1 Kings 15
Great emphasis is placed on the fact that Judah and Benjamin were at war almost continually against the other Ten Tribes of Israel.
1 Kings 15:1 Now in the eighteenth year of king Jeroboam the son of Nebat [of Israel] reigned Abijam over Judah.
Abijam the son of Rehoboam reigned in Jerusalem over Judah and he sinned like his father Rehoboam.
15:2 Three years reigned he in Jerusalem. and his mother’s name was Maachah, the daughter of Abishalom. 15:3 And he walked in all the sins of his father, which he had done before him: and his heart was not perfect with the LORD his God, as the heart of David his father.
15:4 Nevertheless for David’s sake did the LORD his God give him [give David] a lamp [son, descendant] in Jerusalem, to set up his son [descendant] after him, and to establish Jerusalem: 15:5 Because David did that which was right in the eyes of the LORD, and turned not aside from any thing that he commanded him all the days of his life, save only in the matter of Uriah the Hittite.
15:6 And there was war between Rehoboam [Abijam the son of Rehoboam king of Judah] and Jeroboam [king of Israel] all the days of his life.
15:7 Now the rest of the acts of Abijam, and all that he did, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Judah? And there was war between Abijam and Jeroboam. 15:8 And Abijam slept with his fathers; and they buried him in the city of David: and Asa his son reigned in his stead.
After Abijam died, Asa reigned over Judah in Jerusalem.
15:9 And in the twentieth year of Jeroboam king of Israel reigned Asa over Judah. 15:10 And forty and one years reigned he in Jerusalem. And his mother’s name was Maachah, the daughter of Abishalom.
Asa was one of the rare godly kings in Judah.
15:11 And Asa did that which was right in the eyes of the LORD, as did David his father. 15:12 And he took away the sodomites out of the land, and removed all the idols that his fathers had made. 15:13 And also Maachah his mother, even her he removed from being queen, because she had made an idol in a grove; and Asa destroyed her idol, and burnt it by the brook Kidron. 15:14 But the high places were not removed: nevertheless Asa’s heart was perfect with the LORD all his days.
15:15 And he brought in the things which his father had dedicated, and the things which himself had dedicated, into the house of the LORD, silver, and gold, and vessels.
Then Jeroboam king of Israel died in Samaria and Baasha became king of Israel and Israel set up a border post to prevent any faithful people in Israel from going down to Jerusalem to worship God.
15:16 And there was war between Asa [king of Judah] and Baasha king of Israel all their days.
Nadab actually succeeded Jeroboam as temporary king of Israel [v 25], and was followed by Baasha after two years; beginning in the second year of Asa king of Judah.
15:17 And Baasha king of Israel went up against Judah, and built Ramah, that he might not suffer any to go out or come in to Asa king of Judah.
Then king Asa of Judah hired Syria as his ally against Israel.
15:18 Then Asa took all the silver and the gold that were left in the treasures of the house of the LORD, and the treasures of the king’s house, and delivered them into the hand of his servants: and king Asa sent them to Benhadad, the son of Tabrimon, the son of Hezion, king of Syria, that dwelt at Damascus, saying, 15:19 There is a league between me and thee, and between my father and thy father: behold, I have sent unto thee a present of silver and gold; come and break thy league with Baasha king of Israel, that he may depart from me.
Syria attacked Israel on behalf of Judah, and Israel had to stop building the border fortress which was intended to prevent the faithful from going to Jerusalem.
15:20 So Benhadad hearkened unto king Asa, and sent the captains of the hosts which he had against the cities of Israel, and smote Ijon, and Dan, and Abelbethmaachah, and all Cinneroth, with all the land of Naphtali. 15:21 And it came to pass, when Baasha heard thereof, that he left off building of Ramah, and dwelt in Tirzah.
Asa of Judah then took the hewn stones and timber from the fortress under construction by Baasha of Israel to prevent people from Israel going to the Temple at Jerusalem and Asa used the material to build cities in Benjamin.
15:22 Then king Asa made a proclamation throughout all Judah; none was exempted: and they took away the stones of Ramah, and the timber thereof, wherewith Baasha had builded; and king Asa built with them Geba of Benjamin, and Mizpah.
15:23 The rest of all the acts of Asa, and all his might, and all that he did, and the cities which he built, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Judah? Nevertheless in the time of his old age he was diseased in his feet. 15:24 And Asa slept with his fathers, and was buried with his fathers in the city of David his father: and Jehoshaphat his son reigned in his stead.
