1 Kings 9 – 10

1 Kings 9

After the dedication of the temple and Solomon’s prayer, God appeared to him in a dream.

1 Kings 9:1 And it came to pass, when Solomon had finished the building of the house of the LORD, and the king’s house, and all Solomon’s desire which he was pleased to do, 9:2 That the LORD appeared to Solomon the second time, as he had appeared unto him at Gibeon.

YHVH chooses the Jerusalem Temple to put his name there forever.  When Jesus Christ returns to rule he will build the Ezekiel Temple and his own palace and seat of government in the same place.  Ultimately the New Jerusalem and God the Father will come down from heaven to the same spot.

9:3 And the LORD said unto him, I have heard thy prayer and thy supplication, that thou hast made before me: I have hallowed this house, which thou hast built, to put my name there for ever; and mine eyes and mine heart shall be there perpetually.

This is also an allegory that those who are zealously faithful to live by every Word of God shall be resurrected to eternal life, and the nature of God through his Spirit will remain in them forever.

9:4 And if thou wilt walk before me, as David thy father walked, in integrity of heart, and in uprightness, to do according to all that I have commanded thee, and wilt keep my statutes and my judgments:

Here we see that the promise to David about his descendants being kings is entirely conditional on their obedience to God; which they were not.

9:5 Then I will establish the throne of thy kingdom upon Israel for ever, as I promised to David thy father, saying, There shall not fail thee a man upon the throne of Israel.

If the kings and leaders and the people turn away from God, then God will turn away from them. 

The same is absolutely true in the spiritual sense for today’s Ekklesia who have turned away from any zeal to live by every Word of God, to embrace a zeal for their idols of men. 

If we fall away from living by every Word of God to embrace idols of men, as today’s spiritual Ekklesia has done; we shall surely be rejected by God because we have rejected Him.

9:6 But if ye shall at all turn from following me, ye or your children, and will not keep my commandments and my statutes which I have set before you, but go and serve other gods [serving any false way], and worship [obey] them:

We, the latter day Ekklesia; are about to be rejected by God the Father and  Jesus Christ and cast into great tribulation (Rev 3:16), because we have rejected any zeal to live by every Word of God in order to idolize and follow the false traditions of our idols of men.

9:7 Then will I cut off Israel [physical Israel, and if they also turn away from zeal to live by every Word of God; spiritual Israel as well] out of the land which I have given them; and this house, which I have hallowed for my name, will I cast out of my sight; and Israel shall be a proverb and a byword among all people: 9:8 And at this house, which is high, every one that passeth by it shall be astonished, and shall hiss; and they shall say, Why hath the LORD done thus unto this land, and to this house?

Why will we be cast into the furnace of affliction by our God?  Because we have turned away from any zeal to live by every Word of God, turning away from godliness towards a zeal for our idols of men, corporate entities and false traditions.

9:9 And they shall answer, Because they forsook the LORD their God, who brought forth their fathers out of the land of Egypt [out of the bondage of sin], and have taken hold upon other gods, and have worshipped [obeyed their idols of men and exalted them above the Word of God] them, and served them: therefore hath the LORD brought upon them all this evil.

After twenty years Solomon gave Hiram twenty cities for his service to the building program of Solomon.

9:10 And it came to pass at the end of twenty years, when Solomon had built the two houses, the house of the LORD, and the king’s house, 9:11 (Now Hiram the king of Tyre had furnished Solomon with cedar trees and fir trees, and with gold, according to all his desire,) that then king Solomon gave Hiram twenty cities in the land of Galilee.

9:12 And Hiram came out from Tyre to see the cities which Solomon had given him; and they pleased him not. 9:13 And he said, What cities are these which thou hast given me, my brother? And he called them the land of Cabul [that which is not pleasing] unto this day [the day this was written].

The greatness of Solomon is clearly a type of the millennial Kingdom of God and of Jesus Christ, who is far greater than Solomon.

Then Hiram sent Solomon 120 talents [about 600 pounds] of gold to help in the building of the city walls.  Hiram though displeased, still sent tribute to Solomon.  This is an example that in the millennial kingdom the treasures of all nations shall flow to the King of kings at Jerusalem. 

6 times 20 [a score] = 120 talents; a score is a group or set of 20.

9:14 And Hiram sent to the king sixscore talents of gold.

9:15 And this is the reason of the levy which king Solomon raised; for to build the house of the LORD, and his own house, and Millo, and the wall of Jerusalem, and [the fortresses of] Hazor, and Megiddo, and Gezer.

Pharaoh helped Solomon and destroyed the Canaanites at Gezer and gave that city to his daughter Solomon’s wife. 

9:16 For Pharaoh king of Egypt had gone up, and taken Gezer, and burnt it with fire, and slain the Canaanites that dwelt in the city, and given it for a present unto his daughter, Solomon’s wife.

Solomon was a great builder king and so will Jesus Christ be in the Kingdom of God.  The King of kings will build not only a magnificent physical Temple, but also a spiritual Temple of the whole population of the earth.

