2 Kings 10 – 11

2 Kings 10

Jehu challenged Ahab’s 70 sons to fight for Ahab’s throne of Israel in Samaria. Jehu destroys baal but lets the golden calves remain.  This shows a zeal for doing what he thought was right mixed with disobedience and rebellion at some of the Word of God. 

This same condition fills today’s Spiritual Ekklesia as many are zealous in doing what they think is right but lack any zeal to do what God says is right:  they make a pretense of keeping the Sabbath as they pollute it with work, cooking, or paying other to serve them. 

Exodus 16:22  And it came to pass, that on the sixth day they gathered twice as much bread, two omers for one man: and all the rulers of the congregation came and told Moses.

16:23 And he said unto them, This is that which the Lord hath said, To morrow is the rest of the holy sabbath unto the Lord: bake that which ye will bake to day, and seethe that ye will seethe; and that which remaineth over lay up for you to be kept until the morning.  16:24And they laid it up till the morning, as Moses bade: and it did not stink, neither was there any worm [maggot] therein.  16:25 And Moses said, Eat that to day; for to day is a sabbath unto the Lord: to day ye shall not find it in the field.

16:26 Six days ye shall gather it; but on the seventh day, which is the sabbath, in it there shall be none.

God will not accept halfhearted service, we either serve him wholeheartedly or we sin; for the breaking of any one point breaks the whole law.

Exodus 20:9   Six days shalt thou labour, and do all thy work:  20:10 But the seventh day is the sabbath of the Lord thy God: in it thou shalt not do any work, thou, nor thy son, nor thy daughter, thy manservant, nor thy maidservant, nor thy cattle, nor thy stranger that is within thy gates: [ you shall not be responsible for anyone breaking God’s Sabbath, even the stranger (the unconverted)]  20:11 For in six days the Lord made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that in them is, and rested the seventh day: wherefore the Lord blessed the sabbath day, and hallowed it.

James 2:9   But if ye have respect to persons [obey men and not God], ye commit sin, and are convinced of the law as transgressors  2:10 For whosoever shall keep the whole law, and yet offend in one point, he is guilty of all.

2 Kings 10:1 And Ahab had seventy sons in Samaria. And Jehu wrote letters, and sent to Samaria, unto the rulers of Jezreel, to the elders, and to them that brought up Ahab’s children, saying, 10:2 Now as soon as this letter cometh to you, seeing your master’s sons are with you, and there are with you chariots and horses, a fenced city also, and armour; 10:3 Look even out the best and meetest of your master’s sons, and set him on his father’s throne, and fight for your master’s house.

Then the people were greatly afraid and pledged their loyalty to Jehu, refusing to back any son of Ahab.

10:4 But they were exceedingly afraid, and said, Behold, two kings stood not before him: how then shall we stand? 10:5 And he that was over the house, and he that was over the city, the elders also, and the bringers up of the children, sent to Jehu, saying, We are thy servants, and will do all that thou shalt bid us; we will not make any king: do thou that which is good in thine eyes.

Jehu then demanded the heads of Ahab’s sons as a token of loyalty to him.

10:6 Then he wrote a letter the second time to them, saying, If ye be mine, and if ye will hearken unto my voice, take ye the heads of the men your master’s sons, and come to me to Jezreel by to morrow this time. Now the king’s sons, being seventy persons, were with the great men of the city, which brought them up.

The chief men of Israel then killed the seventy sons of Ahab and brought them to Jezreel.

10:7 And it came to pass, when the letter came to them, that they took the king’s sons, and slew seventy persons, and put their heads in baskets, and sent him them [sent to Jehu] to Jezreel. 10:8 And there came a messenger, and told him, saying, They have brought the heads of the king’s sons. And he said, Lay ye them in two heaps at the entering in of the gate until the morning.

Jehu then told the people; how do you think yourselves more righteous than I, when you have killed the king’s sons?  Jehu then told them that the prophecy of God concerning Ahab would be fulfilled.

10:9 And it came to pass in the morning, that he went out, and stood, and said to all the people, Ye be righteous: behold, I conspired against my master, and slew him: but who slew all these? 10:10 Know now that there shall fall unto the earth nothing of the word of the LORD, which the LORD spake concerning the house of Ahab: for the LORD hath done that which he spake by his servant Elijah.

10:11 So Jehu slew all that remained of the house of Ahab in Jezreel, and all his great men, and his kinsfolks, and his priests [of baal], until he left him none remaining.

Then Jehu also killed the family of king Ahaziah of Judah who had been confederate in sin with his father in law the king of Israel.

10:12 And he arose and departed, and came to Samaria. And as he was at the shearing house in the way, 10:13 Jehu met with the brethren of Ahaziah king of Judah, and said, Who are ye? And they answered, We are the brethren of Ahaziah; and we go down to salute the children of the king and the children of the queen.

