1 Kings 5
The building of the temple at Jerusalem by Solomon
The Temple was built on the same general plan as the Tabernacle, but was much larger and was constructed on a permanent fixed immovable site. The Ezekiel Temple to be constructed by Jesus Christ will be much more glorious still. See Ezekiel 40-48.
Hiram king of Tyre rejoiced to help Solomon build the Temple of God. Even so the Gentiles will turn to Jesus Christ the King of kings, and they will bring their wealth to Jerusalem to help build the Ezekiel Temple of God.
1 Kings 5:1 And Hiram king of Tyre sent his servants unto Solomon; for he had heard that they had anointed him king in the room of his father: for Hiram was ever a lover of David.
5:2 And Solomon sent to Hiram, saying, 5:3 Thou knowest how that David my father could not build an house unto the name of the LORD his God for the wars which were about him on every side, until the LORD put them under the soles of his feet.
5:4 But now the LORD my God hath given me rest on every side, so that there is neither adversary nor evil occurrent. 5:5 And, behold, I purpose to build an house unto the name of the LORD my God, as the LORD spake unto David my father, saying, Thy son, whom I will set upon thy throne in thy room, he shall build an house unto my name.
5:6 Now therefore command thou that they hew me cedar trees out of Lebanon; and my servants shall be with thy servants: and unto thee will I give hire for thy servants according to all that thou shalt appoint: for thou knowest that there is not among us any that can skill to hew timber like unto the Sidonians.
In the coming Kingdom of God, ALL nations will rejoice that a wise Ruler has come to rule over the whole earth!
5:7 And it came to pass, when Hiram heard the words of Solomon, that he rejoiced greatly, and said, Blessed be the LORD this day, which hath given unto David a wise son over this great people.
Hiram agrees to sell Solomon timber of cedar and fir.
5:8 And Hiram sent to Solomon, saying, I have considered the things which thou sentest to me for: and I will do all thy desire concerning timber of cedar, and concerning timber of fir.
5:9 My servants shall bring them down from Lebanon unto the sea: and I will convey them by sea in floats unto the place that thou shalt appoint me, and will cause them to be discharged there, and thou shalt receive them: and thou shalt accomplish my desire, in giving food for my household.
5:10 So Hiram gave Solomon cedar trees and fir trees according to all his desire.
Solomon paid for the work of the people of Hiram helping to build the Temple.
5:11 And Solomon gave Hiram twenty thousand measures of wheat for food to his household, and twenty measures of pure oil: thus gave Solomon to Hiram year by year.
5:12 And the LORD gave Solomon wisdom, as he promised him: and there was peace between Hiram and Solomon; and they two made a league together.
Solomon sent workers to Lebanon from Israel to help Hiram to speed the work.
5:13 And king Solomon raised a levy out of all Israel; and the levy was thirty thousand men. 5:14 And he sent them to Lebanon, ten thousand a month by courses: a month they were in Lebanon, and two months at home: and Adoniram was over the levy.
Solomon sent 80,000 stone cutters and 70,000 laborers to cut huge blocks of stone for the Temple.
5:15 And Solomon had threescore and ten thousand that bare burdens, and fourscore thousand hewers in the mountains; 5:16 Beside the chief of Solomon’s officers which were over the work, three thousand and three hundred, which ruled over the people that wrought in the work.
Huge stones were cut and brought to lay the Temple foundations at great cost.
5:17 And the king commanded, and they brought great stones, costly stones, and hewed stones, to lay the foundation of the house.
5:18 And Solomon’s builders and Hiram’s builders did hew them, and the stonesquarers: so they prepared timber and stones to build the house.
1 Kings 6
1 Kings 6:1 And it came to pass in the four hundred and eightieth year after the children of Israel were come out of the land of Egypt, in the fourth year of Solomon’s reign over Israel, in the month Zif, which is the second month, that he began to build the house of the LORD.
6:2 And the house which king Solomon built for the LORD, the length thereof was threescore cubits [90 feet], and the breadth thereof twenty cubits [30 feet] , and the height thereof thirty cubits [45 feet].
6:3 And the porch before the temple of the house, twenty cubits was the length thereof, according to the breadth of the house; and ten cubits was the breadth thereof before the house.
6:4 And for the house he made windows of narrow lights.
The Temple building without the courtyards.
6:5 And against the wall of the house he built chambers round about, against the walls of the house round about, both of the temple and of the oracle: and he made chambers round about: 6:6 The nethermost chamber was five cubits broad, and the middle was six cubits broad, and the third was seven cubits broad: for without in the wall of the house he made narrowed rests round about, that the beams should not be fastened in the walls of the house.
The various parts of the Temple were made in many different places, and then were brought together and assembled on site. This representing that the various parts of the spiritual Temple would be made up of many different parts [persons] over time and in different places; to be assembled together later at the Marriage of the Lamb.
No tools were to be heard in the final assembly of Solomon’s Temple for God; out of deep respect but also as a type representing that the spiritual Temple is built by God and not by the implements of men.