9:17 And Solomon built Gezer, and Bethhoron the nether, 9:18 And Baalath, and Tadmor [Palmyra] in the wilderness, in the land, 9:19 And all the cities of store that Solomon had, and cities for his chariots, and cities for his horsemen, and that which Solomon desired to build in Jerusalem, and in Lebanon, and in all the land of his dominion.

The Ammonites paid tribute to Solomon and in the millennium the people of Ammon, Syria,  the Palestinians and Turkey, will be subjects of Israel.

9:20 And all the people that were left of the Amorites, Hittites, Perizzites, Hivites, and Jebusites, which were not of the children of Israel, 9:21Their children that were left after them in the land, whom the children of Israel also were not able utterly to destroy, upon those did Solomon levy a tribute of bondservice unto this day [the day this was written].

The people of Israel were mighty men of war for Solomon; and we are to be mighty men of spiritual warfare destroying all sin against any part of the Word of God! 

If we compromise with any part of the whole Word of God now and we are zealous for idols of men and false traditions, it is to our great shame; and we shall surely not qualify to be mighty spiritual rulers in the Kingdom of God.

9:22 But of the children of Israel did Solomon make no bondmen: but they were men of war, and his servants, and his princes, and his captains, and rulers of his chariots, and his horsemen.

There were 550 officers over the workers on Solomon’s construction projects.

9:23 These were the chief of the officers that were over Solomon’s work, five hundred and fifty, which bare rule over the people that wrought in the work.

9:24 But Pharaoh’s daughter came up out of the city of David unto her house which Solomon had built for her: then did he build Millo.

As commanded by God, three times in the year did Solomon observe the Feasts of the Eternal; Passover and Unleavened Bread, Pentecost and the Feast of Tabernacles (Deu 16:16).

9:25 And three times in a year did Solomon offer burnt offerings and peace offerings upon the altar which he built unto the LORD, and he burnt incense upon the altar that was before the LORD. So he finished the house.

Solomon and Hiram built ships at Eilat and Hiram sent Phoenician sailors to help Solomon and they brought back much gold.

9:26 And king Solomon made a navy of ships in Eziongeber, which is beside Eloth, on the shore of the Red sea, in the land of Edom. 9:27 And Hiram sent in the navy his servants, shipmen that had knowledge of the sea, with the servants of Solomon.

Sheba and Ophir of gold   

Ethiopian tradition says that the emperor was descended from Solomon and Queen Makeda, Empress of Axums [Eretria] while other traditions say that the Queen of Sheba was from Yemen or India. There is nothing in scripture about Solomon impregnating the Queen of Sheba, and such a notable event surely would have been recorded.

The cities of Sheba and Ophir had nothing to do with Ethiopia or Yemen and the emperor Haile Selassie I was not likely descended from King Solomon and the Queen of Sheba but invented this story for his own aggrandizement.

Sheba and Ophir were probably places somewhere in modern India:  scripture and some historical documents quoted from Wiki: “And unto Eber were born two sons: the name of one was Peleg; for in his days was the earth divided; and his brother’s name was Joktan.”  Joktan’s sons in the order provided in Gen. 10:26-29, were Almodad, Sheleph, Hazarmaveth, Jerah, Hadoram, Uzal, Diklah, Obal, Abimael, Sheba, Ophir, Havilah, and Jobab.

A king reigned over the town of Saba [Sheba, Scind {India}] and annexed to his kingdom the cities of Ophir and Havilah, And in the days of Reu a king reigned in Shebha (Saba), and in Ophir, and in Havilah.

And there reigned in Saba [Scind {India}] sixty [generations] of the daughters of Saba as Queens. And for many years women [queens] reigned in Saba [India] – until the kingdom of Solomon, the son of David. And the children of Ophir, that is, Send (Scind in India), And the children of Havilah appointed to be their king Havîl, who built Havilah, that is, Hind (in India).

Ragu [Reu] was 180 years old and in the days of Ragu, one in the land of India reigned, whose name was Sasen, and who built the city of Saba [Sheba, Sind]. And all the kings who reigned over that country were called Sabaeans, after the name of the city. Then again Phar’an reigned over the children of Saphir [Ophir], and built the city of Saphir; and that is the land of Sarania [India], and because of these stones of gold, they say that the mountains of that country and the stones thereof are all of gold. Then the children of Lebensa of the country of India, made a king over them, one called Bahlul [Reu], who built the city of Bahlu. Then Ragu [Reu]  died in his 289th year.” 

It should be noted that neither Yemen nor Ethiopia were rich in gold and had no peacocks or sandalwood; while the area of India just inland from modern Goa has been rich in these things.

1 Kings 9:28 And they came to Ophir, and fetched from thence gold, four hundred and twenty talents, and brought it to king Solomon.


1 Kings 10

The ships of Solomon’s fleet sailed for trade and found Ophir where they found much gold, peacocks, sandalwood and apes, which were all abundant in India. 

There they met the ruler of the land, the Queen of Sheba [including Ophir] and told her of the wonders and wisdom of Solomon.  She being excited to know the truth of the matter quite probably sailed back with Solomon’s fleet in ships of her own, to meet this ruler of such an astounding reputation.

