1 Kings 21 – 22

1 Kings 21

Jezebel was a priestess of the fertility religion of baal; and Jezebel is used as a type of all religions which adopt the same traditions including those who rename those false traditions with “Christian” sounding names.

The story of Ahab and Jezebel carries many lessons for us today.

1.  Do not knowingly marry unconverted persons.

2.  Be alert and avoid pagan influences within the assemblies like the Nicolaitane pyramid “men between the brethren and God” church governance system.

3.  Do not exalt any person or organization to make idols of them in our hearts; do not follow anyone contrary to the whole Word of God, no matter what title they apply to themselves to deceive.

After being delivered from the Syrians Ahab adds to his sins. 

Ahab led the people into idol worship and fornication and selfishly abused his power.

Today’s Spiritual Ekklesia has done the same thing, the leaders leading the brethren into exalting themselves [which is idolatry and spiritual fornication by making and following strange gods out of men] and abusing their power.

Ahab’s sin against Naboth

1 Kings 21:1 And it came to pass after these things, that Naboth the Jezreelite had a vineyard, which was in Jezreel, hard by the palace of Ahab king of Samaria.

Ahab did begin by offering a legal solution through payment, but Naboth not fearing the king rejected the offer.  Naboth exercised his godly right and Ahab should have accepted that and let the matter go, instead he unlawfully desired [coveted] the field of Naboth.  This is a classic story illustrating the meaning of coveting. 

21:2 And Ahab spake unto Naboth, saying, Give me thy vineyard, that I may have it for a garden of herbs, because it is near unto my house: and I will give thee for it a better vineyard than it; or, if it seem good to thee, I will give thee the worth of it in money. 21:3 And Naboth said to Ahab, The LORD forbid it me, that I should give the inheritance of my fathers unto thee.

Ahab was most displeased, and this was about more than the field; he would have been outraged that a mere commoner would dare to defy the king.  This issue for Ahab was about coveting and was also about self-importance and the domination game.  Seem familiar?

21:4 And Ahab came into his house heavy and displeased because of the word which Naboth the Jezreelite had spoken to him: for he had said, I will not give thee the inheritance of my fathers. And he laid him down upon his bed, and turned away his face, and would eat no bread.

Jezebel [false religion] leads the king into sin; her advice being the selfishness of sin and contrary to the Word of God.

21:5 But Jezebel his wife came to him, and said unto him, Why is thy spirit so sad, that thou eatest no bread? 21:6 And he said unto her, Because I spake unto Naboth the Jezreelite, and said unto him, Give me thy vineyard for money; or else, if it please thee, I will give thee another vineyard for it: and he answered, I will not give thee my vineyard.

Notice that it is Jezebel who writes these letters, but Ahab allows her to do so in his name.

21:7 And Jezebel his wife said unto him, Dost thou now govern the kingdom of Israel? arise, and eat bread, and let thine heart be merry: I will give thee the vineyard of Naboth the Jezreelite. 21:8 So she wrote letters in Ahab’s name, and sealed them with his seal, and sent the letters unto the elders and to the nobles that were in his city, dwelling with Naboth.

Again Jezebel wrote these things, but Ahab allowed her to write them in the king’s name.

21:9 And she wrote in the letters, saying, Proclaim a fast, and set Naboth on high among the people: 21:10 And set two men, sons of Belial, before him, to bear witness against him, saying, Thou didst blaspheme God and the king. And then carry him out, and stone him, that he may die.

Then the people did as they were instructed.  Did even one resist this evil? Even so most of today’s brethren follow and exalt idols of man, false teachings and organizations and are led away from any zeal to live by every Word of God.

21:11 And the men of his city, even the elders and the nobles who were the inhabitants in his city, did as Jezebel had sent unto them, and as it was written in the letters which she had sent unto them.

They did as they were told, even as most of the called out to God brethren do today; doing what men tell them and not living according to every Word of God, they shun the righteous of God to make idols of men.

Such leaders even try to spiritually destroy the righteous, by attempting to force them to exalt idols of men and false traditions.

21:12 They proclaimed a fast, and set Naboth on high among the people. 21:13 And there came in two men, children of Belial, and sat before him: and the men of Belial witnessed against him, even against Naboth, in the presence of the people, saying, Naboth did blaspheme God and the king. Then they carried him forth out of the city, and stoned him with stones, that he died.

Then the brethren reported to Jezebel that they had obeyed and killed Naboth, typical of the wicked brethren in the Ekklesia today who persecute the righteous. 

21:14 Then they sent to Jezebel, saying, Naboth is stoned, and is dead.

21:15 And it came to pass, when Jezebel heard that Naboth was stoned, and was dead, that Jezebel said to Ahab, Arise, take possession of the vineyard of Naboth the Jezreelite, which he refused to give thee for money: for Naboth is not alive, but dead. 21:16 And it came to pass, when Ahab heard that Naboth was dead, that Ahab rose up to go down to the vineyard of Naboth the Jezreelite, to take possession of it.

