2 Kings 12
2 Kings 12:1 In the seventh year of Jehu [king of Israel] Jehoash [Joash] began to reign [in Judah]; and forty years reigned he in Jerusalem. And his mother’s name was Zibiah of Beersheba.
What a marvelous tribute to God and to the high priest Jehoiadah who tutored Joash, and to Joash!
12:2 And Jehoash did that which was right in the sight of the LORD all his days wherein Jehoiada the priest instructed him.
Yet he could not prevent the people from worshiping at the pagan high places, because the people wanted to worship locally instead of traveling up to Jerusalem to offer at the Temple as God had commanded and so they worshiped in unclean places, and even today many called out congregations hold their worship services in such unclean places.
12:3 But the high places were not taken away: the people still sacrificed and burnt incense in the high places
Joash asks for money to repair the Temple of God.
12:4 And Jehoash said to the priests, All the money of the dedicated things that is brought into the house of the LORD, even the money of every one that passeth the account, the money that every man is set at, and all the money that cometh into any man’s heart to bring into the house of the LORD, 12:5 Let the priests take it to them, every man of his acquaintance: and let them repair the breaches of the house, wheresoever any breach shall be found.
The priests took the money for themselves and did not repair the breaches in the physical temple: Even so today’s leaders in the Ekklesia have as their main concern their own paychecks, and are not repairing the breaches in the spiritual Temple, by rebuking sin and teaching the sound doctrine of Holy Scripture.
12:6 But it was so, that in the three and twentieth year of king Jehoash the priests had not repaired the breaches of the house.
Joash then calls the priests to account, just as Jesus Christ is taking account of the spiritual leaders of today’s Ekklesia.
12:7 Then king Jehoash called for Jehoiada the priest, and the other priests, and said unto them, Why repair ye not the breaches of the house? now therefore receive no more money of your acquaintance, [for yourselves] but deliver it for the breaches of the house.
The Mosaic priests would not repair the Temple just like most of today’s leaders and elders of the called out will not turn to God and repair the breaches in the spiritual Temple to turn the brethren away from idolizing their leaders towards exalting the Eternal God.
12:8 And the priests consented to receive no more money of the people [to make repairs, but only to take their personal wages for offering sacrifices], neither to repair the breaches of the house.
Then Jehoiada the high priest found another means to take donations for the construction from the brethren; just as our High Priest Jesus Christ is repairing the breaches in his spiritual Temple by means other than by the today’s elders and leaders.
12:9 But Jehoiada the priest took a chest, and bored a hole in the lid of it, and set it beside the altar, on the right side as one cometh into the house of the LORD: and the priests that kept the door put therein all the money that was brought into the house of the LORD. 12:10 And it was so, when they saw that there was much money in the chest, that the king’s scribe and the high priest came up, and they put up in bags, and told the money that was found in the house of the LORD.
Then the builders worked on and repaired the physical Mosaic Temple, just like Jesus Christ is building his Father’s spiritual house of the faithful today; by his own selected builders and not by the faithless leaders and elders.
12:11 And they gave the money, being told, into the hands of them that did the work, that had the oversight of the house of the LORD: and they laid it out to the carpenters and builders, that wrought upon the house of the LORD, 12:12 And to masons, and hewers of stone, and to buy timber and hewed stone to repair the breaches of the house of the LORD, and for all that was laid out for the house to repair it. 12:13 Howbeit there were not made for the house of the LORD bowls of silver, snuffers, basons, trumpets, any vessels of gold, or vessels of silver, of the money that was brought into the house of the LORD: 12:14 But they gave that to the workmen, and repaired therewith the house of the LORD.
The priests would not build and so God and the high priest called out men who were faithful to build in their place; just as today’s spiritual leaders and leaders are being replaced by our spiritual High Priest with men who are faithful to every Word of God and who are truly building the spiritual temple and working to make the bride ready.
12:15 Moreover they reckoned not with the men, into whose hand they delivered the money to be bestowed on workmen: for they dealt faithfully.
The priests still had their wages for the work of offering sacrifices.
12:16 The trespass money and sin money was not brought into the house of the LORD: it was the priests’.
Then the king of Syria assayed to attack Judah.
12:17 Then Hazael king of Syria went up, and fought against Gath, and took it: and Hazael set his face to go up to Jerusalem.
