Psalms of Repentance For Passover and Atonement

Also see The Fast That God Accepts

Physical Israel in bondage to pharaoh in Egypt and being called out of Egypt was an instructional illustration or allegory of a Spiritual Israel being called out of worldliness and bondage to Satan and sin. 

The sacrifice of the Passover lamb or kid covering physical Israel and saving them from the destroyer in Egypt was a type of the sacrifice of the spiritual Lamb of God covering and saving Spiritual Israel from bondage to Satan and sin. 

What about the latter main harvest of humanity?  The day of Atonement is the latter main harvest of humanity counterpart of the Passover, with the sacrifice of the goat. 

Spiritually Passover is about the spiritual Sacrifice of Christ; but before the sacrifice of Christ the Lamb of God may be applied to us, we must first be called out of sin by God and then we must sincerely repent and commit ourselves  to go forward to live by every Word of God. 

The future main harvest will be resurrected to physical life and will also be called to repentance.  The fast of Atonement pictures the repentance of that main harvest and also pictures the removal of Satan and the application of the sacrifice of Christ [by the sacrifice of the Atonement goat]. 

These are Psalms of sincere repentance traditionally read before Passover and Atonement.

Psalm 6

A prayer for deliverance

Psalm 6:1 O LORD, rebuke me not in thine anger, neither chasten me in thy hot displeasure.  6:2 Have mercy upon me, O LORD; for I am weak: O LORD, heal me [deliver us from the Adversary for we cannot deliver ourselves]; for my bones are vexed [by the enemies of righteousness].  6:3 My soul [breath, life] is also sore vexed: but thou, O LORD, how long?

How long must I wait for your merciful deliverance?

6:4 Return, O LORD, deliver my soul [breath, life]: oh save me for thy mercies’ sake. 

David is faithful to God but feels overwhelmed by the adversaries of godliness who refuse to live by God’s Word and who persecute those who do.

The dead are like a machine with the power switch shut off, unable to do anything

6:5 For in death there is no remembrance of thee: in the grave who shall give thee thanks? 

This is a call to be saved from physical death, as an allegory of being saved from the grave in the resurrection to spirit.

6:6 I am weary with my groaning; all the night make I my bed to swim [with my tears of sorrow]; I water my couch with my tears. 6:7 Mine eye is consumed because of grief; it waxeth old because of all mine enemies.

God will deliver all those who exalt and put their trust in him to live by God’s Word, and all those who condemn them for their Christ-like zeal for God will be ashamed.  

6:8 Depart from me, all ye workers of iniquity; for the LORD hath heard the voice of my weeping.  6:9 The LORD hath heard my supplication; the LORD will receive my prayer. 6:10 Let all mine enemies be ashamed and sore vexed: let them return and be ashamed suddenly.


Psalm 32

A Psalm about the blessing of forgiveness for the sincerely repentant.

Psalm 32:1 Blessed is he whose transgression is forgiven, whose sin is covered.  32:2 Blessed is the man unto whom the LORD imputeth not iniquity, and in whose spirit there is no guile. 

To be forgiven one must sincerely repent from all past sin and STOP sinning [stop transgressing the Word of God] in future, committing to go forward and sin no more.  Only then will the sinner be forgiven and justified by the application of the sacrifice of Jesus Christ, the Atoning sacrifice.

Romans 2:13 (For not the hearers of the law are just before God, butthe doers of the law shall be justified [by the application of Christ’s sacrifice].

When we keep silent and fail to sincerely repent of our past sins and we refuse to commit to STOP sinning, we begin to die spiritually and such people will not be forgiven nor raised up from the grave to eternal life.

Psalm 32:3 When I kept silence [did not sincerely  repent], my bones waxed old [all hope of lasting life failed and my body was judged for destruction] through my roaring [proud self-will] all the day long. 32:4 For day and night thy hand [chastening and rebuke] was heavy upon me: my moisture [my life strength dried up as moisture in a drought] is turned into the drought of summer. Selah. 

Because we will surely die in our sin, let us quickly acknowledge our iniquity and sincerely repent to turn to live by every Word of God; so that we might be saved from eternal death.  

If we confess our sins against God and we sincerely repent, committing ourselves to go forward and live by every Word of God; we shall be forgiven, justified by the application of the sacrifice of the Lamb of God and saved from damnation.