Then the one who became Jesus Christ sent Elijah to speak to Ahab.  

God will soon send his two prophets [who I think are types of Moses and Elijah] to warn today’s Spiritual Ekklesia one last time.

21:17 And the word of the LORD came to Elijah the Tishbite, saying, 21:18 Arise, go down to meet Ahab king of Israel, which is in Samaria: behold, he is in the vineyard of Naboth, whither he is gone down to possess it.

God told Elijah what to say, for Elijah as a prophet spoke only what God has told him to say. 

God condemned Ahab to death for his murder of Naboth, and God condemns to death in great tribulation all those leaders and elders who spiritually murder those in their care by teaching people to exalt men and leading them away from any zeal to live by every Word of God.

21:19 And thou shalt speak unto him, saying, Thus saith the LORD, Hast thou killed, and also taken possession? And thou shalt speak unto him, saying, Thus saith the LORD, In the place where dogs licked the blood of Naboth shall dogs lick thy blood, even thine.

When Elijah arrived Ahab called Elijah his enemy; this because Ahab rejected the Word of God for his idols and his own ways.

21:20 And Ahab said to Elijah, Hast thou found me, O mine enemy?

Elijah then delivered the judgment of the Eternal.  This is not Elijah’s judgment although he would have agreed being a man of God:  This was the judgment of Almighty God! 

The same judgment is about to be passed on the leaders and elders of today’s Spiritual Ekklesia who deceive the people into idolizing men and turn the brethren away from any zeal to live by every Word of God (Rev 3:15).

And he [Elijah] answered, I have found thee: because thou hast sold thyself to work evil in the sight of the LORD.  21:21 Behold, I will bring evil upon thee, and will take away thy posterity, and will cut off from Ahab him that pisseth against the wall, and him that is shut up and left in Israel, 21:22 And will make thine house like the house of Jeroboam the son of Nebat, and like the house of Baasha the son of Ahijah, for the provocation wherewith thou hast provoked me to anger, and made Israel to sin.

The Jezebel of today’s Spiritual Ekklesia  [all those who refuse to live by every Word of God] will also have their part in the bed of great tribulation, to be destroyed along with all false religion if they will not sincerely repent.

21:23 And of Jezebel also spake the LORD, saying, The dogs shall eat Jezebel by the wall of Jezreel. 21:24 Him that dieth of Ahab in the city the dogs shall eat; and him that dieth in the field shall the fowls of the air eat.

We pride ourselves that we would not do as Ahab has done, while we do the very same things on a spiritual level.  Ahab was a type of the latter day Laodicean church of God, and our extreme self-righteousness and rebellion against the Word of God, to follow idols of men and false traditions.  Therefore the unrepentant among us shall be vomited out of the body of Christ and cast into great tribulation (Rev 3:15-22).

21:25 But there was none like unto Ahab, which did sell himself to work wickedness in the sight of the LORD, whom Jezebel his wife stirred up.

It is an ABOMINATION to God to follow idols of men and not exalt God above all else.  It is an ABOMINATION to Almighty God to follow the words of men contrary to living by every Word of God.

21:26 And he did very abominably in following idols, according to all things as did the Amorites, whom the LORD cast out before the children of Israel.

Ahab then repented and humbled himself before God.  In the physical Mosaic Covenant, God accepted Ahab’s repentance. 

In our case; if we sincerely repent God will also forgive us! 

I know that only a comparative few will sincerely repent now: I also know that the vast majority of the truly called out will repent in the correction of great tribulation and will then have a chance to enter the resurrection to spirit.

21:27 And it came to pass, when Ahab heard those words, that he rent his clothes, and put sackcloth upon his flesh, and fasted, and lay in sackcloth, and went softly.

21:28 And the word of the LORD came to Elijah the Tishbite, saying, 21:29 Seest thou how Ahab humbleth himself before me? because he humbleth himself before me, I will not bring the evil in his days: but in his son’s days will I bring the evil upon his house.


1 Kings 22

After three years of peace Ahab of Israel seeks an alliance with Judah to attack Syria

1 Kings 22:1 And they continued three years without war between Syria and Israel. 22:2And it came to pass in the third year, that Jehoshaphat the king of Judah came down [visited] to the king of Israel.

King Ahab proposed to the king of Judah:  “Let us take Ramoth from Syria.”

22:3 And the king of Israel [Ahab] said unto his servants, Know ye that Ramoth in Gilead is ours, and we be still, and take it not out of the hand of the king of Syria? 22:4 And he said unto Jehoshaphat, Wilt thou go with me to battle to Ramothgilead? And Jehoshaphat [king of Judah] said to the king of Israel, I am as thou art, my people as thy people, my horses as thy horses.