Then Joash sinned by giving the king of Syria all the wealth of God’s temple instead of inquiring and beseeching the Eternal. The Eternal would have saved Judah, but Joash decided to do as he thought was expedient instead of running to the LORD God of Abraham for deliverance.
How like us today, as we call ourselves God’s people and make a big show of that, then when we fall into trials and temptations we compromise with the Word of God to try and save ourselves as we think right; instead of running to our High Tower of Strength to save us. We lack faith and do not fully trust in our Mighty One to save us, breaking at the first real pressure. How very sad.
Jehoash and Joash are used interchangeable for the king of Judah.
12:18 And Jehoash king of Judah took all the hallowed things that Jehoshaphat, and Jehoram, and Ahaziah, his fathers, kings of Judah, had dedicated, and his own hallowed things, and all the gold that was found in the treasures of the house of the LORD, and in the king’s house, and sent it to Hazael king of Syria: and he went away from Jerusalem.
For this sinful act the God who later became flesh as Jesus Christ allowed the servants of Joash to kill him.
12:19 And the rest of the acts of Joash, and all that he did, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Judah? 12:20 And his servants arose, and made a conspiracy, and slew Joash in the house of Millo, which goeth down to Silla.
12:21 For Jozachar the son of Shimeath, and Jehozabad the son of Shomer, his servants, smote him, and he died; and they buried him with his fathers in the city of David: and Amaziah his son reigned in his stead [In Judah].
2 Kings 13
Jehoahaz replaces his father Jehu as king of Israel.
2 Kings 13:1 In the three and twentieth year of Joash the son of Ahaziah king of Judah Jehoahaz the son of Jehu began to reign over Israel in Samaria, and reigned seventeen years.
Jehu who was zealous to fulfill the Word of the LORD up to a point, was succeeded by a wicked son who did all the sins of Jeroboam I. The sins of Jeroboam were the idolatry of the two calves of Aaron and departing from the God of Abraham.
Spiritually today’s Ekklesia is also full of idolatry, idolizing of men, false traditions and corporate organizations, and exalting them above any zeal to live by every Word of God.
Jesus Christ is making a point throughout all of these histories; demonstrating and defining idolatry, as the great sin of departing from any zeal to live by every Word of God to do as we think is right.
This very sin of being zealous for the golden calves of our leaders and organizations and false traditions and exalting them above the Word of God; is rampant in today’s spiritual Ekklesia; and just as God rejected Jeroboam and those like him, Jesus Christ is about to forcefully vomit us out of his body into great tribulation unless we sincerely wholeheartedly repent.
13:2 And he did that which was evil in the sight of the LORD, and followed the sins of Jeroboam the son of Nebat, which made Israel to sin; he departed not therefrom.
Then God delivered Israel into captivity by the agency of Syria.
13:3 And the anger of the LORD was kindled against Israel, and he delivered them into the hand of Hazael king of Syria, and into the hand of Benhadad the son of Hazael, all their days.
Then Israel sought the Eternal.
13:4 And Jehoahaz besought the LORD, and the LORD hearkened unto him: for he saw the oppression of Israel, because the king of Syria oppressed them.
Israel was delivered from Syria, but was destroyed and reduced to living in tents; their homes and their army destroyed by Syria because they would not depart from their sins of the idolatry of Jeroboam.
13:5 (And the LORD gave Israel a saviour, so that they went out from under the hand of the Syrians: and the children of Israel dwelt in their tents, as beforetime. 13:6 Nevertheless they departed not from the sins of the house of Jeroboam, who made Israel sin, but walked therein: and there remained the grove also in Samaria.) 13:7 Neither did he leave of the people to Jehoahaz but fifty horsemen, and ten chariots, and ten thousand footmen; for the king of Syria had destroyed them, and had made them like the dust by threshing.
13:8 Now the rest of the acts of Jehoahaz, and all that he did, and his might, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Israel? 13:9 And Jehoahaz slept with his fathers; and they buried him in Samaria: and Joash his son reigned in his stead.
Jehoash the son of Jehoahaz then reigned in his father’s place in Israel.
13:10 In the thirty and seventh year of Joash king of Judah began Jehoash the son of Jehoahaz to reign over Israel in Samaria, and reigned sixteen years.
Jehoash king of Israel was also wicked following the idolatry of Jeroboam; just like today’s spiritual Ekklesia worships the golden calves of false traditions and idols of men.