32:5 I acknowledge my sin unto thee, and mine iniquity have I not hid. I said, I will confess my transgressions unto the LORD; and thou forgavest the iniquity of my sin. Selah.

Every godly person prays for forgiveness from sins and the godly strength to live by every Word of God.

32:6 For this shall every one that is godly pray unto thee in a time when thou mayest be found: surely in the floods of great waters [the godly shall be delivered from the grave as pictured by Israel being delivered from the waters of the Red Sea] they shall not come nigh unto him.

The godly put their trust in God and live by every Word of God, quickly repenting when any sin or error is discovered.

32:7 Thou art my hiding place; thou shalt preserve me from trouble [God’s Word teaches us the way to peace and life]; thou shalt compass me about [God will ultimately surround those who are zealous to follow him with eternal blessings] with songs of deliverance. Selah.

God’s Word instructs his faithful in the ways of peace and eternal life.

32:8 I will instruct thee and teach thee in the way which thou shalt go: I will guide thee with mine eye.

Let us not be self-willed so that we must be forced to obey God’s Word, but let us obey willingly and enthusiastically because God’s Word is for our good.

32:9 Be ye not as the horse, or as the mule, which have no understanding: whose mouth must be held in with bit and bridle, lest they [if we are self-willed like the stubborn mule, we will be corrected] come near unto thee.

The unrepentant refuse to live by God’s Word to their own hurt; while those who are zealous to live by every Word of God are greatly blessed in learning the way to peace, blessings and eternal life. 

32:10 Many sorrows shall be to the wicked: but he that trusteth in the LORD, mercy shall compass him about.

Those who sincerely repent of their failure to live by every Word of God and who dedicate themselves to live by every Word of God in Christ-like zeal; shall surely Greatly Rejoice and Shout for Joy at their resurrection and change to eternal spirit.

32:11 Be glad in the LORD, and rejoice, ye righteous [true righteousness is to live by EVERY WORD of GOD]: and shout for joy, all ye that are upright in heart.


Psalm 38

God will correct all those he loves when they go astray, so that by afflicting the flesh the spirit may be saved

Psalm 38:1 O lord, rebuke me not in thy wrath: neither chasten me in thy hot displeasure. 38:2 For thine arrows stick fast in me, and thy hand presseth me sore. 38:3 There is no soundness in my flesh because of thine anger; neither is there any rest in my bones because of my sin.

Stubborn self-will and insistence on living by our own ways instead of living by the Word of God will bring our eternal destruction.  When we fall into such pride, a loving God corrects us afflicting the flesh to bring us to repentance and save the spirit. 

38:4 For mine iniquities are gone over mine head: as an heavy burden they are too heavy for me. 38:5 My wounds [our sins] stink and are corrupt because of my foolishness.

38:6 I am troubled; I am bowed down greatly [greatly afflicted]; I go mourning [over the evils in the land, and repenting over my own sins] all the day long. 38:7 For my loins are filled with a loathsome disease: and there is no soundness in my flesh. 38:8 I am feeble and sore broken: I have roared [cried out in anguish] by reason of the disquietness of my heart. 

The godly are full of sorrow over the wickedness overspreading the earth. 

If our desire is to live by every Word of God, God will correct us when we go astray and he will deliver us when we learn our lesson and turn back to him.  Nothing can be hidden from God.

38:9 Lord, all my desire is before thee; and my groaning is not hid from thee.

Even though all the earth is against us because we live by every Word of God, the godly will be steadfast and will put their trust in the Eternal.  Even if we must suffer many sorrows in this physical life our Mighty One will deliver us from the grave into an eternal life of blessings and rejoicing.

38:10 My heart panteth, my strength faileth me: as for the light of mine eyes, it also is gone from me. 38:11 My lovers and my friends stand aloof from my sore; and my kinsmen stand afar off. 38:12 They also that seek after my life lay snares for me: and they that seek my hurt speak mischievous things, and imagine deceits all the day long.

The righteous put their trust in God and the Word of God; and not in men.

8:13 But I, as a deaf man, heard not; and I was as a dumb man that openeth not his mouth. 38:14 Thus I was as a man that heareth not, and in whose mouth are no reproofs. 38:15 For in thee, O LORD, do I hope: thou wilt hear, O Lord my God.

