2 Kings 1
First and Second Kings were originally one book until divided to make two shorter books in the first century B.C. Second Kings is a continuation of First Kings.
2 Kings 1:1 Then Moab rebelled against Israel after the death of Ahab.
Ahaziah son of Ahab fell and was injured and he sent to enquire of baal if he would recover. He did not send for healing as some falsely state. This has nothing to do with medicine as such and had everything to do with seeking false gods, idols and pagan religion, instead of seeking the Eternal.
Ahaziah sought to the idols and did not seek the Eternal, just as today’s Ekklesia follow corporate and human idols instead of living by every Word of God.
1:2 And Ahaziah fell down through a lattice in his upper chamber that was in Samaria, and was sick [injured]: and he sent messengers, and said unto them, Go, enquire of Baalzebub the god of Ekron whether I shall recover of this disease.
God sent word by his prophet Elijah that because he sought answers from baal and did not seek God, God would end his life. Ahaziah did as the Ekklesia does today; following the teachings of men and exalting men as our idols, while turning away from any zeal to seek out, to follow and to keep the whole Word of God.
1:3 But the angel of the LORD said to Elijah the Tishbite, Arise, go up to meet the messengers of the king of Samaria, and say unto them, Is it not because there is not a God in Israel, that ye go to enquire of Baalzebub the god of Ekron? 1:4 Now therefore thus saith the LORD, Thou shalt not come down from that bed on which thou art gone up, but shalt surely die. And Elijah departed.
The messengers returned and explained to Ahaziah what had happened.
1:5 And when the messengers turned back unto him, he said unto them, Why are ye now turned back? 1:6 And they said unto him, There came a man up to meet us, and said unto us, Go, turn again unto the king that sent you, and say unto him, Thus saith the LORD, Is it not because there is not a God in Israel, that thou sendest to enquire of Baalzebub the god of Ekron? therefore thou shalt not come down from that bed on which thou art gone up, but shalt surely die.
1:7 And he said unto them, What manner of man was he which came up to meet you, and told you these words? 1:8 And they answered him, He was an hairy man, and girt with a girdle of leather about his loins. And he said, It is Elijah the Tishbite.
Ahaziah then sent fifty men to arrest Elijah and bring him to judgment for his prophecy against the king.
1:9 Then the king sent unto him a captain of fifty with his fifty. And he went up to him: and, behold, he sat on the top of an hill. And he spake unto him, Thou man of God, the king hath said, Come down.
Elijah said that; IF he was a man of God let fire come down and fire came down from God; thus revealing Elijah’s credentials as God’s servant. The credentials of a man of God are not ordination by some other man; they are his faithfulness to the whole Word of God!
1:10 And Elijah answered and said to the captain of fifty, If I be a man of God, then let fire come down from heaven, and consume thee and thy fifty. And there came down fire from heaven, and consumed him and his fifty.
This happened the second time.
1:11 Again also he sent unto him another captain of fifty with his fifty. And he answered and said unto him, O man of God, thus hath the king said, Come down quickly. 1:12 And Elijah answered and said unto them, If I be a man of God, let fire come down from heaven, and consume thee and thy fifty. And the fire of God came down from heaven, and consumed him and his fifty.
The third officer got the message that God approved of Elijah and submitted to God and to Elijah as being a man of God.
1:13 And he sent again a captain of the third fifty with his fifty. And the third captain of fifty went up, and came and fell on his knees before Elijah, and besought him, and said unto him, O man of God, I pray thee, let my life, and the life of these fifty thy servants, be precious in thy sight. 1:14 Behold, there came fire down from heaven, and burnt up the two captains of the former fifties with their fifties: therefore let my life now be precious in thy sight.
Then Elijah went to the king with the escort as his Honor Guard.
1:15 And the angel of the LORD said unto Elijah, Go down with him: be not afraid of him. And he arose, and went down with him unto the king.
Elijah then repeated his message from God directly to Ahaziah’s face.
1:16 And he said unto him, Thus saith the LORD, Forasmuch as thou hast sent messengers to enquire of Baalzebub the god of Ekron, is it not because there is no God in Israel to enquire of his word? therefore thou shalt not come down off that bed on which thou art gone up, but shalt surely die. 1:17 So he died according to the word of the LORD which Elijah had spoken.
