1 Kings 11
Then Solomon was turned away from the commandments of God by marrying unconverted women.
Deuteronomy 7:1 When the Lord thy God shall bring thee into the land whither thou goest to possess it, and hath cast out many nations before thee, the Hittites, and the Girgashites, and the Amorites, and the Canaanites, and the Perizzites, and the Hivites, and the Jebusites, seven nations greater and mightier than thou;
7:2 And when the Lord thy God shall deliver them before thee; thou shalt smite them, and utterly destroy them; thou shalt make no covenant with them, nor shew mercy unto them:
7:3 Neither shalt thou make marriages with them; thy daughter thou shalt not give unto his son, nor his daughter shalt thou take unto thy son.
7:4 For they will turn away thy son from following me, that they may serve other gods: so will the anger of the Lord be kindled against you, and destroy thee suddenly.
In physical terms this forbids knowingly marrying the unconverted, and in spiritual terms this means accepting any teaching that is false and contrary to any part of the Word of God.
1 Kings 11:1 But king Solomon loved many strange women, together with the daughter of Pharaoh, women of the Moabites, Ammonites, Edomites, Zidonians, and Hittites: 11:2 Of the nations concerning which the LORD said unto the children of Israel, Ye shall not go in to them, neither shall they come in unto you: for surely they will turn away your heart after their gods: Solomon clave unto these in love.
Solomon had many women and likely each would have demanded a place of worship for her god, or she would leave him to return home to worship there. Therefore Solomon built temples to the idols of his wives on what is now known as the “Hill of Evil Council.”
11:3 And he had seven hundred wives, princesses, and three hundred concubines: and his wives turned away his heart. 11:4 For it came to pass, when Solomon was old, that his wives turned away his heart after other gods: and his heart was not perfect with the LORD his God, as was the heart of David his father.
As if that sin were not enough, the wise Solomon was led astray by his wives to worship these false god’s himself.
11:5 For Solomon went after Ashtoreth the goddess of the Zidonians, and after Milcom the abomination of the Ammonites.
To not be fully and wholeheartedly living by every Word of God; is to mix holiness with sin and render one spiritually unclean; and rejected by God.
1 Corinthians 3:16 Know ye not that ye are the temple of God, and that the Spirit of God dwelleth in you? 3:17 If any man defile [make spiritually unclean with idolatry and false traditions] the temple of God [our minds], him shall God destroy; for the temple of God is holy, which temple ye are.
1 Kings 11:6 And Solomon did evil in the sight of the LORD, and went not fully after the LORD, as did David his father. 11:7 Then did Solomon build an high place for Chemosh, the abomination of Moab, in the hill that is before Jerusalem, and for Molech, the abomination of the children of Ammon. 11:8 And likewise did he for all his strange wives, which burnt incense and sacrificed unto their gods.
Then the anger of YHVH was hot against Solomon; as it is hot against the latter day corporate church groups for their idolatry of men, false traditions and corporate organizations; exalting them as idols above the Word of God.
11:9 And the LORD was angry with Solomon, because his heart was turned from the LORD God of Israel, which had appeared unto him twice, 11:10 And had commanded him concerning this thing, that he should not go after other gods: but he kept not that which the LORD commanded.
God took the kingdom away from Solomon and surely God will take away our place as rulers in his kingdom if we follow anyone or anything away from a passionate zeal to live by every Word of God.
Yes, God is the author of division! God divides the wicked who have departed from him, from those who are faithful to live by every Word of God!
11:11 Wherefore the LORD said unto Solomon, Forasmuch as this is done of thee, and thou hast not kept my covenant and my statutes, which I have commanded thee, I will surely rend the kingdom from thee, and will give it to thy servant. 11:12 Notwithstanding in thy days I will not do it for David thy father’s sake: but I will rend it out of the hand of thy son. 11:13 Howbeit I will not rend away all the kingdom; but will give one tribe to thy son for David my servant’s sake, and for Jerusalem’s sake which I have chosen.
Then God began to stir up opposition to Solomon, and the king of Edom’s son was stirred to wrath for what David had done to his people and he rose up against Solomon.
11:14 And the LORD stirred up an adversary unto Solomon, Hadad the Edomite: he was of the king’s seed in Edom.
Some of the Edomites had fled David’s captain Joab, including their crown prince Hadad.
