Acts 2 now goes directly to the Feast of Pentecost in 31 A.D. All of the disciples had been waiting from Christ’s ascension to heaven on the fortieth day after his resurrection, for ten so days; coming to the fiftieth day after Christ’s resurrection on Wave Offering Sunday; which is the Feast of Weeks called Pentecost.
The twelve and many hundreds of other disciples and tens of thousands of people that had been scattered abroad; came from across the known world to the Temple for Pentecost.
2:1 And when the day of Pentecost was fully come, they were all with one accord in one place.
The Holy Spirit is poured out on the disciples of Christ as a demonstration of God’s approval before all the Jews and as a partial demonstration of what would take place after the day of the Lord; when God’s Spirit will be poured out on ALL flesh (Joel 2:28).
2:2 And suddenly there came a sound from heaven as of a rushing mighty wind, and it filled all the house where they were sitting. 2:3 And there appeared unto them cloven tongues like as of fire, and it sat upon each of them.
2:4 And they were all filled with the Holy Ghost, and began to speak with other tongues, as the Spirit gave them utterance.
Glossa: 2) a tongue a) the language or dialect used by a particular people distinct from that of other nations
2:5 And there were dwelling [staying for the Feast] at Jerusalem Jews, devout men, out of every nation under heaven.
The tongues were the languages of men from the various nations, and not vain emotionally ecstatic babble.
2:6 Now when this was noised abroad, the multitude came together, and were confounded, because that every man heard them speak in his own language.
2:7 And they were all amazed and marvelled, saying one to another, Behold, are not all these which speak Galilaeans? 2:8 And how hear we every man in our own tongue, wherein we were born?
The disciples spoke by God’s power, languages not native to themselves.
2:9 Parthians, and Medes, and Elamites, and the dwellers in Mesopotamia, and in Judaea, and Cappadocia, in Pontus, and Asia, 2:10 Phrygia, and Pamphylia, in Egypt, and in the parts of Libya about Cyrene, and strangers of Rome, Jews and proselytes, 2:11 Cretes and Arabians, we do hear them speak in our tongues the wonderful works of God.
These people were astonished and groping for an answer as to how this could be.
2:12 And they were all amazed, and were in doubt, saying one to another, What meaneth this? 2:13 Others mocking said, These men are full of new wine.
Then Peter stands up and begins to preach
2:14 But Peter, standing up with the [the other 11 plus Peter meaning the whole 12 were present] eleven, lifted up his voice, and said unto them,
Peter’s sermon could well be an example of the sermons preached to people all over the earth as God’s Spirit is poured out on all flesh and the Kingdom of God is established by Jesus Christ and his bride on a near future Pentecost.
Ye men of Judaea, and all ye that dwell at Jerusalem, be this known unto you, and hearken to my words: 2:15 For these are not drunken, as ye suppose, seeing it is but the third hour [9 am] of the day.
2:16 But this is that which was spoken by the prophet Joel; 2:17 And it shall come to pass in the last days, saith God, I will pour out of my Spirit upon all flesh: and your sons and your daughters shall prophesy, and your young men shall see visions, and your old men shall dream dreams:
2:18 And on my servants and on my handmaidens I will pour out in those days of my Spirit; and they shall prophesy: 2:19 And I will shew wonders in heaven above, and signs in the earth beneath; blood, and fire, and vapour of smoke: 2:20 The sun shall be turned into darkness, and the moon into blood, before the great and notable day of the Lord come: 2:21 And it shall come to pass, that whosoever shall call on the name of the Lord shall be saved.
Let me ask: Was 31 A.D. the “last days”? Was God’s Spirit poured out on ALL flesh in 31 A.D.? Did the heavenly signs quoted by Peter take place in 31 A.D.? Was the day of the Lord in 31 A.D.?
NO! However Peter by quoting Joel, was inspired to reveal that the events of 31 A.D. were a precursor of the events to come on the future day of the Lord and immediately afterwards; when the people would repentantly welcome the coming of Christ with his saints, and God’s Spirit would be poured out on all flesh on a future day of Pentecost!
