2 Chronicles 8
Solomon expands his kingdom
2 Chronicles 8:1 And it came to pass at the end of twenty years, wherein Solomon had built the house of the LORD, and his own house, 8:2 That the cities which Huram had restored to Solomon, Solomon built them, and caused the children of Israel to dwell there. 8:3 And Solomon went to Hamathzobah, and prevailed against it. 8:4 And he built Tadmor in the wilderness, and all the store cities, which he built in Hamath.
Solomon built great treasure [storehouse] cities and granaries for his great wealth; and built up a great military power.
8:5 Also he built Bethhoron the upper, and Bethhoron the nether, fenced cities, with walls, gates, and bars; 8:6 And Baalath, and all the store cities that Solomon had, and all the chariot cities, and the cities of the horsemen, and all that Solomon desired to build in Jerusalem, and in Lebanon, and throughout all the land of his dominion.
Solomon put the surviving Canaanites to tribute
8:7 As for all the people that were left of the Hittites, and the Amorites, and the Perizzites, and the Hivites, and the Jebusites, which were not of Israel, 8:8 But of their children, who were left after them in the land, whom the children of Israel consumed not, them did Solomon make to pay tribute until this day [the day this was written].
Solomon made Israel a mighty and powerful military nation; just as spiritual Israel is to be a mighty and powerful people to MAKE WAR AGAINST SIN; under the leadership of our Mighty King!
8:9 But of the children of Israel did Solomon make no servants for his work; but they were men of war, and chief of his captains, and captains of his chariots and horsemen. 8:10 And these were the chief of king Solomon’s officers, even two hundred and fifty, that bare rule over the people.
The Egyptian princess that Solomon had married in alliance with Egypt was rejected from the Temple Mount where the temple and also Solomon’s palace was; and given her own house outside of the Holy Mount.
8:11 And Solomon brought up the daughter of Pharaoh out of the city of David unto the house that he had built for her: for he said, My wife shall not dwell in the house of David king of Israel, because the places are holy, whereunto the ark of the LORD hath come.
Solomon kept the commandments of God concerning the appointed offerings: Which means that he kept God’s Sabbaths, New Moon’s and Feasts. Here we see again the commandment of God to Moses and the people to keep the new moons.
8:12 Then Solomon offered burnt offerings unto the LORD on the altar of the LORD, which he had built before the porch, 8:13 Even after a certain rate every day, offering according to the commandment of Moses, on the sabbaths, and on the new moons, and on the solemn feasts, three times in the year, even in the feast of unleavened bread, and in the feast of weeks, and in the feast of tabernacles.
Solomon also confirmed the appointments of the courses of the priests made by David.
8:14 And he appointed, according to the order of David his father, the courses of the priests to their service, and the Levites to their charges, to praise and minister before the priests, as the duty of every day required: the porters also by their courses at every gate: for so had David the man of God commanded. 8:15 And they departed not from the commandment of the king unto the priests and Levites concerning any matter, or concerning the treasures.
8:16 Now all the work of Solomon was prepared [continued] unto the day of the foundation of the house of the LORD, and until it was finished. So the house of the LORD was perfected.
8:17 Then went Solomon to Eziongeber, and to Eloth [Eilat] , at the sea side in the land of Edom. 8:18 And Huram sent him by the hands of his servants ships, and servants that had knowledge of the sea; and they went with the servants of Solomon to Ophir, [most likely India] and took thence four hundred and fifty talents of gold, and brought them to king Solomon.
2 Chronicles 9
See also: 1 Kings 10
2 Chronicles 9:1 And when the queen of Sheba [probably a place in India] heard of the fame of Solomon, she came to prove Solomon with hard questions at Jerusalem, with a very great company, and camels that bare spices, and gold in abundance, and precious stones: and when she was come to Solomon, she communed with him of all that was in her heart.
9:2 And Solomon told [answered] her all her questions: and there was nothing hid from Solomon which he told her not.
9:3 And when the queen of Sheba had seen the wisdom of Solomon, and the house that he had built, 9:4 And the meat [food of his banquets] of his table, and the sitting of his servants, and the attendance of his ministers, and their apparel; his cupbearers also, and their apparel; and his ascent by which he went up into the house of the LORD; there was no more spirit in her.
9:5 And she said to the king, It was a true report which I heard in mine own land of thine acts, and of thy wisdom: 9:6 Howbeit I believed not their words, until I came, and mine eyes had seen it: and, behold, the one half of the greatness of thy wisdom was not told me: for thou exceedest the fame that I heard. 9:7 Happy are thy men, and happy are these thy servants, which stand continually before thee, and hear thy wisdom.