God will deliver his faithful and the wicked will not continue in rejoicing over the fall of the godly, but will be corrected.

38:16 For I said, Hear me, lest otherwise they should rejoice over me: when my foot slippeth, they magnify themselves against me. 38:17 For I am ready to halt [ready to perish] sorrow is continually before me.

When we are afflicted, let us sincerely repent and RUN to the Eternal our Deliverer.

38:19 But mine enemies [spiritually our enemies are Satan and sin] they that hate me wrongfully are multiplied.  38:20 They also that render evil for good are mine adversaries; because I follow the thing that good is.

When we do well the wicked hate us and attack us for living by God’s Word.

38:21 Forsake me not, O LORD: O my God, be not far from me. 38:22 Make haste to help me, O Lord my salvation.

Ultimately God delivers those who live by every Word of God: May God’s deliverance come quickly.


Psalm 51

A Psalm of repentance and prayer for mercy

Psalm 51:1 Have mercy upon me, O God, according to thy lovingkindness: according unto the multitude of thy tender mercies blot out my transgressions. 51:2 Wash me throughly from mine iniquity, and cleanse me from my sin. 

Only sincere repentance and a wholehearted commitment to live by every Word of God will bring cleansing from sin by the application of the sacrifice of Jesus Christ the Lamb of God (Rom 2:13).

51:3 For I acknowledge my transgressions: and my sin is ever before me [we are to be always alert to seek out and expunge our sins]. 51:4 Against thee, thee only, have I sinned, and done this evil in thy sight: [let us accept that our own ways and stubborn self-will  are wrong, and that God’s Word is right and the right way to live] that thou mightest be justified when thou speakest, and be clear when thou judgest. 51:5 Behold, I was shapen in iniquity; and in sin did my mother conceive me. 51:6 Behold, thou desirest truth in the inward parts: and in the hidden part thou shalt make me to know wisdom.

John 17:17  Sanctify them through thy truth: thy word is truth.

Psalm 51:7 Purge me with hyssop [Hyssop was used to sprinkle the blood of the lamb at Passover, this reference meaning: please purge my sins by the blood of the Lamb of God.], and I shall be clean [from  all sin]: wash me, [with the water of the  Word and Spirit of God (Eph 5:26)] and I shall be whiter than snow. 51:8 Make me to hear joy and gladness [when God tells us that we are forgiven we will delight in God’s salvation]; that the bones which thou hast broken may rejoice. 51:9 Hide thy face from my sins, and blot out all mine iniquities.

51:10 Create in me a clean heart [God will purify the sincerely repentant from all sin and all proud self-will]   O God; and renew a right spirit [The Holy Spirit which gives us a proper godly attitude of love for God and loving zeal to live by every Word of  God.] within me. 51:11 Cast me not away from thy presence; and take not thy holy spirit from me. 51:12 Restore unto me the joy of thy salvation [deliver the repentant by thy tender mercies, for they abhor their sins against the Word of God]; and uphold me with thy free spirit.

When we live by every Word of God we set an example for all who see us; and we learn by doing the ways of God so that we may teach others to do the same. 

51:13 Then will I teach transgressors thy ways; and sinners shall be converted unto thee. 51:14 Deliver me from bloodguiltiness, O God, thou God of my salvation: and my tongue shall sing aloud of thy righteousness.

51:15 O Lord, open thou my lips; and my mouth shall shew forth thy praise. 51:16 For thou desirest not sacrifice; else would I give it: thou delightest not in burnt offering.

51:17 The sacrifices of God are a broken spirit [submissive humility before God, with all stubborn self-will and pride crushed to powder]: a broken and a contrite heart [the pride of sin crushed to powder], O God, thou wilt not despise.

51:18 Do good in thy good pleasure unto Zion [Messiah will come to Jerusalem and build the Kingdom of God.]: build thou the walls of Jerusalem. 51:19 Then shalt thou be pleased with the sacrifices of righteousness, with burnt offering and whole burnt offering [When Christ comes God will convert Israel and Jerusalem to sincere repentance, and then their repentance (now sincere) and their sacrifices both physical and spiritual will be accepted.]: then shall they offer bullocks upon thine altar.

Sin and Trespass Offerings represent sin repented of, and Burnt Offerings represent the righteousness of wholehearted obedience, dedication and Christ-like zeal to live by every WORD of God.