6:7 And the house, when it was in building, was built of stone made ready before it was brought thither: so that there was neither hammer nor axe nor any tool of iron heard in the house, while it was in building.
6:8 The door for the middle chamber was in the right side of the house: and they went up with winding stairs into the middle chamber, and out of the middle into the third.
6:9 So he built the house, and finished it; and covered the house with beams and boards of cedar.
6:10 And then he built chambers against all the house, five cubits high: and they rested on the house with timber of cedar.
Solomon’s Temple with its inner and outer courtyards
God confirmed to Solomon that if Israel would keep the whole Word of God, then he would dwell with them in the Temple.
Spiritually speaking, we have the same promise from God that IF we are zealous to keep his Word, then he will be pleased to dwell within us.
The converse is also true; as God turned his face away from Israel when they turned away from his Word to do as they desired; if we also turn away from zeal to learn and to keep the whole Word of God he will also turn away from and reject us.
6:11 And the word of the LORD came to Solomon, saying, 6:12 Concerning this house which thou art in building, if thou wilt walk in my statutes, and execute my judgments, and keep all my commandments to walk in them; then will I perform my word with thee, which I spake unto David thy father: 6:13 And I will dwell among the children of Israel, and will not forsake my people Israel.
6:14 So Solomon built the house, and finished it..
6:15 And he built the walls of the house within with boards of cedar, both the floor of the house, and the walls of the ceiling: and he covered them on the inside with wood, and covered the floor of the house with planks of fir.
A cubit is about 18 inches.
6:16 And he built twenty cubits on the sides of the house, both the floor and the walls with boards of cedar: he even built them for it within, even for the oracle [the Holy of Holies], even for the most holy place.
6:17 And the house, that is, the temple before it, was forty cubits long.
6:18 And the cedar of the house within was carved with knops and open flowers [buds and flowers of almonds]: all was cedar; there was no stone seen.
6:19 And the oracle [the Most Holy Place, the Holy of Holies] he prepared in the house within, to set there the ark of the covenant of the LORD.
6:20 And the oracle [Holy of Holies] in the forepart was twenty cubits in length, and twenty cubits in breadth, and twenty cubits in the height thereof: and he overlaid it with pure gold; and so covered the altar which was of cedar.
The cedar was overlaid with gold.
6:21 So Solomon overlaid the house within with pure gold: and he made a partition by the chains of gold before the oracle; and he overlaid it with gold. 6:22 And the whole house he overlaid with gold, until he had finished all the house: also the whole altar that was by the oracle he overlaid with gold.
6:23 And within the oracle he made two cherubims of olive tree [olive wood] and, each ten cubits [fifteen feet] high. 6:24 And five cubits [about 7 and 1/2 feet] was the one wing of the cherub, and five cubits the other wing of the cherub: from the uttermost part of the one wing unto the uttermost part of the other were ten cubits.
The wings of the cherubs spread over the Ark from each cherub on each side, so that the wings of each cherub reached out for 7 and 1/2 feet and touched the wings of the other Cherub making a kind of covering over the Ark of about 15 feet across.
6:25 And the other cherub was ten cubits: both the cherubims were of one measure and one size.6:26 The height of the one cherub was ten cubits, and so was it of the other cherub.
6:27 And he set the cherubims within the inner house: and they stretched forth the wings of the cherubims, so that the wing of the one [reached out from] touched the one wall, and the wing of the other cherub touched [reached out from] the other wall; and their wings touched one another in the midst of the house.
6:28 And he overlaid the cherubims with gold.
6:29 And he carved all the walls of the house round about with carved figures of cherubims and palm trees and open flowers, within and without.
6:30 And the floors of the house he overlaid with gold, within and without.
6:31 And for the entering of the oracle he made doors of olive tree [the olive tree, representing the oil of God’s Spirit]: the lintel and side posts were a fifth part of the wall.
6:32 The two doors also were of olive tree [the doors to the Temple pictured Jesus Christ the DOOR of salvation]; and he carved upon them carvings of cherubims and palm trees and open flowers, and overlaid them with gold, and spread gold upon the cherubims, and upon the palm trees. 6:33 So also made he for the door of the temple posts of olive tree, a fourth part of the wall.
The two outside doors or gates
6:34 And the two doors were of fir tree: the two leaves of the one door were folding, and the two leaves of the other door were folding. 6:35 And he carved thereon cherubims and palm trees and open flowers: and covered them with gold fitted upon the carved work.
The green outlined space is Solomon’s Temple; and outside the green line is Herod’s expansion.
6:36 And he built the inner court [of the priests] with three rows of hewed stone, and a row of cedar beams.
Solomon began laying the foundations in his fourth year and completed the building in his eleventh year.
6:37 In the fourth year was the foundation of the house of the LORD laid, in the month Zif: 6:38 And in the eleventh year, in the month Bul, which is the eighth month, was the house finished throughout all the parts thereof, and according to all the fashion of it. So was he seven years in building it.
The Biblical Chronology would put the Exodus in about 1440 B.C. and the start of construction of the Temple 480 years later in 960 B.C. Solomon’s Temple took 7 years to build being completed in c 953 B.C.