Ahaziah’s son Jehoram then reigned as king of Israel, beginning in the second year of a Jewish Jehoram who reigned in Judah.
And Jehoram reigned in his stead in the second year of Jehoram the son of Jehoshaphat king of Judah; because he had no son.
1:18 Now the rest of the acts of Ahaziah which he did, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Israel?
2 Kings 2
Remember that Elisha was chosen to replace Elijah some years before. Now as Elijah was leaving, Elisha went with him to say his farewells.
2 Kings 2:1 And it came to pass, when the LORD would take up Elijah into heaven by a whirlwind, that Elijah went with Elisha from Gilgal. 2:2 And Elijah said unto Elisha, Tarry here, I pray thee; for the LORD hath sent me to Bethel. And Elisha said unto him, As the LORD liveth, and as thy soul liveth, I will not leave thee. So they went down to Bethel.
Elisha insisted on accompanying Elijah, and all the men of God came out to see this miracle.
2:3 And the sons of the prophets that were at Bethel came forth to Elisha, and said unto him, Knowest thou that the LORD will take away thy master from thy head to day? And he said, Yea, I know it; hold ye your peace.
Elisha again proclaims his love and loyalty to Elijah for his godliness.
2:4 And Elijah said unto him, Elisha, tarry here, I pray thee; for the LORD hath sent me to Jericho. And he said, As the LORD liveth, and as thy soul liveth, I will not leave thee. So they came to Jericho.
2:5 And the sons of the prophets that were at Jericho came to Elisha, and said unto him, Knowest thou that the LORD will take away thy master from thy head to day? And he answered, Yea, I know it; hold ye your peace.
Again the third time Elisha proclaims his loyalty.
2:6 And Elijah said unto him, Tarry, I pray thee, here; for the LORD hath sent me to Jordan. And he said, As the LORD liveth, and as thy soul liveth, I will not leave thee. And they two went on. 2:7 And fifty men of the sons of the prophets went, and stood to view afar off: and they two stood by Jordan.
The river Jordan was parted for Elijah.
2:8 And Elijah took his mantle, and wrapped it together, and smote the waters, and they were divided hither and thither, so that they two went over on dry ground.
Elijah offers a gift to Elisha and Elisha asks for the same gift that Solomon asked for; the Wisdom [Spirit] of God to serve God and the people.
The gift of God’s Wisdom given to Solomon, amply proves that even a man with the gift of wisdom and God’s Spirit, can become full of himself and begin to become proud and to rely on his own understanding, thereby departing from the Word of God. Humility comes before godly wisdom, and pride goeth before destruction.
Proverbs 8:13 The fear of the Lord is to hate evil [which is any compromising with the Word of God]: pride, and arrogancy, and the evil way [doing anything contrary to the whole Word of God], and the froward [selfishly stubborn, rebellious, mouthy, contentious] mouth, do I hate.
2 Kings 2:9 And it came to pass, when they were gone over, that Elijah said unto Elisha, Ask what I shall do for thee, before I be taken away from thee. And Elisha said, I pray thee, let a double portion of thy spirit be upon me.
Elijah says that the matter is in God’s hands, but that if he is seen being taken away, then the gift has been granted.
2:10 And he said, Thou hast asked a hard thing: nevertheless, if thou see me when I am taken from thee, it shall be so unto thee; but if not, it shall not be so.
Elijah was taken away to die and be buried in a secret place like Moses; and not to a far country to do a work there or taken to heaven as some suppose.
Elijah’s was prophet in Samaria of Israel and his letter to Jehoram king of Judah was sent [from Samaria to Jerusalem] in the sixth year of Jehoram king of Judah [the fourth year of Jehoram king of Israel (2 Kings 1:17]. This letter was Elijah’s last significant act BEFORE Elijah was taken away (2 Chronicles 21:5-21).
2 Kings 2:11 And it came to pass, as they still went on, and talked, that, behold, there appeared a chariot of fire, and horses of fire, and parted them both asunder; and Elijah went up by a whirlwind into heaven. 2:12 And Elisha saw it, and he cried, My father, my father, the chariot of Israel, and the horsemen thereof. And he saw him no more: and he took hold of his own clothes, and rent them in two pieces.
The waters of Jordan are parted for Elisha.