Then this Queen of distant cities praised God for the wisdom and righteousness of Solomon and Israel under his leadership at that time. This same thing will happen in the millennium when the Gentiles will flow to Jerusalem like a great river from all nations (Is 2:2-4) to see and hear the wisdom of Messiah the King of kings and High Priest of the New Covenant.
9:8 Blessed be the LORD thy God, which delighted in thee to set thee on his throne, to be king for the LORD thy God: because thy God loved Israel, to establish them for ever, therefore made he thee king over them, to do judgment and justice.
9:9 And she gave the king an hundred and twenty talents of gold, and of spices great abundance, and precious stones: neither was there any such spice as the queen of Sheba gave king Solomon.
The ships of Solomon and Huram [Hiram] of Lebanon brought spices and gold from the land of Sheba [Ophir, a place in India] in addition to what the Queen had brought. This implies that the visit of the Queen opened up a trading relationship with Solomon and Israel.
9:10 And the servants also of Huram, and the servants of Solomon, which brought gold from Ophir, brought algum trees and precious stones. 9:11 And the king made of the algum [spice] trees terraces to the house of the LORD, and to the king’s palace, and harps and psalteries for singers: and there were none such seen before in the land of Judah.
9:12 And king Solomon gave to the queen of Sheba all her desire, whatsoever she asked, beside that which she had brought unto the king. So she turned, and went away to her own land, she and her servants.
9:13 Now the weight of gold that came to Solomon in one year was six hundred and threescore and six talents of gold [39,960 pounds]; 9:14 Beside that which chapmen [Old English: merchants / traders] and merchants brought. And all the kings of Arabia and governors of the country brought gold and silver to Solomon.
Solomon made decorative shields to hang on the walls.
9:15 And king Solomon made two hundred targets of beaten gold: six hundred shekels of beaten gold went to one target. 9:16 And three hundred shields made he of beaten gold: three hundred shekels of gold went to one shield. And the king put them in the house of the forest of Lebanon.
The house of Lebanon was not a house in Lebanon, but Solomon’s palace made of cedar from the forest of Lebanon.
Solomon’s awesome throne
9:17 Moreover the king made a great throne of ivory, and overlaid it with pure gold. 9:18 And there were six steps to the throne, with a footstool of gold, which were fastened to the throne, and stays on each side of the sitting place, and two lions standing by the stays: 9:19 And twelve lions stood there on the one side and on the other upon the six steps. There was not the like made in any kingdom.
9:20 And all the drinking vessels of king Solomon were of gold, and all the vessels of the house of the forest of Lebanon were of pure gold: none were of silver; it [silver] was not any thing accounted of in the days of Solomon.
Once every three years the ships of Solomon and Huram [Hiram] sailed out to trade with the nations; this does not mean that the voyage took three years but that the voyage and the trading took that long. They would have sailed for many weeks to India [Sheba] and then remained there trading for some time before returning home and then later another expedition would depart.
9:21For the king’s ships went to Tarshish with the servants of Huram: every three years once came the ships of Tarshish bringing gold, and silver, ivory, and apes, and peacocks [all products of India].
The greatness of Solomon was but a mere shadow of the greatness of Christ the Messiah, King of kings over the whole earth in the millennial Kingdom of God. Then all the earth will seek out the wisdom of God and come up to the Holy Hill in Jerusalem to worship God the Father in sincerity and truth!
9:22 And king Solomon passed all the kings of the earth in riches and wisdom. 9:23 And all the kings of the earth sought the presence of Solomon, to hear his wisdom, that God had put in his heart.
9:24 And they brought every man his present, vessels of silver, and vessels of gold, and raiment, harness, and spices, horses, and mules, a rate year by year. 9:25 And Solomon had four thousand stalls for horses and chariots, and twelve thousand horsemen; whom he bestowed in the chariot cities, and with the king at Jerusalem.
In the millennial kingdom, the resurrected David will rule over all the land that Solomon ruled from the Euphrates to the borders of Egypt and the Philistines in Gaza: While Messiah the King rules over David and over the whole earth!
9:26 And he reigned over all the kings from the river [Euphrates] even unto the land of the Philistines, and to the border of Egypt.
9:27 And the king made silver in Jerusalem as stones, and cedar trees made he as the sycomore trees that are in the low plains in abundance.
In those days horses represented a strong military power, and in the millennium the power of Messiah as King over all the earth will be unmatched!
9:28 And they brought unto Solomon horses out of Egypt, and out of all lands.
9:29 Now the rest of the acts of Solomon, first and last, are they not written in the book of Nathan the prophet, and in the prophecy of Ahijah the Shilonite, and in the visions of Iddo the seer against Jeroboam the son of Nebat? 9:30 And Solomon reigned in Jerusalem over all Israel forty years.
9:31 And Solomon slept with his fathers, and he was buried in the city of David his father: and Rehoboam his son reigned in his stead.