The Feast of Pentecost was the start of the Theocracy of physical Israel at Sinai: and IT WILL BE the beginning of the Theocracy of the Kingdom of God at Jerusalem!
The resurrection will come on the sixth day of the Feast of Unleavened Bread; to be followed by the marriage supper in heaven while the seven last plagues are poured out on the earth! To be capped off by the coming of Christ with his saints to rule the earth in righteousness, and then the pouring out of God’s Spirit on all flesh when the very day of Pentecost comes!
Brethren, Peter preached the true Gospel on that first century Feast of Pentecost, as it will be preached to all nations and peoples on a soon coming future Feast of Pentecost!!
2:22 Ye men of Israel, hear these words; Jesus of Nazareth, a man approved of God among you by miracles and wonders and signs, which God did by him in the midst of you, as ye yourselves also know: 2:23 Him, being delivered by the determinate counsel and foreknowledge of God, ye have taken, and by wicked hands have crucified and slain: 2:24 Whom God hath raised up, having loosed the pains of death: because it was not possible that he should be holden of it.
2:25 For David speaketh concerning him, [a Davidic prophecy of Jesus Christ] I foresaw the Lord always before my face, for he is on my right hand, that I should not be moved: 2:26 Therefore did my heart rejoice, and my tongue was glad; moreover also my flesh shall rest in hope: 2:27 Because thou wilt not leave my soul in hell, neither wilt thou suffer thine Holy One to see corruption. 2:28 Thou hast made known to me the ways of [eternal] life; thou shalt make me full of joy with thy countenance.
Peter speaks of the resurrection of Christ
2:29 Men and brethren, let me freely speak unto you of the patriarch David, that he is both dead and buried, and his sepulchre is with us unto this day.
2:30 Therefore being a prophet, and knowing that God had sworn with an oath to him, that of the fruit of his loins, according to the flesh, he would raise up Christ to sit on his throne; 2:31 He seeing this before spake of the resurrection of Christ, that his [Christ’s] soul was not left in hell, neither his flesh did see corruption.
2:32 This Jesus hath God raised up, whereof we all are witnesses.
Peter proclaims that the things they had seen on that Pentecost were the evidence of the Holy Spirit falling on the sincerely repentant through the death and resurrection of Christ.
2:33 Therefore being by the right hand of God exalted, and having received of the Father the promise of the Holy Ghost, he hath shed forth this, which ye now see and hear. 2:34 For David is not ascended into the heavens: but he saith himself, The Lord said unto my Lord, Sit thou on my right hand, 2:35 Until I make thy foes thy footstool.
2:36 Therefore let all the house of Israel know assuredly, that God hath made the same Jesus [Hebrew: Yeshua], whom ye have crucified, both Lord [Adonai (Lord), the title given to Messiah] and Christ [Messiah, Mashiach: the Anointed One].
The people were taken aback by the flames and signs, and by the preaching of Peter were moved to repentance and asked what they should do. Even so when Christ comes with his chosen elect and with many signs and wonders, people will be humbled and greatly impressed and ask what they should do to be saved.
2:37 Now when they heard this, they were pricked in their heart, and said unto Peter and to the rest of the apostles, Men and brethren, what shall we do?
Did Peter say: “Don’t worry Christ will overlook your sins” as long as you attend some corporate group?
Or did he proclaim: Sincerely REPENT and sin no more?
The way to salvation is to believe the scriptures, repent and make a baptismal commitment to SIN NO MORE, and then the blood of Christ will be applied to you, blotting out sin and bringing the gift of forgiveness and the Holy Spirit!
2:38 Then Peter said unto them, Repent, and be baptized every one of you in the name of Jesus Christ for the remission of sins, and ye shall receive the gift of the Holy Ghost.