2:13 He took up also the mantle of Elijah that fell from him, and went back, and stood by the bank of Jordan; 2:14 And he took the mantle of Elijah that fell from him, and smote the waters, and said, Where is the LORD God of Elijah? and when he also had smitten the waters, they parted hither and thither: and Elisha went over.
The faithful accept Elisha in Elijah’s place.
2:15 And when the sons of the prophets which were to view at Jericho saw him, they said, The spirit of Elijah doth rest on Elisha. And they came to meet him, and bowed themselves to the ground before him.
The faithful seek permission from Elisha to search for Elijah to see if he could be found.
2:16 And they said unto him, Behold now, there be with thy servants fifty strong men; let them go, we pray thee, and seek thy master: lest peradventure the Spirit of the LORD hath taken him up, and cast him upon some mountain, or into some valley. And he said, Ye shall not send. 2:17 And when they urged him till he was ashamed [embarrassed to deny them], he said, Send. They sent therefore fifty men; and they sought three days, but found him not.
They did not find Elijah and returned to Jericho.
2:18 And when they came again to him, (for he tarried at Jericho,) he said unto them, Did I not say unto you, Go not? 2:19 And the men of the city said unto Elisha, Behold, I pray thee, the situation of this city is pleasant, as my lord seeth: but the water is naught, and the ground barren.
It seems strange to add salt to bitter [brackish] water to make it sweet, but this was an allegory that the faithful to God are the salt of the earth and through them the water of the Spirit and Word of God shall flow out from God to water and make fruitful all the earth.
2:20 And he said, Bring me a new cruse, and put salt therein. And they brought it to him. 2:21 And he went forth unto the spring of the waters, and cast the salt in there, and said, Thus saith the LORD, I have healed these waters; there shall not be from thence any more death or barren land.2:22 So the waters were healed unto this day, according to the saying of Elisha which he spake.
Certain children mocked Elisha on his way to Bethel.
2:23 And he went up from thence unto Bethel: and as he was going up by the way, there came forth little children out of the city, and mocked him, and said unto him, Go up, thou bald head; go up, thou bald head.
By mocking him they were mocking his office and mocking God; and so were justly punished. Do not think for one second that God would have sent the bears if God did not approve of the action.
2:24 And he turned back, and looked on them, and cursed them in the name of the LORD. And there came forth two she bears out of the wood, and tare forty and two children of them. 2:25 And he went from thence to mount Carmel, and from thence he returned to Samaria.
2 Kings 3
Jehoram king of ISRAEL was less evil than his fathers, and removed the idols but remained in wickedness.
2 Kings 3:1 Now Jehoram the son of Ahab began to reign over Israel in Samaria the eighteenth year of Jehoshaphat king of Judah, and reigned twelve years. 3:2 And he wrought evil in the sight of the LORD; but not like his father, and like his mother: for he put away the image of Baal that his father had made. 3:3 Nevertheless he cleaved unto the sins of Jeroboam the son of Nebat, which made Israel to sin; he departed not therefrom.
Moab paid much tribute to Ahab king of Israel showing that riches are not a sign of godliness, but when king Ahab died Moab rebelled against Israel.
3:4 And Mesha king of Moab was a sheepmaster, and rendered unto the king of Israel an hundred thousand lambs, and an hundred thousand rams, with the wool. 3:5 But it came to pass, when Ahab was dead, that the king of Moab rebelled against the king of Israel.
Jehoram of Israel then made a pact with Jehoshaphat king of Judah to attack Moab together.
3:6 And king Jehoram went out of Samaria the same time, and numbered all Israel. 3:7 And he went and sent to Jehoshaphat the king of Judah, saying, The king of Moab hath rebelled against me: wilt thou go with me against Moab to battle? And he said, I will go up: I am as thou art, my people as thy people, and my horses as thy horses.
Edom also joined the alliance.
3:8 And he said, Which way shall we go up? And he answered, The way through the wilderness of Edom. 3:9 So the king of Israel went, and the king of Judah, and the king of Edom: and they fetched a compass of seven days’ journey: and there was no water for the host, and for the cattle that followed them.
The three armies became entangled in a waterless desert and were at the point of despair when Jehoshaphat king of JUDAH calls for Elisha who had gone with them.
