of the loyal Mosaic faction and replaced him with a Hellenic High Priest, Menelaus.

To avoid alarming Rome, Antiochus allowed Ptolemy VI to continue ruling as a puppet king. Upon Antiochus’ withdrawal, the city of Alexandria chose a new king, one of Ptolemy’s brothers, also named Ptolemy (VIII Euergetes). Instead of fighting a civil war, the Ptolemy brothers agreed to rule Egypt jointly.

In 168 BC Antiochus led a second attack on Egypt and also sent a fleet to capture Cyprus. Before reaching Alexandria, his path was blocked by a single, old Roman ambassador named Gaius Popillius Laenas, who delivered a message from the Roman Senate directing Antiochus to withdraw his armies from Egypt and Cyprus, or consider themselves in a state of war with the Roman Republic. Antiochus said he would discuss it with his council, whereupon the Roman envoy drew a line in the sand around him and said, “Before you cross this circle I want you to give me a reply for the Roman Senate” – implying that Rome would declare war if the King stepped out of the circle without committing to leave Egypt immediately. Weighing his options, Antiochus decided to withdraw. Only then did Popillius agree to shake hands with him.

While Antiochus was busy in Egypt, a rumor spread that he had been killed.

The deposed High Priest of the Mosaic faction in Jerusalem, Jason; gathered a force of 1,000 soldiers and made a surprise attack on the city of Jerusalem.

The Hellenic High Priest appointed by Antiochus, Menelaus; was forced to flee Jerusalem during a riot. On the return of Antiochus from Egypt in 167 BC enraged by his defeat in Egypt, and the affront to him by the insurrection against his appointed high priest, he attacked Jerusalem and restored the Hellenist Menelaus, and executed many Mosaic Jews.

“ When these happenings were reported to the king, he thought that Judea was in revolt. Raging like a wild animal, he set out from Egypt and took Jerusalem by storm. He ordered his soldiers to cut down without mercy those whom they met and to slay those who took refuge in their houses. There was a massacre of young and old, a killing of women and children, a slaughter of virgins and infants. In the space of three days, eighty thousand were lost, forty thousand meeting a violent death, and the same number being sold into slavery. ”
  — 2 Maccabees 5:11–14 

The Hellenized Jews did not reject holy days etc, but rather reinterpreted them according to Hellenic logic and exalted their own reasoning’s above the literal scriptures.

In  his rage Antiochus outlawed Mosaic practices around which the Mosaic Pharisees and Sadducees were rallying.  However the Hellenizers also kept these things but did so according to their own logic; and the action of Antiochus, far from supporting one side against the other; brought the two sides into common resistance against Antiochus.

When Antiochus decided to outlaw the Holy Days, Sabbaths, circumcision, and ordered the worship of Zeus as the supreme god (2 Maccabees 6:1–12). This was anathema to both the faithful Mosaic Pharisees and to the Hellenic Pharisees. 

They both rejected the decree and joined together to oppose Antiochus. 

Antiochus then sent an army to enforce his decree and because of the resistance, the city was severely damaged, many were slaughtered, and a military Greek citadel called the Acra was established.

Not long after this the king sent an Athenian senator to force the Jews to abandon the customs of their ancestors and live no longer by the laws of God; also to profane the temple in Jerusalem and dedicate it to Olympian Zeus, and that on Mount Gerizim to Zeus the Hospitable, as the inhabitants of the place requested…They also brought into the temple things that were forbidden, so that the altar was covered with abominable offerings prohibited by the laws. A man could not keep the sabbath or celebrate the traditional feasts, nor even admit that he was a Jew. At the suggestion of the citizens of Ptolemais, a decree was issued ordering the neighboring Greek cities to act in the same way against the Jews: oblige them to partake of the sacrifices, and put to death those who would not consent to adopt the customs of the Greeks. It was obvious, therefore, that disaster impended. Thus, two women who were arrested for having circumcised their children were publicly paraded about the city with their babies hanging at their breasts and then thrown down from the top of the city wall. Others, who had assembled in nearby caves to observe the sabbath in secret, were betrayed to Philip and all burned to death. ”
  — 2 Maccabees 6:1–11

The actions of Antiochus resulted in a joint alliance against him by both Jewish groups.

Taking advantage of Antiochus’ western problems, King Mithridates I of Parthia attacked from the east and seized the city of Herat in 167 BC, disrupting the direct trade route to India and effectively splitting the Greek world in two.

Recognizing the potential danger in the east, but unwilling to give up control of Judea, Antiochus sent a commander named Lysias to deal with the Maccabees, while the King himself led the main Seleucid army against the Parthians. After initial success in his eastern campaign, including the reoccupation of Armenia, Antiochus died suddenly in 164 BC.