2:39 For the promise is unto you, and to your children, and to all that are afar off, even as many as the LORD our God [God the Father] shall call.
This is only a condensed version of Peter’s sermon
2:40 And with many other words did he testify and exhort, saying, Save yourselves from this untoward [a) perverse, wicked b) unfair, surly, forward (stubborn, self-willed)] generation.
2:41 Then they that gladly received his word were baptized: and the same day there were added unto them about three thousand souls.
On a future Pentecost these things will be expanded as all nations repent and welcome the establishment of the Kingdom of God; and God’s Spirit will be poured out upon all flesh so that even the wild animals are tamed (Isaiah 11).
2:42 And they [the disciples who remained at Jerusalem after Pentecost] continued stedfastly in the apostles’ doctrine and fellowship, and in breaking of bread, and in prayers.
2:43 And fear [reverence for God the Father and Jesus Christ] came upon every soul: and many wonders and signs were done by the [power of God in the] apostles.
In the coming Kingdom of God is to begin on Pentecost in the very near future, Jesus and his chosen elect who have been resurrected to spirit will do mighty miracles and the whole earth will turn to live by every Word of God.
Revelation 20:1 And I saw an angel come down from heaven, having the key of the bottomless pit and a great chain in his hand. 20:2 And he laid hold on the dragon, that old serpent, which is the Devil, and Satan, and bound him a thousand years, 20:3 And cast him into the bottomless pit, and shut him up, and set a seal upon him, that he should deceive the nations no more, till the thousand years should be fulfilled:
Then the disciples believing that the end was close at hand, shared all that they had with one another: for the book of Revelation had not yet been given to John, and they thought the Kingdom was at hand.
Acts 2:44 And all that believed [in Jerusalem] were together, and had all things common; 2:45 And sold their possessions and goods, and parted them to all men, as every man had need.
The disciples in Judea gathered to Jerusalem and the Temple, and with James the Lord’s brother, were UNITED IN ZEAL for LEARNING and KEEPING the Word of God!
2:46 And they, continuing daily with one accord in the temple, and breaking bread from house to house, did eat their meat [food] with gladness and singleness of heart, 2:47 Praising God, and having favour with all the people. And the Lord added to the church daily such as should be saved.
Then as James died and Judea headed towards the Roman wars, the belief that the Kingdom was at hand reached a crescendo. Fleeing from Jerusalem and Judea to Pella, because of the warnings of Matthew 24 and the many other warnings, they would have been absolutely convinced that at the end of the siege of Jerusalem as written in Daniel: The Kingdom would come!
God the Father and Jesus Christ have TESTED and TESTED, their called out in every generation; to judge their loyalty and fitness to become a part of the chosen collective bride of the Lamb of God.
Brethren, the apostles did NOT FAIL their TEST! Although doubtless many others did fail.
It was a huge TEST of loyalty and perseverance when the Kingdom of God did not come after the fall of Jerusalem in 70 A.D., and the first century apostasy began to creep into the fellowship, frustrating Paul and the other apostles and leaders.
It was about this time that the Book of Revelation was written and the apostles and leaders fled to Pella in c 66 A.D., as the siege of Jerusalem began; and the apostles canonized the New Testament scriptures at Pella.
Brethren, we are now at the end of the age and the tribulation is fast approaching, we are still being TESTED as to our LOYALTY to Christ, as opposed to any loyalty to false traditions and idols of men and organizations.
God’s called out will be TESTED many times and in many ways, to determine if their loyalty and faithfulness to Christ is absolute, uncompromising and unchanging!
Remember the kind of bride that Christ wants, and always seek him with all your hearts in passionate love for all that he is and does! which is to do God the Father’s will!
Run to him like a deer runs upon the mountains; cleave to him with your whole heart, allowing NO willful compromise or sin to defile us; allow NOTHING to separate us from our Beloved!
Would you chose to marry someone who loves another and follows them and not you? Neither will Jesus Christ accept anyone who prefers others to him and his Father!