Daniel 10 is an introduction to Daniel 11-12
Daniel 10 also reveals the awesome appearance of the Cherubs of God and the humility of Daniel who sought the Eternal with all his heart.
Daniel 5 background History
In 539 B.C. there was a revolt in Southern Babylonia, and the Babylonian king, Nabonidus the son of Nebuchadnezzar, went south with his army to put down the rebellion; leaving his own son Belshazzar ]Nebuchadnezzar’s grandson] in charge of Babylon.
Taking advantage of this occupation of the Babylonian army with the southern rebellion at Uruk; the army of Cyrus invaded Babylon from the north.
In June the Babylonian army was completely defeated at Opis, and immediately afterwards Sippara opened its gates to the conqueror. Gobryas (The Mede General Gobryas, who took the regnal name Darius upon ascending the throne of the Persians], was then sent to Babylon, which surrendered “without fighting,” and the daily services in the temples continued without a break.
In October, Cyrus himself arrived, and proclaimed a general amnesty, which was communicated by Gobryas [Darius the Mede] to “all the province of Babylon,” of which he had been made governor by Cyrus.
Meanwhile, Nabonidus, who had concealed himself, was killed; and when his wife died, Cambyses II, the son of Cyrus, conducted the funeral.
Cyrus the Great (576 – 530 BC king of Persia) now assumed the title of “king of Babylon,” (336 B.C.) claiming to be the descendant of the ancient kings, and made rich offerings to the temples.
Babylon fell in 539 BC but Cyrus was not made king of Babylon until 536 BC.
Daniel 10:1 In the third year of Cyrus king of Persia a thing was revealed unto Daniel, whose name was called Belteshazzar; and the thing was true, but the time appointed was long: and he understood the thing, and had understanding of the vision.
Daniel fasted for three whole weeks; yet we are not to assume this was a total fast but rather an abstention from all desirable things to take only bread and water.
10:2 In those days I Daniel was mourning [fasting and mourning over sin] three full weeks.
10:3 I ate no pleasant bread [desirable things], neither came flesh [no flesh or wine, only coarse bread and water] nor wine in my mouth, neither did I anoint [no washing or perfuming] myself at all, till three whole weeks were fulfilled.
10:4 And in the four and twentieth day of the first month, as I was by the side of the great river, which is Hiddekel;
Daniel saw an angel clothed in fine white linen long shirt with a skirt of gold, who’s appearance was as a bright shining; and a voice like thunder.
10:5 Then I lifted up mine eyes, and looked, and behold a certain man clothed in linen, whose loins were girded with fine gold of Uphaz:
10:6 His body also was like the beryl, and his face as the appearance of lightning, and his eyes as lamps of fire, and his arms and his feet like in colour to polished brass, and the voice of his words like the voice of a multitude.
Daniel saw this being and fainted, while those with him fled away as a great fear overcame them even though they saw nothing.
10:7 And I Daniel alone saw the vision: for the men that were with me saw not the vision; but a great quaking [a terror made them to shake with fear and flee away] fell upon them, so that they fled to hide themselves.
10:8 Therefore I was left alone, and saw this great vision, and there remained no strength in me: for my comeliness was turned in me into corruption, and I retained no strength.
Daniel fainted and when prostrate he heard the words of Gabriel who lifted Daniel up to his feet. Consider the awesomeness of this being that Daniel would faint in his presence.
10:9 Yet heard I the voice of his words: and when I heard the voice of his words, then was I in a deep sleep [faint] on my face, and my face toward the ground.
10:10 And, behold, an hand touched me, which set me upon my knees and upon the palms of my hands.
Daniel is lifted up to his knees and the angel spoke with him.
10:11 And he said unto me, O Daniel, a man greatly beloved, understand the words that I speak unto thee, and stand upright: for unto thee am I now sent.
Daniel stood trembling in awe before Gabriel
And when he had spoken this word unto me, I stood trembling.
Then the angel Gabriel spoke with Daniel explaining his mission and how Satan had tried to prevent him, and how Michael helped him against Satan. These things reveal that God is running things and that Satan is trying to prevent the fulfillment of God’s will on a hidden spiritual level.
In our time as written in Daniel 12 God will proclaim that Satan can go no further in his own plans and Satan will rise up to try to attack God in heaven; Satan will be defeated and cast down and he will be forced to fulfill the prophets regarding the final days.
10:12 Then said he unto me, Fear not, Daniel: for from the first day that thou didst set thine heart to understand, and to chasten thyself before thy God, thy words were heard, and I am come for thy words.
The spirit head of the Babylonian system then manifested by Persia, possibly Satan himself, withstood Gabriel desiring to prevent the prophecy of Daniel 10-12, and the angel Michael came to aid Gabriel.
10:13 But the [spirit ruler] prince of the kingdom of Persia [Satan] withstood me one and twenty days: but, lo, Michael, one of the chief princes [Cherubs of God], came to help me; and I remained there with the kings of Persia.
Gabriel and Michael remained for a time with the kings of Persia. The vision is about the history future to Daniel, right up to and including the latter days
10:14 Now I am come to make thee understand what shall befall thy people in the latter days: for yet the vision is for many days [the vision is about many days [years] future to Daniel].
Daniel was speechless before Gabriel
10:15 And when he had spoken such words unto me, I set my face toward the ground, and I became dumb.
Daniel’s mouth is opened and he protests that he is too lowly – even though he is president of the empire under the king – to speak with one such as Gabriel.
10:16 And, behold, one like the similitude of the sons of men touched my lips: then I opened my mouth, and spake, and said unto him that stood before me, O my lord, by the vision my sorrows are turned upon me, and I have retained no strength.
10:17 For how can the servant of this my lord talk with this my lord? for as for me, straightway there remained no strength in me, neither is there breath left in me.
Then Daniel was strengthened by an angel and Daniel bid Gabriel to speak on
10:18 Then there came again and touched me one like the appearance of a man, and he strengthened me,
10:19 And said, O man greatly beloved, fear not: peace be unto thee, be strong, yea, be strong. And when he had spoken unto me, I was strengthened, and said, Let my lord speak; for thou hast strengthened me.
Gabriel tells Daniel that in the future he will go and fight against the evil spiritual forces upholding the Persians and trying to prevent the prophecy of the Greek victory from being fulfilled.
Gabriel was speaking to Daniel in 533 BC. It would not be until 334 BC that Alexander began his campaign against the Persians and in 331 BC the Greeks defeated Persia and took over the Babylonian Mysteries system. New people; same system.
10:20 Then said he, Knowest thou wherefore I come unto thee? and now [in future] will I return to fight with the prince of Persia: and when I am gone forth, lo, the prince of Grecia shall come [334-331 BC].
10:21 But I will shew thee that which is noted in the scripture of truth: and there is none that holdeth with me in these things, but Michael your prince [Michael is the angel in charge of Judah].