The Hasmonean Dynasty

The Maccabee  revolt against the Greek ruler led to the formation of an independent Jewish kingdom, known as the Hasmonaean Dynasty, which lasted from 165 BCE to 63 BCE.

The Hasmonean Dynasty eventually disintegrated in a civil war between the Hellenizers and the Mosaic loyalists.  

Eventually the Mosaic element of the Hasmonaean Dynasty, appealed to Rome for intervention, leading to a total Roman conquest and annexation of Palestine,

By the time of Christ, Judea was the center of the Mosaic Pharisees who taught the scriptures and had the temple and its rituals as re-established by Ezra; even though they had become self righteous and lacked understanding themselves.

It was these Mosaic Pharisees who Christ said sat in Moses seat, until after his resurrection, when Christ was raised to sit in that seat of authority himself.

Meanwhile the Hellenizers were widely spread through most of the Jewish world outside Judea – with some still in Judea – in the dispersion.

When the Jews rebelled against Rome, Jerusalem, the Temple and Judea were destroyed by the Roman Prince Titus; leaving the Hellenized Pharisees to slowly gain control of  Judaism in a rivalry with the scribes that lasted for another thousand years. The Hellenic Pharisees developed into Modern Rabbinic Judaism.

Modern Rabbinic Judaism is NOT the religion of Moses: It is an apostasy from Moses through Hellenic logic and the reasoning’s of men about the scripture: In exactly the same way that modern “Christianity” is a perversion of the teachings of Christ.

This history set the conditions for the advent of Christ and his followers as the only remaining true religion, which adheres to the same religion that God gave to Moses and to “that prophet” which Moses spoke of; Messiah, Jesus Christ.

 

Back to Daniel 11

The “prince of the covenant” refers to the high priest.

11:22 And with the arms of a flood shall they be overflown from before him, and shall be broken; yea, also the prince of the covenant.

11:23 And after the league made with him he shall work deceitfully: for he shall come up, and shall become strong with a small people.

Antiochus first takes over the kingdom of the North, Alexander’s province of Babylon, by flatteries and made his supporters very rich..

11:24 He shall enter peaceably even upon the fattest places of the province; and he shall do that which his fathers have not done, nor his fathers’ fathers;he shall scatter among them the prey, and spoil, and riches: yea, and he shall forecast his devices against the strong holds, even for a time.

Then Antiochus took over Egypt but allowed the boy king he controlled  to remain under a regent. Then when Antiochus returned home a new king arose in Egypt which rebelled against Antiochus.  In 168 BC Antiochus led a second attack on Egypt and was defeated.

While Antiochus was busy in Egypt, a rumor spread that he had been killed.

The deposed High Priest of the Mosaic faction in Jerusalem, Jason; gathered a force of 1,000 soldiers and made a surprise attack on the city of Jerusalem.

The Hellenized High Priest appointed by Antiochus, Menelaus; was forced to flee Jerusalem during the riot.

On the return of Antiochus from his defeat in Egypt in 167 BC, enraged by his defeat, he attacked Jerusalem and restored the Hellenist Menelaus, and executed many Mosaic Jews.

Antiochus sent troops to the Holy Land, who desecrated the Temple and sanctuary, abolished the daily sacrifice (see also Daniel 8:11, 24) and placed the abomination — an image  of Jupiter Olympus [from which the modern supposed pictures of Christ are made] — on the altar in the Temple precincts, making it desolate (Rawlinson, p. 255).

11:25 And he [Antiochus the king of the north] shall stir up his power and his courage against the king of the south with a great army; and the king of the south shall be stirred up to battle with a very great and mighty army; but he shall not stand: for they shall forecast devices against him.

Egypt fell to Antiochus, because of the intrigues of the Egyptian court and its child king.

11:26 Yea, they that feed of the portion of his meat shall destroy him, and his army shall overflow: and many shall fall down slain.

11:27 And both of these kings’ hearts shall be to do mischief, and they shall speak lies at one table; but it shall not prosper: for yet the end shall be at the time appointed.

Egypt fell to Antiochus, and Antiochus enriched himself from the Egyptians and appoint a Hellenic high priest at Jerusalem as his agent to secure Palestine to follow him; before returning home

11:28 Then shall he return into his land with great riches; and his heart shall be against the holy covenant; and he shall do exploits [Antiochus overthrew the lawful high priest with his own appointee from the Hellenists in Judaism, which are the forefathers of modern Rabbinic Judaism], and return to his own land.