Psalm 102

Correction of the flesh brings sorrow over sin unto sincere repentance, which brings deliverance to the spirit.

Psalm 102:1 Hear my prayer, O LORD, and let my cry come unto thee. 102:2 Hide not thy face from me in the day when I am in trouble; incline thine ear unto me: in the day when I call answer me speedily. 102:3 For my days are consumed [dissipate] like smoke, and my bones are burned as [in the fire] an hearth.

102:4 My heart is smitten [our pride must be broken to contrition], and withered like grass; so that I forget to eat my bread [We are to fast for sorrow and heaviness of spirit in sincere repentance over our sins.]102:5 By reason of the voice of my groaning my bones cleave to my skin.

Those separated from God by their sins are alone and wondering like a bird in the wilderness. 

102:6 I am like a pelican of the wilderness: I am like an owl of the desert.  102:7 I watch, and am as a sparrow alone upon the house top.

Our enemies mock us because we are afflicted.

102:8 Mine enemies reproach me all the day; and they that are mad against me are sworn against me. 102:9 For I have eaten ashes like bread, and mingled my drink with weeping.

God called us and lifted us up from bondage to sin, and God casts us back down and afflicts us when we turn away from him to sin against His Word.

102:10 Because of thine indignation and thy wrath: for thou hast lifted me up, and cast me down.

102:11 My days are like a shadow that declineth; and I am withered like grass.

David says that man is but flesh which is temporary and passing; while God and the Word of God are forever and forever. 

102:12 But thou, O LORD, shall endure for ever; and thy remembrance unto all generations.

God will have mercy on the sincerely repentant who turn to live by every Word of God.

102:13 Thou shalt arise, and have mercy upon Zion [the Temple is a type of those people of God who seek to sincerely repent and live by every Word of God]: for the time [for the coming of Christ is at hand] to favour her [Jerusalem and the people of God], yea, the set time, is come.

The true servants of God love his presence among them; they will love Jerusalem because the Temple of God the Father will be there and Messiah the Christ will rule all nations from Jerusalem.

102:14 For thy servants take pleasure in her stones, and favour the dust thereof.

When Christ comes all nations will sincerely repent to serve and live by every Word of God.

102:15 So the heathen shall fear the name of the LORD, and all the kings of the earth thy glory.

When Christ comes as King of kings with his chosen, he will be glorified in all the earth.

102:16 When the LORD shall build up Zion, he shall appear in his glory.

Then God will regard the prayers of the sincerely repentant who acknowledge that they are spiritually destitute and in need of God.

102:17 He will regard the prayer of the destitute [poor in the spirit of pride and self-will], and not despise their prayer.

When Christ comes in his glory the story will be told from generation to generation.

102:18 This shall be written for the generation to come: and the people which shall be created shall praise the LORD. 

Our Mighty One will hear the groaning of his afflicted and he will see their sincere repentance; and he will deliver them.

102:19 For he hath looked down from the height of his sanctuary; from heaven did the LORD behold the earth; 102:20 To hear the groaning of the prisoner; to loose those that are appointed to death;

Messiah will teach the Word of God the Father to all people when he comes, and most will worship God and live by every Word of God.

102:21 To declare the name of the LORD in Zion, and his praise in Jerusalem; 102:22 When the people are gathered together, and the kingdoms, to serve the LORD.

For a short time we will be afflicted because of our sins, so that by afflicting the flesh the spirit might repent and be saved.

102:23 He weakened my strength in the way; he shortened my days.

In our affliction we will acknowledge the transitory and meaningless nature of the flesh and our own ways, then we will sincerely repent turning to the things that last forever.

102:24 I said, O my God, take me not away in the midst of my days: thy years are throughout all generations. 102:25 Of old hast thou laid the foundation of the earth: and the heavens are the work of thy hands.

102:26 They shall perish, but thou shalt endure: yea, all of them shall wax old like a garment; as a vesture shalt thou change them, and they shall be changed:

102:27 But thou art the same, and thy years shall have no end.

Every Word of God will last forever.

Human beings can also live forever if they are founded and  established on the Word of God.

102:28 The children of thy servants shall continue, and their seed shall be established before thee.


