2 Chronicles 35 – 36

2 Chronicles 35

Josiah’s Passover

2 Chronicles 35:1 Moreover Josiah kept a passover unto the LORD in Jerusalem: and they killed the passover on the fourteenth day of the first month.  35:2 And he set the priests in their charges, and encouraged them to the service of the house of the LORD, 

35:3 And said unto the Levites that taught all Israel, which were holy unto the LORD, Put the holy ark in the house which Solomon the son of David king of Israel did build; it shall not be a burden upon your shoulders: serve now the LORD your God, and his people Israel, 35:4 And prepare yourselves by the houses of your fathers, after your courses, according to the writing of David king of Israel, and according to the writing of Solomon his son. 35:5 And stand in the holy place according to the divisions of the families of the fathers of your brethren the people, and after the division of the families of the Levites.

Josiah provided Passover lambs and goats for the people to sacrifice

35:6 So kill the passover, and sanctify yourselves, and prepare your brethren, that they may do according to the word of the LORD by the hand of Moses. 35:7 And Josiah gave to the people, of the flock, lambs and kids [of goats], all for the passover offerings, for all that were present, to the number of thirty thousand, and three thousand bullocks [for burnt offerings]: these were of the king’s substance.

35:8 And his princes gave willingly unto the people, to the priests, and to the Levites: Hilkiah [the high priest] and Zechariah and Jehiel, rulers of the house of God, gave unto the priests for the passover offerings two thousand and six hundred small cattle and three hundred oxen.

35:9 Conaniah also, and Shemaiah and Nethaneel, his brethren, and Hashabiah and Jeiel and Jozabad, chief of the Levites, gave unto the Levites for passover offerings five thousand small cattle [small cattle that is; lambs and kids], and five hundred oxen [for burnt offerings].

35:10 So the service was prepared, and the priests stood in their place, and the Levites in their courses, according to the king’s commandment. 35:11 And they killed the passover, and the priests sprinkled the blood from their hands, and the Levites flayed them.

35:12 And they removed [took] the burnt offerings [to the altar of burnt offerings], that they might give according to the divisions of the families of the people, to offer unto the LORD, as it is written in the book of Moses. And so did they with the oxen.

The Passover lambs and kids were roasted on the 14th day by the families as God had commanded; while the burnt offerings were completely burned, and the peace  offerings cooked and eaten. 

After the Passover sacrifice and meal, the burnt and peace offerings were made throughout the whole Feast of Unleavened Bread.

35:13 And they roasted the passover with fire according to the ordinance: but the other holy [the peace offerings during the Feast of Unleavened Bread] offerings sod they in pots, and in caldrons, and in pans, and divided them speedily among all the people.

The people were served first and then the Levites and priests provided for themselves.

35:14 And afterward they made ready for themselves, and for the priests: because the priests the sons of Aaron were busied in offering of burnt offerings and the fat until night; therefore the Levites prepared for themselves, and for the priests the sons of Aaron.

The musicians played and sang the Egyptian Hallel.  See The Passover Psalms Expounded

35:15 And the singers the sons of Asaph were in their place, according to the commandment of David, and Asaph, and Heman, and Jeduthun the king’s seer; and the porters [The door guards made sure that no stranger or unclean person entered the temple.] waited at every gate; they might not depart from their service; for their brethren the Levites prepared for them.

35:16 So all the service of the LORD was prepared the same day, to keep the passover, and to offer burnt offerings upon the altar of the LORD, according to the commandment of king Josiah.

35:17 And the children of Israel that were present kept the passover at that time, and the feast of unleavened bread seven days.  35:18 And there was no passover like to that kept in Israel from the days of Samuel the prophet; neither did all the kings of Israel keep such a passover as Josiah kept, and the priests, and the Levites, and all Judah and Israel that were present, and the inhabitants of Jerusalem.

35:19 In the eighteenth year of the reign of Josiah was this passover kept.

Then Josiah rebelled against Egypt whose empire ruled over the whole region.  Judah was in fact an autonomous kingdom within the Egyptian sphere of influence and Josiah saw a chance to rebel against Egypt and become completely independent.

35:20 After all this, when Josiah had prepared the temple, Necho king of Egypt came up to fight against Charchemish by Euphrates: and Josiah went out against him.

Egypt gave Josiah due warning which was from God, but Josiah would not give up his rebellion.  We see here that God does use the Gentile kingdoms to fulfill his will.

35:21 But he sent ambassadors to him, saying, What have I to do with thee, thou king of Judah? I come not against thee this day, but against the house wherewith I have war: for God commanded me to make haste: forbear thee from meddling with God, who is with me, that he destroy thee not.

35:22 Nevertheless Josiah would not turn his face from him, but disguised himself, that he might fight with him, and hearkened not unto the words of Necho from the mouth of God, and came to fight in the valley of Megiddo.