Jehoshaphat of Judah decided to inquire of God before taking any action in the matter.

22:5 And Jehoshaphat said unto the king of Israel, Enquire, I pray thee, at the word of the LORD to day.

Ahab then gathered together the prophets of baal to inquire of them instead of inquiring from the Eternal.  These would be new prophets of baal who had replaced those killed by Elijah.

22:6 Then the king of Israel gathered the prophets together, about four hundred men, and said unto them, Shall I go against Ramothgilead to battle, or shall I forbear? And they said, Go up; for the LORD shall deliver it into the hand of the king.

Jehoshaphat of Judah then asked for a prophet of God.

22:7 And Jehoshaphat said, Is there not here a prophet of the LORD besides, that we might enquire of him?

Ahab hates Micaiah because he tells the unvarnished Word of God to power.   If these men were of God they would rejoice at the truth being revealed and repent of error.

22:8 And the king of Israel said unto Jehoshaphat, There is yet one man, Micaiah the son of Imlah, by whom we may enquire of the LORD: but I hate him; for he doth not prophesy good concerning me, but evil. And Jehoshaphat said, Let not the king say so.

Micaiah the prophet of God was sent for.

22:9 Then the king of Israel called an officer, and said, Hasten hither Micaiah the son of Imlah.

While waiting for Micaiah the two kings arrayed themselves in their royal robes and sat upon thrones in a public place to impress the people.

22:10 And the king of Israel and Jehoshaphat the king of Judah sat each on his throne, having put on their robes, in a void [empty or open space] place in the entrance of the gate of Samaria; and all the prophets prophesied before them.

While waiting for Micaiah the prophet of God, the prophets of baal urged the kings to attack Ramoth in Golan.

22:11 And Zedekiah the son of Chenaanah made him horns of iron: and he said, Thus saith the LORD, With these shalt thou push the Syrians, until thou have consumed them. 22:12 And all the prophets prophesied so, saying, Go up to Ramothgilead, and prosper: for the LORD shall deliver it into the king’s hand.

The king’s messenger to Micaiah told him to say good about the proposed adventure; but Micaiah replied that he will only say what God has given him to say.  A true man of God does not speak words to appease those in power, or to be accepted by the brethren; he tells the TRUTH from Almighty God!

22:13 And the messenger that was gone to call Micaiah spake unto him, saying, Behold now, the words of the prophets declare good unto the king with one mouth: let thy word, I pray thee, be like the word of one of them, and speak that which is good.

22:14 And Micaiah said, As the LORD liveth, what the LORD saith unto me, that will I speak.

Then Micaiah tells the king a part of God’s word; and the king sensing that adjures him to tell the whole word of God.

22:15 So he came to the king. And the king said unto him, Micaiah, shall we go against Ramothgilead to battle, or shall we forbear? And he answered him, Go, and prosper: for the LORD shall deliver it into the hand of the king. 22:16 And the king said unto him, How many times shall I adjure thee that thou tell me nothing but that which is true in the name of the LORD?

Micaiah then tells Ahab that Ahab will die for his sins.

Because punishment for our own idolatry is delayed, do not imagine that it will not come.

22:17 And he said, I saw all Israel scattered upon the hills, as sheep that have not a shepherd: and the LORD said, These have no master: let them return every man to his house in peace. 22:18 And the king of Israel said unto Jehoshaphat, Did I not tell thee that he would prophesy no good concerning me, but evil?

Then Micaiah tells the kings what he had seen in his vision from God. 

This is a most interesting glimpse into the affairs of heaven showing God consulting with his advisers.  It also shows that God at times can even uses evil spirits to perform his will.

22:19 And he said, Hear thou therefore the word of the LORD: I saw the LORD sitting on his throne, and all the host of heaven standing by him on his right hand and on his left. 22:20 And the LORD said, Who shall persuade Ahab, that he may go up and fall at Ramothgilead? And one said on this manner, and another said on that manner.

22:21 And there came forth a spirit, and stood before the LORD, and said, I will persuade him. 22:22 And the LORD said unto him, Wherewith? And he said, I will go forth, and I will be a lying spirit in the mouth of all his prophets. And he said, Thou shalt persude him, and prevail also: go forth, and do so.

22:23 Now therefore, behold, the LORD hath put a lying spirit in the mouth of all these thy prophets, and the LORD hath spoken evil [judgment] concerning thee.

Zedekiah the prophet of baal challenges Micaiah, and Micaiah tells him that he will soon be hiding from the enemy.

22:24 But Zedekiah the son of Chenaanah went near, and smote Micaiah on the cheek, and said, Which way went the Spirit of the LORD from me to speak unto thee? 22:25 And Micaiah said, Behold, thou shalt see in that day, when thou shalt go into an inner chamber to hide thyself.