2 Chronicles 10
The dividing of Israel from Judah by God
What foolishness it is to say that God does not divide! Yes, God is not divided against himself, but he most certainly does divide the faithful from the faithless.
Matthew 25:31 When the Son of man shall come in his glory, and all the holy angels with him, then shall he sit upon the throne of his glory: And before him shall be gathered all nations: and he shall separate them one from another, as a shepherd divideth his sheep [sheep follow their shepherd] from the goats [goats go their own ways] : And he shall set the sheep on his right hand, but the goats on the left.
Rehoboam becomes king of Judah and Benjamin, but the Ten Tribes of Israel are ripped away by God.
Companion account in 1 Kings 12
2 Chronicles 10:1 And Rehoboam went to Shechem: for to Shechem were all Israel come to make him king.
God had told Solomon that Jeroboam would take the tribes of Israel from Judah and Solomon had sought to kill Jeroboam; forcing Jeroboam to flee for sanctuary in Egypt.
10:2 And it came to pass, when Jeroboam the son of Nebat, who was in Egypt, whither he fled from the presence of Solomon the king, heard it, that Jeroboam returned out of Egypt.
Israel chose Jeroboam and sent him to plead with Rehoboam.
10:3 And they sent and called him. So Jeroboam and all Israel came and spake to Rehoboam, saying, 10:4 Thy father made our yoke grievous: now therefore ease thou somewhat the grievous servitude of thy father, and his heavy yoke that he put upon us, and we will serve thee. 10:5 And he said unto them, Come again unto me after three days. And the people departed.
The wise old men gave good advice, but Rehoboam chose to follow the foolish advice of the young and inexperienced men.
Solomon wrote that in many counselors there is wisdom. That is true if one seeks first counsel from God and if one seeks counsel from wise men: but if one seeks advice from sycophants and flatterers and spiritually ignorant men; there is only foolishness and no safety even in great numbers of advisers.
10:6 And king Rehoboam took counsel with the old men that had stood before Solomon his father while he yet lived, saying, What counsel give ye me to return answer to this people? 10:7 And they spake unto him, saying, If thou be kind to this people, and please them, and speak good words to them, they will be thy servants for ever.
10:8 But he forsook the counsel which the old men gave him, and took counsel with the young men that were brought up with him, that stood before him.
10:9 And he said unto them, What advice give ye that we may return answer to this people, which have spoken to me, saying, Ease somewhat the yoke that thy father did put upon us? 10:10 And the young men that were brought up with him spake unto him, saying, Thus shalt thou answer the people that spake unto thee, saying, Thy father made our yoke heavy, but make thou it somewhat lighter for us; thus shalt thou say unto them, My little finger shall be thicker than my father’s loins. 10:11 For whereas my father put a heavy yoke upon you, I will put more to your yoke: my father chastised you with whips, but I will chastise you with scorpions.
Jeroboam came to Rehoboam for his answer
10:12 So Jeroboam and all the people came to Rehoboam on the third day, as the king bade, saying, Come again to me on the third day.
10:13 And the king answered them roughly; and king Rehoboam forsook the counsel of the old men, 10:14 And answered them after the advice of the young men, saying, My father made your yoke heavy, but I will add thereto: my father chastised you with whips, but I will chastise you with scorpions.
This thing was from the one who later became flesh as Jesus Christ to fulfill God’s word and divide Israel from Judah as God had said to Solomon. Today;s spiritual Ekklesia has been similarly divided into many groups because of our great pride, idolatry and many sins.
10:15 So the king hearkened not unto the people: for the cause was of God, that the LORD might perform his word, which he spake by the hand of Ahijah the Shilonite to Jeroboam the son of Nebat.
10:16 And when all Israel saw that the king would not hearken unto them, the people answered the king, saying, What portion have we in David? and we have none inheritance in the son of Jesse: every man to your tents, O Israel: and now, David, see to thine own house. So all Israel went to their tents.
For David’s sake Rehoboam was given Judah, Jerusalem and Benjamin; and also many the priests and Levites who were not reckoned as a tribe but as belonging to God, remained at Jerusalem with the temple while some remained in the Levitical cities in Israel.
10:17 But as for the children of Israel that dwelt in the cities of Judah, [Benjamin and some of the priests and Levites and some from the other tribes who lived in Judah] Rehoboam reigned over them.
Then when Rehoboam sought to collect taxes from the Ten Tribes of Israel, they killed the tax collector and drove Rehoboam away.
10:18 Then king Rehoboam sent Hadoram that was over the tribute; and the children of Israel stoned him with stones, that he died. But king Rehoboam made speed to get him up to his chariot, to flee to Jerusalem.
10:19 And Israel rebelled against the house of David unto this day [the day this was written].