Josiah is severely wounded

35:23 And the archers shot at king Josiah; and the king said to his servants, Have me away; for I am sore wounded.  35:24 His servants therefore took him out of that chariot, and put him in the second chariot that he had; and they brought him to Jerusalem, and he died, and was buried in one of the sepulchres of his fathers. And all Judah and Jerusalem mourned for Josiah.

35:25 And Jeremiah lamented for Josiah: and all the singing men and the singing women spake of Josiah in their lamentations to this day [the day this was written], and made them an ordinance in Israel: and, behold, they are written in the lamentations.

35:26 Now the rest of the acts of Josiah, and his goodness, according to that which was written in the law of the LORD, 35:27 And his deeds, first and last, behold, they are written in the book of the kings of Israel and Judah.


2 Chronicles 36

Then the Egyptians removed Jehoahaz the new king and the son of  Josiah from being king of Judah after three months because Jehoahaz was rebellious like his father Josiah.

2 Chronicles 36:1 Then the people of the land took Jehoahaz the son of Josiah, and made him king in his father’s stead in Jerusalem. 36:2 Jehoahaz was twenty and three years old when he began to reign, and he reigned three months in Jerusalem36:3 And the king of Egypt put him down [defeated his rebellion] at Jerusalem, and condemned the land [to pay a tribute of] in an hundred talents of silver and a talent of gold.

Jehoahaz  was taken to Egypt as a prisoner for his rebellion against Egypt. 

The Egyptians then made Eliakim king of Judah and changed his name to Jehoiakim

36:4 And the king of Egypt made Eliakim his brother king over Judah and Jerusalem, and turned his name to Jehoiakim. And Necho took Jehoahaz [who Necho had dethroned]  his brother, and carried him to Egypt.

Jehoiakim may have been submissive to the king of Egypt, but he rebelled against the Word of God and did wickedly.

36:5 Jehoiakim was twenty and five years old when he began to reign, and he reigned eleven years in Jerusalem: and he did that which was evil in the sight of the LORD his God.

At that time Palestine was a battle ground between Egypt and Babylon, [Babylon being the head of the statue of Daniel 2]. 

In the third year of the reign of Jehoiakim (c. 605 BC), Daniel and his friends Hananiah, Mishael, and Azariah were among the young Jewish nobility carried off to Babylon. The four were chosen for their intellect and beauty to be trained as advisers to the Babylonian court (Daniel 1). Daniel was given the name Belteshazzar, i.e. prince of Bel or Bel protect the king, not to be confused with the neo-Babylonian king Belshazzar.  Hananiah, Mishael, and Azariah were given the Babylonian names Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego respectively.

Ezekiel was later taken to Babylon in the second wave of deportations at the removal of king Jehioachin [Jeconiah] c 598 B.C.

36:6 Against him [the son Jehoiakin [Jeconiah] who reigned for only three months] came up Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon, and bound him in fetters, to carry him to Babylon. 36:7 Nebuchadnezzar also carried of the vessels of the house of the LORD to Babylon, and put them in his temple at Babylon.

The son of Jehoiakim was named Jehoiakin; be careful not to get confused.  Jehoiakim reigned for 11 years and his son Jehoiakin reigned only three months and ten days.

36:8 Now the rest of the acts of Jehoiakim, and his abominations which he did, and that which was found in him, behold, they are written in the book of the kings of Israel and Judah: and Jehoiachin his son reigned in his stead.

One might ask how an eight year old could do either good or evil, and the answer is found in that he did as his wicked father had done and had taught him; and followed the advice of his wicked advisers.

36:9 Jehoiachin was eight years old when he began to reign, and he reigned three months and ten days in Jerusalem: and he did that which was evil in the sight of the LORD.

Ezekiel 21:25 And thou, profane wicked prince of Israel [meaning Zedekiah the last king of Judah], whose day is come, when iniquity shall have an end, 21:26 Thus saith the Lord GOD; Remove the diadem, and take off the crown: this shall not be the same: exalt him that is low, [Messiah the Christ] and abase him that is high.

21:27 I will overturn, overturn, overturn, it: and it shall be no more [the Davidic line will end], until he come whose right it is [the resurrected David]; and I will give it him.

The “Overturn” prophecy was fulfilled as follows:

King Jehoahaz reigned for three months before his throne was overturned by Neco, king of Egypt, who dethroned him and replaced him with his brother, Eliakim. He was carried off to Egypt, where he died. 

Then Eliakim using the regal name Jehoiakim reigned for 11 years before being killed by Nebuchadnezzar in the first big siege of Jerusalem c 597 B.C.  His kingdom was overturned to Jehoiachin (Jeconiah).

Jehoiachin reigned for 3 months & 10 days until King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon took Jerusalem and brought king Jehoiachin (Jeconiah) to Babylon, where he lived and died.  Jehoiachin was replaced with Zedekiah by Nebuchadnezzar when Jerusalem was taken the first time. 

Ezekiel was taken to Babylon in the second wave of deportations at this removal of king Jehoiachin c 598 B.C.  Ezekiel dates his first Divine encounter and the beginning of his prophetic calling as five years after the exile of Jehoiachin (Ezekiel 1:1-3).