11:15 For it came to pass, when David was in Edom, and Joab the captain of the host was gone up to bury the slain, after he had smitten every male in Edom; 11:16 (For six months did Joab remain there with all Israel, until he had cut off every male in Edom:) 11:17 That Hadad fled, he and certain Edomites of his father’s servants with him, to go into Egypt; Hadad being yet a little child.
The Edomite’s path to Egypt.
11:18 And they arose out of Midian, and came to Paran: and they took men with them out of Paran, and they came to Egypt, unto Pharaoh king of Egypt; which gave him an house, and appointed him victuals, and gave him land. 11:19 And Hadad found great favour in the sight of Pharaoh, so that he gave him to wife the sister of his own wife, the sister of Tahpenes the queen. 11:20 And the sister of Tahpenes bare him Genubath his son, whom Tahpenes weaned in Pharaoh’s house: and Genubath was in Pharaoh’s household among the sons of Pharaoh.
When he heard that Joab and David were dead, Hadad returned to his own land and in time was inspired by God to resist and vex Solomon.
11:21 And when Hadad heard in Egypt that David slept with his fathers, and that Joab the captain of the host was dead, Hadad said to Pharaoh, Let me depart, that I may go to mine own country. 11:22 Then Pharaoh said unto him, But what hast thou lacked with me, that, behold, thou seekest to go to thine own country? And he answered, Nothing: howbeit let me go in any wise.
Rezon had fled from Zobah when David took that city, and Rezon became ruler of Damascus and also rose up to vex Solomon.
11:23 And God stirred him up another adversary, Rezon the son of Eliadah, which fled from his lord Hadadezer king of Zobah: 11:24 And he gathered men unto him, and became captain over a band, when David slew them of Zobah: and they went to Damascus, and dwelt therein, and reigned in Damascus.
11:25 And he was an adversary to Israel all the days of Solomon, beside the mischief that Hadad did: and he abhorred Israel, and reigned over Syria.
Then Solomon’s servant Jeroboam of Ephraim also rebelled against Solomon.
11:26 And Jeroboam the son of Nebat, an Ephrathite of Zereda, Solomon’s servant, whose mother’s name was Zeruah, a widow woman, even he lifted up his hand against the king.
11:27 And this was the cause that he lifted up his hand against the king: Solomon built Millo, and repaired the breaches of the city of David his father. 11:28 And the man Jeroboam was a mighty man of valour: and Solomon seeing the young man that he was industrious, he made him ruler over all the charge of the house of Joseph [Ephraim and Manasseh].
Because of Solomon’s idolatries, God raised up these adversaries to vex Solomon in his lifetime.
This is the state of the Ekklesia today. Because of our idolatries and because every leader does what is right in his own eyes instead of doing what God has said; we have lost the foundation of unity with God and with the Word of God; and we are become divided into many corporate groups.
The prophet declares the word of the LORD; that Jeroboam would be given ten tribes of Israel; for which cause Solomon [like Saul against David] sought to kill his perceived rival.
11:29 And it came to pass at that time when Jeroboam went out of Jerusalem, that the prophet Ahijah the Shilonite found him in the way; and he had clad himself with a new garment; and they two were alone in the field: 11:30 And Ahijah caught the new garment that was on him, and rent it in twelve pieces:
The prophet speaks the word of the Eternal.
11:31 And he said to Jeroboam, Take thee ten pieces: for thus saith the LORD, the God of Israel, Behold, I will rend the kingdom out of the hand of Solomon, and will give ten tribes to thee: 11:32 (But he shall have one tribe for my servant David’s sake, and for Jerusalem’s sake, the city which I have chosen out of all the tribes of Israel:)
11:33 Because that they have forsaken me, and have worshipped Ashtoreth the goddess of the Zidonians, Chemosh the god of the Moabites, and Milcom the god of the children of Ammon, and have not walked in my ways, to do that which is right in mine eyes, and to keep my statutes and my judgments, as did David his father.
11:34 Howbeit I will not take the whole kingdom out of his hand: but I will make him prince all the days of his life for David my servant’s sake, whom I chose, because he kept my commandments and my statutes: 11:35 But I will take the kingdom out of his son’s hand, and will give it unto thee, even ten tribes.