13:11 And he did that which was evil in the sight of the LORD; he departed not from all the sins of Jeroboam the son of Nebat, who made Israel sin: but he walked therein.
13:12 And the rest of the acts of Joash, and all that he did, and his might wherewith he fought against Amaziah king of Judah, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Israel? 13:13 And Joash slept with his fathers; and Jeroboam sat upon his throne: and Joash was buried in Samaria with the kings of Israel.
Elisha is old and dying and king Joash of Israel, despite his idolatry; visits him and mourns over him.
13:14 Now Elisha was fallen sick of his sickness whereof he died. And Joash the king of Israel came down unto him, and wept over his face, and said, O my father, my father, the chariot of Israel, and the horsemen thereof.
Elisha then prophesies to the king of Israel that he will be delivered from the Syrians; perhaps God did this because of the king of Israel’s respect for God’s servant Elisha even though he sinned in his idolatry.
13:15 And Elisha said unto him, Take bow and arrows. And he took unto him bow and arrows. 13:16 And he said to the king of Israel, Put thine hand upon the bow. And he put his hand upon it: and Elisha put his hands upon the king’s hands. 13:17 And he said, Open the window eastward. And he opened it. Then Elisha said, Shoot. And he shot. And he said, The arrow of the LORD’s deliverance, and the arrow of deliverance from Syria: for thou shalt smite the Syrians in Aphek, till thou have consumed them.
Smiting the arrows as a type of the smiting the enemy.
13:18 And he said, Take the arrows. And he took them. And he said unto the king of Israel, Smite upon the ground. And he smote thrice, and stayed. 13:19 And the man of God was wroth with him, and said, Thou shouldest have smitten five or six times; then hadst thou smitten Syria till thou hadst consumed it: whereas now thou shalt smite Syria but thrice.
Elisha died and was buried, only to revive a dead man while dead himself. We know that the dead can do nothing and this was from God to reveal God’s approval of this man Elisha.
13:20 And Elisha died, and they buried him. And the bands of the Moabites invaded the land at the coming in of the year. 13:21 And it came to pass, as they were burying a man, that, behold, they spied a band of men; and they cast the man into the sepulchre of Elisha: and when the man was let down, and touched the bones of Elisha, he revived, and stood up on his feet.
Jesus Christ allowed Syria to afflict Israel in the hope that they would repent, but did not destroy Israel because of his covenant and promises to Abraham, Isaac and Jacob.
13:22 But Hazael king of Syria oppressed Israel all the days of Jehoahaz. 13:23 And the LORD was gracious unto them, and had compassion on them, and had respect unto them, because of his covenant with Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, and would not destroy them, neither cast he them from his presence as yet. 13:24 So Hazael king of Syria died; and Benhadad his son reigned in his stead.
When the king of Syria died Israel recovered their cities out of the hand of his son.
13:25 And Jehoash the son of Jehoahaz took again out of the hand of Benhadad the son of Hazael the cities, which he had taken out of the hand of Jehoahaz his father by war. Three times did Joash beat him, and recovered the cities of Israel.
2 Kings 14
Amaziah becomes king in Judah.
2 Kings 14:1 In the second year of Joash son of Jehoahaz king of Israel reigned Amaziah the son of Joash king of Judah. 14:2 He was twenty and five years old when he began to reign, and reigned twenty and nine years in Jerusalem. And his mother’s name was Jehoaddan of Jerusalem.
Amaziah was a godly king in Judah but not as righteous as David had been.
14:3 And he did that which was right in the sight of the LORD, yet not like David his father: he did according to all things as Joash his father did.
Again the people worshiped in pagan locations instead of going up to Jerusalem to worship at the Temple of God.
14:4 Howbeit the high places were not taken away: as yet the people did sacrifice and burnt incense on the high places.
Once confirmed on the throne, Amaziah executed his father’s murderers.
14:5 And it came to pass, as soon as the kingdom was confirmed in his hand, that he slew his servants which had slain the king his father.
Amaziah kept the commandment of God and did not kill their children.
14:6 But the children of the murderers he slew not: according unto that which is written in the book of the law of Moses, wherein the LORD commanded, saying, The fathers shall not be put to death for the children, nor the children be put to death for the fathers; but every man shall be put to death for his own sin.
Amaziah then launched a campaign against Edom.
14:7 He slew of Edom in the valley of salt ten thousand, and took Selah by war, and called the name of it Joktheel unto this day [the day this was written].