In c 598 B.C. Nebuchadnezzar the king of Babylon removed Jehoiakin [Jeconiah] from the throne of Judah after three months and ten days replacing him with Zedekiah his brother.  

Zedekiah was the last king of Judah when his reign saw the second rebellion against Nebuchadnezzar (588-586 BC).  Jerusalem was captured for the second time after a lengthy siege and the temple was burned.  Zedekiah was blinded and taken into exile, and Judah reduced to a province. 

This prophecy given by Ezekiel to Judah is about the end of the Davidic line, which expired with the final fall of Jerusalem and the Babylonian captivity, 

From that date the line of David was to expire as a line of physical kings, because of their many great sins:  “until he come whose right it is [the resurrected king David]; and I will give it him“. 

For much more detail see The Dynasty of David article.

2 Chronicles 36:10 And when the year was expired, king Nebuchadnezzar sent, and brought him to Babylon, with the goodly vessels of the house of the LORD, and made Zedekiah his brother king over Judah and Jerusalem.

Zedekiah reigned over Judah as Babylon’s vassal for eleven years doing wickedness, and rejecting the warnings from God by Jeremiah.

36:11 Zedekiah was one and twenty years old when he began to reign, and reigned eleven years in Jerusalem. 36:12 And he did that which was evil in the sight of the LORD his God, and humbled not himself before Jeremiah the prophet speaking from the mouth of the LORD.

Zedekiah rebelled very much against the Word of God; and then finally rebelled against Babylon.  Jerusalem was destroyed and Zedekiah taken in the third wave of deportations to Babylon c587 B.C. 

36:13 And he also rebelled against king Nebuchadnezzar, who had made him swear by God: but he stiffened his neck, and hardened his heart from turning unto the LORD God of Israel. 36:14 Moreover all the chief of the priests, and the people, transgressed very much after all the abominations of the heathen; and polluted the house of the LORD which he had hallowed in Jerusalem.

36:15 And the LORD God of their fathers sent to them by his messengers, rising up betimes, and sending; because he had compassion on his people, and on his dwelling place: 36:16 But they mocked the messengers of God, and despised his words, and misused his prophets, until the wrath of the LORD arose against his people, till there was no remedy.

God corrected wicked Judah for departing from his Word, to exalt their idols; even so God will correct his called out to the spiritual New Covenant for our lack of zeal for his Word and for our idolatry in allowing men to come between us and Almighty God. 

What happened to Judah by Babylon will also happen to the latter day physical AND spiritual Israel who have departed from any zeal to keep and live by every Word of God and instead do what is right in our own eyes.

36:17 Therefore he [God] brought upon them the king of the Chaldees [Babylon], who slew their young men with the sword in the house of their sanctuary, and had no compassion upon young man or maiden, old man, or him that stooped for age: he gave them all into his hand. 36:18 And all the vessels of the house of God, great and small, and the treasures of the house of the LORD, and the treasures of the king, and of his princes; all these he brought to Babylon.

36:19 And they burnt the house of God, and brake down the wall of Jerusalem, and burnt all the palaces thereof with fire, and destroyed all the goodly vessels thereof. 36:20 And them that had escaped from the sword carried he away to Babylon; where they were servants to him and his sons until the reign of the kingdom of Persia: 36:21 To fulfil the word of the LORD by the mouth of Jeremiah, until the land had enjoyed her sabbaths: for as long as she lay desolate she kept sabbath, to fulfil threescore and ten years.

Then God moved Cyrus to send the repentant among Judah to rebuild the temple in Jerusalem. 

36:22 Now in the first year of Cyrus king of Persia, that the word of the LORD spoken by the mouth of Jeremiah might be accomplished, the LORD stirred up the spirit of Cyrus king of Persia, that he made a proclamation throughout all his kingdom, and put it also in writing, saying,

36:23 Thus saith Cyrus king of Persia, All the kingdoms of the earth hath the LORD God of heaven given me; and he hath charged me to build him an house in Jerusalem, which is in Judah. Who is there among you of all his people? The LORD his God be with him, and let him go up.

Scriptural history was recorded for OUR instruction so that we could learn from the mistakes of others and would not make the same mistakes ourselves.  Yet we have in spiritual terms made the very same mistakes of those physical nations. 

Every physical thing has a spiritual corollary: from the physically clean and unclean, being a lesson to discern between the spiritually clean and unclean; to physical adultery teaching us about spiritual loyalty and disloyalty to God the Father and Jesus Christ; to physical idolatry teaching us about the spiritual idolatry of exalting anyone or anything above the true God of Moses and the Eternal Father in heaven! 

Loving God enough to seek to please God with a whole heart, and to DO what he says in His Word so that we can become like Him, is true godly faithfulness; and allowing  men or anything else, to come between us and our zeal for the whole Word of God: Is IDOLATRY! 

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