Psalm 130

A Psalm of Repentance; read on the Day of Atonement by the early Ekklesia

Psalm 130:1 Out of the depths have I cried unto thee, O LORD.

David cries out in repentance out of the depth of his despair over sin, as an example for us that we should also sincerely repent and wholeheartedly turn to the Eternal. 

130:2 Lord, hear my voice: let thine ears be attentive to the voice of my supplications. 130:3 If thou, LORD, shouldest mark iniquities, O Lord, who shall stand? 130:4 But there is forgiveness with thee, that thou mayest be feared.

Let us all sincerely repent and seek our God with all of our hearts, let us all beg our merciful LORD to remember our sins no more and to forgive us so that we may serve him and live by his every Word from henceforth and forever more!

130:5 I wait for the LORD, my soul doth wait, and in his word do I hope. 130:6 My soul waiteth [longs] for the Lord more than they that watch for the morning: I say, more than they that watch for the morning.

Let us sincerely repent and long for the Eternal’s merciful redemption; so that we may serve him with wholehearted diligence, now and forever more! 

130:7 Let Israel hope in the LORD: for with the LORD there is mercy, and with him is plenteous redemption.  130:8 And he shall redeem Israel from all his iniquities.

Messiah has paid the penalty for our iniquity with his own life as the Lamb of God; redeeming the sincerely repentant who fully commit to:  “go and sin no more” (John 8:11, and “to live by every Word of God” (Matthew 4:4).


Psalm 143

When we find ourselves in times of trouble and we wonder what to do and where we should go; there is only one answer: We must turn to God and immerse ourselves in the Word of God.  We must humble ourselves before God and diligently seek Him with a whole heart. 

We must sincerely repent of trusting in any unscriptural false words of men and turn to live by every Word of God.  Only then can we expectantly call on God for His mercy and deliverance and the Eternal Deliverer will hear us and accept us as His own.

Psalm 143:1 Hear my prayer, O LORD, give ear to my supplications: in thy faithfulness answer me, and in thy righteousness.  143:2 And enter not into judgment with thy servant: for in thy sight shall no man living be justified.

If the godly fall away becoming proud and self- justifying, full of our own ways and our own high opinions of our own righteousness; God will correct us, crushing our arrogance to contrition and humbling us before Him.

143:3 For the enemy hath persecuted my soul; he hath smitten my life down to the ground; he hath made me to dwell in darkness, as those that have been long dead.  143:4 Therefore is my spirit overwhelmed within me; my heart within me is desolate.

When our pride has been purged and turned to humility before God, then we will turn in sincere repentance to remember and to study the Word of God to learn it, to internalize it and to live by every Word of God.

143:5 I remember the days of old; I meditate on all thy works; I muse on the work of thy hands. 143:6 I stretch forth my hands unto thee: my soul thirsteth after thee, as a thirsty land. Selah.

Then with our wholehearted turning to the Eternal, He will deliver his people from bondage to Satan, sin and the grave in the resurrection.

143:7 Hear me speedily, O LORD: my spirit faileth: hide not thy face from me, lest I be like unto them that go down into the pit.  143:8 Cause me to hear thy lovingkindness in the morning; for in thee do I trust: cause me to know the way wherein I should walk; for I lift up my soul unto thee.

143:9 Deliver me, O LORD, from mine enemies [our true enemies are spiritual; Satan, sin and death]: I flee unto thee to hide me.  143:10 Teach me to do thy will; for thou art my God: thy spirit is good; lead me into the land of uprightness [the upright live by every Word of God].

143:11 Quicken [make alive, give life, resurrect] me, O LORD, for thy name’s sake: for thy righteousness’ sake bring my soul out of trouble.

A faithful servant obeys his master; therefore we are the servants of those we obey. Either doing what we want – which is sin – to our own destruction; or obeying and living by every Word of God,  and receiving God’s Gift of  Eternal Life.

143:12 And of thy mercy cut off mine enemies, and destroy all them that afflict my soul [our enemies are spiritual; Satan, sin and death]: for I am thy servant.

Romans 6:16 Know ye not, that to whom ye yield yourselves servants to obey, his servants ye are to whom ye obey; whether of sin unto death, or of obedience unto righteousness?

John 8:34 Jesus answered them, Verily, verily, I say unto you, Whosoever committeth sin is the servant of sin.


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