Then Amaziah king of Judah sent a message to the king of Israel challenging him to a confrontation.
14:8 Then Amaziah sent messengers to Jehoash, the son of Jehoahaz son of Jehu, king of Israel, saying, Come, let us look one another in the face.
The king of Israel sent his response via a parable telling the king of Judah that he is thinking too much of himself after his victory over Edom, and advises him not come out to confront the army of Israel.
14:9 And Jehoash the king of Israel sent to Amaziah king of Judah, saying, The thistle that was in Lebanon sent to the cedar that was in Lebanon, saying, Give thy daughter to my son to wife: and there passed by a wild beast that was in Lebanon, and trode down the thistle. 14:10 Thou hast indeed smitten Edom, and thine heart hath lifted thee up: glory of this, and tarry at home: for why shouldest thou meddle to thy hurt, that thou shouldest fall, even thou, and Judah with thee?
Amaziah of Judah would not listen to the advice of the king of Israel and went up to confront him.
14:11 But Amaziah would not hear. Therefore Jehoash king of Israel went up; and he and Amaziah king of Judah looked one another in the face at Bethshemesh, which belongeth to Judah. 14:12 And Judah [Amaziah] was put to the worse before Israel; and they fled every man to their tents. 14:13 And Jehoash king of Israel took Amaziah king of Judah, the son of Jehoash the son of Ahaziah, at Bethshemesh, and came to Jerusalem, and brake down the wall of Jerusalem from the gate of Ephraim unto the corner gate, four hundred cubits. 14:14 And he took all the gold and silver, and all the vessels that were found in the house of the LORD, and in the treasures of the king’s house, and hostages, and returned to Samaria.
14:15 Now the rest of the acts of Jehoash [king of Israel] which he did, and his might, and how he fought with Amaziah king of Judah, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Israel? 14:16 And Jehoash slept with his fathers, and was buried in Samaria with the kings of Israel; and Jeroboam [the second] his son reigned in his stead.
14:17 And Amaziah the son of Joash king of Judah lived after the death of Jehoash son of Jehoahaz king of Israel fifteen years. 14:18 And the rest of the acts of Amaziah, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Judah?
Amaziah was killed by his own people in a conspiracy against him.
14:19 Now they made a conspiracy against him in Jerusalem: and he fled to Lachish; but they sent after him to Lachish, and slew him there. 14:20 And they brought him on horses: and he was buried at Jerusalem with his fathers in the city of David.
Then Azariah was made king of Judah in place of Amaziah.
14:21 And all the people of Judah took Azariah, which was sixteen years old, and made him king instead of his father Amaziah. 14:22 He built Elath [Eilat], and restored it to Judah, after that the king slept with his fathers.
Then a new king reigned in Israel, named after Jeroboam by his father who followed the ways of Jeroboam, and he was also very wicked.
This Jeroboam 2 of Israel also made Israel to sin in idolatry; just as the leaders and elders of today’s spiritual Ekklesia also make the brethren to sin; by teaching them to idolize men and their teachings and to avoid any zeal for keeping the whole Word of God.
14:23 In the fifteenth year of Amaziah the son of Joash king of Judah Jeroboam the son of Joash king of Israel began to reign in Samaria, and reigned forty and one years. 14:24 And he did that which was evil in the sight of the LORD: he departed not from all the sins of Jeroboam the son of Nebat, who made Israel to sin.
14:25 He restored the coast [border] of Israel from the entering of Hamath unto the sea of the plain, according to the word of the LORD God of Israel, which he spake by the hand of his servant Jonah, the son of Amittai, the prophet, which was of Gathhepher. 14:26 For the LORD saw the affliction of Israel, that it was very bitter: for there was not any shut up, nor any left, nor any helper for Israel.
Here we see that God can even use the wicked to fulfill his word. God sometimes blesses the wicked to fulfill his master plan. Blessings are NO indication of whether one’s relationship with God is right.
14:27 And the LORD said not that he would blot out the name of Israel from under heaven: but he saved them by the hand of Jeroboam the son of Joash.
14:28 Now the rest of the acts of Jeroboam, and all that he did, and his might, how he warred, and how he recovered Damascus, and Hamath, which belonged to Judah, for Israel, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Israel? 14:29 And Jeroboam slept with his fathers, even with the kings of Israel; and Zachariah his son reigned in his stead.