1 Kings 10:1 And when the queen of Sheba heard of the fame of Solomon concerning the name of the LORD, she came to prove him with hard questions. 10:2 And she came to Jerusalem with a very great train, with camels that bare spices, and very much gold, and precious stones: and when she was come to Solomon, she communed with him of all that was in her heart. 10:3 And Solomon told [answered] her all her questions: there was not any thing hid from the king, which he told her not.

10:4 And when the queen of Sheba [Scind, India]  had seen all Solomon’s wisdom, and the house that he had built, 10:5 And the meat of his table, and the sitting of his servants, and the attendance of his ministers, and their apparel, and his cupbearers, and his ascent by which he went up unto the house of the LORD; there was no more spirit in her [she was astonished].

She would have heard the reports from Solomon’s sailors and traders.

10:6 And she said to the king, It was a true report that I heard in mine own land of thy acts and of thy wisdom. 10:7 Howbeit I believed not the words, until I came, and mine eyes had seen it: and, behold, the half was not told me: thy wisdom and prosperity exceedeth the fame which I heard.

This queen of several cities within India then praised God; even as in future the nations of the earth will come up to see the King of kings and shall praise God and rejoice in the Eternal, and shall be grafted into spiritual Israel!

10:8 Happy are thy men, happy are these thy servants, which stand continually before thee, and that hear thy wisdom.

10:9 Blessed be the LORD thy God, which delighted in thee, to set thee on the throne of Israel: because the LORD loved Israel for ever, therefore made he thee king, to do judgment and justice.

10:10 And she gave the king an hundred and twenty talents of gold, and of spices very great store, and precious stones: there came no more such abundance of spices as these which the queen of Sheba gave to king Solomon.

Almug wood is a finely scented sandalwood found only in India,  forms of Almug [zitan] are from the species Dalbergia luovelii, Dalbergia maritima, and Dalbergia normandi, all similar species named in trade as bois de rose or violet rosewood, which when cut are bright crimson purple changing to dark purple again. It has a fragrant scent when worked.

These woods are found ONLY in India; not in Ethiopia or Yemen. 

10:11 And the navy also of Hiram, that brought gold from Ophir, brought in from Ophir great plenty of almug trees, and precious stones. 10:12 And the king made of the almug trees pillars for the house of the LORD, and for the king’s house, harps also and psalteries for singers: there came no such almug trees, nor were seen unto this day.

10:13 And king Solomon gave unto the queen of Sheba all her desire, whatsoever she asked, beside that which Solomon gave her of his royal bounty.

So she turned and went to her own country, she and her servants.

Solomon’s tax revenue

10:14 Now the weight of gold that came to Solomon in one year was six hundred threescore and six talents of gold [33,300 lbs], 10:15 Beside that he had of [received in taxes from] the merchantmen, and of the traffick of the spice merchants, and [the tribute from foreign lands] of all the kings of Arabia, and of the governors of the country.

10:16 And king Solomon made two hundred targets of beaten gold: six hundred shekels of gold went to one target. 10:17 And he made three hundred shields of beaten gold; three pound of gold went to one shield: and the king put them in the house of [built of timber from] the forest of Lebanon.

10:18 Moreover the king made a great throne of ivory, and overlaid it with the best gold. 10:19 The throne had six steps, and the top of the throne was round behind: and there were stays on either side on the place of the seat, and two lions stood beside the stays. 10:20 And twelve lions stood there on the one side and on the other upon the six steps: there was not the like made in any kingdom.

10:21 And all king Solomon’s drinking vessels were of gold, and all the vessels of the house of the forest of Lebanon were of pure gold; none were of silver: it was nothing accounted of in the days of Solomon.

Solomon had two trading fleets, which were sent to India and remained there trading for some time, so that the whole trip was a three year trading expedition.

10:22 For the king had at sea a navy of Tharshish with the navy of Hiram: once in three years came the navy of Tharshish, bringing gold, and silver, ivory, and apes, and peacocks [products of India].

Even so; the whole earth will send representatives and rulers to see the King of kings and give him gifts, paying him homage.

10:23 So king Solomon exceeded all the kings of the earth for riches and for wisdom. 10:24 And all the earth sought to Solomon, to hear his wisdom, which God had put in his heart. 10:25 And they brought every man his present, vessels of silver, and vessels of gold, and garments, and armour, and spices, horses, and mules, a rate year by year.

10:26 And Solomon gathered together chariots and horsemen: and he had a thousand and four hundred chariots, and twelve thousand horsemen, whom he bestowed in the cities for chariots, and with the king at Jerusalem.

10:27 And the king made silver to be in Jerusalem as stones, and cedars made he to be as the sycomore trees that are in the vale, for abundance. 10:28 And Solomon had horses brought out of Egypt, and linen yarn: the king’s merchants received the linen yarn at a price.

Solomon also made much money in the trade between Egypt and Syria.

10:29 And a chariot came up and went out of Egypt for six hundred shekels of silver, and an horse for an hundred and fifty: and so for all the kings of the Hittites, and for the kings of Syria, did they bring them out by their means.


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