Ephraim and Manasseh are the one tribe of Joseph, consisting of two half tribes. David’s house was left with the tribes of Judah and Benjamin and the city of Jerusalem which was in the territory of Benjamin; while God’s Levites and priests were scattered in both Judah and in Israel because of the locations of the Levitical cities.
11:36 And unto his son will I give one tribe, that David my servant may have a light alway before me in Jerusalem, the city which I have chosen me to put my name there.
11:37 And I will take thee, and thou shalt reign according to all that thy soul desireth, and shalt be king over Israel.
God’s promise to Jeroboam
11:38 And it shall be, if thou wilt hearken unto all that I command thee, and wilt walk in my ways, and do that is right in my sight, to keep my statutes and my commandments, as David my servant did; that I will be with thee, and build thee a sure house, as I built for David, and will give Israel unto thee. 11:39 And I will for this afflict the seed of David, but not for ever [speaking of the resurrection of David and the millennial reunion of Israel and Judah].
11:40 Solomon sought therefore to kill Jeroboam. And Jeroboam arose, and fled into Egypt, unto Shishak king of Egypt, and was in Egypt until the death of Solomon.
Solomon reigned forty years and died.
11:41 And the rest of the acts of Solomon, and all that he did, and his wisdom, are they not written in the book of the acts of Solomon? 11:42 And the time that Solomon reigned in Jerusalem over all Israel was forty years. 11:43 And Solomon slept with his fathers, and was buried in the city of David his father: and Rehoboam his son reigned in his stead.
1 Kings 12
The dividing of Israel from Judah
1 Kings 12:1 And Rehoboam went to Shechem: for all Israel were come to Shechem to make him king.
When Rehoboam went to be crowned king over united Israel, Jeroboam came with the elders of Israel and promised to serve Rehoboam if he would lighten their burdens a little.
12:2 And it came to pass, when Jeroboam the son of Nebat, who was yet in Egypt, heard of it, (for he was fled from the presence of king Solomon, and Jeroboam dwelt in Egypt;) 12:3 That they sent and called him. And Jeroboam and all the congregation of Israel came, and spake unto Rehoboam, saying, 12:4 Thy father made our yoke grievous: now therefore make thou the grievous service of thy father, and his heavy yoke which he put upon us, lighter, and we will serve thee.
Rehoboam asks for three days to consult with his advisors.
12:5 And he said unto them, Depart yet for three days, then come again to me. And the people departed.
The wise men of Solomon gave good advice which Rehoboam rejected and forsook.
12:6 And king Rehoboam consulted with the old men, that stood before Solomon his father while he yet lived, and said, How do ye advise that I may answer this people? 12:7 And they spake unto him, saying, If thou wilt be a servant unto this people this day, and wilt serve them, and answer them, and speak good words to them, then they will be thy servants for ever.
Then Rehoboam consulted with the young men, who gave him foolish advice.
12:8 But he forsook the counsel of the old men, which they had given him, and consulted with the young men that were grown up with him, and which stood before him: 12:9 And he said unto them, What counsel give ye that we may answer this people, who have spoken to me, saying, Make the yoke which thy father did put upon us lighter? 12:10 And the young men that were grown up with him spake unto him, saying, Thus shalt thou speak unto this people that spake unto thee, saying, Thy father made our yoke heavy, but make thou it lighter unto us; thus shalt thou say unto them, My little finger shall be thicker than my father’s loins. 12:11 And now whereas my father did lade you with a heavy yoke, I will add to your yoke: my father hath chastised you with whips, but I will chastise you with scorpions.
Then the people returned on the third day for an answer.
12:12 So Jeroboam and all the people came to Rehoboam the third day, as the king had appointed, saying, Come to me again the third day. 12:13 And the king answered the people roughly, and forsook the old men’s counsel that they gave him; 12:14 And spake to them after the counsel of the young men, saying, My father made your yoke heavy, and I will add to your yoke: my father also chastised you with whips, but I will chastise you with scorpions.
This was all inspired by God so that God’s will would be fulfilled.
12:15 Wherefore the king hearkened not unto the people; for the cause was from the LORD, that he might perform his saying, which the LORD spake by Ahijah the Shilonite unto Jeroboam the son of Nebat.