The second time Antiochus attacks Egypt

11:29 At the time appointed he shall return, and come toward the south; but it shall not be as the former, or as the latter [attacks on Egypt].

Egypt hired a foreign fleet to help her and had the backing of Rome against the second invasion by Antiochus; and Antiochus was forced to withdraw from Egypt and is enraged by the frustration of his purpose against Egypt and by the rebellion in Jerusalem against the Hellenic high priest he had appointed.

11:30 For the ships of Chittim shall come against him: therefore he shall be grieved, and return, and have indignation against the holy covenant: so shall he do; he shall even return, and have intelligence with them that forsake the holy covenant [Antiochus tries to gain the support of the Hellenic Pharisees who had turned away from taking God’s Word literally].

While Antiochus was busy in Egypt, a rumor spread that he had been killed.

The deposed High Priest of the Mosaic faction in Jerusalem, Jason; gathered a force of 1,000 soldiers and made a surprise attack on the city of Jerusalem.

The High Priest appointed by Antiochus, Menelaus; was forced to flee Jerusalem during a riot. On the return of Antiochus from Egypt in 167 BC enraged by his defeat, he attacked Jerusalem and restored the Hellenist Menelaus, and executed many Mosaic Jews.

Antiochus in his fury then outlaws all forms of “Judaism” and pollutes the Most Holy Place; thus offending BOTH the Mosaic and Hellenized Pharisees!

11:31 And arms shall stand on his part, and they shall pollute the sanctuary of strength, and shall take away the daily sacrifice, and they shall place the abomination that maketh desolate.

The BOTH the Mosaic and Hellenized Pharisees rose up against the pollution of the Temple and the outlawing of true religion by Antiochus.

The Hellenized Pharisees continued to be corrupted while the Mosaic Pharisees restored true religion in Judea, but themselves were corrupted by pride by the time that Messiah came.  Then from the time that Christ physically on the earth until today, many of God’s faithful have continued to do exploits by the power of God! 

11:32 And such as do wickedly against the covenant shall he corrupt by flatteries: but the people that do know their God shall be strong, and do exploits.

The prophecy now continues in a general way through the history of the faithful to God up to the end time.   These things being applicable to the disciples of Christ as well as to the hero’s of the Mosaic Covenant.

11:33 And they that understand among the people shall instruct many: yet they shall fall by the sword, and by flame, by captivity, and by spoil, many days [years].

Always the called out are a very little flock of faithful surrounded by a mixed multitude of tares, outright thorns and flatterers.  The majority of most professing called out are not converted, although many will be very sincere, they just do not really understand. 

Satan sows tares of intelligent and charismatic men who rise quickly to the top and from there they mislead the brethren to follow their own imaginations and Hellenized [Aristotelian] reasoning’s, contrary to the Word of God.  The called out are warned to beware of this deception throughout the scriptures and especially by Jesus Christ.

11:34 Now when they shall fall, they shall be holpen with a little help: but many shall cleave to them with flatteries.

The called out have ever been pressured and persecuted to wear them out and quench their zeal to live by every Word of God.

11:35 And some of them of understanding shall fall, to try them, and to purge, and to make them white, even to the time of the end: because it is yet for a time appointed.

 

The Prophecy Jumps to the End Times

The prophecy now leaps to the events of the end time right before the coming of Messiah the Christ 

Like Antiochus the final latter king of the north will seek to extirpate true religion from off the earth, and he shall prosper for a short time occupying Jerusalem and Judea for 42 months

11:36 And the king shall do according to his will; and he shall exalt himself, and magnify himself above every god, and shall speak marvellous things against the God of gods, and shall prosper till the indignation be accomplished: for that that is determined shall be done.

11:37 Neither shall he regard the God of his fathers, nor the desire of women, nor regard any god: for he shall magnify himself above all.

This final king of the North will put his trust in armies and will exalt himself and the false prophet above that is called god, attempting to make themselves the ultimate moral authority of all humanity, regardless of their own religious traditions.

Daniel 11:38 But in his estate shall he honour the God of forces: and a god whom his fathers knew not shall he honour with gold, and silver, and with precious stones, and pleasant things.

The political leader of the coming New Europe; will defeat many for a short time; and will divide the wealth of the nations among his followers, becoming very rich.

11:39 Thus shall he do in the most strong holds with a strange god, whom he shall acknowledge and increase with glory: and he shall cause them to rule over many, and shall divide the land for gain.

This European Roman Babylon shall become very rich for a short time [See Rev 18] but he shall then go to war with Asia and with the coming Messiah; only to be destroyed.

 

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