3:10 And the king of Israel said, Alas! that the LORD hath called these three kings together, to deliver them into the hand of Moab! 3:11 But Jehoshaphat said, Is there not here a prophet of the LORD, that we may enquire of the LORD by him? And one of the king of Israel’s servants answered and said, Here is Elisha the son of Shaphat, which poured water [served Elijah] on the hands of Elijah.
3:12 And Jehoshaphat said, The word of the LORD is with him. So the king of Israel and Jehoshaphat and the king of Edom went down to him.
Elisha rebukes Jehoram king of Israel for following the false prophets.
3:13 And Elisha said unto the king of Israel, What have I to do with thee? get thee to the prophets of thy father, and to the prophets of thy mother. And the king of Israel said unto him, Nay: for the LORD hath called these three kings together, to deliver them into the hand of Moab.
Elisha tells them that he regards Jehoshaphat the king of Judah for his faithfulness to God and that he has no regard for the wicked king Jehoram of Israel.
3:14 And Elisha said, As the LORD of hosts liveth, before whom I stand, surely, were it not that I regard the presence of Jehoshaphat the king of Judah, I would not look toward thee, nor see thee. 3:15 But now bring me a minstrel. And it came to pass, when the minstrel played, that the hand of the LORD came upon him.
Then Elisha tells them that God had bidden them to dig many ditches to collect water.
3:16 And he said, Thus saith the LORD, Make this valley full of ditches. 3:17 For thus saith the LORD, Ye shall not see wind, neither shall ye see rain; yet that valley shall be filled with water, that ye may drink, both ye, and your cattle, and your beasts.
God also commanded the armies to destroy all that is in wicked idol worshiping Moab.
3:18 And this is but a light thing in the sight of the LORD: he will deliver the Moabites also into your hand. 3:19 And ye shall smite every fenced city, and every choice city, and shall fell every good tree, and stop all wells of water, and mar every good piece of land with stones.
Overnight God sent heavy rain to Edom and by early morning flash floods came down from the hills, flooding the camp by Moab.
3:20 And it came to pass in the morning, when the [the Daily Burnt Offering with its grain offering was burned at dawn] meat offering was offered, that, behold, there came water by the way of Edom, and the country was filled with water.
The Moabites gathered to the battle and seeing the dawning sun glinting off the pools of water causing the puddles to look like blood, thought that the armies had turned against one another.
3:21 And when all the Moabites heard that the kings were come up to fight against them, they gathered all that were able to put on armour, and upward, and stood in the border. 3:22 And they rose up early in the morning, and the sun shone upon the water, and the Moabites saw the water on the other side as red as blood: 3:23 And they said, This is blood: the kings are surely slain, and they have smitten one another: now therefore, Moab, to the spoil.
The Moabites rushed down to take the spoil and were set upon by the three armies, who obeyed the command of Christ and moved to destroy all of Moab.
3:24 And when they came to the camp of Israel, the Israelites rose up and smote the Moabites, so that they fled before them: but they went forward smiting the Moabites, even in their country. 3:25 And they beat down the cities, and on every good piece of land cast every man his stone, and filled it; and they stopped all the wells of water, and felled all the good trees: only in Kirharaseth left they the stones thereof; howbeit the slingers went about it, and smote it.
The king of Moab then tried to break through to destroy the king of Edom [who was weakest of the three] and turn the tide of battle.
3:26 And when the king of Moab saw that the battle was too sore for him, he took with him seven hundred men that drew swords, to break through even unto the king of Edom: but they could not.
Then the king of Moab slew and burned his own son the crown prince, in sacrifice to his god Chemosh.
Chemosh was the national deity of the Moabites whose name most likely meant “destroyer.” While he is of Moab, according to Judges 11:24 he was the god of the Ammonites as well. Chemosh was brought to Jerusalem by some of the wives of King Solomon (1 Kings 11:7).
The scriptures call Chemosh: “the abomination of Moab.” King Josiah destroyed the Israelite branch of the cult (2 Kings 23). Chemosh was the male version and Ashtar [Easter] was the female version, while together they formed Baal called by the Moabites “Ashtar-Chemosh.” This was a fertility religion that demanded human sacrifices in spring to ensure a good harvest for that year.
3:27 Then he took his eldest son that should have reigned in his stead, and offered him for a burnt offering upon the wall. And there was great indignation against Israel: and they departed from him, and returned to their own land.