10:14 And he said, Take them alive. And they took them alive, and slew them at the pit of the shearing house, even two and forty men; neither left he any of them.

Jehonadab joins with Jehu in zeal to fulfill the Word of God concerning Ahab.

10:15 And when he was departed thence, he lighted on Jehonadab the son of Rechab coming to meet him: and he saluted him, and said to him, Is thine heart right, as my heart is with thy heart? And Jehonadab answered, It is. If it be, give me thine hand. And he gave him his hand; and he took him up to him into the chariot.

10:16 And he said, Come with me, and see my zeal for the LORD. So they made him ride in his chariot. 10:17 And when he came to Samaria, he slew all that remained unto Ahab in Samaria, till he had destroyed him, according to the saying of the LORD, which he [Jesus] spake to Elijah.

Then Jehu used a stratagem to bring all the priests of baal to a great feast in baal’s honor in order to kill them.

10:18 And Jehu gathered all the people together, and said unto them, Ahab served Baal a little; but Jehu shall serve him much. 10:19 Now therefore call unto me all the prophets of Baal, all his servants, and all his priests; let none be wanting: for I have a great sacrifice to do to Baal; whosoever shall be wanting [the followers of baal who will not attend would be killed], he shall not live. But Jehu did it in subtilty, to the intent that he might destroy the worshippers of Baal.

10:20 And Jehu said, Proclaim a solemn assembly for Baal. And they proclaimed it. 10:21 And Jehu sent through all Israel: and all the worshippers of Baal came, so that there was not a man left that came not. And they came into the house of Baal; and the house of Baal was full from one end to another. 10:22 And he said unto him that was over the vestry, Bring forth vestments for all the worshippers of Baal. And he brought them forth vestments.

Jehu made sure that no one who was of God was present, and that only the servants of baal were there.

10:23 And Jehu went, and Jehonadab the son of Rechab, into the house of Baal, and said unto the worshippers of Baal, Search, and look that there be here with you none of the servants of the LORD, but the worshippers of Baal only.

Jehu then commanded his company of men to kill all the men of baal that were in Israel.

10:24 And when they went in to offer sacrifices and burnt offerings, Jehu appointed fourscore men without, and said, If any of the men whom I have brought into your hands escape, he that letteth him go, his life shall be for the life of him. 10:25 And it came to pass, as soon as he had made an end of offering the burnt offering, that Jehu said to the guard and to the captains, Go in, and slay them; let none come forth. And they smote them with the edge of the sword; and the guard and the captains cast them out, and went to the city of the house of Baal.

They killed all the servants of baal and destroyed all the idols.

10:26 And they brought forth the images out of the house of Baal, and burned them. 10:27 And they brake down the image of Baal, and brake down the house of Baal, and made it a draught house unto this day.

10:28 Thus Jehu destroyed Baal out of Israel.

Jehu allowed the gold calves to remain.

10:29 Howbeit from the sins of Jeroboam the son of Nebat, who made Israel to sin, Jehu departed not from after them, to wit, the golden calves that were in Bethel, and that were in Dan.

10:30 And the LORD said unto Jehu, Because thou hast done well in executing that which is right in mine eyes, and hast done unto the house of Ahab according to all that was in mine heart, thy children of the fourth generation shall sit on the throne of Israel.

Jehu destroyed baal but he followed the sins of Jeroboam and allowed the golden calves and the priests of the golden calves to remain, and Jehu turned from the Word of God. 

Brethren, many today think that because they follow the Word of God part of the way like Jehu did, and yet sin by following their idols of men that somehow they are right with God. 

Not so!  For our zeal for God and God’s Word must be total and complete.

10:31 But Jehu took no heed to walk in the law of the LORD God of Israel with all his heart: for he departed not from the sins of Jeroboam, which made Israel to sin.

Then God began to diminish Israel from its glory days of Solomon and Jeroboam, and took away the tributaries of Israel.

10:32 In those days the LORD began to cut Israel short: and Hazael [Syria] smote them in all the coasts of Israel; 10:33 From Jordan eastward, all the land of Gilead, the Gadites, and the Reubenites, and the Manassites, from Aroer, which is by the river Arnon, even Gilead and Bashan.

10:34 Now the rest of the acts of Jehu, and all that he did, and all his might, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Israel? 10:35 And Jehu slept with his fathers: and they buried him in Samaria. And Jehoahaz his son reigned in his stead. 10:36 And the time that Jehu reigned over Israel in Samaria was twenty and eight years.


2 Kings 11

This chapter explains the saving of Joash from his grandmother the queen of Judah; and how Joash was hidden, tutored and made king of Judah by the faithful high priest of God, Jehoiada; and how Jehoiada destroyed baal out of Judah and restored the true religion of YHVH.

Jehoiada was one of those high priests who were true mighty men of God being faithful to his office of teaching the whole Word of God and leading all people in a great revival of true religion and zeal for the Eternal. 