This is an inset concerning the two year reign of Nadab, who reigned before Baashan but did nothing significant in his short reign in Israel except for his great wickedness.
15:25 And Nadab the son [descendant of] of Jeroboam began to reign over Israel in the second year of Asa king of Judah, and reigned over Israel two years. 15:26 And he did evil in the sight of the LORD, and walked in the way of his father, and in his sin wherewith he made Israel to sin.
Then after Nadad died Baasha reigned over Israel. Baasha was of Issachar and not of Jeroboam [Ephraim].
15:27 And Baasha the son of Ahijah, of the house of Issachar, conspired against him; and Baasha smote him at Gibbethon, which belonged to the Philistines; for Nadab and all Israel laid siege to Gibbethon.
Nadab became king of Israel in the first year of Asa king of Judah; and Nadab was replaced by Baasha in the third year of Asa king of Judah.
15:28 Even in the third year of Asa king of Judah did Baasha slay him [slay Nadab king of Israel and took the throne], and reigned in his stead.
Then Baasha killed all that were of the family of Jeroboam for all the sins of Jeroboam and his family, as God had judged.
15:29 And it came to pass, when he reigned, that he smote all the house of Jeroboam; he left not to Jeroboam any that breathed, until he had destroyed him, according unto the saying of the LORD, which he spake by his servant Ahijah the Shilonite: 15:30 Because of the sins of Jeroboam which he sinned, and which he made Israel sin, by his provocation wherewith he provoked the LORD God of Israel to anger.
15:31 Now the rest of the acts of Nadab, and all that he did, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Israel? 15:32 And there was war between Asa and Baasha king of Israel all their days.
Baasha was as wicked as the house of Jeroboam which he had destroyed.
15:33 In the third year of Asa king of Judah began Baasha the son of Ahijah to reign over all Israel in Tirzah, twenty and four years.
15:34 And he did evil in the sight of the LORD, and walked in the way of Jeroboam, and in his sin wherewith he made Israel to sin.
The sin of idol worship prevails throughout the Ekklesia today. The sin of replacing zeal to live by every Word of God with a zeal to idolize men, false traditions and corporate entities; and following them instead of living by every Word of God is absolutely rampant in today’s Spiritual Ekklesia.
1 Kings 16
All scripture was written for our instruction and example.
Baasha was rejected by God like Jeroboam had been, because like Jeroboam Baasha had rejected God to do what seemed right to himself just like the leaders of today’s Ekklesia.
1 Kings 16:1 Then the word of the LORD came to Jehu the son of Hanani [the prophet] against Baasha, [king of Israel] saying,
God’s words to Jeroboam and now to Baasha were similar to the words that Jesus Christ speaks to today’s Spiritual Ekklesia in Revelation 3:14-22.
16:2 Forasmuch as I exalted thee out of the dust, and made thee prince over my people Israel; and thou hast walked in the way of Jeroboam, and hast made my people Israel to sin, to provoke me to anger with their sins; 16:3 Behold, I will take away the posterity of Baasha, and the posterity of his house; and will make thy house like the house of Jeroboam the son of Nebat. 16:4 Him that dieth of Baasha in the city shall the dogs eat; and him that dieth of his in the fields shall the fowls of the air eat.
16:5 Now the rest of the acts of Baasha, and what he did, and his might, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Israel? 16:6 So Baasha slept with his fathers, and was buried in Tirzah: and Elah his son reigned in his stead.
16:7 And also by the hand of the prophet Jehu the son of Hanani came the word of the LORD against Baasha, and against his house, even for all the evil that he did in the sight of the LORD, in provoking him to anger with the work of his hands, in being like the house of Jeroboam; and because he killed him.
16:8 In the twenty and sixth year of Asa king of Judah began Elah the son of Baasha to reign over Israel in Tirzah, two years.
After only nearly two years Zimri came when king Elah of Israel was drunk and killed him, usurping the throne of Israel for himself.
16:9 And his servant Zimri, captain of half his chariots, conspired against him, as he was in Tirzah, drinking himself drunk in the house of Arza steward of his house in Tirzah. 16:10 And Zimri went in and smote him, and killed him, in the twenty and seventh year of Asa king of Judah, and reigned in his stead.
Zimri killed all the males of the family of Baasha, because only males could claim or inherit the kingdom in competition with him.