Israel was then turned away from Judah, because God had judged against Solomon; and the family of David was left with Judah, Benjamin and Jerusalem [Benjamin’s area]
12:16 So when all Israel saw that the king hearkened not unto them, the people answered the king, saying, What portion have we in David? neither have we inheritance in the son of Jesse: to your tents, O Israel: now see to thine own house [Judah], David. So Israel departed unto their tents. 12:17 But as for the children of Israel which dwelt in the cities of Judah, Rehoboam reigned over them.
Rehoboam sent his tax man to Israel and the people killed him, so Rehoboam fled to Jerusalem.
12:18 Then king Rehoboam sent Adoram, who was over the tribute; and all Israel stoned him with stones, that he died. Therefore king Rehoboam made speed to get him up to his chariot, to flee to Jerusalem. 12:19 So Israel rebelled against the house of David unto this day [The day this was written].
Then Israel made Jeroboam king over them.
12:20 And it came to pass, when all Israel heard that Jeroboam was come again, that they sent and called him unto the congregation, and made him king over all Israel: there was none that followed the house of David, but the tribe of Judah only.
Rehoboam then took up arms against the man he regarded as a rebel against him, Jeroboam.
12:21 And when Rehoboam was come to Jerusalem, he assembled all the house of Judah, with the tribe of Benjamin, an hundred and fourscore thousand [180,000] chosen men, which were warriors, to fight against the house of Israel, to bring the kingdom again to Rehoboam the son of Solomon.
God stepped in by his prophet to tell the people that this split was from God, and war was averted when the people of Judah and Benjamin believed and obeyed the prophet of God.
12:22 But the word of God came unto Shemaiah the man of God, saying, 12:23 Speak unto Rehoboam, the son of Solomon, king of Judah, and unto all the house of Judah and Benjamin, and to the remnant of the people, saying, 12:24 Thus saith the LORD, Ye shall not go up, nor fight against your brethren the children of Israel: return every man to his house; for this thing is from me. They hearkened therefore to the word of the LORD, and returned to depart, according to the word of the LORD.
Jeroboam then built his capital at Samaria in Ephraim.
12:25 Then Jeroboam built Shechem in mount Ephraim, and dwelt therein; and went out from thence, and built Penuel.
Jeroboam knowing that the real power was in religion, decided to create a religion of his own, for fear that the people in being faithful to God would leave him.
Today’s church groups are also jealous against God and God’s Word; and seek to have the people follow themselves and their own false traditions.
12:26 And Jeroboam said in his heart, Now shall the kingdom return to the house of David: 12:27 If this people go up to do sacrifice in the house of the LORD at Jerusalem, then shall the heart of this people turn again unto their lord, even unto Rehoboam king of Judah, and they shall kill me, and go again to Rehoboam king of Judah.
The people of the Ten Tribes then obeyed the king and turned aside from God to follow the idols of men; just as we in the New Covenant Ekklesia have done today; only our golden calves are idolizing men, corporate entities and false traditions.
12:28 Whereupon the king took counsel, and made two calves of gold [the gold calves of the Egyptian god Apis, and of Aaron’s error], and said unto them, It is too much for you to go up to Jerusalem: behold thy gods, O Israel, which brought thee up out of the land of Egypt. 12:29 And he set the one in Bethel, and the other put he in Dan. 12:30 And this thing became a sin: for the people went to worship before the one, even unto Dan.
Jeroboam then made priests of those who were willing to turn contrary to the Word of God to exalt his idols, just as today’s Ekklesia has ordained very many elders for their zeal for the idols of human leaders, organization of men or false traditions; and have not ordained men for their zeal to live by every Word of God.
12:31 And he made an house of high places [places of worship apart from what God had commanded], and made priests of the lowest [most disreputable] of the people, which were not of the sons of Levi.
Then Jeroboam had a feast in the eight month. Jeroboam devised a religion out of his own heart, doing what was right in his own eyes instead of diligently keeping the whole Word of God.
Today’s spiritual Ekklesia also devises false traditions and teachings out of their own thoughts, instead of being enthusiastic to live by every Word of God.
12:32 And Jeroboam ordained a feast in the eighth month, on the fifteenth day of the month, like unto the feast that is in Judah, and he offered upon the altar. So did he in Bethel, sacrificing unto the calves that he had made: and he placed in Bethel the priests of the high places which he had made. 12:33 So he offered upon the altar which he had made in Bethel the fifteenth day of the eighth month, even in the month which he had devised of his own heart; and ordained a feast unto the children of Israel: and he offered upon the altar, and burnt incense.