His life was at risk every minute as he tutored, cared for  and prepared the new king to destroy the queen’s idols and the religion of baal.  The courage of Jehoiada and his faithful teaching of the whole Word of God is extraordinary. 

Jehoiada was a true hero of faithfulness and loyalty to the Eternal, who produced dramatic good fruits through his influence for good in the education of the future king.

In Judah, Athaliah the mother of Ahaziah [who was dead] destroyed all the king’s sons to make herself queen.

2 Kings 11:1 And when Athaliah the mother of Ahaziah saw that her son [Ahaziah the king of Judah] was dead, she arose and destroyed all the seed royal.

But the aunt of Josiah took Josiah the son of Ahaziah and saved him.

11:2 But Jehosheba, the daughter of king Joram, sister of Ahaziah, took Joash the son of Ahaziah [the king of Judah], and stole him from among the king’s sons which were slain; and they hid him, even him and his nurse, in the bedchamber from Athaliah, so that he was not slain.

11:3 And he was with her hid in the house of the LORD six years. And Athaliah [reigned as Queen] did reign over the land.

Then after seven years Jehoiada the high priest brought Joash out from his hiding place and made him king.

11:4 And the seventh year Jehoiada sent and fetched the rulers over hundreds, with the captains and the guard, and brought them to him into the house of the LORD, and made a covenant with them, and took an oath of them in the house of the LORD, and shewed them the king’s son.

Jehoiada the high priest in the Temple, commanded that a third of the faithful military men secure the gates to the temple, and the remainder secure the person of Joash to be proclaimed king. 

The people of the queen were wicked and did not regularly patronize the temple; therefore the temple was an ideal hiding place for the king: And in the temple, king Joash was protected, nourished and taught godliness by the high priest of God.

Jehoiada took all the people who cane to worship on the Sabbath being faithful to God, and commanded them to secure the temple and make Josiah king on the Sabbath.

11:5 And he commanded them, saying, This is the thing that ye shall do; A third part of you that enter in on the sabbath shall even be keepers of the watch of the king’s house; 11:6 And a third part shall be at the gate of Sur; and a third part at the gate behind the guard: so shall ye keep the watch of the house, that it be not broken down.

11:7 And two parts of all you that go forth on the sabbath, even they shall keep the watch of the house of the LORD about the king. 11:8 And ye shall compass the king round about, every man with his weapons in his hand: and he that cometh within the ranges, let him be slain: and be ye with the king as he goeth out and as he cometh in.

11:9 And the captains over the hundreds did according to all things that Jehoiada the priest commanded: and they took every man his men that were to come in on the sabbath, with them that should go out on the sabbath, and came to Jehoiada the priest.

The high priest gave the weapons of David to arm the supporters of the king.

11:10 And to the captains over hundreds did the priest give king David’s spears and shields, that were in the temple of the LORD. 11:11 And the guard stood, every man with his weapons in his hand, round about the king, from the right corner of the temple to the left corner of the temple, along by the altar and the temple.

The high priest made Joash king in the temple.

11:12 And he brought forth the king’s son, and put the crown upon him, and gave him the testimony; and they made him king, and anointed him; and they clapped their hands, and said, God save the king.

The queen came running, shouting treason.

11:13 And when Athaliah heard the noise of the guard and of the people, she came to the people into the temple of the LORD. 11:14 And when she looked, behold, the king stood by a pillar, as the manner was, and the princes and the trumpeters by the king, and all the people of the land rejoiced, and blew with trumpets: and Athaliah rent her clothes, and cried, Treason, Treason.

The high priest commanded that the bloody queen who worshiped baal and her followers should be slain outside the temple of God.

11:15 But Jehoiada the priest commanded the captains of the hundreds, the officers of the host, and said unto them, Have her forth without the ranges: and him that followeth her kill with the sword. For the priest had said, Let her not be slain in the house of the LORD. 11:16 And they laid hands on her; and she went by the way by the which the horses came into the king’s house: and there was she slain.

Then the high priest made a covenant with the king and the people that they would serve the Eternal God and they destroyed baal and idolatry out of Judah. 

11:17 And Jehoiada made a covenant between the LORD and the king and the people, that they should be the LORD’s people; between the king also and the people. 11:18 And all the people of the land went into the house of Baal, and brake it down; his altars and his images brake they in pieces thoroughly, and slew Mattan the priest of Baal before the altars. And the priest appointed officers over the house of the LORD.

11:19 And he took the rulers over hundreds, and the captains, and the guard, and all the people of the land; and they brought down the king from the house of the LORD, and came by the way of the gate of the guard to the king’s house. And he sat on the throne of the kings.

11:20 And all the people of the land rejoiced, and the city was in quiet: and they slew Athaliah with the sword beside the king’s house.

The high priest of the Eternal would have acted as royal regent for the child king until he was of age to rule.

11:21 Seven years old was Jehoash [Joash] when he began to reign.


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