16:11 And it came to pass, when he began to reign, as soon as he sat on his throne, that he slew all the house of Baasha: he left him not one that pisseth against a wall, neither of his kinsfolks, nor of his friends. 16:12 Thus did Zimri destroy all the house of Baasha, according to the word of the LORD, which he spake against Baasha by Jehu the prophet. 16:13 For all the sins of Baasha, and the sins of Elah his son, by which they sinned, and by which they made Israel to sin, in provoking the LORD God of Israel to anger with their vanities.
16:14 Now the rest of the acts of Elah, and all that he did, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Israel?
16:15 In the twenty and seventh year of Asa king of Judah did Zimri reign seven days in Tirzah. And the people were encamped against Gibbethon, which belonged to the Philistines.
The people were enraged by Zimri’s murderous rebellion against Elah and slaughter of the family of Baasha, and appointed Omri king of Israel after seven days.
16:16 And the people that were encamped heard say, Zimri hath conspired, and hath also slain the king: wherefore all Israel made Omri, the captain of the host, king over Israel that day in the camp. 16:17 And Omri went up from Gibbethon, and all Israel with him, and they besieged Tirzah.
Zimri then decided that he would not allow Omri to take over the palace and suicided by burning down the king’s palace over his own head.
16:18 And it came to pass, when Zimri saw that the city was taken, that he went into the palace of the king’s house, and burnt the king’s house over him with fire, and died.
Zimri was as evil as Jeroboam perhaps more so, and he was quickly destroyed.
16:19 For his sins which he sinned in doing evil in the sight of the LORD, in walking in the way of Jeroboam, and in his sin which he did, to make Israel to sin. 16:20 Now the rest of the acts of Zimri, and his treason that he wrought, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Israel?
Next a power struggle followed between Tibni and Omri, but Omri prevailed.
16:21 Then were the people of Israel divided into two parts: half of the people followed Tibni the son of Ginath, to make him king; and half followed Omri. 16:22 But the people that followed Omri prevailed against the people that followed Tibni the son of Ginath: so Tibni died, and Omri reigned.
We should notice that obedience to the whole Word of God by Asa resulted in a long and internally peaceful stable kingdom of Judah for Asa; while in Israel many strove for the pre-eminence and rejected a zeal for the Word of God to do what they thought was right, resulting in division and bloodshed.
This is exactly the problem in today’s Spiritual Ekklesia, as each does what is right in his own eyes and strives for their own advantage.
16:23 In the thirty and first year of Asa king of Judah began Omri to reign over Israel, twelve years: six years reigned he in Tirzah.
Omri rebuilt Samaria on a hill, but he also did what was right in his own eyes and rejected the Word of God to follow the idolatry of Jeroboam.
16:24 And he bought the hill Samaria of Shemer for two talents of silver, and built on the hill, and called the name of the city which he built, after the name of Shemer, owner of the hill, Samaria. 16:25 But Omri wrought evil in the eyes of the LORD, and did worse than all that were before him. 16:26 For he walked in all the way of Jeroboam the son of Nebat, and in his sin wherewith he made Israel to sin, to provoke the LORD God of Israel to anger with their vanities.
16:27 Now the rest of the acts of Omri which he did, and his might that he shewed, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Israel? 16:28 So Omri slept with his fathers, and was buried in Samaria: and Ahab his son reigned in his stead.
Ahab succeeded his father Omri.
16:29 And in the thirty and eighth year of Asa king of Judah began Ahab the son of Omri to reign over Israel: and Ahab the son of Omri reigned over Israel in Samaria twenty and two years.
Ahab was even worse than his father Omri.
16:30 And Ahab the son of Omri did evil in the sight of the LORD above all that were before him.
Ahab married Jezebel and added the worship of Baal to the [Egyptian] calf idols inherited from Jeroboam.
16:31 And it came to pass, as if it had been a light thing for him to walk in the sins of Jeroboam the son of Nebat, that he took to wife Jezebel the daughter of Ethbaal king of the Zidonians, and went and served Baal, and worshipped him. 16:32 And he reared up an altar for Baal in the house of Baal, which he had built in Samaria.
16:33 And Ahab made a grove [An obelisk is a vertical shaft representing the male organ of Baal (like the Washington Monument, or Nero’s obelisk in the Vatican), obelisks are fertility symbols.]; and Ahab did more to provoke the LORD God of Israel to anger than all the kings of Israel that were before him.
Jericho was rebuilt and the sons of Hiel the builder died as was prophesied by Joshua.
16:34 In his [Ahab’s] days did Hiel the Bethelite build Jericho: he laid the foundation thereof in Abiram his firstborn, and set up the gates thereof in his youngest son Segub, according to the word of the LORD, which he spake by Joshua the son of Nun.