Ahab throws Micaiah into prison.

22:26 And the king of Israel said, Take Micaiah, and carry him back unto Amon the governor of the city, and to Joash the king’s son; 22:27 And say, Thus saith the king, Put this fellow in the prison, and feed him with bread of affliction and with water of affliction, until I come in peace.

Micaiah then confirms his prophecy.

22:28 And Micaiah said, If thou return at all in peace, the LORD hath not spoken by me. And he said, Hearken, O people, every one of you.

Ahab feared just a little and disguised himself to avoid any direct attack on his person as the king of Israel.  Ever the deceiver, Ahab then persuaded the king of Judah to wear his royal robes so that Jehoshaphat would be mistaken for the king of Israel.

22:29 So the king of Israel and Jehoshaphat the king of Judah went up to Ramothgilead. 22:30 And the king of Israel said unto Jehoshaphat, I will disguise myself, and enter into the battle; but put thou on thy robes. And the king of Israel disguised himself, and went into the battle.

The Syrians were commanded to seek out and kill Ahab.

22:31 But the king of Syria commanded his thirty and two captains that had rule over his chariots, saying, Fight neither with small nor great, save only with the king of Israel.

The Syrians mistook the king of Judah for the king of Israel only for a short time.

22:32 And it came to pass, when the captains of the chariots saw Jehoshaphat, that they said, Surely it is the king of Israel. And they turned aside to fight against him: and Jehoshaphat cried out. 22:33 And it came to pass, when the captains of the chariots perceived that it was not the king of Israel, that they turned back from pursuing him.

Then by chance an arrow struck Ahab.

22:34 And a certain man drew a bow at a venture, and smote the king of Israel between the joints of the harness: wherefore he said unto the driver of his chariot, Turn thine hand, and carry me out of the host; for I am wounded.

22:35 And the battle increased that day: and the king was stayed [King Ahab was held up by his aides to keep the army from being discouraged by the loss of the king.] up in his chariot against the Syrians, and died at even: and the blood ran out of the wound into the midst of the chariot.

Ahab died and the army fled back to their homes.

22:36 And there went a proclamation throughout the host about the going down of the sun, saying, Every man to his city, and every man to his own country. 22:37 So the king died, and was brought to Samaria; and they buried the king in Samaria.

The blood of Ahab was licked up by the doges in Samaria, fulfilling the Word of the Eternal.

22:38 And one washed the chariot in the pool of Samaria; and the dogs licked up his blood; and they washed his armour; according unto the word of the LORD which he spake.

22:39 Now the rest of the acts of Ahab, and all that he did, and the ivory house which he made, and all the cities that he built, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Israel? 22:40 So Ahab slept with his fathers; and Ahaziah his son reigned in his stead.

The history of Jehoshaphat king of Judah.

22:41 And Jehoshaphat the son of Asa began to reign over Judah in the fourth year of Ahab king of Israel. 22:42 Jehoshaphat was thirty and five years old when he began to reign; and he reigned twenty and five years in Jerusalem. And his mother’s name was Azubah the daughter of Shilhi.

Jehoshaphat was righteous like Asa his father.

22:43 And he walked in all the ways of Asa his father; he turned not aside from it, doing that which was right in the eyes of the LORD: nevertheless the high places were not taken away; for the people offered and burnt incense yet in the high places.

Jehoshaphat kept peace between Judah and Israel.

22:44 And Jehoshaphat made peace with the king of Israel.

22:45 Now the rest of the acts of Jehoshaphat, and his might that he shewed, and how he warred, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Judah? 22:46 And the remnant of the sodomites, which remained in the days of his father Asa, he took out of the land.

During the rule of Jehoshaphat there was no king in Edom.

22:47 There was then no king in Edom: a deputy was king [a regent ruled].

A trading expedition failed because the ships were destroyed at Eilat by some unnamed disaster.

22:48 Jehoshaphat made ships of Tharshish to go to Ophir for gold: but they went not; for the ships were broken at Eziongeber.  22:49 Then said Ahaziah the son of Ahab unto Jehoshaphat, Let my servants go with thy servants in the ships. But Jehoshaphat would not.

22:50 And Jehoshaphat slept with his fathers, and was buried with his fathers in the city of David his father: and Jehoram his son reigned in his stead.

Back to Israel

22:51 Ahaziah the son of Ahab began to reign over Israel in Samaria the seventeenth year of Jehoshaphat king of Judah, and reigned two years over Israel.

Ahaziah Ahab’s son ruled Israel in wickedness like his father.

22:52 And he did evil in the sight of the LORD, and walked in the way of his father, and in the way of his mother, and in the way of Jeroboam the son of Nebat, who made Israel to sin: 22:53 For he served Baal, and worshipped him, and provoked to anger the LORD God of Israel, according to all that his father had done.


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